FC: To Kill A Mocking Bird Randi Cooper
1: Table Of Contents | Setting Scottsboro boys TKaM V. Scottsboro Point of View Atticus'POV Conflict Effect of Conflict Characterization Dynamic Characters Static Characters Symbol Significance of Title | 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 | Theme Self Reflection | 15 18
2: To Kill a Mocking Bird takes place during the 1930's during the summer for the most part. It is in a small town called Maycomb that is mostly rural. | "When I was six and Jem was nearly ten, our summertime boundaries were..." (Lee 7). "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I knew it" (Lee 6). | Setting | If a reader understands the setting then the reader can understand the characters and the conflicts they are facing because you can understand the era better and the things they had to face during that time. | Setting is when, and where the story takes place. | Definition | Quotes
3: Scottsboro Boys | Twelve Boys were accused of raping two young girls. The two attorneys were a real-estate attorney and a | local seventy-year-old attorney. The boys were tried together. The two girls were raped were the only witnesses and they had a hard time telling the jury what happened. The first trial all the boys were found guilty and sentenced to death. A retrial came because people began to say he shouldn't be tried as an adult. For the retrials they got a new prosecutor and defence attorney. After several retrials and a new judge some of the boys were sentenced over seventy years in prison while others were sentenced to death. Most of the boys spent six years in prison before being put on trial.
4: The case in To Kill a Mocking Bird is a lot like the case of the Scottsboro boys. In both cases the accused didn't actually do it but were found guilty because of their skin color. Both cases had retrials and both times they were still found guilty. Also in both cases the girl that was "raped" made up a story to cover up their unethical actions. | Tom Robinson Case Vs Scottsboro Case
5: Point of View: | the perspective of the narrator | POV of TKaM | To Kill a Mockingbird is in first person. The narrator is a young girl that lived in the 1930s. She was around the ages six to eight. | Harper Lee decided to tell the story from a young girl's point of view because she wanted to express how being young can change your out look on things, and how as you get older you see things differently. | Reasons for Scout's Point of view
6: Atticus' Point of View | "No sir," she mumbled. "But if I keep goin' to school, we can't ever read anymore. ..." As I looked at her from across the porch I could tell she was in distress over this issue. "That's really bothering you, isn't it?" I asked. "Yes sir," Scout said, looking at her lap in disappointment. "Do you know what a compromise is?" "Bending the law?" She asked looking up at me with a thoughtful glint in her eye. "No, an agreement reached by mutual concessions. It works this way. If you'll concede the necessity of going to school, we'll go on reading every night just as we always have. Is it a bargain?" I asked explaining the concept to her understanding. "Yes sir!" she said excitedly. She went to spit on her hand, kids way of sealing a deal. ...
7: "We will consider it sealed without the usual formality," I said before she could follow through. She went to the front screen door an as she opened it I found it necessary to tell her not to tell people at school. I didn't want her getting trouble for reading with me. "Why not?" she asked. I explained it to her in large words that she did not understand, so when she said: "Huh, sir?" I decided to say this: "I never went to school, but I have a feeling that if you tell Miss Caroline we read every night she'll get after me, and I wouldn't want her after me."
8: Conflicts | The mob that tries to attack Tom Robinson late one night has a conflict by running into Atticus, then Jem and Scout show up. This conflict would be external, man v. man, between the mob and the Finch family. | Tom Robinson's death caused a conflict for Jem. He had a hard time understanding why they took Tom's life. This conflict is external, man v. society, for Jem. He was struggling with society and the way people view others. | Aunt Alexandra and Scout had a few conflicts. Aunt Alexandra found it hard to accept the way Scout is. This made Scout wonder if she was a burden to Atticus. This conflict was mostly internal, man v. self, for Scout but it was also a little external, man v. man, between her and aunt Alexandra. | Boo Radley doesn't like to go outside because he doesn't want to deal with the drama of society. Therefore, his conflict would be external, man v. society.
9: Effect of Conflict | The Cunninghams changed their opinions on the Tom Robinson case because of what Scout said during the conflict at the Jail. The Cunninghams realized that he was not guilty. | Jem realized that people shouldn't be judged by their skin color. Before the trial Jem didn't understand why Atticus was sure he would lose this case. After he understood that people didn't pick a black man over a white man no matter who the two men where. | Before Scout and her aunt got into a conflict Scout was unsure if Atticus thought of her as a burden. during the conflict Scout had asked Atticus if she was a bother to him the way she was but he reassured her she wasn't. From that point on whenever another character accused her of not living up to Atticus' standards she was able to shut it out of her mind. She became more confident in her self.
10: Characterization | Dynamic and Static Characterization Definitions | Dynamic: A character that undergoes an inner change throughout the story. Usually personality or attitude changes. Ex. Scrooge Static: A character that does not change throughout the story. Stays the same. Ex. Indiana Jones
11: Dynamic Characters from To Kill a Mockingbird | Scout was a dynamic character. She changed in the way she saw things by learning a lot. At the beginning of the story she had a bad temper. She wanted to beat everyone up that got her in trouble or made fun of her, directly or indirectly.By the end of the story she was able to keep the truth of things separate from the things people said. An example would be when people would say scout was a burden to Atticus. She learned that she wasn't and was able to ignore people who tried to convince her otherwise. | Jem was also a dynamic character. He changed in his personality. He became more independent and more like his father. Jem started off thinking he knew everything but began to learn he didn't. His understanding grew, he was able to put himself in other's shoes and see how they saw things, like when he realized why Boo Radley never came out.
12: Static Characters | Atticus is a static character. He started as a calm man that was very wise. He helped his kids learn right from wrong and encouraged them to be themselves. By the end of the book he was the same man. Willing to blame his son for killing a man because it was the right thing to do in his eyes. He wanted the best for his son and although he wasn't correct about the situation he had the right intentions, just as he would have done in the beginning of the story. | Bob Ewell was also a static character. He started off as a greedy, conceited man. As the story went on he continued to become greedy and attention seeking. He died trying to get back at Atticus for ruining his name, he was being conceited. He was willing to kill innocent people, children, just as he was willing to kill Tom Robinson, another innocent person, to keep his name clean.
13: Symbols | Definition: | Something that represents something else by association, resemblance, or convention. Especially material objects. | Characters That Are Symbols | Boo Radley is a mockingbird because he never harmed anyone All he tried to do was make friends with two kids, and stay inside. | Tom Robinson was also a mockingbird because he didn't want to hurt anyone intentionally. He was constantly helping people and always minded his own business. | Scout Finch is a mocking bird because she was a young girl, and just had a lot of curiosity. She stuck up for the people she cared about and even the ones she didn't know that well, like Walter.
14: Significance of Title | The title To Kill A Mockingbird is significant to the story line because the theme is it is bad to harm innocent people/ things. Also the story uses it as a symbol for the theme. A mockingbird doesn't do any harm, all they do is chirp a sweet tune. The mockingbird symbolizes innocent people. Therefore, to kill a mockingbird would be a sin, like to kill an innocent person would be a sin.
15: Theme | Theme is the message of the story. | Themes in TKaM: | Harming something that hasn't done anything to harm you is morally wrong | Don't change because everyone disapproves of who you are. | Not everything is worth fighting over.
16: Quotes for the Themes | "'Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy'" (Lee 119). | "'You might hear some ugly things at school, but do one thing for me if you will: hold your head high and keep those fists down'" (Lee 101). | "...Aunty said that one had to behave like a sunbeam, that i was born good but had grown progressively worse every year. She hurt my feelings and set my teeth permanently on edge, but when i asked Atticus about it, he said there were enough sun beams in the family and to go on about my business, he didn't mind me much the way I was" (Lee 108).
17: Themes Applied to Real World | Being mean to someone who has done nothing wrong is cruel. It's like hitting a new born baby. They haven't done anything to you | When someone tries to change you at that moment you don't realize that someone likes you just the way you are. Being comfortable with yourself is more important than what other people believe you should be. | Wasting your breath on a fight that's not worth it is a foolish choice. If you fight over something that's not that important you could get in trouble and regret it later, regret getting in trouble over something that's not even worth it.