FC: To Kill A Mockingbird | By: Olivia Lang
1: Table Of Contents | Page 2-3: Setting Page 4-7: Historical Context Page 8-11: Point of View Page 12-13: Conflicts Page 14-15: Characterization Page 16-17: Symbols Page 18-19: Themes Page 20: Personal Reflection
2: -The setting in To Kill A Mockingbird is in Southern Maycomb, Alabama during the 1930s. "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather, the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks and the courthouse sagged in the square"(Lee 6). | Setting | -Many of the people that lived in Maycomb were not wealthy and did not have good lives. "If he held his mouth right,Mr. Cunningham could get a WPA job, but his land would go to ruin if he left it and he was willing to go hungry to keep his land and vote as he pleased"(Lee 28). | -During the 1930s it was a very hard time. The south had just under gone the Stock Market Crash and The Great Depression making living very difficult. "Not exactly. The Cunningham's are country folks, farmers and the crash, hit them hardest"(Lee 21).
3: The Setting in To Kill A Mockingbird is very important to the story because it puts the whole story together. It also helps you understand the characters because the setting can also characterize the character by where they live or where they go to school at. The setting can also help you understand conflicts because if a conflict has a setting in a meadow of flowers, as if the conflict was in a graveyard, they would both have a different effect.
4: The Scottsboro boys were nine black boys who were accuse for rape of two white girls (prostitutes) on a train. After many trials, the girls confessed saying they didn't really rape them, they said that because they were prostitutes and didn't have a ticket for the train and did not want to get in trouble. In the ends, the Scottsboro still got accused of rape even though they were not guilty. | The Scottsboro Boys Trial
5: Real World - Scottsboro boys accused of raping two white women. - Scottsboro boys tried unfairly for raping when they were not guilty. - White prostitutes lied about the Scottsboro boys raping them. | TKaM - Tom Robinson accused of raping Mayella Ewell. - Tom Robinson tried unfairly for rape when he was not guilty. - Mayella Ewell lied about Tom Robinson raping her.
6: Emmet Till was a 14 year old black boy who had moved from the North to the South. One day in the store, while leaving he accidentally called a white women babe and that night a group of men came and kidnapped him and hung him from a tree, killing him. | Emmet Till
7: Real World -Emmet Till was kidnapped and killed in the middle of the night. | TKaM - Mr. Cunningham's mob coming to the prison to kill Tom Robinson in the middle of the night.
8: First Person - "My first impulse was to get it into my mouth as quickly as possible, but I remembered where i was. I ran home and on our front porch I examined my loot. The gum looked fresh" (Lee 44). | -Scout is the narrator. She is a young tom boy that is tough and wants to be just like her brother. She doesn't really know what is going on most of the time but wants to know everything in order to impress her father, Atticus. | Harper Lee chose to tell the story from Scout's point of view because it makes the story more interesting and exciting. It also makes the story more intense because Scout doesn't know how dangerous the situation really is. She is just a young innocent child that doesn't know what is truly going on. An example is when Mr. Cunningham's mob comes to jail and Scout interrupts. They left because they realized the innocence of Scout and how they have kids of their own. Also when Jem, Dill and Scout were trying to get Boo Radley out of his house, it was better to get that scenes point of view from a child's perspective because she has a bigger imagination. | Point of View
9: Although I was scared to go into the Radley’s yard, I had to do it for Dill and Scout. Scout couldn’t think I was a coward and too frighten to do this. She was walking next to me, on our way to the Radley house and she kept telling us not to do it or that she didn’t want to do it. Every single day I swear she keeps getting girly and girly and I don’t like it one bit! As we got closer to the Radley house, we made our way towards the back and went under the high wire. As we were crawling through, I swore I heard rustling in the woods like someone was watching us. When we got to the house, I was expecting Dill to be the one to go up to the porch and peek in the window but boy was I wrong. Dill told me to go up the window and just look in to see if I noticed anyone. Although I was scared out of mind, I was going to do it. As I crept up to the porch, I kept extra low so no one would notice me. I could see a light coming through one of the windows so I made my way over towards there. All of a sudden, a huge shadow submerged from the dark coming right towards me. I got up as quickly as I could, climbing under the wire when my pants suddenly got caught. I couldn’t get them unstuck so I just took them off and started running again. I could hear Dill and Scout screaming for me to hurry up. Just as we were running across the garden, we all heard a gunshot and took off even faster for our house. | Short Story
10: That night, all I could think about was my pants and how that if someone by chance found my pants, they would know I was in the Radley yard and I would get into a lot of trouble by Atticus. I couldn't go to bed knowing that so I decided I had to go out and get my pants back. As I was getting ready to leave, Scout came walking into my room asking what I was doing. I told her I was going out to get my pants. She insisted that she came with myself but I told her no. As I made my way back to the Radleys yard, I was terrified to go back after all that had happened. When I finally reached the yard, I couldn't believe my eyes. There, sitting there, folded and hanging over the fence were my pants. I went to get them and was shocked once again. They were not only folded but they were also sewed together where the hole once was. I took my pants and hurried home, frightened by who did that to my pants and at the fact of how they knew I would be coming back.
