FC: To Kill a Mocking Bird Literary Analysis by Logan Bass
1: Table Of Contents
2: Setting: The time and location where a story takes place. | TKAM Setting: The year is 1935. Small town Alabama, with old ladies,blacks, white trash, children and lawyers.
3: "There's four kinds of folks in the world. There's the ordinary kind like us and the neighbors, there's the kind like the Cunninghams out in the woods, the kind like the Ewells down at the dump, and the Negroes." (Lee 23). | "There is a tendency in this year of our grace, 1935..." (Lee 274).
4: Understanding the context of a setting is crucial because otherwise you'd just be thrown into a completely new territory. To Kill a Mockingbird is much easier to understand after researching the time period it takes place in. Understanding the setting sets the tone of story, and clears confusion. | Why should I understand text in a story?
5: To Kill a Mockingbird is much like the trials of the Scottsboro boys and Emmit Till. The Scottsboro boys was a group of several black youths who where falsely accused of raping two girls on a train.They had an unfair trial that resulted in them being sentenced to death. Emmit Till was a 14 year old black boy who reportedly "flirted" with a white girl; he was brutally murdered. Both of these occurrences are similar to Tom Robinson because he was also accused of rape and had an unfair court trial. Harper Lee based the book in this time period to show how unfairly blacks where treated.
6: Point of View- The position from which something is observed. | First person point of view is used in To Kill a Mockingbird. The narrator is a 6 year old girl named Scout Finch.She is an open-minded tomboy who is the daughter to Atticus. | I personally believe that Harper Lee wrote from Scouts point of view to capture a certain, innocence of a child. Atticus was a grown man who already knew of the evils in the world. Jem was old enough to have already formed options on the subject. Scout is young enough to have an unbiased point of view | "I maintain that the Ewells Started it all, but Jem, who was four years my senior, said it started long before."
7: Today wus another first day of 1st grade. 's funny 'cus its my third time starting 1st grade. Pa told me that I better go the first day or he'd kick my butt again. So I went, I reckon its kinda fun messing with the pretty teacher every year. This year, there was a new teacher, she was pretty, but boy that lady had some real nerve. She told me I had to go home an wash my hair. I ask why and she said I had cooties or sumthin. I said I was on the verge of leavin anyway, she told me to sit back down. I said, "make me missus". The that idiot Little Chuck threatened me and told me to leave. Miss Caroline said she'd report me if I stayed. I yelled, "Report and be damned to ye! Ain't no snot-nosed slut of a schoolteacher ever born c'n make me do nothing!" And I left. That lady is lucky Little Chuck came to her rescue. POV-Borris Ewell
8: 3 To Kill a Mockingbird Conflicts | Character Vs Characater- Scout was offended by and hit her cousin Francis after he talked crap on Atticus for defending a black man. This conflict is external. | Character Vs. Society- Boo Radly stayed inside his whole life because the people of MayComb Shunning him all his life. This conflict is external.
9: Character Vs Society- Tom Robinson has all the odds stacked against him. The racism of the time caused him to have a completely unfair trial. This conflict is external.
10: Characterization | Dynamic Character- Character who goes through an important inner change. | Jem Finch was a headstrong cynical boy at the beginning of the story. But, the trial of Tom Robinson changed him. He saw and hated how an innocent person could be treated so unfairly. This turned him into a more compassionate and eventually, happier person. | At the beginning of the novel, Scout Finch was an innocent little girl. But, the trial of Tom Robinson exposed her to the evil of the world. It forced her to develop an adult moral outlook as a child
11: Static Character- Character who does not go through a change, is the same at the end of the story | Atticus Finch was the father of Scout and Jem Finch, and lawyer of Tom Robinson. Although he went through some really bad stuff, Atticus's mind never changed. Even with the disapproval of MayComb for him helping a black man. Aunt Alexandria was Atticus's snobby sister. She was raised a lady and came to MayComb to help Jean Louise(Scout)become a polite lady. She never changed throughout the story.
12: Symbols | -A thing that represents something else | To Kill a Mockingbird's title is important because the mockingbird is the biggest use of symbolism in the book. The mockingbird symbolizes all the innocent people in the world. When Scout and Jem are given the air rifles for Christmas, Atticus told them, "Shoot all the blue jays you want, but it is a sin to kill a mockingbird"(Lee 98).
13: Mockingbirds throughout the story | Boo Radly- Boo Radly is considered to be a Mockingbird because he is judged and torented for something he did as a child. The kids are afraid of him even though he left things for them, then he saved their lives. | Tom Robinson- Tom Robinson is a mockingbird because dispite all he's done to help people, he was fasely accused of rape, unfairly tried, sent to prison, and killed. All he did was good, but was killed. | Scout Finch- Scout was tormented at school, and was assalted by Bob Ewell for the good deed her father did that angered the town. Scout never did anything wrong.
14: Themes | Theme: The main idea or lesson of the story, given directly or indirectly | a. Anti-prejudice "You don't know someone until you walk around in there shoes (Lee 85). This can be applied by just being nicer to people, and not judging people for dumb reasons. b. Hurting the innocent is evil "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mocking bird(Lee 119)." This can be applied by treating those who are innocent fairly, and not hurting them. c. Justice and Injustice "I don't know [how they could convict Tom Robinson, but they did it. They've done it before and they did it tonight and they'll do it again and when they do it-seems that only children weep(Lee 225)." This can be applied by recognizing injustice and having honestly trials with unbiased juries.
15: Personal Refletion