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AP Plant Project

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AP Plant Project - Page Text Content

S: Ap Biology - Plant Scavenger Hunt

FC: Alec Gonos | Plant Scavenger Hunt

1: Table of Contents | Pg. Title 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 | Poisonous Plants in Ohio Gymnosperm - Male Gametophyte Gymnosperm - Female Gametophyte Angiosperm - Perfect Flower Angiosperm - Complete Flower Dioecious Plant Endosperm Plant that Shows Symbiosis with Mycorrhizal Fungi Monocot Dicot with Compound Leaf Dicot with Simple Leaf Bryophyte Vascular Seedless Plant Edible Leaf Edible Root Edible Vegetable (Non-Fruit) Edible Fruit Fruit with Special Dispersal Heterotrophic Plant Parasitic Plant Modified Leaf Invasive Plant in Ohio Cork of a Deciduous Tree Epiphyte Plant with Medicinal Use Edible "Wild" Ohio Plant

2: - Common Name: Poison Oak - Scientific Name: Toxicodendron diversilobum - Native to Ohio. - Grows best in temperate climates in partial shade and moist soil. - Leaves come in clusters of threes and resemble that of an oak tree. Contains urushiol, which is the resin that causes itching. The stem is usually skinny and reddish-brown in color. | - Common Name: Poison Sumac - Scientific Name: Toxicodendron vernix - Native to Ohio. - Usually grows in partial shade in regions with temperate climates. Grows best with moist soil. - Leaves are found in groups of 7 to 12 on a single stem. The stems are red in color. It can grow as a bush or tree. It also contains usushiol which causes itching. | - Common Name: Poison Ivy - Scientific Name: Toxicodendron radicans - Native to Ohio. - Usually found in temperate areas in moist soil with partial sunlight. - Leaves come in clusters of 3 and look somewhat like a teardrop. They grow as a shrub and have red colored stems. Poison ivy also contains usushiol which causes an allergic reaction, causing itchiness. | #1 - Poisonous Ohio Plants | - Jones, Charles. (2002). Poison Oak. CalPhotos Photo Database. Retrieved from calphotos.Berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?enlarge=0000+0000+0602+0237 - Scotland Co. (2007, June 6). Poison Sumac. Poison Sumac (Toxicodendron vernix). Retrieved from www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/tove.html - Mason, Jim. (2003). Poison Ivy. Poison Ivy. Retrieved fromwww.gpnc.org/poison.htm

3: - Common Name: Colorado Blue Spruce - Scientific Name: Picea pungens - Native to the mountain states of the west U.S.A, such as Colorado or Utah - Tends to grow in areas with moist soil, with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. Needs full sun, it can't tolerate shade. Can withstand a moderate range of temperatures, and keeps its leaves year-round. | #2 - Gymnosperm - Male Gametophyte

4: -Common Name: Eastern Cape Blue Cycad -Scientific Name: Encephalartos horridus -Native to South Africa, specifically the Eastern Cape. -This cycad grows best in slightly acidic soil with not too much water. It requires full sun and good drainage. It usually is found in regions with a temperate or subtropical climate. | #3 - gymnosperm - FEMALE gametophyte

5: #4 - aNGIOSPERM - pERFECT fLOWER | - Common Name: Pink Knock Out Roses - Scientific Name: Rosa 'Radrazz' -Originates from Georgia, where it was created by William Radler -They grow best in full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. They require fertile, well-drained soil and a temperate climate. - This flower is considered perfect because it contains both a pistil and stamen. | 10 / 16 / 2011 | - Klingaman, Gerald. (2005, November 11). Knock Out Rose. University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. Retrieved from www.arhomeandgarden.org/plantoftheweek/articles/rose_knockout_11-11-05.htm

6: -They grow best in moist, yet well-drained soil. They are tropical plants, so they require direct sunlight and moderate warmth to survive. -This flower has all four flower parts making it complete. These parts are the pistil, stamen, petals, and sepals. | #5 - Angiosperm - Complete Flower | -Common Name: Chinese Hibiscus -Scientific Name: Rosa sinensis -Originates from Pacific coastal areas,including China and India.

