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Biology Collection Terms

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Biology Collection Terms - Page Text Content

S: AP Biology

FC: Biology Collection Terms | Sarah Vuong's

1: specimen used for photos

2: ADAPTATION OF AN ANIMAL The grasshopper has long bent legs for jumping to leafs and plants far away and to quickly escape from predators. It's color is also meant to help it blend into its scenery to hide from predators. These are adaptations; the evolutions an organism had made to adapt in an environment to increase its chance of survival.

3: ANGIOSPERM They are flowering, seed-producing plants. What makes them different from other plants are characteristics such as petals, stamens, anthers, and more. The flower here has white petals layered on each other with a large stamen, and anthers attached to it.

4: ANNELID An phylum of worms containing body cavities in its segmented body. They are found in wet environments in soil and dry up if out in sunlight or water for too long like this worm that found its way up onto the sidewalk still covered in dirt. These worms enrich the soil by making it more fertile with easier access to water and oxygen and by speeding up decomposition.

5: ANIMAL THAT HAS SEGMENTED BODY This tiny pill bug found usually in the dirt has a segmented body that allows it to roll into a ball and have a pair of legs on each segment.Having a segmented body includes having repetitive segments that are often identical to one another. These segments allowed specialized functions for certain body parts as well as motion for some animals.

6: ARTHROPOD A large phylum that includes some insect, arachnids, and crustaceans. They are an invertebrate animal made up with jointed appendages and an exoskeleton.

7: AUTOTROPH Organisms fundamental to the food chain that produce organic compounds from the energy it gains from photosynthesis and chemosynthesis, typically plants. They can be flowers, trees, grass, and bushes like in this picture. They create their own food from the energy they gain from the sun and water.

8: BASIDIOMYCETE These are tiny mushrooms found rocks and twigs. These are a type of higher fungi called basidiomycetes that include that also include puffballs, stinkhorns, and more. They are used for food, herbs, medicine, and poisons in many countries.

9: BATESIAN MIMICRY This insect is a bright orange and yellow color that are common warning signs to other animals that they are dangerous. This a type of batesian mimicry and is one of the many forms of defense where a species imitates a harmful species warning signal towards the predator to escape danger.

10: BRYOPHYTE The green substance that are growing in the cracks of a fence close to a drainage is a type of bryophytes. These organisms do not have true vascular tissue to transport water and include mosses, liverworts, and hornworts. They grow close to water, the ground, trees, and more.

11: CAMBIUM This was a tree that was cut down in a park after posing a threat of falling after the flood. If you look at the rings of the tree, the ring appearing after the bark is the vascular cambium. It helps with the transport of water through the plant's system that enables it to survive.

12: CONIFER LEAF These leaves are from coniferous plant. They can be fir needles, pine needles, or cypress scale-like. They can also be arranged in a helix pattern or in opposite pairs of twos or threes.

13: CUTICLE LAYER OF PLANT The waxy overing of a leaf that appears to be shiny is the cuticle layer of plant. It protect s the leaf from contamination and acts a permeability barrier for water and other molecules.

14: DECIDUOUS LEAF These leaves that exhibit a green, pale green, and a pale yellow color are from a deciduous tree. These colors ranging from green, red, orange, yellow, and brown and fall off seasonally off their tree as it gets colder to conserve water

15: ENDOTHERM This sad-looking dog is an endotherm.These organisms generate heat internally to maintain body temperature despite environmental conditions that may be hot or clod. The body can perspire to release hot or shiver to produce heat. Fur and hair also help in maintaining temperature.

16: EUKARYOTE Different from prokaryotes, eukaryote cells have a nucleus, membranes, and have complex cell structures that create plants, animals, and humans such as this duck.

17: EXOSKELETON The shell made of chitin protects and supports an animal's body is the exoskeleton/ Exoskeletons are often shed as many times as necessary to grow bigger and grow another exoskeleton after. Similarly, crabs have very hard shells. Some people raise crabs until they shed their outer layer and quickly remove and and stop the process of hardening to sell them as expensive soft-shell crabs. Creatures with exoskeletons include insects. spiders, and crustaceans.

18: FERMENTATION A process used commonly in food to bring out certain molecules such as glucose by conversion using yeast and other methods. In this picture, my mother adds salt and other things and leaves these kumquats out in the sun to bring out the flavor and to keep it juicy for drinks, etc.

19: FIBROUS CARBOHYDRATE Fibrous carbohydrate is rich in fiber, minerals, vitamins and other nutrients and are healthy for the digestive system. They include peppers like this one, vegetables, and more and are part of a healthy diet.

20: FLOWER OVARY The oval-looking shape attached to the yellow string-looking part is actually a ovary and a style of a flower with its petals and such removed. The ovary innermost part of the female reproductive system in a flower that contains premature seeds, which grow and ripen.

21: FRONDS These frilly-looking leaves are fronds. They are commonly known as the divided leaf usually found on ferns. The leaves can appear in rows/frills are in a wavy separated pattern.

