S: Field Study Scrapbook
FC: Field Study Scrapbook
1: Raspberrry Bush! | How to identify a raspberry: thorns, leaves in 3, edges of leaves like teeth, berries are clustered, berries are hard, little bumpy. colors of berries: pink, red, deep purple/black. Niche of Raspberries: live best in forest, commonly grow in aspen or birch forests. Grow in wet, conditions, can take shade, close to ground. Abiotic and Biotic Factors: some abiotic factors are soil, climate and enviornment factors affect plant growth. biotic factors may cause destinction of plant animals eating the berries, birds, elk, deer and also humans (all consumers of a raspberry bush)
2: Black Spruce | how to identify a Black spruce: thin, slow-growing tree, grows to 20 meters, usually has a cluster of branches at the top that form a club shape. has cones, and needles for leaves. Niche: Can tolerate bad growing conditions, usually found in cold, swampy areas. Abiotic factors: not many factors since they can adapt to poor conditions. Biotic factors: Moose, muskrat,mink eat bugs in that area, birds live at the top of the trees.
3: Golden Rod | How to identify a Golden Rod: has flowers at the top of the plant, found in clusters on long stock. Leavers are very narrow, leaves can either be toothed or smooth. Niche: can grow almost anywhere, mainly near streams, or fields, also woods. Abiotic factors: growing conditions (environment) soil, weather. Biotic factors: Bees, wasps, moths, take nectar. Caterpillars eat leaves and stem.
4: Chickadee | How to identify Chickadees: black capped, 4 1/2 inches in length (very small) beak is tiny, narrow and straight, crested head, white brow. Niche: commonly found around urban areas, in trees and high forested areas. Abiotic factors: uses moss and animal fur for nests Biotic factors: eats worms, bigger birds go after chickadees.
5: Grizzly Bears | How to identify Grizzly Bears: Very large, 1 000 lbs, blond or tan in color, small round ears, tuff of fur under the neck, pale colored long, sharps claws. Niche: Lives in North America, alongside streams, lakes, rivers, ponds in high forested areas. Abiotic factors: uses trees, and caves for shelter. biotic factors: Their pray is mainly smaller animals, they are near the top of the food chain in forests, cougars will attack bears.
6: Water Strider | How to identify a Water Strider: long, narrow body, covered with tiny hairs, dark brown in color, front legs are shorts, back are very long, floats on top of water, moves very quick. Niche: lives in water, in a quiet habitat, in ponds or lakes. Abiotic factors: feeds on dead insects, uses water for living environment. Biotic factors: Also feeds on living insects, and other aquatic organisms.
7: Earthworm | How to identify an Earthworm: very small, thin bodies, vary in length, body color is light pink/light brown. has a thick ring around head of the body. Niche: Lives in moist areas, mainly soil, around trees or grass. Abiotic Factors: lives in soil, feeds off dead organisms (decomposes) and dead insects Biotic Factors: Eats tiny insects
8: Apple Trees | How to identify an Apple tree: broad trunk, wide spreading branches, 20 feet in height, gray scaly trunks, apples near leaves, flowers are white or pink. Niche: live in warm, sunny areas, prefer full sun and need lots of space to grow. Abiotic Factors: needs good living environments Biotic Factors: humans eat apples, tiny insects, worms will eat apples.
9: Creeping Thistle | How to identify a Creeping Thistle: leaves are very long., extremely spiky and toothed. the flowers extend to top of plant, purple balls with purple thistles coming out. Niche: Lives in new soiled areas, warm weather mainly found in the UK. Abiotic Factors: needs to have a new soiled area, known as "weed" Biotic factors: insects use this plant for shelter and birds, butterflies, bees use nectar from flower
10: How to identify English Ivy: leaves are birght green and dark green, leaves are thick, big and have five broad points to the leaves. Niche: can adapt to many different living styles, dark areas, and sunny areas are the best. can grow almost anywhere, along house or in the forest. Abiotic factors: needs a good moist soil Biotic Factors: deer and elk will eat leaves, insects use the plan for their shelter.
11: English Ivy
13: Everyone must take time to sit and watch the leaves turn.
14: Everyone must take time to sit and watch the leaves turn. ~Elizabeth Lawrence
22: Nature gives to every season, a beauty all its own. - Charles Dickens