FC: All About Cells | By: Morgan Fitzgerald
1: A Cell's History | The cell was discovered and named by Robert Hooke in 1665. | "Cells are the unit of structure, function, and reproduction in living things."
2: Animal Cells ! | -Usually arranged into tissues | -A eukaryotic cell - -Has a nucleus
3: Plant Cells! | -A eukaryotic cell -Has a nucleus -Has a cell wall | -Can manufacture their own food -basic types: vascular and nonvascular
4: Bacterial Cells ! | -Does not have a nucleus -Use binary fission to grow | -A prokaryotic cell -Has macromolecules -Has a cell wall and chromosomes
6: Mitochondria | Nucleus | DNA | -Provides energy for the cell | *Most important -Communicates with other parts of cell through pores | -Provides genetic information
7: Chromosome | Cell Membrane | Cell Wall | -Carries hereditary information | -Acts as a barrier -Lets certain things in and out | *Present in plant cells -Takes in nutrients and guards the cell
8: Flagella | Cilia | Chloroplast | -Carries microorganisms and cells | *Line all the air packages in your lungs -Helps stop lung damage | -A structure that makes food for plant cells
9: Centrioles | Endoplasmic Reticulum | Vacuoles | -Pulls chromosomes apart during cell replication | -Rough ER makes things for the cell to use -Smooth ER takes bad things out | -Maintains fluids -Removes wastes -Stores ingested food -Provides cellular structure
10: Cytoskeleton | Cytoplasm | Lysosomes | -Major protection -Maintains cell shape | -Suspends and holds together organelles in a fatty membrane | -Destroys damaged organelles -Gets rid of waste
11: Golgi Apparatus | Ribosomes | -Modifies, sorts, and packages materials such as proteins | -Sights of proteins, where RNA is translated into protein
12: How Organelles in a Cell Work Together | The cell's nucleus acts as a command central, which contains DNA. Ribosomes work very close with the nucleus, it obtains codes from the DNA. A fairly large organelle, called the endoplasmic reticulum acts as a travel way for the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Similar to the endoplasmic reticulum, is the Golgi Apparatus which prepares materials to pass through the cell membrane to the outer part of the cell. All parts of the cell need energy to work, and that's the job of the mitochondrion. | Cells working together to get the job done !
13: Prokaryotic VS Eukaryotic | -No Nucleus -No membrane bound organelles -bacteria -unicellular -live a wide variety of environments | -Nucleus -Membrane bound organelles -animals and plants -can be unicellular or multicellular | -cell wall -cytoplasm -ribosomes -DNA -some have flagella
14: Plant VS Animal | -Has a rectangular shape -Has a cell wall -Has chloroplasts -Has a central vacuole -Usually boxy | -Has a round shape (irregular) -Can be any shape | -Has DNA, ribosomes, cytoplasm, a cell membrane, a cytoskeleton, mitochondria, nucleus
15: References | - http://cellsalive.com -http://biology4kids.com -http://earthlife.net