FC: Harper Lee | Book By: Justin Meyer
1: Table of Contents | Setting: pages 2-5 Similarities: pages 6-7 Point of view: pages 8-13 Conflict: pages 14-17 Characters: pages 18-25 Symbols: pages 26-29 Theme (DEVEL): pages 30-35 Reflection: pages 36-39
2: Setting | The setting of, "To Kill a Mockingbird", takes place in a quiet old town called Maycomb, in Alabama. The roads are described as dusty, dirty, and not well kept. "Maycomb was an old town...in rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square. Somehow, it was hotter then: a black dog suffered on a summers day; bony mules hitched to Hoover carts and flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square (Harper Lee, 6)". Everybody knows everybody, and if something happens the whole town knows. "There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the boundaries of Maycomb County (Harper Lee, 8)".
3: Setting | Understanding the setting is an important part of understanding the story and what conflicts the characters face. Since the story is set in a small town in Alabama, we can infer that people are usually much nicer to each other and more caring because they know each other, with a few exceptions, like Bob Ewell.
4: The Scottsboro trial relates to the story, "To Kill a Mockingbird" in a few ways. The Scottsboro Boys were 8 blacks who were accused of raping two white women. They were sentenced to death but it was amended . | Setting | The Scottsboro Boys
5: It took around 6 years for them to finally be acquitted, even after one of the girls said they were never rapped. All 8 of the boys were let go. Some of them committed suicide from the stress, while others became heavy drinkers and alcoholics.
6: Similarities | The Scottsboro Boys are accused of raping two white women. The lawyer in the Scotsboro Trial defended the black boys. The Scottsboro boys are eventually let go. The two girls lie about being raped. | Real World
7: Tom Robinson is accused of raping a white women. Atticus, based off the lawyer in the Scottsboro Trial, defended Tom, who was also a black man. Tom Robinson, if he would of waited for an appeal, would of probably been let go, also. Mayella Ewell lies about being raped by Tom Robinson. | TKaM
8: Point of View | The point of view of the story is told in first person, in Scouts perspective of what happened. Scout is Jem's younger sister, and is portrayed as someone who is always wanting to know whats going on and thinks she is older than she actually is. The author choose to write the story in Scouts perspective to make it seem gentile and less dark. It makes the story seem innocent and naive from a young girls eyes. A quote from the book that shows first person is: "Our activities halted when any of the neighbors appeared, and once I saw Miss Maudie Atkinson staring across the street at us, her hedge clippers poised in midair (Harper Lee, 53)."
10: Point of View - Atticus's Perspective | I saw him coming this way. You could barely notice he was moving, but he was advancing at a snails pace slowly straight toward us. He was now at the Radley house and looked to be having difficulty deciding which way to go. i told Heck he's within range and that he better get him before he goes down another street. | Mr. Tate handed me the gun and said, "Take him, Mr. Finch." I told him to stop wasting time and to go ahead and shoot him, but he resisted and told me it only needed one shot. I knew he wanted me to take the shot; I had been the best shot in Maycomb in my day. I told him I hadn't shot, however, in over 30 years!
11: He till insisted and practically threw the gun at me and with hundreds of thought running through my head, I walked out in the middle of the street. My glasses slipped off my face because I was sweating. I blinked hard, realizing if I missed more than one person would get hurt.
12: The dog continued to come my way, realizing what its intended path was. He saw me, his head raised up and his body went rigid, I knew the shot had to be now or never. Like I had done it every day in my life, I cocked the primer, brought the gun to my shoulder, and fired. Old Tim Johnson flopped a couple times, and then went still. I knew the bullet had hit home. I was a little to the right like I had always been.
13: Everybody in the neighborhood slowly opened their doors to survey what had just taken place. I looked up at my house to see Jem and Scout peering down at me. I wondered what they must have been thinking to see the most boring dad in Maycomb take out a mad dog with one shot. I hadn't ever told them.
14: Conflict | Man vs. Society: Tom Robinson is up for trial for raping Mayella Ewell, and everyone knows he will be sentenced, guilty. (External) Man vs. Man: Mr. Ewell spat in Atticus's face and threatened to kill him for making him look bad. (External)
15: Man vs. Itself: Scout rolls into Boo Radley's yard while inside a tire and hurriedly tries to get out because all the kids are scared to death of him. (Internal)
16: Conflict | Character Involved: Scout. Before she saw Boo Radley, she was terrified of him and was afraid to even go near his yard. All the kids thought of him as a "ghost", and wouldn't get near him. They were interested in trying to talk to him in different ways though, without going in his yard. However, after she saw him when he saved her and Jem from Bob Ewell, she realized he wasn't scary at all, and was very nice to him.
18: Characters | Static: Atticus Finch Atticus is a lawyer, a father of Jem and Scout, and a respected figure in Maycomb. He acts as the "moral backbone" of Maycomb County. When asked to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of rapping a white woman, he agrees. His actions make the people of Maycomb hate him for doing so, but forget all about it after its over. Atticus understands people have a god and bad side, and tries to only look at the good, while forgiving the bad. He retains these same qualities throughout the novel and tries to instill them in his kids.
