BC: Virginia History By Madeleine Brooks Thank you Mr. Stein, for everything you have done for us | vs
FC: Virginia History Created by Madeleine
1: Primary VS Secondary Sources | Primary Sources: Speeches,artifacts, autobiographies and other things. | Secondary Sources | Newspaper,articles,books,atlas and other things.
2: Bordering States and Large Bodies of Water | Atlantic Ocean , Chesapeake Bay | Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina | States | Water
3: The 5 Regions | Appalachian Plateau, Valley and Ridge, Blue Ridge Mountains, Piedmont and Coastal Plain
4: Cities and Rivers | Alexandria on the Potomac Fredericksburg on the Rappahannock Yorktown on the York Richmond on the James Jamestown on the James
5: Artifacts and Archaeologist | Artifacts arrowheads,pots and tools.
6: Eastern Woodland Indians | Werowocomoco, food, shelter and clothing | Trade network and tribal system | Used Natural Resources | Animals, beans, squash, corn and berries. | Animal skins
7: Virginia Indians Tribes | Tribes, languages, and Regions | Cherokee, Powhatan and Monacan | Algonquian, Siouan and Iroquoian | Coastal Plain Region, Piedmont Region and Appalachian Plateau.
8: Reasons for picking Jamestown in 1607 | .Increased England's wealth and power .Defense against enemies from both land and sea, deep harbor, thought there was a good supply of fresh, clean, drinking water
9: Hardships at Jamestown | . disease . Native americans . difficult to find clean water . starvation
10: Important people at Jamestown | Christopher Newport Captain John Smith John Rolfe Pocahontas Chief Powhatan
11: Government | Charters, 1619, Virginia House of Burgesses
12: Capital Move | Jamestown -> Williamsburg -> Richmond
13: French and Indian war | Made the colonist pay for the war; British VS French and Indians
14: Taxes | Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townsend Act
15: Problems in Boston | The Boston Massacre, The Boston Tea Party, Sons of Liberty, and Patriots
16: Colonist VS England | Colonist Side | England's Side | Patriots Sons of Liberty Colonist Minute men | Loyalist King George the 3 Lord Cornwallis
17: Important Patriots | James A. Lafayette George Washington and Patrick Henry
18: Important Patriots | Thomas Jefferson He wrote the Declaration of Independence. | Jack Jouett He rode 40 miles and saved the General Assembly by telling them the British were coming. | Paul Revere He warned the colonist the British were coming. | Ben Franklin He convenced the French to join the colonist side.
19: Divided in war | American Indians England promised them land, but some fought with the patriots. | African Americans England promised them freedom, but some grabbed patriot guns.
20: Support on the home front | What women did around the house | . farmed in tobacco fields . made clothes for the settlers . they helped the sick
21: American Revolution | Battles | the shot herd around the world | Lexington and Concord | first battle in Virginia Great Bridge | British surrendered Yorktown
22: Treaty of Paris | Signed two years after the surrender at Yorktown.
23: Contributions to a new nation | George Mason He wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights. | Thomas Jefferson He wrote the Virginia Statue of Religious Freedom. | James Madison He was the "Father of the Constitution." | George Mason He wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights.
24: Travailing Virginians | Virginians traveled west and deep south to find better farm land because the tobacco was killing the land.
25: 3 Branches of Virginia Government | Legislative Branch Makes/wrights the laws. | Executive Branch Carries out/Enforces the laws. | Judicial Branch Decides if laws have been broken.
26: Famous Abolitionist | John Brown He laid a raid at Harpers Ferry, VA. He planed to distribute the weapons stored in the Armory. He was unsuccessful. | Harriet Tubman She helped over 300 slaves on the Underground Railroad. She also made 19 trips to give slaves their freedom. | Nat Turner He led a raid at Southampton County, VA. He killed 60 white men, women and children on his revolt.
