FC: To Kill a Mockingbird Literary Analysis | By: Kayla McNutt
1: Table Of Contents Setting and Historical Context: Page 2 Point Of View: Page 5 Conflicts: Page 7 Characterization: Page 9 Symbols: Page 12 Theme: Page 14 Personal Reflection: Page17
2: Defition of Setting Setting- the place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place. | Setting in TKaM To Kill a Mockingbird is taking place during the early 1930's in Maycomb County, Alabama. During this time the Great Depression is going on and racism is still strong especially in the southern states. | Quotes that illustraste setting -"Men's stiff collars wilted by live oaks on the square" (Lee 6). -"Maycomb county had recently been told that it had been nothng to fear but fear it's self" (Lee 6). | Setting and Historical Context
3: Understanding Setting, Characters, and Conflicts It is important to understand the setting because it effect how the characters act. It also impacts the conflicts the characters go through | Scottboro Boys, and Emmitt Till Nine African American boys were falsely charged with raping two white women after a fight broke out between white men and black men on the train The two women had sexual relations with some white men on the train and was scared of prosecution of their sexual activities with the men. The two women agreed to testify against the nine boys. The all white jury convicted the nine boys, but the youngest the age of 12 years old were sentenced to death. Emmitt Till was a 14 year old African American bot who was beaten to death and body was thrown in the Tallanassee River in Mississippi because he was accused of whistling at a a white woman.
4: Parallels Some parallels in TKaM and the real world is when Tom Robinson was falsely accused of raping Mayella, similar to the 9 boys raping two women in the Scottsboro case.
5: Point of view | Definition of Point of view - A position from which something is observed or considered | Point Of View in TKaM- TKaM is told in first person point of view by a intelligent, loyal, curious, tomboyish 6 year old girl name Scout Finch. | Quote that illustrates point of view- "I looked down and found myself clutching a brown woolen blanket i was wearing around my shoulders, squaw-fashion" (Lee 95).
6: Scout vs. Atticus and Jem- Harper Lee chose to tell TKaM from Scouts point of view because she is young with an honest and open view filled with wonders. Being that Scout is so young with a unprejudiced view, the reader can relate easily to Scout. | Mrs. Robinson Perspective sitting in the courthouse- I know my husband wouldn't do a thing like that. Their just trynna' find a way to cover up what her drunkin' father had done to her. Its not right i tell ya, it just ain't right!
7: Conflicts | 3 Conflicts in the novel 1.) Atticus and Maycomb: The town is upset with Atticus for defending a African American; Character vs. society; External 2.) Bob Ewell and Helen Robinson: Bob starts to stalk Helen and threatens her; character vs character; External 3.) Tom and Mayella: Tom is accused of raping Mayella; Character vs Character; external
8: Howthe Conflicts Changed Characters 1.) Atticus Defending Tom changed Scout because she was hearing people refer her father as a "nigger-lover". 2.) Bob Stalking Helen changed Helen because she became scared of the Ewells. 3.) Tom being accused of raping Mayella changed Tom because people in the town began to start looking down on him.
9: Characterization | Dynamic Character- experiences an essential change in personality or attitude | Static Character- Does not change or develop beyond the way in which he or she is first presented. | TWO DYNAMIC CHARACTERS
10: Scout- Scout Finch is a young girl who is curious about the world. She is a dynamic character because she changed from a tomboy to a young lady, she stopped fighting, and reconiginezes Atticus as a person rather and just a parent. Jem- Jem is a teenager who is every wild and playful. is dynamic because he matures throughout the book. He goes from teasing Scout, lighting matches under a turtle to starting to have empathy for others. He tells Scout and Dill to leave Boo alone, and realizes that Tom is getting treated unfairly. Jem then begins to figure out how the world works.
11: TWO STATIC CHARACTERS | Calpurnia- Cal is the maid at the Finch resident who has been helping Atticus around the house and with Jem and Scout. She is a Static Character because throughout the book she is the same. She knows how the world works so nothing surprised her. | Atticus- Atticus is the father of Jem and Scout and the lawyer for Tom Robinson. Atticus is static because his beliefs he had stayed the same. He just continued to pass his knowledge to others as in Scout and Jem.
12: Symbols | Definition of Symbol- anything that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract | Significance of the title TKaM- Atticus tells the kids never to "kill a mockingbird" because they are good birds and don't do anything wrong. So the title reflects what Atticus tells the children. The mockingbird symbolizes a harmful person.
13: Mockingbird Characters | Boo Radley- Never comes out the house, but yet the topic of street talk Tom Robinson- He's handicap and still being fasley accused of raping mayella. Scout Finch- Young, confused and starts out innocent, and slowly learns the hard truths of the world such as racism and prejudice.
14: Theme | Definition of Theme- The central message. | 3 Themes or Lessons in TKaM 1)Never judge someone until you take a walk in their shoes. “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view until you climb into his skin and walk around in it” (Lee 30).
15: 2)Courage is the art of being the only one who knows you're scared to death. “I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand” (Lee116). 3) Never let the talk of the day mess up the dream of your life. "You just hold your head high and keep those fists down. " (Lee 76).
16: These themes can be applied to the real world because the main theme is about racisum and it is still going on in the modern world. Many of these situations could happen in real life weather its right or wrong. Life is not fair but it still goes on.
17: Personal Reflection | After reading To Kill a Mockingbird twice my favorite part remains when they were in court for Tom Robinson being accused of raping Mayella. I think its my favorite part because it proves a point that some people in the world just is not who you think they are, including family. They accused Tom because he was a African American, not because they knew for a fact it was him who raped her. It show the real theme of the whole book. My least favorite part was when Bob started stalking Tom's wife. He knew the real truth and was acting ignorant for no reason. Also how he was trying to attack Jem after the Halloween party.