7: -Common Name: Ginkgo -Scientific Name: Ginkgo biloba -This tree originates from China. | -The ginkgo prefers full sun, but can withstand shade. It can grow in a multitude of soil conditions, but prefers moist, well drained, airy soil. -A dioecious plant is either male or female. Monoecious plants contain both female and male gametophytes. | #6 - Dioecious Plant

8: #7 - Endosperm | -Common Name: Corn -Scientific Name: Zea mays -Originates from Mexico, but now native to Ohio. | -It prefers moist soil, that is regularly watered. Corn also needs direct sunlight, and grows best in a warm, temperate climate. | - Daf_dab. (2007, August 4). Corn Stalk. Flickr.com. Retrieved from www.flickr.com/photos/daf_dab/1088421911/

9: #8 - Plant showing symbiosis with Mycorrhizal Fungi | -Common Name: Southern Magnolia Tree -Scientific Name: Magnolia grandiflora -Native to the southeastern United States. -The Magnolia prefers full sun, but can take partial shade. It is very adaptive, but does best in acidic, well drained soil and a warm temperate climate. -In this symbiotic relationship, the fungi benefits because the tree provides it with organic molecules from photosynthesis, which it can use for growth. The tree gains extra nutrients from the fungi, as well as protection from harmful pathogens.

10: -Originates from the Philippines, and is a hybrid between the Phalaenopsis and Doritis genus. -This orchid grows best in partial shade. It requires a warm, temperate climate to survive, and its soil needs to be kept moist at all times. | #9 - Monocot | -Common Name: Sogo Cherry Orchid -Scientific Name: Doritaenopsis | - Herforth, Robert. (N.D.). Phalaenopsis. Klehm Growers. Retrieved from www.klehmgrowers.com/phal%20care.htm

11: -Common Name: White Ash -Scientific Name: Fraxinus americana -Native to Ohio. Found throughout the Midwest. -Grows best with direct sunlight. It needs moist, but well-drained soil. Its climate should be temperate. | #10 - Dicot with Compound Leaf

12: -Grows best in direct sunlight. Requires high humidity and a warm tropical climate. Soil should retain water, but drain well. | #11 - Dicot with simple Leaf | -Common Name: Purple Waffle Plant -Scientific Name: Hemigraphis colorata "exotica" -Originates from New Guinea

13: -Common Name: Rock Cap Moss -Native to Ohio. Can be found worldwide. -Grows best in deeply shaded areas where little direct sunlight is received. Also requires a moist environment, but is very adaptable. | #12 - bRYOPHYTE | - Moss Acres. (2009). Rock Cap Moss. Moss Acres. Retrieved from www.mossacres.com/rock_garden_plants.asp

14: #13 - Vascular Seedless Plant | -Common Name: Horsetail -Scientific Name: Equisetum hyemale -Native to Ohio. Can be found worldwide. -Needs full sun and moist, temperate climate. Soil should be well-drained.

15: -Common Name: Paraguay Tea Tree -Scientific Name: Llex paraguayensis -Native to Paraguay. - Thrives in areas from 1500 to 2000 ft above sea level, near water sources. Needs direct sunlight and a warm subtropical climate. | #14 - Edible Leaf

16: -Native to the East Indies. -Needs moist soil and a warm, tropical climate. Grows best in partial shade. | #15 - Edible Root | -Common Name: Ginger -Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale

17: -Common Name: Onion -Scientific Name: Allium cepa -Originates from Egypt, but was introduced to the Americas by Columbus, and can now be found throughout the U.S. | -Can thrive under a wide range of soil conditions and temperatures. Cannot handle extreme hot or cold temperatures though. Prefer direct sun. | #16 - Edible Vegetable (Non-Fruit) | - Pengikut. (2009, December 15). Like an Onion Plant. Eagles Nest Ministries. Retrieved from 3a9i35-n35t.blogspot.com/2009/12/like-onion-plant.html

