FC: To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Literary Analysis Mixbook. Megan Schneider
1: Table of Contents P.1 Setting P.2 Why Setting is Important P.3 Background P.4 Scout P. 5-6 Different Point of View P. 7-8 Conflicts P. 9 Changes in Characters P. 10 Characterization P. 11 Symbols P.12 "Mockingbirds" P. 13 Themes P. 14-15 Literary Analysis
2: About the Setting To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in Maycomb County located in Alabama during the 1930s.Examples from text displaying setting: "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square" (Lee 6). "the National Recovery Act was dead. I asked who killed it:he said nine old men" (Lee 336).
3: Why is Setting Important? - Helps reader connect to characters - Helps reader understand reasoning behind characters actions -Helps reader understand conflicts
4: Inspired by: Scottsboro Boys- Nine African American boys accused of raping to white woman on a train. It took six years for them to finally be acquitted. Emmett Till- Young African American boy that whistled at a white woman and said "hey baby". Just visiting the South he didn't understand the problem. He was taken from his Uncle's house and beaten to death.
5: Scout -Narrator from first person perspective - Starts the book at six, ends the book at eight - Caring, brave, tomboy, extremely intelligent Lee chose to tell the story from Scout's perspective to help portray innocence which helps the reader to connect to the characters.
6: From Another Perspective The following passage is a excerpt taken from Scout's perspective and put into Walter Cunningham's. Slowly we made our way down the uneven highway to the jail house in our cars. “He’s over yonder,” I stated to the man driving. Eventually we all got out, two by two, and made our way in front of him. “He in there Mr. Finch?” One of the other men asked. “He is,” Atticus replied, “and he’s asleep. Don’t wake him up.” “You know what we want,” I said. “Get aside from the door, Mr. Finch.” “You can turn around and go home again, Walter,” his pleasantness irritated me, “Heck Tate’s around somewhere.” The back and forth continued until we heard a new voice accompanied by the owner, Atticus’s young daughter, Scout.
7: One of the guys in my group grabbed the boy, Jem, by the collar. The girl ran forward yelling and kicking. After she settled down she turned toward me, “hey, Mr. Cunningham.” I said nothing, “hey, Hr. Cunningham. How's you entailment gettin’ along?” I still stayed silent, “don’t you remember me, Mr. Cunningham? I’m Jean Louis Finch. You brought us some hickory nuts one time, remember? I go to school with Walter. He’s your boy, ain’t he? Ain’t he, sir?” I gave her a slight nod so she began again, “he’s in my grade and he does right well. He’s a good boy. A real nice boy. We brought him home for dinner one time. Maybe he told you about me, I beat him up on time but he was real nice about it. Tell him hey for me, won’t you?” I didn’t know what to say to her. Here is this young girl, talking about my son as innocent as a mockingbird and me and my mob had the intentions we have. She was still talking but I couldn’t hear her over my thoughts. I squatted down and patted her shoulders, “I’ll tell him you said hey, little lady.” Standing I spoke to my group, “Let’s clear out. Let’s get going, boys.”
8: Main Conflict The main conflict of the story is Mayella Ewell falsely accusing an innocent black man, Tom Robinson, of raping her. When the case went to trial Atticus Finch, the narrator's father represented him to the best of his ability, much to the dismay of the rest of the town.
9: Other Conflicts Atticus defending Tom Robinson: external, man v. society. Jem working through his issues with the case: internal, man v. self Bob Ewell attacking Jem and Scout: external, man v. man.
10: Changes in Characters Jem Finch: Beginning - innocent, naive, optimistic End - smarter questions more situations Aunt Alexandre: Beginning - criticized Scout not being a lady End - allowed Scout more freedom in choices Atticus Finch: Beginning - easygoing, trusting End - stressed, tired
11: Characterization Dynamic: Scout - at the beginning of the story Scout never questioned be a tomboy but towards the end she became slightly more focused on becoming a lady Calpurina - in beginning she is tougher on Scout but begins to be more fair toward her Static: Miss Maudie - her thoughts and values shared with Scout do not change as the plot progresses Arthur "Boo" Radley - you only see him briefly but throughout the story he gives gifts to Scout and Jem and you can tell he's a very caring person
12: Symbolization The Mockingbird: the mockingbird symbolizes innocence. They state in the book how mockingbirds do not hurt anyone and just brighten the world with their music.
13: "Mockingbirds" Boo Radley: he stays in his house for most of his life except when leaving Jem and Scout gifts. Also, he saved their lives when Bob Ewell attacked them. Tom Robinson: he did not commit the crime he was accused of, he was just an innocent man that tried to help a lonely and helpless girl. Scout Finch: she minded her own business and did her best to protect those she cared for.
14: Themes Don't judge someone until you know them - "most people are Scout, when you finally see them" (Lee 376). This quote was about Boo Radley and how if Scout had met him before she would know his true character. Prejudice - Tom Robinson gets accused of rape simply because he's African American. Courage - this theme appears many times throughout To Kill a Mockingbird whether it's Atticus's memorable defense of Tom, Boo Radley's rescue of the children or Scout's running into a mob to save her father, courage is a key part of this book.
15: Literary Analysis This book was written to take place in the early 1930s when racism was even more prominent. Harper Lee was inspired to write this work after learning about the events of the Scottsboro Boys and Emmett Till. Lee wished to make an impact and speak out for those whose voices were not heard, the African American's at the time, she strives to make them equals in her novel. For example, Calpurnia, the Finch's housekeeper, the Finch's fully except her as part of the family. Atticus puts her in charge and trusts his kids with her for days at a time at some points. By adding this factor to the book it portrays Calurnia as an equal to the family and they even mention her as part of the family, a title not many African American's were given in the early 1900s. Other white families in the book treat their black workers as property such as when Mrs. Meriweather said "just tell them you
16: forgive them and they'll be fine" in reference to the Tom Robinson case and how her housekeeper reacted to the news. Harper Lee created a shift in the way she wrote her book. In the time period the story takes place it was unheard of to refer to a black person as an equal, especially a black woman, and that is exactly what Calpurnia is in the Finch family, an equal, a leader, a role model.