S: To Kill a Mockingbird Setting
FC: TKaM | To Kill a Mockingbird
1: Table of Contents | Part 1...........................page 2-9 Part 2.......................page 10-15 Part 3.......................page 16-19
2: Setting - Analysis - Part 1 | 1.Setting - The when and where a story takes place | 2.To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in the 1930's in Maycomb County, Alabama
3: TKaM | "There was a hint of summer in the air -in the shadows it was cool" (Lee 136). | 3."For reasons unfathomable to the most experienced prophets in Maycomb County, autumn turned to winter that year" (Lee 85).
4: 4.Understanding the setting is important because as times and seasons change so do peoples overall attitudes towards each other and specific subjects.
5: 4.For example, in the book the time period is the 1930's, a time where most people were highly racist, especially in Alabama, the place the story takes place.
6: Emmett Till | 5.Emmett Till was a 14 year old African- American boy who was killed for supposedly flirting with a white girl. It is believed that in reality the girl was flirting with him, but when caught accused him of flirting with her. 6.This is much like how Mayella flirted with Tom, got caught, then created a case against him.
7: The Scottsboro Boys | 5.The Scottsboro Boys were a group of African-American brothers who were accused of raping a white woman. It is believed that in reality that someone caught her hanging around them and accused them of raping her when they were just being nice. 6.This is much like how B. Ewell caught Mayella with Tom and then has her create a case against him.
8: Elaboration | The Scottsboro boys much like Tom Robinson were falsely accused of doing something wrong just because the were black and the people of their times were very racist. This is why Tom Robinson was put in court and the Scottsboro boys were put to death as well. Tom Robinson was lucky enough that he may have been able to get out of the death penalty unlike these boys though. | Emmett Till was a young black boy who was on a trip to Chicago. Tom Robinson was on a trip past Mayella's place. Both people were on trips at the wrong time going to the wrong place. They just happened to be accused falsely of doing something they didn't or something that should not have been taken as seriously as it was. In all of these cases the people were charged with much worse consequences just because of the color of their skin. Emmett Till was beaten to death at the age of 14 just for "flirting" with some man's wife.
9: In any of these cases it is easy to see that people are very racist in that time period towards black people. These prejudices are unfair, uncalled for, and have no good reason behind them. In every case the racism generally sprouts from ones inability to get past the facade of common stereotyping and bad first impressions. In any and all three of these cases the people trying to charge or harm the black men were not sentenced to any time and got away scott-free. This has a lot to do with all-white juries being biased towards the people that they don't have prejudices against.
10: Point of View - Analysis - Part 2 | 1.Point of View - The narrators position in relation to the story | 2.In To Kill a Mockingbird 1st person point of view is used. Scout Finch is the narrator and we learn of other peoples' actions through her opinions
11: 3.The point of view is easily illustrated by this quote : "It seemed only yesterday that he was telling me not to frustrate Aunty." (Lee 302). This quote uses the key word "me".
12: 4.The story being told from a young girls point of view is very important for several reasons in this book | The first reason this is so important is because the reader gets to experience the narrator's thoughts and actions change as she gets older.
13: The second reason is because this story is a fiction version of the authors lifetime experiences as a young girl, so it important that she shows how her feelings were at the time. | Lastly, it allows children to connect to the story as well as adults to understand a child's point of view of a very controversial experience.
14: 5."In answer to the clerk's booming voice, a little bantam cock of a man rose and strutted to the stand, the back of his neck reddening at the sound of his name.
15: When he turned around to take the oath, I saw his face and this was indeed Mr. Ewell. Although, he seemed very red from presumably taking his first shower in months." -Atticus
16: Conflicts - Analysis -Part 3 | 1a. As Jem is growing up he is becoming more and more aware of the world around him. As he becomes aware of the world he grows up in he must face the facts about how people are and try to understand why they are the way they are. - Internal Conflict - Man vs. Self
17: 1b. During the time that Jem is growing up, Dill has come to hang out with them for the summer. During this time Dill spends most of his time with Jem leaving Scout to her own devices. She spends most of this time wondering why Jem has suddenly started acting so weird. Not only this but Scout is very upset about how these two have been treating her. - Internal Conflict - Man vs. Self
18: 1c. Atticus is the lawyer who is put in charge of the Tom Robinson case. This makes Atticus a prime target of the town due to their racist views. During the trial Atticus accuses B. Ewell of committing the crimes that Tom was accused of. This causes B. Ewell to have a new found hate towards Atticus and a hatred towards anyone who had to do with the trial do to ruining what little reputation he had. - Man vs. Man - External Conflict
19: 2. The conflicts from 1a and 1b both effect Jem and Scout due to them wanting answers on how people work. As they get older these questions become more relevant. These questions are nearly impossible to answer and make them both a little edgy due to their frustration with people and their ways. Jem is on the verge of giving up and excepting that people just act the way they act, while Scout believes that people are just people no matter who they are and should not be judged by class or race. The conflict from 1c changes Atticus' perspective on the way B. Ewell acts. Atticus becomes slightly more weary of people and what they say but still remains nearly his normal cool headed self. | How Conflict Effects Who You Are
20: Characterization - Analysis - Part 4 | 1.Dynamic Character- The character's personality or attitude changes over the course of the book. | 2. Static Character - The characters personality or attitude over the course of the book does not change or has little change.