22: FRUIT - DRY WITH SEED This a sunflower seed cracked open to show the seed. They are an example of a fruit that is dry containing a seed that is usually eaten. They do not contain a flesh. These include peanuts, nuts, and more.

23: FRUIT - FLESHY WITH SEED What we typically know as fruit have a flesh that we eat as a part of a healthy diet. They include grapes, apples, oranges, and etc. We normally eat the fleshy part of the fruit, and not the seed, for vitamins and nutrients such as the white area inside of this nectarine.

24: GYMNOSPERM CONE This male cone produces the pollen needed to fertilize the female cone for reproduction and are found on pine cone trees sometimes along with the female. They are typically smaller then female cones and look like they covered with scales.

25: HEARTWOOD The violin here is made of a special type of wood; heartwood. Heartwood is usually the wood found from the darker center of tree that has become more resistant to decay.In the picture above, you can barely see the colors of the heartwood. They are used to creature structures such as tables, houses, chairs, instruments, and more.

26: INSECT Creatures in the arthropod class with an exoskeleton, a three-part body, three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes, and one pair of antennae similar to this dead mosquito. They hatch from eggs in huge numbers and have a fairly short life span. Some insects are bothersome like this mosquito, but are also beneficial to the environment like butterflies.

27: LEPIDOPTERA A worldwide known order of insects that includes moths and butterflies.They are known for having scales on their wings and bodies and an elongated appendage that is their mouth called a proboscis, This moth here is a plain one found on a tree.

28: LICHEN The light green-white spongy crust that appear on the bark of a tree are lichens. Lichens contain a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and a plant. They can be found in any environment. They are also used for medicine, perfumes, dyes, and research,

29: LITTORAL ZONE ORGANISM These plants here lay in the littoral zone of this lake. The littoral zone is the part of a lake, river, or sea that is close to the shore or along the edges.

30: LONG DAY PLANT The clovers here are long-day plants. When this plant is exposed to periods of light longer than its critical point, it flowers usually in the summer or spring.

31: MONOCOT PLANT The flower here with its singular blades of grass is a monocot plant. They are the one of two classes of angiosperms besides dicot plants. They have flower petals arranged in threes, one seed leaf, scattered bundles in the stem, adventious roots that are random in growth, and its leaf veins are parallel.

32: NICHE The web barely visible here with the insects caught and wrapped around result from a spider. This is its niche; the role that a certain organism has in its ecosystem. It captures insects that may harm the community such as mosquitoes, parasites, and insects that eat and ruins other fruits and plants.

33: PINE CONE - FEMALE The female pine cone here are much larger than males and has already matured with its scales outspread. When the ovules are fertilized by pollen from the male cones, they release their seeds.

34: POLLEN If you look at anthers of this flower, you can see a orange powdery substance covering them; this is pollen. They produce the sperm cells that are produced by the microgametophytes of seed plants. Pollen travel to other flowers by pollinators such as butterflies and bees as well as by the wind.

35: POLLINATOR This is a butterfly that has been caught in nature that is now preserved and lays encased in a picture frame on my wall that my mother got from my grandpa in Vietnam who catches them. When it was alive, it was a pollinator that carried pollen from the anthers of a male plant to the stigma of a female for fertilization.

36: RHIZOME The stem of a plant that can be found above or underground. They spread their roots from the bottom of nodes and shoots from the top of the nodes. They are used for food and medicine. An example of a rhizome is this ginger plant and the rounded ends are the nodes.

37: SCALE OF ANIMAL WITH TWO-CHAMBERED HEART These are my fish and I didn't want to hurt them by trying to scrape off a scale. Fish have two-chambered heart because it has a different process of obtaining oxygen and pumping it through its body. They do not have lungs needed for a three or four chambered heart. They have one atrium and one ventricle.They have gills the water passes over and absorbed the oxygen through there which travels to the heart and back to the gills.

38: STEM-WOODY Trees are perfect examples of a woody stem which basically uses wood made out of cellulose and lignin for its structural tissue. It allows the plant to continually grow year after year; maybe to over a thousand years.

39: STIGMA & STYLE OF CARPEL The style, the long part thick rod connected to the center of this flower, connects the stigma to the ovary. The stigma is at the very tip and catches pollen from pollinators or from the wind and allows fertilization to happen.

40: THORNS ON A PLANT These spikes are a part of the stem of a yellow rose-looking plant found are thorns. Thorns on plants are commonly used to protect animals from eating them and is used as a defense mechanism.

41: XEROPHYTE These are plants that have learned to adapt and survive in a dry environment where water is almost absent found in deserts and savannas. The cactus is a plant known for being able to survive with minimal water due to its adaptations such as its sharp spines that give it shade and reduce air flow to conserve water.

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  • By: Sarah V.
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  • Title: Biology Collection Terms
  • Sarah Vuong AP Biology Caro
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  • Published: almost 6 years ago