18: -Common Name: Kuffir Lime -Scientific Name: Citrus hystrix -Native to southeast Asia -Grows best in moist, well-drained soil with direct sunlight. Needs a warm, humid climate in order to survive. | #17 - Edible Fruit

19: -Common Name: Sugar Maple -Scientific Name: Acer saccharum -Native to the deciduous forests of North America, including Ohio. -Can grow in sunlight or partial shade, and needs moist, well-drained soil. Needs a moderate climate with no extreme temperatures in order to survive. | #18 - Fruit w/ Special Dispersal

20: -Native to the southeastern United States, especially the bogs of North Carolina. -Grows best in direct sunlight in a wet, temperate environment. Soil is typically saturated with water. -This can be considered heterotrophic because it traps insects, such as flies, inside its "pitcher" and consumes them. A heterotroph is an organism that digests other organisms for energy and nutrients. By digesting insects for nutrients, the pitcher plant meets this description. | #19 - Heterotrophic Plant | -Common Name: American Pitcher Plant -Scientific Name: Sarracenia oreophila

21: - Common Name: American Mistletoe - Scientific Name: Phoradendron serotinum - Native to the eastern United States. - Grows best in temperate areas with partial sun. Does not require soil for growth. | #20 - Parasitic Plant | - Mistletoe is considered a parasite because its aerial roots have been modified to penetrate the host plants tissues and absorbs water and nutrients, stealing them from the plant. | - LaBar, Martin. (2007, January 26). Mistletoe in the Sky. Oklahoma State Floral Emblem. Retrieved on http://statesymbolsusa.org/Oklahoma/Mistletoefloral_emblem.html

22: #21 - Modified Leaf | -Native to Madagascar. -Grows best in direct sunlight with moist, well-drained soil. Usually found in temperate climates, but can tolerate temperatures down to 20 F. -Its large leaves work to trap water and funnel it down to the roots through tiny channels within the leaf. | -Common Name: Traveler's Tree -Scientific Name: Ravenala madagascariensis

23: -Common Name: Japanese Honeysuckle -Scientific Name: Lonicera japonica -Native to Japan. -Grows in either direct sunlight or partial shade, and needs moist, well-drained soil. Usually found in temperate climates. | -It was introduced to the states when it was brought over as an ornamental plant. It has since spread greatly. It is a problem because it crowds out native species. | #22 - Invasive Plant in Ohio

24: #23 - Cork of a Deciduous Tree | -Native to western Ohio. -Grows best in direct sunlight, but can withstand partial shade. Prefers a basic, moist soil. Found in areas with a temperate climate. | - Common Name: Blue Ash - Scientific Name: Fraxinus quadrangulata

25: - Native to Southeast Asia, in the countries of China, Vietnam, and Malaysia. - This orchid grows best in low-light, shady areas. It requires a warm, temperate climate to survive, and its soil needs to be kept moist at all times. The air around it should be relatively humid. - An epiphyte is a plant that grows attached to other plants. They have aerial roots that are used to anchor them to the plants. In orchids, these roots can also perform photosynthesis and absorb water. | #24 - Epiphyte | - Common Name: Yellow Moth Orchid - Scientific Name: Phalaenopsis

26: - Common Name: "Burn Plant" or Aloe - Scientific Name: Aloe Vera -Native to the Mediterranean, in areas like Egypt. -Grows best in sandy, well-drained soil in a warm climate. Requires partial shade and water occasionally. | -It is usually used as a topical ointment to treat sunburn. It can be also taken orally to treat a variety of diseases including diabetes, asthma, and epilepsy. | #25 - PLant with a medicinal Use | - Foster, Steven. (2006, December). Herbs at a Glance: Aloe Vera. National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/aloevera

27: Bonus #2 - Edible "wild" ohio Plant | - Common Name: Dandelion - Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale - Native to Ohio. Found throughout the U.S. - Grows in moist soil and either direct sunlight or partial shade. Usually found in temperate climates.

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