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Fanscinating World of Islam A-Z book

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Fanscinating World of Islam A-Z book - Page Text Content

BC: Lets head back to School Awwww Mannn

1: By: Jeff B; Craig C; Zhi L; David P; Christ S.

3: A-An Architectural Contribution of the Islam world was the Dome of the Rock. The Dome of the Rock was completed in 691 and it is the oldest Islamic building on the Earth. The building’s exterior was made in the shape of a Byzantine Martyrium. The interior of the Dome of the Rock was basically decorated with marble, mosaic, and faience. The building also influenced the building of the Church of St. Giacomo in Italy and also the Moorish Revival style Rumbach Street synagogue that is in Budapest. *Jeff

5: B-The word, Bakka is another name for the city of Mekkah. The city of Mecca is the most holy meeting place in the Islamic religion. Bakka was the city where the messenger of the Islamic religion, Muhammad, was born. Makkah is the place where Muslims are supposed to make a trip to, in their lifetime to perform Hajj which is 1 of the Five Pillars of Islam. *Jeff

7: C is for Caliphs. Caliphs are what the Islamic people call “Head of state”. Caliph is also a term for the Islamic leader of Ummah. Ummah is an Islamic Community in which people come together. Caliphs were also considered successors when Islamic leaders died. *Craig

9: D is for Duhr. Duhr is the second prayer of the day out of the five prayers that Muslims do. This prayer is done at noontime. This prayer has certain lines to say when you are doing this. *David

11: E is for Expansion. After Muhammad pasted away, there were four caliphs. The Muslim Empire grew over time very rapidly. This was also called “The Golden Age”. The four caliphs made the empire grow. *David

13: F is for Five pillars. The five pillars of Islam are the five duties all Muslims, from all over the world must perform at least once in their life. The first pillar Shahdah Is the duty of having to believe in only one god. The second pillar called Solat is the duty that all Muslims must pray at least 5 times in one day. The third pillar called Zakah is the duty that all Muslims need to give 2.5% of their money to the poor and needy. The fourth pillar called Sawm is when Muslims can’t eat, drink, or have any sexual relations from dusk to dawn. The fifth pillar called Hajj is when all Muslims must perform a Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their life. *Criag

15: G- Golden Age or Islamic Renaissance. Even though it is dated from 8th to 13th century A.D but it has been extended to 15th century by the scholars. During this period, nearly everyone in Islam contributed to agriculture, technology, and economics, etc. It came in a time when Islam and people of Book live united and with harmony. This was also the development of Arabic into the language of international scholarship. *Zhi

17: H- The House of Wisdom, a library and translation instituted in Baghdad, by the Caliph Al-Mamun in 1004 A.D. . It was a key institution in the Translation Movement. It also was considered to have been a major intellectual center of the Islamic Golden age. It was even the greatest “ Think Tank” that medieval world had ever seen. *Zhi

19: I is for Invention. The first invention that the Muslims made was a windmill in 634 A.D. It was made in Persia. The next thing in that the Muslims made was coffee in 1645 by a King. Next, is gunpowder in the 15th century. Finally, are gardens. They were made in the 11th Century in Muslim Spain. *David

21: J- Jahanam is the word for Hell in Islamic and there are 7 levels of Hell. The first two levels are Jaheem and Jahanam and they are the highest levels of Hell. The next two levels are Sa’ir and Saqar. The next two levels are for Jews and Christians, and were called Ladha and Hawiyah. The deepest level of Hell was called Hutama where the worst creations will go. *Jeff

23: K is for Ka’aba. The Ka’aba is a cube shaped building in the city of Mecca. The Ka’aba is the most sacred place in all of Islam. Ka’aba is important because it is the place where people need to go when performing the pilgrimage of Hajj. Muslims must go to this place at least once in their life. *Craig

25: L-Libraries can be found in almost every corner of the Muslims World. That’s because of the whole Muslims civilization revolved around the book. In addition to the central government libraries there was a huge network of public libraries in most big cities. As the result, the list of books that can be sold in one bookstore have more than sixty thousand titles. *Zhi

