S: To Kill a Mockingbird Visual Literary Analysis
FC: To Kill a Mockingbird Visual Literary Analysis | By: Gabe Traw
1: Table of Contents | Setting Point of View Conflicts Characterization Symbols Themes Literary Criticism | Page 2 Page 3 Page 7 Page 9 Page 11 Page 13 Page 14
2: Setting | This book takes place in the late 1930s in a small town known as Maycomb. This town is very "normal" when it comes to southern towns as it follows many of the stereotypes of people from the area.
3: Point of View | This book is told to us in First person from the perspective of Jean Louis Finch A.K.A. "Scout". I believe Harper Lee used her as the main character through which to tell the story as she has not adopted the normal stereotypes yet and allows for an unbiased way of telling the story. "Well she went on today about how bad it was him treatin' Jews like that. Jem, it's not right to persecute anybody is it? I mean have mean thoughts about anybody, even, is it?"(Lee 331)
4: What if (POV) | This is how I believe that if the final fight with Bob Ewell had been if it had been told through his perspective. | “There they are”, I thought to myself as I saw the very reason I had been waiting in the dark for so long. It wasn't their fault in particular for what happened, but they are the spawn of that Devil that made me into a fool instead of the hero I should have been. I moved from the spot I had been sitting in for the last hour and began skulking towards my pray, switchblade at hand, seems as if living by a dump proved useful for once. I matched my footsteps to theirs or so I thought. Before long, they turned and yelled. I was about ready to charge until they yelled for a boy named Cecil Jacobs. I waited. The children turned again and began walking. Again, I followed, looking at the brightly colored ham costume the daughter was wearing. They stopped again but I was too slow and I stepped on a twig. The crack sounded like a gunshot. The boy (I think his name is Jem) shouted at the girl in the ham to run, but, I was too fast. I hit the ham like a ton of bricks and drove the knife deep into the costume. The boy surprised me by getting me off the girl. He was quite stout for a boy his age.
5: However, his attack was the equivalent of being attacked by a dog and he was quickly knocked off my by a savage backhand. I turned and saw that he was already up again and he held a tree limb in his right hand. I would have stabbed him but, my knife was still in the girl. He swung at my side but I grabbed him by the hand and with my other hand, delivered a swift blow that must have snapped his arm for there was a large snap. I finished him off with a kick to the chest; he didn't get up. I turned around to get my knife from the girl, when she slammed full force into my chest, knocking the wind out of me. It was a shock considering I stabbed a knife into what should have been her chest. With the knife on the opposite side of the costume; I reached around the costume and grabbed the knife. I began squeezing until I heard the girl begin gasping for air. I figured this would be as effective as any knife would have been. The costume began stabbing into my skin but, it didn't hurt as alcohol is known to numb pain. I thought that this was it. This would bring an end to the shame I have endured due to that devil, Atticus.
6: Before I knew it I was jerked back by an unknown attacker. This one was not the boy as he was still on the ground. No, this one was an adult, of which I have never seen before. He wore sand-stained khaki pants and a plain denim shirt. He was a skeleton of a man with a face with thin features. His hair was black and dead; his eyes a pale gray. For an unknown reason this man was the face of absolute terror. It took everything I had not to whimper in fear. The feeling of invincibleness that alcohol gives was gone in a second. This thing before me was death itself, with the look to boot. I panicked. I raised the knife high above my head and charged. With a kitchen knife in a reverse grip he knocked my switchblade out of my hand and stabbed right into my chest. There was no pain; only a feeling of warmth from the newly acquired wound in my chest. I coughed a bone-shaking cough and slumped against the old oak tree. My vision was beginning to darken and I knew this was the end. This was not the way I wanted to go. As I was blacking out, I thought of all the regret. I should have never attacked these children. They are not my enemy. As I blacked out I spoke my final words. “Forgive me, Mayella”. I drifted off into a dreamless sleep never to awaken again.
7: Conflicts | In To Kill a Mockingbird, I found a number of different conflicts. However, 3 of these conflicts really stuck out. 1. The internal conflict between Scout and Society. 2. The external conflict of Tom vs. Society 3. The internal struggle of Atticus vs. Society. He is trying to raise two kids to be unbiased in a biased world.
8: How the Conflicts Changed the Characters | 1. The conflict between Scout and Society is one that changed her greatly. She is constantly told from adults that what she does is wrong. 2. The external conflict of Tom vs. Society is the most obvious one. This conflict changed Tom by breaking down his mentality and eventually led him to suicide by police. 3. The internal conflict of Atticus vs. Society is one that is harder to notice through the eyes of Scout. Atticus is becoming older and older through all the stress of trying to raise his children right.
9: Characters | Scout Finch is a dynamic character. She is a little girl who doesn't yet know the societal norms. She is a Dynamic character because after the Tom case she saw life in a different way. | Jem Finch is also a dynamic character. He is a young boy who is older than his sister and is also not quite used to social norms. He is a dynamic character because after the Tom case he got a conviction to be a just attorney.
10: Boo Radley is a static character. He is a person who has given up on reality and lives as a recluse. He has become a local ghost story. He is a static character because he doesn't change he just stays the same. | Bob Ewell is a static character. He is a rat who prays on others suffering; a very stereotypical bad guy. He is a static character because he is the same dirtbag all the way until his death.
11: Symbols | In the story, the mockingbird symbolizes innocence. That is why it is such a powerful title. To Kill a Mockingbird symbolizes the death of innocence. This is prove when Atticus tells Jem and Scout that it is a sin to kill a mockingbird because all they do is make song.
12: In this story, 3 characters are "Mockingbirds". Scout as she does not understand all these unfair social norms due to her innocence. Tom Robinson as his clear innocence and death shock the reader into this harsh reality that is the South. Finally there is Boo Radley, the recluse who chose seclusion to reality and was ridiculed based on it.
13: Themes | 1. The world is not fair. Jem was told that a colored man has never won out against a white man (Lee 271). This proves that race is stronger than any innocence. 2. Don't judge a book by it's cover. The kids thought that Mr. Raymond was evil and a drunk. However they later learned that he only drank coke to make the people think that. (Lee 267). This shows that he is not as evil as he looks. 3.People can be good or bad. Scout was told that the hung juror was a Cunningham even though she thought they were all bad people (Lee 305). This shows that while some people are bad not all of them are.
14: Schools of Literary Criticism | Feminism: Based on the roles of woman in the world. A good example of this would be in Chapter 24. This is when Scout and all the southern belles where talking.
15: New Historical: This is based on how history is biased. Only the winning team is the good guy and history reflects that. A good example of this is when the teacher was explaining to the children how Hitler is bad and what he is doing is wrong.
16: Psychoanalytical: This is based on why people do things that they do. A good example of this is when Atticus is trying to explain to the children why the people did what they did when they said Tom was guilty.