FC: "A Literary Analysis" by Ivan Franz
1: Table of Contents Setting.................................................2 Point of View......................................4 Conflict...............................................5 Characterization..................................6 Symbols..............................................10 Theme.................................................12
2: Setting 1. The book "To Kill a Mockingbird" takes place during the Great Depression. "The Cunningham's are country folks farmers, the crash hit them the hardest"(Lee)27 2. The town of Maycomb is in the country approximately 20-30 miles from the nearest city. "Maycomb some 20 miles east of Finch's Landing"(Lee)16
3: Setting 3. The town of Maycomb is located in the state of Alabama. "It has not snowed in Maycomb, Alabama since 1885"(Lee)123 It is important to understand these 3 three components of the setting in order to understand the main characters or all the characters for that matter. For example due to the fact that this book takes place in Alabama and that its the 1930's 35-40 years before the Civil Rights Act it shows that African Americans were still not treated with complete equality. And that would also explain why it was frowned upon for a white man to defend a Negro in that time and place.
4: Point of View The book "To Kill a Mockingbird" is told in the 1st person point of view. The person narrating this whole story is a little girl named Jean Louise Finch (also known by the name Scout). Scout is a tomboy girl that cannot stand wearing dresses at all. Having the story told from a little girls point of view makes the story more simpler. If it had been told from Atticus' or Jems point of view the story would gain complexity, but loose innocence.
5: Conflict Conflicts that occurred in the novel: 1. At the beginning of the book Scout, Jem, and Dill dedicate there 2nd summer together in try to get Boo Radley out of his house. This type of conflict is considered to be man versus man external. This changed the children's perspective of Boo Radley. They realize that there aint no way Boo Radley's coming out of that house, so they leave him be. 2. Another conflict is the time when Mrs. Dubose is testing Jems patience and he is keeping his temper under the cover. This is an example of to conflicts, one is man versus man external, and man versus self internal. By the ending of this conflict Jem spent his time reading to her everyday due to the fact that he destroyed her bushes. He continued this punishment until the day she drew her last breath.
6: Conflict 3. The main conflict of the whole book is Tom Robinson's trial and the controversy its causing in the town. This would be an example of man versus society external. In the end this conflict effected the whole town in that they had become racist or already were. But before everybody was closed minded and stuck to there ways.
7: Characterization 1. Dynamic Character: Jem Finch is a at the top of the list for dynamic characters in this book. Jem is a 10-14 year old boy thats going through puberty through out the whole book. Jem is pure boy and is into Football and wishes his father (Atticus) would let him hunt or shoot for sport. To prove the dynamites of the character Atticus had said "Scout don't take what Jem says to heart, he is just going through a tough time right now. He is changing for the good but right doesn't where to stand or think of all this." Another dynamic character in this book is Scout. In the beginning of the book Scout is a tomboy girl that wears pants and not a dress. Later in the middle of the book Atticus has Aunt Alexandra stay with them to help teach Scout more about acting like a lady. 2. Static Character: Bob Ewell is a pure static character in "To Kill a Mockingbird". In the book he is nothing but a lazy straight minded drinking man. Bob Ewell lived off government checks and charities and never worked a day in his life.
8: Characterization Another static character in the book is Atticus Finch. Atticus is a peaceful minded 50+ year old father with to kids. Atticus has proven his peaceful ways several times. One occasoin that sticks in my head was when Mr Ewell spat tobacco on Atticus and Atticus just stood tall and walked on. 3. Flat Character: Boo Radley (Author Radley) is ideal for the role of a flat character in this book. He is rumored about a lot of things or reasons of why never is seen almost. Boo Radley has not been seen outside in decades. When he finally does reappear from the shadows, but only briefly. Through out 95% of the book Boo Radley never comes out of his house. A 2nd flat character is Mr Cunningham. Mr Cunningham is a farmer in this book and is poor due to the Great Depression. But even though he is poor it does not keep him from pay what he owes and even though he is poor at the same time he doesn't owe one person one red cent.
9: Characterization For example in this book Mr. Cunningham does not have any money, so pays for liabilities however he can. Like Atticus does legal work for Mr. Cunningham for his entailments. Since Mr Cunningham has no money he pays Atticus in bushels of hickory nuts and quarts of wood. 4. Round Characters: Dill is 1st in line for round characters. Dill is a short boy Scouts age. He stays in Maycomb every summer with his Aunt Maudie. Dill is very interesting and has a lot of ambition. He is also one of the guys that knows random facts about nothing. That is what makes him so interesting. Another round character in the book is Atticus Finch. Atticus is one of those guys that can go decades acting one way and then suddenly you find out something that makes you think you never knew him. For example Jem and Scout never knew that there father is the best shot in Maycomb. But whats ironic is that Atticus won't let Jem his son use or learn to use a gun.
10: Symbols In "To Kill A Mockingbird" the saying "It's a sin to kill a mockingbird" means or I think it means that it is sinful to kill a harmless creature. In other words it aint right to kill something that is harmless and beneficial. Boo Radley could be considered a mockingbird. For example Boo gave the Finch kids carvings, 2 pennys, chewing gum, and most importantly there life. And in the end when Boo faded back into the shadows, the Finch's, the doctor, and Mr Tate knew it would be a sin to mention Boo in the events story. For if they did mention Boo, people would rumor about him again and possibly harass him. Tom Robinson is another mockingbird. He is a mockingbird in the way that he would always do chores for Mayella Ewell and expect nothing in return form her. But in the end the Ewells commit a sin and harm Tom by baring false testimony against him.
11: Symbols Scout Finch I guess could be considered a mockingbird, in the way that her heart is in the right place, but her head is out to lunch.
12: Theme One lesson that is learned in this novel is on Scouts part. In the book Scout (Jean Louise Finch) is a tom boyish girl that is trying to be taught on how to be a lady. In the middle of the book Aunt Alexandria comes to live with the Finch's for a while to attempt to teach Scout on how and why she should be a lady. She does this with the 1st attempt of getting Jean to wear a dress at a ladys' tea party. In this Scout learns that being a lady is kind of mandatory. Another lesson in the book is to Jem. Jem learns in this book about why Boo Radley never comes out of his house. The answer was pretty simple the man Boo Radley just wants to be left alone. Jem figured this out in the book when he said to Jem "Scout I understand now why Boo never comes out of his house" "Why Jem?" "Because he doesn't want to". In this lesson Jem learns not to judge people to much and to simply let some peculiarities of some man-kind to remain a mystery.
13: Theme The last lesson learned in this book is again by Jem. Jem in the beginning of this book is simply an innocent boy until he reaches the end of the book and his behavior changes drastically. Most of this change is due to puberty and maturity. Sadly Jem's 1st step into becoming a man was realizing that there is evil in this world. This is a big step in life that every young man has to suffer through.