S: To Kill a Mockingbird Visual Literary Analysis
FC: To Kill a Mocking Bird Visual Literary Analysis | Taylor Timmerberg
1: Table of Contents | Setting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pages 2-3 Historical Context. . . . . . . . . . . . Pages 4-5 Point of View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pages 6-8 Conflicts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pages 9-11 Characterization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page 12 Symbols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 13 Themes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pages 14-15 Feminist School of Criticism. . .Pages 16-17 New Historian School of Criticism Pages 18-19 Psychoanalytical School of Criticism Pages 20-23
2: The setting in To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in the 1930s during The Great Depression in Maycomb Alabama. | "Maycomb was an old town, a tired town in rainy weather turned the streets into red slop; grass grew on the sidewalk, the courthouse sagged in the square" (Lee 6). | Setting
3: The Scottsboro Trials were unjust trails of six black men accused of raping two white women on a train in Alabama. The jury was all white men and the black men had death charges pressed against them. It is believed that because all of the jury was white, the black men were just guilty because of their race. | The way that things were back then were much different from now, by how the people were treated. Racial equality was not on society's side. The setting of the book shows what kind of life Scout and her family lived.
4: "Maycomb, some twenty miles east of Finch's landing, was the count seat of Maycomb County" (Lee 4). ". . .Finch's Landing. . . The place was self-sufficient: modest in comparison with the empires around it. . ." (Lee 4). | The context of the setting is important because in the South, they do things differently, and things are brought up differently. The characters are affected by the setting because, people are treated differently in the South than they are in the North. With it being a small town, That makes it easy for drama and commotion to happen. | Historical Context
6: To Kill a Mockingbird POV is set in first person through the perspective of Jean Louise Finch, or Scout. The story goes through her life as she is growing up through The Great Depression and shows how racism develops. | Point of View
7: I think that Harper Lee chose write the story in a little girls perspective because even though Scout is young, she still understands what is right and wrong, knowing that her dad, Atticus, should help defend Tom Robinson. In otherwords, her innocence shows readers the thoughts and feelings of a child in that time period. | "I thought I had made things sufficiently clear, it was clear for the rest of us: Walter Cunningham was sitting there lying his head off. He didn't forget his lunch, he didn't have any" (Lee 26).
8: In the book, Scout is said to have short brown hair, pale skin and blue eyes. She always has a look like she has a scheme planned, but she is very adventurous. | POV of Aunt Alexandra Chapter 13 I opened the car door, and stepped out on the side walk. Ive always wondered why my brother Atticus chose to live in such a filthy, small town. The driver set my bags next to me. "Good day, ma'am." I took that as a hint that I needed to pay my dues. I handed over a twenty, picked up my bags and walked up the riggity front porch. The door was locked when I tried it. I sat down and smoothed my dress. Where are the children? That's when i saw them walking up the sidewalk with Calpurnia. They got to the porch, looking at me strangely. "Put my bag in the front bedroom, Calpurnia- Jean Louise, stop scratching your head." Someone has to teach those kids some manners.
9: Internal Conflict 1.One internal conflict was when Atticus had to shoot the dog, Tim Johnson. Atticus has a good shot with a gun and chose never to use one but, with the rabid dog running around hurting, Atticus decides to shoot him for the sake of the dog's misery and safety of the neighborhood. | Conflicts
10: 3.Another external conflict would be when Mrs. Dubose was talking about Scout and Jem's dad pretty much calling him a ni**** lover as well, but this time Jem actually did something back. Jem destroyed all of her flowers in her yard. | External Conflicts 2.An external conflict would be when Cecil Jacobs was talking smack to Scout because Cecil said her daddy was disgracing the family and was a ni**** lover (Lee 99). Scout tried everything to hold back from fighting him because she promised her dad she wouldn't anymore.
11: 2. Scout and Cecil Jacobs were the characters involved in this conflict and before this happened, Scout had fought people before for what they said about her dad. Atticus then had a talk with Scout, then when Cecil made the rude comments, Scout held back and didn't fight anymore. This made Scout the bigger person. 3. Jem and Mrs. Dubose were involved in this conflict. Before, Jem just got mad and angry too quickly, overreacted too much and thought Mrs. Dubose was a mean old lady but after, he became more understanding and didn't think she was such a bad lady. | 1. Atticus was the character in this conflict and it was man vs. himself. Atticus never shot a gun because he believed he had an unfair advantage by having a really good shot. But, he stands up and decides he should be the one to shoot the dog so its a one and done thing. The kids changed from thinking their father was boring to then thinking he was brave.
12: Scout is an ambitious, tom-boyish, smart, stubborn, innocent child. She is a dynamic char. because she changes throughout the story. In the beginning of the story she was more childish and stubborn and towards the end she is very mature and ladylike. | Jem is a mature, trouble-making, protective, caring young boy and is also a dynamic char. He changed throughout the story from being a little brat basically to becoming a young man. | Atticus is a static char. because he pretty much stays the same throughout the whole book. He is always wise, and always knows the right thing to do and he sticks with what he says and doesn't change his mind much. | Characterization | Calpurnia is a static char. as well, because she also doesn't change throughout the book. She is always kind and caring for the Finch's and she is very respectful towards everyone. She is also is very smart and likes to teach Scout things.
