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Endangered Species

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BC: MixBook Lesson Plan SECTION ONE Author: Chelsey Ruffcorn Email Address: chelseyruffcorn@yahoo.com Semester Created: Summer 2009 LESSON OVERVIEW Title: Endangered Species Brief Description: This is a lesson that requires students to use technology to find out information about the endangered species located in North America. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS/GENERALIZATIONS: The students understand how to use technology to find and present information. They know about the endangered species located in North America and why they are endangered. They also know what class these species are in. ENGAGING QUESTION/SCENARIO: I will start the lesson by letting the students know that we will be creating a book about our endangered species. I will tell them that everyone will get the oppurtunity to create their own page in the book and when everybody in the class is finished we will have the book printed. Once the book is printed it will be put in the school library for other students to check out and read. SUBJECT AREA(S) (Put an X by all relevant subject areas.) ___ Math _X__ Science __X_ Reading __X_ Writing ___ Social Studies/History ___ Foreign Language _X__ Art ___ Music ___ PE _X__ Information and Technology Literacy GRADE LEVEL (Put an X by all relevant grade levels.) ___ Kindergarten ___ Grade 1 ___ Grade 2 _X__ Grade 3 _X__ Grade 4 _X__ Grade 5 _X__ Grade 6 ___ K-12 Elementary ___ K-12 Middle ___ K-12 Secondary ___ Secondary DETAILED LESSON DESCRIPTION Students choose from a list of endangered species in North America and will research information on that species. They can use the internet or the library for their research. They will need to find out the scientific name for that species, the group/class that the species is in, the area where the species is listed as endangered, and some interesting facts about the species. Once they have gathered this information they will go to mixbook.com and create a page in the mixbook titled "Endangered Species." They can add photos of their animal on this page and publish any information that they have gathered on their species. When all the students have finsished creating their page we will order the book and make it available for all the students to read and learn from it. Standards, Benchmarks, Student Learning Targets GLE #1: The SWBAT identify and describe different environments (ponds, forest, prarie) support the life of different types of animals (GLE Science, Strand 4: Changes in ecosystem and interactions of organisms with their environments, Concept A-Grade 4). GLE #2: The SWBAT identify exmaples in Missouri where human activity has had a beneficial or harmful effect on other organisms (GLE Science, Strand 4: Changes in ecosystem and interactions of organisms with their environment, Concept D-Grade 4). GLE #3: The SWBAT compose text using words that are specific, accurate, and suited to the topic (GLE Writing, Strand 2: Compose well-developed text, Concept D-Grade 4). STUDENT ASSESSMENT The students will be graded on their creativity, attitude time management, sentence structure and grammar, following directions, and the information collected (needs to include: scientific name of the species, group/class the species is in, areas where the species is listed as endangered, and some interesting facts about the species). PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT CRITERIA -See www.chelseyruffcorn.pbworks.com for scoring guide. COLLABORATION Teachers, parents, classrooms, faculty, and guest will be able to read and learn from the book that was created by the students in my classroom by checking the book out from the library. LESSON IMPLEMENTATION Length of Unit This unit will take eight, one-hour days to complete. Prior to this activity the students will need to know how to log on to the computer and get to the mixbook website so they can create thier page. They will also need to know how to gather information with little assistance. ACCOMMODATION OPTIONS Students with disabilities will be given a partner and more assistance from the teacher if needed. ELL/IEP Students: Assistive Technology Needs: If needed we will use the technology accomodations included in Windows XP. MANAGEMENT/ORGANIZATION TIPS I think that it is important to tell your students what you will be doing with the book when if is finished. You can add it to the school library for everyone to read, invite the principal and parents to the classroom where the students can share the book, sale the book to family members, or keep it in the classroom to share with other students in the future. This will help to get your students more excited. They will also take this project more seriously. MATERIALS AND RESOURCES REQUIRED FOR UNIT -Computers -Books on species -List of endangered species in North America TECHNOLOGY Web-based resources Mixbook: www.mixbook.com UNIT PLAN FLOW CHART/TIMELINE Day 1: Explain the project and what needs to be included in it. Inform your students what your will do with the book when it is finished. Let the students choose a species from the endangered species in North America list. Day 2: Take the students to the library so that they can start researching their species. Day 3: Allow the students to research online or in the library. Day 4: Continue to research in the library or on the computer. Day 5: Last day of research in the library or on the computer. Day 6: Take the students to the computer lab and help them logon to mixbook. Show them how to use the tools on mixbook. Students will then get started creating their mixbook page. Day 7: The students continue to work on their mixbook page. They need to make sure they are being creative and including everything on the rubric. Day 8: Last day to work on their mixbook page. The students will finish up any last minute changes to their page. Day 9: (Optional) Presentation of the book to students, family, other classrooms, teachers, principal, etc.

FC: Endangered Species

1: Welcome to my Mixbook technology curriculum project! The following pages are examples of work that students might create and publish following the directions of my Endangered Species lesson plan found at the end of this Mixbook. Technology is a powerful motivator for students. They can create projects that are aesthetically pleasing and that can be published to share with other students, family, and friends. In addition to being viewed on the Web, a Mixbook creation can be printed out as a hard copy book that can be housed in the classroom, presented to the school library, or purchased by parents and guardians as a keepsake of their student's work. -Chelsey Ruffcorn

2: Bighorn Sheep Scientific Name: Ovis Canadensis Group: Mammals Area listed as Endangered: California | Bighorn males grow up to six feet in length and stand up to 3.5 feet tall. They can weigh up to 275 lbs. Females are smaller, and grow up to four to five feet and weight about 150 lbs. Bighorn sheep prefer to live on Mountain slopes, cliffs, in foothiills, or in wooded rocky canyons. There is an estimated 10,500 Bighorn sheep left in the wild in California.

