BC: The End
FC: PORTFOLIO | To Kill A Mockingbird Literary Analysis | By: Ali Ray
1: -Characters: pg 2 -3 -Setting: pg 4-7 -Point of View: pg 8-9 -Conflict: pg 10-11 -Symbols: pg12-13 -Themes: pg 14-15 -Literary Criticism: pg 16-21 | Table of Contents
2: Characters: | The main characters in To Kill A Mockingbird: Jean Louise (Scout) Finch ~daughter of Atticus Jeremy (Jem) Finch ~son of Atticus Atticus Finch ~father of Scout and Jem, lawyer in Maycomb, Alabama.
3: ~Jem Finch- Jem is characterized in the beginning of the book as care free, creative, and clever. At the end of the book Jem is more serious and a deep thinker, pushing childish things aside. ~Scout Finch- In the beginning of the book Scout is characterized as a young girl who likes to be a tomboy, and was also very smart. At the end of the book Scout comes to the realization that she will have to change for the world she lives in and become a "lady". | ~Calpurina- Cal is the loving, hardworking cook for the Finches. Throughout the entire book she stays loyal to the Finches and always loves the kids as her own. ~Miss Maudie- Miss Maudie is the Finches' neighbor who has always had a love for Scout and Jem. She grew up knowing Atticus and his family. She defends the Finches and treats the kids as equals. She never treats them differently, even when the rest of the town does. | dynamic characters | static characters
4: Setting: | "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it," (Lee 6). "Maycomb Jail was a miniature Gothic joke one cell wide and two cells high," (Lee 200). "Ewells lived behind the town garbage dump in what was once a negroe cabin," (Lee 227). | Maycomb is a small town in Alabama during the 1930's. This town has prejudice against blacks, and everybody knows everybody.
5: The setting of this book puts the idea of racial prejudice into place which is one of the main sources of conflict. Understanding the setting also puts into place the idea of everyone knowing everyone else's business, even though not much happened.
6: A fourteen year old was kidnapped, brutally murdered, and thrown into a river for flirting with one of the murder's wife. | 9 black males were falsely accused of raping two white prostitutes. All were convicted besides 13 year old Roy Wright. | Scottsboro Trials | Emmett Till
7: -The Scottsboro boys and Tom were both falsely accused of raping white women. | -Sc | -Both Tom and Emmett lived in a time of discrimination which lead to their deaths. | -The men that killed Emmett and Tom, were widely known to be guilty but never punished. | -The Scottsboro boys and Tom were still convicted with a good amount of evidence in their favor.
8: Point of View: | To Kill A Mockingbird is written in the first person point of view. | "For the life of me I could not figure out how she could bring herself to speak to him when she seemed to hate him," (Lee 145). | The narrator is Scout Finch, the main character. She is an extremely smart little girl. She is also a tom boy and loves to have fun. I believe the author used Scout as the narrator to show the affect that racial prejudice has from a simple and innocent point of view.
9: Step Into Someone Else's Shes | We stopped in our tracks another time and this time, our follower didn't stop with us. At first we just heard him walking and then we heard pounding footsteps like elephants coming right for us. "Run Scout, Run!" I screamed. I saw Scout fall over and she screamed for help. The man who was following us shoved Scout and the only thing I could think of was that I needed to jump on 'em and kick 'em with all my might before he hurt her. He pushed me down next to Scout, I picked her up and began to run, but he got a hold of me again. Thats when I realized our attacker was Bob Ewell. The same man who falsely accused Tom of rape. The same man who beat him children and spit in my father's face. I was scared senseless remembering his promise to "get" Atticus. I tried to fight him off me, but he grabbed my arm and bent it the wrong way, I heard a loud snap, and when i looked at my arm everything went black.
10: Conflict: | To Kill A Mockingbird has many conflicts that affect the main characters, as well as the whole town. | Ex. 1- Scout fights her cousin, Francis, because he called Atticus a "nigger-lover". This is a man v. man conflict as well as an external conflict. Scout is more aware as well as hurt at the end of this conflict.
11: Ex.2- Jem has a hard time getting over the fact that the jury would convict Tom even though he was obviously innocent. This is a man v. society conflict, it is also an internal conflict. Jem is less naive and less hopeful in society at the end of this conflict. | Ex. 3- Tom Robinson loses any hope that he had for being set free after the jury finds him guilty of a crime he didn't commit. This is a man v. self conflict, it is also an internal conflict. Tom eventually ends up dead at the end of this conflict.