12: Conflict | -Tom Robinson is accused of raping Bob Ewells daughter, Mayella Ewell. This conflict is man vs man because Tom and Bob are both involved in this conflict. This conflict is external because the town of Maycomb thinks Tom Robinson did rape Mayella Ewell. | -Jem touches the Radleys house. This conflict is man vs self because Jem has to decide whether to touch the house or not. This conflict is internal because Jem only knew if he was going to do it or not. | - Atticus is looked down upon for defending Tom Robinson. This conflict is man vs society because the town of Maycomb County are judging Atticus for defending a black man. This conflict is external because Maycomb thinks that Tom is a bad man when he really isn't.
13: Before/After | Jem: before he touched the Radley house, he was scared and nervous to do the task. After he touched the Radley house, he acts all big and tough and is kind of bragging to Scout and dill about it. | Tom Robinson: before he was accused of raping Mayella Ewell he was confused and disappointed that people believed that he did. After, he was still confused on why they had a trial over it and why he was being accused and was later killed because of the trial. | Atticus: before he was a strong man that stands up for almost anyone and is a respected figure in society. After he is looked down upon during the trial for defending Tom but after the trial has died down, he is respected once again.
14: Characterization | Dynamic Characters Scout: she is a tom-boyish little girl that doesn't quite know what is on in the world around her. She is a dynamic character because in the beginning, Scout's only concern is getting Boo Radley to come out of his end. But in end, she learns about the prejudice and racism in the world and what it's like to walk in someone else's shoes. Jem: he is a young boy who likes getting into trouble and is trying to be just like his father, Atticus. He is a dynamic character because Jem enjoys getting into trouble and trying to get Boo to come out but he also goes through problems of growing up and learning more about the world around him.
15: Static Characters Bob Ewell: he is white- trash, sarcastic man. He hardly ever tells the truth and is a dirty man. He is a static character because he is the same kind of person throughout the entire story and in the end it gets him killed. Atticus: he is a kind, caring, compassionate and understanding man that is friends with everyone. He is a static character because even after everything he's been through with the trial, Atticus does not think bad of anyone and is still the man he was in the beginning.
16: Symbols | - The mockingbird symbolizes innocence. The mockingbird does not harm anyone or anything and is not bothering anyone. All it does is sing for the people, which is also a symbol of peace. | Characters that could be considered mockingbirds | -Boo Radley: he does not harm anyone or anything and does not disturb anyone. He saves Jem and Scout from Bob Ewell, so he is doing Atticus deed like when the mockingbid does when it sings.
17: -Tom Robinson: he is an innocent black man in the middle of a rape trial. Just like the mockingbird he represents innocence. He helps Mayella Ewell when she needs it and does not cause any trouble. | -Scout Finch: she is an innocent child during the time of Tom Robinson's trial. Her being young during this time allows her to tell the story through the innocent eyes of a child that doesn't know much about whats going on.
18: Themes | Theme 1- Forgive and Forget -"Mr. Cunningham's basically a good man, "He said," He just has his blind spots along with the rest of us (Lee 157)." -Mr. Cunningham was a part of a mob that could have killed Atticus, but he doesn't hold anything against him because he says he is still a good person. -This theme can be applied to the real world in everyday life because everyone makes mistakes and we cannot make those mistakes change the person we are. | Theme 2- Don't judge a book by it's cover -"Dill you watch out now," I warned. Dill released the straws and grinned. "Scout, it's nothing but Coca-Cola (Lee 200)." -Dolphus Raymond has a reputation of being a rich drunk who lives with a black women and has mixed children. Nobody knows he is not really a drunk, until he lets Dill have a sip of his coke. -This theme can be applied to everyday life because people are always judging people without actually knowing them first.
19: Theme 3- People are not always treated equally -"Well, Dill, after all he's just a Negro (Lee 199)." -Black people are thought to be less than whites and aren't treated fairly and respected and are definitely treated different than whites. -This theme can be applied to everyday life because racism and prejudice is still with us. It also applies to many other things and events because not every person is treated equally no matter what.
20: To Kill a Mockingbird was a very interesting book. Many different events happened in the book to keep me interested in reading more of the story. My favorite parts of the book were when Jem touched the Radley house and lost his pants. Also when Jem and Scout found the items in the tree outside the Radley house. I enjoy these parts in the book because Jem touching the Radley house was an intense part that kept me reading to see what was going to happen next. I also enjoyed reading about the different items that kept showing up in the tree because Jem and Scout were both very excited to see what they would always find next. My least favorite part in the book was the trials. People being accused of things with proof is something that I personal don't like and find interesting. I think I learned a little more about the effects of racism and prejudice. I recommend this book because it has life lessons that are taught between both races in it. | Personal Reflection