S: Herbal Medicine for Beginners
FC: Herbal Medicine for Beginners | