FC: To Kill A Mockingbird | Harper Lee
1: This book is a literary analysis of To Kill A Mockingbird. | Created by: Ali Heinz | Table Of Contents | - Setting - Characters - Point of View - Symbols - Quotes - Quote Meanings - Themes - Characterization - Personal Reflection
2: The novel To Kill a Mockingbird mainly revolves around a small family of three -- Atticus Finch, an attorney, and his two children, Scout and Jem. As the novel proceeds certain characters are linked with the three main characters to form a dramatic story of events, attitudes, prejudices and values. | Setting
3: When: 1930's Where: Maycomb, Alabama. Maycomb is a fictional small, southern town. The citizens in the community still believe in white supremacy. No one usually moves in or out of the town.
4: Main Characters | Atticus Finch - Scout and Jems father, a lawyer in Maycomb. A widower with a dry sense of humor, Atticus has instilled in his children his strong sense of morality and justice. He is one of the few residents of Maycomb committed to racial equality. | Jem Finch - Scouts brother and son of Atticus. Jem is something of a typical American boy, refusing to back down from dares and fantasizing about playing football. Four years older than Scout, he gradually separates himself from her games, but he remains her close companion and protector throughout the novel. Jem moves into adolescence during the story, and his ideals are shaken badly by the evil and injustice that he perceives during the trial of Tom Robinson.
5: Scout Finch: Daughter of Atticus Finch and sister of Jem. She is intelligent and, by the standards of her time and place, a tomboy. Scout has a combative streak and a basic faith in the goodness of the people in her community. As the novel progresses, this faith is tested by the hatred and prejudice that emerge during Tom Robinson’s trial. Scout eventually develops a more grown-up perspective that enables her to appreciate human goodness without ignoring human evil.
6: Scout narrates in the first person, telling what she saw and heard at the time and augmenting this narration with thoughts and assessments of her experiences in retrospect. Although she is by no means an omniscient narrator, she has matured considerably over the intervening years and often implicitly and humorously comments on the naveté she displayed in her thoughts and actions as a young girl. Scout mostly tells of her own thoughts but also devotes considerable time to recounting and analyzing Jem’s thoughts and actions. | Point Of View
7: Symbols | The Mockingbird - symbolizes innocence. Therefore To Kill A Mockingbird means to destroy innocence. | Tim Johnson - symbolized the disease of Maycomb. (racism) | Snowman - white snow mixed with dirt, is a symbol for blacks & whites beginning to mix. | Tom Robinson - he was the mockingbird. He never did anything to hurt anyone, only to help. | Atticus' Pocket Watch - symbolizes childhood innocence.
8: Quotes | It's no sin to kill a mockingbird. (90) | It's not okay to hate anybody. (246) | You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view. Until you climb into his skin & walk around in it. (36) | Simply because we are liked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to win. (84) | Hold your head up high & keep those fists down low. (76)
9: Quote Meanings | Atticus teaching not to hate. | Anything that's done harm should be left alone. | You shouldn't judge people until you understand completely. | Don't back down, or give up because of fear. | No matter how mad you get, stay calm, and ignore it.
10: Themes | Race - In this novel everyone is judged & treated differently because of their race. It shows that not all racism is the same. Racism comes from hate, fear, and lack of knowledge. | Family - The characters live in a small town where everyone is expected to keep the reputation of their family, while also trying to raise their family in the way they feel is best. | Compassion & Forgiveness - In the novel Atticus is a very forgiving person. He forgives everyone who has done him wrong & has compassion for peoples needs & why they act the way they do.
11: The childhood innocence when Scout & Jem begin the novel is threatened by numerous incidents that expose the evil side of human nature, most notably the guilty verdict in Tom Robinson’s trial & the vengefulness of Bob Ewell. As the novel progresses, Scout & Jem struggle to maintain faith in the human capacity for good in light of these recurring instances of human evil. | Major Conflict | Scout, Jem, & Dill become fascinated with their mysterious neighbor Boo Radley & have an escalating series of encounters with him. Meanwhile, Atticus is assigned to defend a black man, Tom Robinson against spurious rape charges Bob Ewell brought against him. Watching the trial, Scout, & Jem, cant understand how a jury could convict Tom Robinson based on the Ewells’ clearly fabricated story. | Rising Action | Despite Atticus’s impassioned defense, the jury finds Tom Robinson guilty. verdict forces Scout & Jem to confront the fact that the morals Atticus taught them cant always be reconciled with reality of the world & evils of human nature. | Climax | When word spreads that Tom was shot trying to escape prison Jem struggles to come to terms with injustice of the trial & Toms fate. After making threats against Atticus & others in the trial Bob assaults Scout & Jem walking home Boo Radley saves them & fatally stabs Bob. The sheriff knowing Boo, would be misunderstood & convicted in trial protects Boo saying Bob tripped & fell on his knife. After talking to Scout, Boo goes home & Scout never saw him again. | Falling Action
12: Characterization: | DYNAMIC CHARACTER: Jem changes through the book. At the beginning of the book, Scout & Jem are best friends. Later, Jem matures & strays from Scout. She can't understand why he changed. He tells her to be more of a woman. Scout thought how a month ago they were having fun wrestling like boys. Later Jem changes & he's best friends with her again. For these reasons, Jem's a dynamic character. | STATIC CHARACTER: Atticus is a static character, because he pretty much stays the same. He is not constantly changing his personality, or the way he thinks of other people. He is very consistent with is actions and behavior.
13: FLAT CHARACTERS: Boo Radley is the owner of the really scary house at the end of the street. He stays the same throughout the story and rarely does he ever leave his house. We know nothing about him, just that he is always in his house. | ROUND CHARACTERS: Scout, a little girl who grows up in the town of Maycomb she matures and understands things more. Scout learns about the people in her town, and how society works. We know everything there is to know about her. The author wanted us to know her as well as we know ourselves, so that we, the readers, have a better understanding of her.
14: This beautiful piece of art contains such a fundamental core message of the struggle for justice with hope & human goodness and is packed with amazing quotes an emotions which become part of you, the reader when you absorb the book's full meanings by deep thought. My favorite quotes are when Atticus tells Scout to 'delete the adjectives' & she's 'have the truth' and also when she states that 'I never loved to read. One does not love to breathe'. The book truly is timeless and bears such crucial, hard-hittting messages which are just as applicable today as they ever have been about human nature and the time long struggle for good to triumph over evil, narrated through the perspective of a naive yet ahead of her time little girl. This means that you can jump into sleepy Maycomb and the place doesn't feel alien with Lee's genius characterisation. This book has become a part of me forever, and has opened my eyes to the infinite land of literature. | PERSONAL REFLECTION
15: Ali Heinz Cross english 2 p2