27: South the south had farms that worked slaves and grew lots of crops. | North the north had factories and machines that made weapons. | The South and North
28: West Virginia | West Virginia was really connected to Virginia. Then West Virginia didn't want slavery, but Virginia wanted slavery. West Virginia made, well West Virginia. West Virginia was a border state.
29: Union | The Union had factories and machines to do work for them. They had Abraham Lincoln as President of the Union. They also had General Ulysses S. Grant as a great leader for the Union during the war.
30: Confederacy | The confederacy had huge farms that slaves worked on. The Confederacy seceded from the Union because Lincoln became president. They thought he would take slavery away in the south were they needed slaves. They had a president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis. The Confederacy had many great Generals.
31: Confederacy | There was also "Stonewall' Jackson who stood strong and was killed by one of his own team mates. Another person in the Civil Was J.E.B. Stuart who had his own cavalry | One was Robert E. Lee who helped the troops a lot. Then there was "Stonewall" Jackson who stood strong and was killed by one of his own Confederate men. Last there is J.E.B. Stuart who had his own cavalry.
32: Battles | Bull Run or Manassas First major battle in the Civil War. Confederate win Sea Battle (Uss Monitor Css Merrimack) Only major sea battle. Draw/Tie Fredericksburg Robert Lee defeated Union. Confederate win Chancellorsville Stonewall was killed. Confederate win Siege of Petersburg Grant captured Petersburg. Union win Richmond Grant capture Richmond. Union win Appomattox Court House Robert E. Lee surrendered. Union win
33: Appomattox Court House | The Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to the Union General Ulysses S. Grant. He surrendered at Appomattox Court House. Ulysses S. Grant let Robert E. Lee go back to his family, and not go to jail.
34: Reconstruction | Virginia's Problems . Money had no value . Banks were closed . Virginia's economy was in ruins . Railroads, bridges, plantations, and crops were destroyed. . Millions of freed slaves needed housing, clothing, food, and jobs. . Virginia had co functioning government and was no longer part of the U.S.A.
35: Reconstruction | Freedman's Bureau The Government agency provided food, schools, and medical care for Africans and poor white people. Sharecropping Sharecropping allowed freed men and farmers to rent land and promising to pay the landowner with a share of the crop when harvested.
36: After Reconstruction | Segregation: separation of people, usually based on race or religion law. Integration: full equality of all races in the use of public places Desegregation: abolishment of racial segregation Jim Crow Laws: established segregation of all the races and reinforced prejudices held by many white people.
37: Virginia's economy began to grow again | .Virginia's cities grew with more people, businesses, and factories. .Railroads were the key to expansion of businesses, agriculture, and industry. . Coal deposits, discovered in Tazewel County after the Civil War and in nearby counties, became a source of new jobs. . Tobacco farming and products recovered from the effects of the Civil War and again became an important Virginia industry.
38: Civil Rights Movement | Woodrow Wilson He was a 20th century President and wrote a plan for world peace that earned him a Noble Peace Prize. | George Marshall He was a military leader who created a plan for world peace (The Marshall Plan). The Plan earned him a Noble Peace Prize.
39: Civil Rights Movement | Maggie Walker She was the first African American woman to establish a bank. | Harry F. Byrd He began a Pay as You Go policy for road improvements. He led a massive resistance movement against integration of public schools. | Arthur Ashe First African American to win a major men's tennis singles championship.
40: Linwood Holton He appointed more African Americans and women to positions in state government. | Douglas Wilder He was the first Black Governor. | Civil Rights Movement | Oliver Hill He was a lawyer and civil rights leader.
41: 20th and 21st Century Virginia | Rural: life in the country (lots of farms) Urban: life in the city (lot of buildings) Agriculture began to change in the 20th century. . Old systems of farming were no longer effective. . Crop prices were low. Growth of Virginia's Cities . People moved from rural to urban areas for economic opportunities. . Technological developments in transportation (railroads) helped cities grow.