27: M- Muhammad is the messenger of the Islamic religion. He was born 570 CE in Mecca and he died in 632 CE in Medina. Muhammad was orphaned and lived with his uncle at a young age and learned to work as a shepherd and a merchant from his uncle. Muhammad preached to many people and had a lot of followers and he helped to start the religion of Islam that still lives today. *Jeff

29: N- Numbering System, although its origin is in India, but the style of the numeral is Arabic. Which first appear in print in the work of Muslims mathematician Al-Jabrwa-al-Muqabilah. Also Algorithms and much of the theory of trigonometry came from the Muslims Worlds. *Zhi

31: O – MonOtheism - The religious belief in one single God. Religions, such as Christianity, Muslim, and Judaism are MonOtheistic. Muslims believe in Allah, as Christians and Jews believe in God. *Christ

33: P is for prophet. A prophet is a person contacted by God. In many cultures of history there were many prophets. Some cultures that have prophets that are not the three main ones are: Ancient Greece, Zoroaster, and there are many more than these three. *David

35: Q – Qur’an – The Muslim book of religion, believed to be passed down from God to the Prophet Muhammed by the Angel Gabriel. For the past 1400 years, the Qur’an has been the foundation of Muslim life. The ideas of monotheism, human dignity, righteous living, individual responsibility, and social justice have inspired many people with its message. *Christ

37: R is for Rahman. Rahman really means merciful. Rahman is another personal name for God. To the scholars and commentators that’s what they call God. Also, Rahman means to the scholars and the commentators is intensity regarding Divine Mercy. *David

39: S – Shaytan – The Islamic “Satan”. Created by God, or Allah, he has the power to cast evil suggestions into the heart of men & women alike. Shaytan can be used as a verb. It means “Avdersaril” “Opposing” or “Evil.” *Christ

41: T is for Trade. Islamic trade is one of the reasons why the idea of Islam culture spread so much. Islamic trade started when Muhammad moved with his followers from Mecca to Medina. The people that traded with Muhammad also started trading themselves, which would be a reason why trade was so important, since it also made others trade. *Craig

43: U is for Umrah. Umrah is the term for the Pilgrimage performed by Muslims when they are following the fifth pillar. While performing Umrah, the Muslims must circle the Ka’aba 7 times. They also need to rapidly walk back and forth between 2 hills. In addition to all of this, they need to cut a portion of their hair. *Craig

45: V- The Islamic people will wear veils on their faces, but mainly women would wear them. They wear them as a religious item to show honor for something. The first time a woman was recorded wearing a veil was in the 13th Century BCE. Many Islamic women will wear veils as you see them today. *Jeff

47: W – -Wudu – the ablution made before performing the prescribed prayers. The requirements include: 1.Washing the face from top of the forehead to the chin, and as far as each ear. 2.The hands and arms up to the elbows. 3.Wiping a part of the head with wet hands. 4.Washing from feet to the ankle. *Christ

49: X- Xi’an used to be the starting point of the Silk Road. But it was not only material things that were transported; culture, religion and languages were also brought to China from what is Turkey today. Two of the world's leading religions arrived in China along the Silk Route, Buddhism and Islam. Islam became particularly popular in the city of Xi’an. Still today part of the population of Xian is Muslim. In the center there is the Muslim Quarter, with its handicraft shops, Muslim restaurants, and the famous Muslim Mosque. *Zhi

51: Y – Yarhamuk-Ullah – An Islamic term, meaning “May Allah have mercy on you”, usually said when someone sneezes. ~~~ *Christ

53: Z-Zhixin’'s group's ultimate conclusion: during the presentation, we have examined the origins and brilliant development of Islam - both the religion and the community. The great power of Muhammad's teachings enabled the creative but fragmented Arab tribes to unify and expand across three continents in an amazingly brief period. That's why Islam remains a powerful force in the world today. The power of the ancient message still plays a dominant role in the modern world. *Zhi

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  • Title: Fanscinating World of Islam A-Z book
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