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Biology Cell Project

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FC: Biology Cell Project P. 2B | Austin Parkey Sameer Moosa

1: Our Cell Theory | Robert Hooke: discovered cells from a microscope: called the spaces cellulae. Rudolph Virchow: All cells come from pre-existing cells Theodor Shwann: All animals are made up of cells. Matthias Schleidien: All plants are made up of cells. | The Fathers

2: Prokaryotic Cells | One celled organisms, no membrane-bound organelles, no nucleus, there are ribosomes and DNA, Ex: BACTERIA | The Little Brother

3: Eukaryotic Cells | An organism with one or more cells containing the genetic material, DNA, membrane bound organelles and a true nucleus. | The Big Brother

4: Plant Cell | Plant cells have a much larger vacuole. They have a cell wall to keep the structure of the plant. They have chloroplasts to help with photosynthesis and chlorophyll which makes it green. Plant cells are eukaryotic. | The boring brother

5: Animal Cell | Animal Cells don't have a cell wall, or chloroplasts because they do not preform photosynthesis. They do have centrioles which help produce the cytoskeleton. Animal cells are eukaryotic also. | The fun brother

6: The cell membrane is the boundary between the cell and its environment. It controls what enters and leaves the cell, and it is made of phospholids. The cell membrane has different proteins such as transport proteins, receptor proteins, enzymes and cell-surface makers. They help in moving substances across the cell. | Cell Membrane | The Security Uncle

7: Homeostasis | Homeostasis of cells is the reproduction of cells. When a cell dies, their neighbors produce new cells to fill the empty space. The cells will be the exact same because of the same genes. The cells stop growing when there are enough cells in the space. | The Identical Sisters

8: The mitochondria are in both the plant and animal eukaryotic cell. They have an inner membrane that is huge and an outer membrane. The function of the mitochondria is to make ATP, the main energy currency of cells. | Mitochondria | The Einstein of the family

9: Central Vacuole | The central vacuole is in both the plant and animal eukaryotic cells. They take up most of the space in a plant cell and store water. The vacuole also may contain substances like ions, wastes, and nutrients. | The Healthy Cousin

10: Ribosomes | The ribosomes are located in both plant and animal eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. They are very small and all over the cytoskeleton. They are made up of 2 subunits and RNA. Some of them are located on the rough ER. Their function is to make the proteins for the cells by the subunits attaching to the RNA. | The grandchildren

11: Lysosomes | The lysosomes are found in only animal eukaryotic cells. They are contained of digestive enzymes, break down waste material and cellular debris, and transport undigested material to the cell membrane for removal. | The clean cousin

12: Golgi Apparatus | The golgi apparatus is in the plant and animal eukaryotic cell. It is a set of flattened membrane-bound sacks. This organelle helps change and package materials to be transported out of the cell. | The helpful cousin

13: Chloroplasts | The chloroplast is found only in the eukaryotic plant cell. They are green because they contain the pigment chlorphyll. The chloroplast helps conduct photosynthesis for the plant, which is making food, | The "Chef" Uncle

14: Nucleus | The nucleus is in both the plant and animal eukaryotic cells. This organelle is the center and heart of the cell. It has an inner and outer membrane, contains DNA, has a nucleolus in the middle and has a nuclear envelope. The nucleus also has a role in processes such as growth metabolism and reproduction. | The Heart of the Family

15: Cell Wall | The cell wall is located in only the plant eukaryotic cell. The cell wall is around the entire plant cell and is a very rigid structure. There is a primary and secondary cell wall and the gluey pectin layer connects the two walls. The cell wall provides support to the plant cell and helps the plant stand up. | The very helpful cousin

16: Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum | The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is in both animal and plant eukaryotic cells. This organelle appears smooth in a microscope which is why it is called the smooth ER. It is the part of the ER that lacks ribosomes. The smooth ER preforms different funtions such as making lipids and breaking down toxic substances. | The nice brother

17: Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum | The rough endoplasmic reticulum is also in both the animal and plant eukaryotic cells. This part of the ER has ribosomes and helps with making the proteins for the ribosomes. The rough ER helps get the proteins or ribosomes to the golgi apparatus. | The mean brother

18: The End

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  • By: Sameer M.
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  • Title: Biology Cell Project
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  • Started: about 5 years ago
  • Updated: about 5 years ago

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