12: Symbols: | In the book, the mockingbird symbolizes innocence and purity. Thats what makes the title so significant. The title foreshadows the main theme of the book. | "Mockingbird don't do one thing except make music for us to enjoy," (Lee 119).
13: Mockingbirds: | Boo Radley- Boo could be considered a mockingbird because he never hurt anybody, even though the whole towns started rumors about him. He was kind to Scout and Jem even though some would say their actions could be considered harassment. Boo also saved their lives in their time of need. | Tom Robinson- Tom could be considered a mockingbird because he added to the community by helping out when we could, on top of the job he already had. Tom was also falsely accused of committing rape, but truthfully he was innocent. | Scout Finch- Scout could be considered a mockingbird because her childhood was somewhat taken away from her. She was made fun of and gossiped about from children and adults alike, not only because of the case her father took but also because she didn't fit society's image of a young "lady". Scout soon realized through her trials that the world was not the place she thought it was.
14: Themes: | Society Does Bad Things To Good People: "They're perfectly willing to let him wreck his health doing what they're afraid to do," (Lee 316). -Society has thrown Atticus into a hard situation with the Tom Robinson case. He got everyones dirty work, continued to be nice to everyone and yet people still treated him badly. Attiucs is just one example of society doing bad things to good people. Today as we all get older society changes us in one way or another, killing our innocence. | society
15: Everyone Is Forced To Grow Up Eventually: "As I made my way home, I thought Jem and I would get grown but there wasn't much else left for us to learn," (Lee 374). -In the beginning of the book neither Jem or Scout were very mature but all they dealt with begins to take its toll and they begin to grow up, somewhat against their will. Everyone will naturally grow up but almost everyone has one/a few significant events and push them towards growing up quicker. | People Act Irrationally When Upset: "I guess Tom was tired of white men's chances and preferred to take his own," (Lee 315). -Tom decided to try to escape from prison in front of the guards, knowing it would likely kill him. Under normal circumstances Tom would have been level headed and rational. In reality, people do things when upset that they would never normally do. For example, yelling at someone when you're stressed about finals.
16: Feminist School of Literary Criticism: | The Feminist School of Literary Criticism states that men and women are different and shouldn't be compared. Women write about different topics and from different perspectives. Also, men depend on women equally to how much women depend on men.
17: - Atticus has a high education, Mayella has very little education. -Some limitations are set on Mayella because she is a women, such as not being able to do much hard labor. -Some limitations are set on Mayella because of her social class such as people thinking badly of her. -If Mayella were a white upper class women she would have more money and respect. -If Mayella were a white upper class man she would have power and money. | Atticus & Mayella
18: New Historicism School of Literary Criticism: | The New Historicism School of Literary Criticism states that history never shows the "loser's" side of what happened, and "winners" may not tell the story accurately. Both sides of history are never really known.
19: -To Kill a Mockingbird, in my opinion, reflects the way whites, blacks, and children acted well and portrays the 1930's nicely. -To Kill a Mockingbird also reflects the 1950's because some people are beginning to see racism is wrong while some are still holding onto it. -The To Kill a Mockingbird book and movie may have encouraged some racial prejudice protest as well as enlighten some white people to how badly blacks were really treated during that time.
20: Psychoanalytical School of Literary Criticism | The Psychoanalytical School of Literary Criticism focuses either on the characters' id, ego, or super ego. From the Psychoanalytical Literary Criticism perspective one could also psychologically evaluate the author's id, ego, or super ego.
21: Scouts Id, Ego, and Super Ego Portrayed Externally | Characters That Impacted Scouts Developing Personality | Atticus | Aunt Alexandra | Jem | Dill | Boo Radley | Id, Ego, or Superego? | Ego | Super Ego | Ego | Id | Id | Why? | Atticus encourages Scout to be herself, but also has his sister come live with him to show Scout how to be ladylike. | Aunt Alexandra hates the way Scout dresses and behaves. She encourages her to be like the rest of the ladies in society. | Jem used to let Scout do whatever she wanted but then tried to straighten her out to fit society. Eventually Jem rests somewhere in the middle of whats acceptable and who Scout is. | Dill inspires Scouts imagination and lead her into some not so good situations. | Boo is constantly lighting up Scouts curiosity and imagination, unintentionally leading her to do things that are "unacceptable" to society.