20: Boo Radley is looked upon as a recluse and a stranger. He is never seen throughout the book until the end and is a character that people know little about. Throughout the book we see times when he tries to interact with the kids, for example when he puts the small items in the tree hole. He is his same character throughout the book. Boo Radley is one of the biggest examples of a Mockingbird. | Static: Boo Radley | Characters
22: Characters | Dynamic: Scout Scout is Jem's younger sister. She knows how to read even before starting school, and is usually confident about what she does. She doesn't behave like other girls at her time did, simply because because of the way Atticus, her father, has raised her. In the beginning of the book she needs help explaining why everything is the way it is, but by the end she has developed a greater understanding of things and people in general.
24: Characters | Dynamic: Jem Jem is Scout's older brother. Jem looks at life in very different ways from Scout. He is growing up and gets very upset at Tom Robinsons trial. Atticus tells Scout he just needs time to process what hes learned. He doesn't understand how they could of sentenced him guilty and finds it very hard to grasp. He eventually develops a bigger picture of life and a care for living beings.
26: Symbols | The significance of the title, "To Kill a Mockingbird, is that the mockingbird symbolizes innocence and peace. The major conflict in the story is when Tom Robinson is tried for raping Mayella Ewell and sentenced as guilty. This action, is like killing a mockingbird, because Tom hasn't committed a crime in his life. All he did was go out of his way to help others, so saying he was guilty was like, "killing a mockingbird", that mockingbird being him.
28: Symbols | Other, "Mockingbirds" could be Scout, Boo Radley, and of course Tom Robinson. All three of these characters could be described as Mockingbirds because they haven't done anything to hurt anybody. Scout's innocence wins her the title, because she just doesn't know better yet. Boo Radley never comes out, so he couldn't hurt anybody, and when he does it's to save Jem and Scout. Finally, Tom Robinson always helped people and never once tried to hurt anybody on purpose in his life.
30: Theme - DEVEL | DETAIL. Themes or lessons: 1. Don't judge a book buy its cover. 2. You don't know a person until you climb into his skin and walk around in it, or look at it from their perspective. 3. There's always a better side to everything, even when it seems like it can't get worse.
31: EVIDENCE. Quote that illustrates the theme: "The Cunninghams never took anything they can't pay back...they get along with what they have (Harper Lee, 26)." "They shot him. He was running...they said he just broke into a blind raving charge at the fence and started climbing over...they said if he'd had two good arms he'd of made it (Harper Lee, 315)." "Always wanted a smaller house, Jem Finch. Gives me more yard. Just think, I'll have more room for my azaleas now (Harper Lee, 97)!"
32: Theme - DEVEL | ELABORATION. Quote prove theme: 1. The Cunninghams, although poor, are too proud to take handouts. From their appearance people would think they needed help, even though they won't accept it. In todays society kids may wear the most expensive clothing even though their parents cant afford it, so we can't judge a book buy its cover because we don't know the real reasons things are the way they are.
33: ELABORATION. Quote prove theme: 2. Tom Robinson didn't think he had any chance at an appeal, so he thought the only way he was going to be free was if he escaped, when in reality, he probably had a good chance at an appeal. In todays society, a student may decide not to study very hard for a final, if they think that they cannot bring their grade up to an A. When in reality, the difference between a B+ and an A- can be significant in their GPA.
34: Theme - DEVEL | ELABORATION. Quote prove theme: 3. Miss Maudie, even after her house burnt to the ground, was trying to stay positive about things. She would be happy to have a much bigger garden now with more room for her azaleas. In todays society, an example of his would be if somebody got fired and then had the opportunity to go back to school and study for a much better job in the future.
36: Reflection | In my opinion, the book overall was written very well. It wasn't my favorite book I've read but it wasn't bad either. It started off very slow and was almost too descriptive in the beginning telling us too much about the town and the people in it. I think if it got into the action a little bit sooner it would of been more enticing and pulled me in quicker. I did however, like how the author described Scout and her personality throughout the book. It really helped me to understand her perspective of everything and see it through her eyes. Since Scout is young we have to often assume what happened because she tells it from her side and it being told from the eyes of a 5-year-old, she isn't always 100 percent accurate.
37: For example, when Scout follows Atticus late at night to the city jail where Tom Robinson is being held, we, the readers already know something is going to happen but Scout doesn't yet. She comes out when the mob is there to get Tom Robinson and tries to have a conversation with Walter Cunningham. The mob, just about to commit a bad deed, can see the innocence in Scout and decides to leave.
38: Reflection | Another part of the story, which i think could of been better, was the chapter when Miss Maudie's house caught on fire. I think it could of been a little more in depth and explained the reason Boo Radley went out of his way to put a blanket around Scout, and what this shows about Boo.