21: Dynamic Characters: | Static Characters: | 3a .Jem is a dynamic character for many reasons which I will go into detail about on the next page. Jem, in general, has a change of pace by the end of the book. | 3b. Scout is also a dynamic character. As she grows her views and opinions are altered. By the end of the book Scout seems much different than from the beginning. | 4a.Atticus is a static character. Throughout the book Atticus consistently is nice, caring, and compassionate about the equality of others. | 4b.Dill is another static character. He changes very little throughout the book and by the end everything he has done seems to be in character.
22: Dynamic Characters: | Slowly over the course of the story, he begins learning more about the word around him and how it and the people in it work. | Jem | As the book follows Scout her attitude and personality drastically change as she grows up. She starts as a young child willing to beat up any one who challenges her to being someone that believes everyone is equal no matter what. | Scout
23: Static Characters: | Over the course of the story Atticus does not change much. His personality stays relatively the same, always believing that everyone should be treated equally for who they are. | Atticus | Dill | Throughout the book, Dill is the child who consistently lied about his background as well as being someone who just wants to have fun. This attitude characterizes Dill from the beginning.
24: 1. Symbol - A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract. | Symbols - Analysis - Part 5 | 2. To Kill A Mockingbird represents the theme of the book. "Don't hurt people that have never done any wrong."
25: Mockingbirds: | 3a. Boo Radley - Boo Radley never truly did anything wrong to people and continues to be friendly, yet people continue to unfairly criticize him. | 3b. Tom Robinson - Tom was innocent of the accusations put before him but was still considered guilty by the jury due to his skin color. Tom never did anything wrong but was still wronged by the community. | 3c. Scout Finch - Scout is an innocent young girl who knows little about the world and wants nothing but for people to be nice to each other, yet people try changing her view and forcing her to grow up.
26: Theme - Analysis - Part 6 | 1. Theme - The subject of a piece of writing; a topic. | 2a. Don't harm anything that doesn't harm you. | 2b. Everyone is equal and should be treated as such. | 2c. Don' judge someone without understanding their background.
27: 3a. "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. Thats why its a sin to kill a mockingbird." (Lee 119). | 3b. "I think there's just one kind of folks. Folks." (Lee 304). | 3c. "You never really understand a person until you climb in his skin and walk around in it." (Lee 39).
28: 4. In the real world no one should be judged based on appearance. People have the right to look however they please. Everyone is made of the same parts and have the same capacity excluding handicaps. As such everyone, for the most part, are equal. Also, you should be nice to people unless they were rude to you first and even then you should try to keep your calm and be nice to them. If someone hasn't done something wrong, then you have no right to be rude to them. | To Kill a Mockingbird is a wonderful book with a great overall theme and many great sub-themes. Some of the best parts in the book are when the main characters say something about how all people are equal or how the equality of others is one of the most important things in the world. In my opinion the book does have some weak spots though. One of these weak spots is when the characters talk about how things are just how they are and shouldn’t be messed with. Some of my favorite parts in To Kill a Mockingbird are when the characters speak about equality. I’ve always believed at no matter what your sexual orientation, gender, or race is, you should be treated as an equal to anyone else. I believe this because everyone, excluding anyone with a handicap, are physically the same under the skin, and have the same basic brain functions. Just because someone grows up in a different environment than you does not mean they should be excluded from society just because they are slightly different in opinion. If people didn’t have separate opinions than technology, science, and politics would never have evolved to the stage they’re at now. People commonly want to believe that here is only one right answer and that no matter what, their answer is the right one, and that simply isn’t true. To Kill a Mockingbird, for the most part, does a great job of getting this point across and does it in a way that most adults and children alike can understand.
29: Some of my least favorite parts in To Kill a Mockingbird are when the characters talk about how things are just how they are and shouldn’t be messed with. I don’t believe this to be true. As I stated before the book talks about how having an open mind is a great thing, but then contradicts itself in this respect. To Kill a Mockingbird has many wonderful quotes about open-mindedness and how it is a great thing, and anyone who does their research will find that the world never got anywhere from close-mindedness. This is why I believe that the book contradicts itself. In some parts of the book it talks about how people are just the way they are and shouldn’t be changed. In some respects this is true, if someone is a bit different but isn’t harming anyone and is an active part of society, then don’t try to change them. Although, if the person is close-minded I believe that maybe they should be persuaded to try to change if they only think they’re right, believe that not everyone is equal, and isn’t an active part of the world around them. In some ways my thoughts seem to contradict themselves. At some times it sounds like I myself am being close-minded saying that only open-minded people who are a part of society and don’t harm people are the correct ones. I think that this is because in this subject it isn’t based on two opinions, but instead two types of criteria that completely contradict one another, and when researched and studied open-mindedness has been found to be the way society advances. These are only a few of my opinions about the subject of the book, but overall I think To Kill a Mockingbird had great themes, life lessons, and overall is a good way to open peoples’ eyes to the world around them for the first time.