13: The Significance of the title is expressed throughout the book. Jem and Scout get guns for Christmas and for target practice, Jem aimed for a mockingbird. Atticus explains to Jem and Scout that its not okay to kill mockingbirds. Atticus explains how mockingbirds never did anything to anybody so it doesn't need to be killed. I think that the mockingbird symbolizes that you shouldn't hurt someone who hasn't done anything to hurt someone else, like in the Tom Robinson case. For someone who didn't hurt anyone, Tom should have been let go and given a chance. | Boo Radley- Boo sat in his house and never came out his whole life. He always kept to himself and never meant anyone harm. Boo could be considered a mockingbird because he never hurt anyone. Tom Robinson- Tom was accused of raping a white girl and because of his color, he was presented guilty. In reality, Atticus makes a point and shows everyone that he isn't guilty. In the end when Mr. Ewell tries to kill Scout and Jem, everyone knows that it wasn't really Tom who was the bad guy. Tom didn't do anything to anyone either, so he is considered a mockingbird. Scout Finch- Scout ad this child sense of innocence and only wanted the greater good in things for everyone. She only tried defending the people who deserved it and tried to not bother anyone. | Significance of the Title
14: Themes | 1. All people should be treated equally no matter what race, gender, etc. "'Well, Dill, after all he's just a negro.' 'I don't care one speck. It ain't right, somehow it ain't right to do 'em that way. Hasn't anybody got any business talkin' like that- It just makes me sick'" (Lee 199). Dill was upset with the way the court was talking to Tom Robinson and thought it wasn't fair. They don't talk to the white folk that way so why would they talk to anybody that way? Not only in courts, but in schools, businesses, and anywhere, really. No one should be treated differently or spoken to like they're less than human just because of race, religion, gender etc. | 2. Fight for what you believe in no matter what stands in your way. "You never really understand a person until you conceder things from his point of view, until you climb into his skin and walk around in it" (Lee). This applies for anytime, anywhere. Your beliefs determine who you are as a person and fighting for what you believe in makes you, you.
15: 3. Being a woman takes up as much courage as being a man. "I was not so sure, but Jem told me I was being a girl, that girls always imagined things, that's why other people hated them so, and if I started behaving like one I could just go off and find some to play with" (Lee 119). Jem explains that Scout is acting like a girl and Scout doesn't really know how to react to that. She doesn't know how to handle it and why being a girl is a bad thing? Women have courage and can do anything a man can do but because of famine qualities, men think women are weaker.
16: Feminist School of Literary Criticism | -The Feminist School of Literary Criticism viewed things in three main areas: 1. differences between man and women 2. women in power between man and women 3. the female experience
17: The stereotypical Southern Belle is a well brought up girl who dresses fancy, in a dress, who is very kind and respectful, welcomes to cook and clean. Southern Belles are family people and always act appropriate in public and are high class.Aunt Alexandra is good example of a Southern Belle because she acts the way society expects a girl to act; polite, well dressed etc. A negative characteristic of a Southern Belle could be that people like that seem like know it alls ad stuck up with their noses in everyone's business.
18: New Historicism School of Literary Criticism | -New Historicism school of literary criticism analyzes literature not only based on culture but based on culture and how text participates in culture and influences culture. | Allusions throughout the book help determine the culture. | One allusion was the disturbance between the North and South on page 4. It is a Civil War reference and it goes with TKAM because it happened before the Civil Rights Movement. | Another allusion was reconstruction on page 131. After the Civil War the US government had to figure out how to readmit the South into the Union, free all slaves. The country needs to be fixed,and in TKAM, racism was still used.
19: War between the states on page 131, Civil War reference. in TKAM this was brought up a lot because racism was used a lot and they want it to stop. | On page 205, Thomas Jefferson once said that all men are created equally. This was in the Declaration of Independence that all men are equal with certain unattainable rights among life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. | On page 121, Theres a land beyond the river that we call the sweet forever. This is a beginning verse to a hymn called, "When they Ring the Golden Bells". In TKAM They sing because they want freedom for all, even the blacks. | On page 234, people up there set 'em free. Talking about ow the Northern states were integral in the emancipation of slaves during the Civil War; South = bitter.
20: Psychoanalytical School of Literary Criticism | -Psychoanalytical school of criticism is a representation of how personalities are formed in an individual. There are three point of views: id, superego and ego. Id is more of "I want it now" and a childish subconscious thing. Superego is the complete opposite; it is the theory that a person is pro-society. Ego is just a balance between the other two.
21: Atticus would be considered an ego character. Atticus knows that society doesn't accept blacks, but he knows its right to defend Tom Robinson during the case. | Aunt Alexandra would be superego. Alexandra gets mad at Scout all the time for not being a lady or not wearing dresses. She also says all the things young girls "should" be. | Jem would be considered ego. Jem sometimes leads scout to do bad things but sometimes try to tell her what to do and how she needs to act.
22: Dill is childish and acts as if everything in society is bad. Dill gets upset with how things are and doesn't quite understand why things are the way they are. Dill would be considered to have the id personality. | Boo Radley kinda just does his own thing and I think he seeks desire to do so. He tries to avoid society's judgment. He would be considered to have the id personality as well. | Calpurnia helps the kids out. She took them to her church even though the people would frown upon it. Cal is considered Ego.
23: Miss Maudie would have and Ego personality. Like Aunt Alexandra, she tells Scout how to act and hoe she is supposed to act, but she doesn't always act that way either.