1: Between the 1500's to the 1800's, slave traders sent around 10 to 15 million Africans across the Atlantic to the Americas. At the time, slavery in Africa was a punishment for serious crimes such as kidnapping, adultery, and for prisoners of war. In some African societies, slaves were considered servants and in time, could become full members of society. Though, as the demand for slaves grew, traders started kidnapping women and children as well to sell into slavery.
2: The first contact between Europeans and Africans occurred in the early 1400's. Europeans bought a few Africans as slaves and carried them to Europe, where the demand for slaves was limited. When the Europeans started settling in the Americas, they soon discovered that they needed more people to help their labor force make the American colonies profitable. Colonists enslaved Native Americans at first, but they could not handle the hard work and many died. So the Colonists looked to Africa because they thought the Africans would be able to handle the tropical climates.
4: The Europeans introduced slavery on a massive scale. At the height of the slave trade, 60,000 Africans a year were packed into slave ships to be sold. They were often put in airless holds and many did not even live through the "middle passage", which was the ride across the Atlantic. | European slave traders had even developed a system with local African rulers in which they would supply guns to them and, in return, would receive kidnapped slaves. Many slaves had tried to resist the captures, but regardless, an estimate of as many as 2 to 3 million Africans had died during the slave trade era. In the 1700's, European thinkers began to discuss human rights and Abolition, or the movement to end slavery, and gained force. It wasn't until 1807 when Britain outlawed the slave trade, that the trade began to slow down. Slavery itself stopped in 1865.
5: There were many effects of the slavery in Africa. The slave trade encouraged war, which caused many groups to attack their neighbors and take their own slaves, which they traded for guns that they used to dominate trade and build stronger states. The slave trade also effected the economic life. With all the healthy young men and women gone, all that was left was the young and the old to plant and harvest. Many small communities suffered and soon disappeared all together.
6: Another effect, which may be considered as the only positive effect of the slave trade was the diaspora. The slave trade had spread out Africans all over the world. African ideas, customs, and beliefs were spread throughout regions everywhere. African music, proverbs, foods, religions, and artistic styles enriched and combined with other cultures worldwide.
7: All of this information was found in Prentice Hall's World Cultures book.