3: Giant Kangeroo Rat Scientific Name: Dipodomys ingens Group: Mammals Area listed as Endangered: California A giant kangeroo rat can leap over six feet in a single jump. The giant kangeroo rat is the largest of all kangeroo rat species. Giant kangeroo rats are found on dry, sandy grasslands where they dig burrows in loose soil. They live in colonies and communicate with each other by drumming their feet on the ground. The giant kangeroo rat is only found in one area of less than five square miles located in west-centrall California where they are legally protected.

4: Hualapia Mexican Vole Scientific Name: Microtus Mexicanus Hualapaiensis Group: Mammals Area listed as endangered: Arizona The Hualapai Mexican Vole is a small rodent found in mountain ranges of northwestern Arizona. Mexican voles are known to live in colonies in grassy openings of the forests. There are only a few small isolated populations of them and there is a threat of extinction due to habitat loss and degradation.

5: Jaguar Scientific Name: Pathera Onca Group: Mammals Area listed as endangered: Arizona, California, Central and South America, Louisiana, Mexico, and Texas The jaguar is the largest cat in the Americas. Adults can grow up to 3 feet in height and four feet in body length. Adult males can weigh up to 250 lbs. and females can weigh up to 250 lbs. Jaguars mainly live in lowland rain forest. Today, habitat loss due to clearing of forest is the main threat to this animal. The jaguar is now fully protected throughout most of its range, and hunting them is prohibited in several countries.

6: Ocelot Scientific Name: Leopardus Pardalis Group: Mammals Area listed as endangered: Arizona and Texas to South America | Ocelot adults can weigh up to 24 lbs. Ocelots prefer to live in densely covered habitat. They are very territorial and sometimes will fight to death for their territory. Ocelots have a small litter size and a high mortality rate. Ocelots were once hunted for their fur, but are now legally protected.

7: Red Wolf Scientific Name: Canis rufus Group: Mammals Area listed as endangered: Central Texas and North California The red wolf is smaller than the grey wolf. Male red wolves are larger than females. Adults can reach up to 4.5 feet in head and body length and can weigh up to 77 lbs. Red wolves usually live in packs. The parents and older member of the pack help to protect the young.

8: Townsend's Big-eared Bat Scientific Name: Corynorhinus townsendii Group: Mammals Areas listed as endangered: Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Virginia The Townsend's big-eared bat has very large ears that extend to the middle of the body when laid back. Adults weigh between 7 and 12 grams and reach about 3.94 inches. They prefer to live in rocky areas containing caves or abandoned mine tunnels. Conservationists are working to protect the last remaining cave habitats.

9: California Condor Scientific Name: Gymnogyps Californianus Group: Birds Areas listed as endangered: Arizona, California, Oregon An adult condor can grow up to 4.5 feet in length with a wingspan of over nine feet, and they can weigh up to 18 lbs. California condors live in areas with rocky cliffs so that they are able to find permanent nesting sites.Threats to the species include loss of habitat, shootings, lead poisoning, and collisions with power lines.

10: Wood Stork Scientific Name: Mycteria Americana Group: Birds Areas listed as endangered: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina The wood stork is one of the largest birds in North America. An adult stands 3.3 feet tall, and its wingspan can reach over 5 feet. An average wood stork weighs about 7 lbs. Most wood storks live in the wetlands and feed and nest in fresh or salt water. This species is mainly threatened by loss of habitat. Wood storks are protected under the U.S. Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

11: Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard Scientific Name: Gambelia silus Group: Reptiles Area listed as endangered: California The Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard males grow up to 4.7 inches long and females grow up to 4.4 inches long. Males can weigh up to 1.5 ounces and females can weigh up to 1.2 ounces. They live in open and vegetated valleys and foothills. The main threat to this species is habitat disturbance and destruction.

12: Green Sea Turtle Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas Group: Reptiles Areas listed as endangered: Florida, Mexico The green sea turtle is one of the largest and most widespread of all marine turtles and is found in warm tropical waters. An average adult measures more than 3 feet long and weighs 220 lbs. Males are usually smaller than females. Green sea turtles are threatened mainly by other animals and humans. The species is now legally protected.

13: Plymouth Red-bellied Turtle Scientific Name: Pseudemys rubriventris bangsi Group: Reptiles Area listed as endangered: Massachusetts | Red-bellied turtle adults grow from 10 to 15 inches in length. Males have long claws on their front feet. Red-bellied turtles can be found in deep ponds, lakes, streams, and rivers. This species is threatened by skunks, raccoons, birds, and fish

14: Mississippi Gopher Frog Scientific Name: Rana capito sevosa Group: Amphibians Areas listed as endangered: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi Mississippi gopher frog adults are medium-sized and stocky and reach about 3 inches in length. They live in temperate forest and freshwater marshland. The current Mississippi population is less than 100. The main threat to the species is habitat loss. This species is currently protected by law.

15: Boisduval's Blue Butterfly Scientific Name: Icaricia icarioides Group: Insects Areas listed as endangered: California, Oregon | Boisuval's blue butterfly males are blue in the center, but the females have more of a dusky-white or grey color. They eat lupine and other plants. Habitat loss is the main threat to this species.

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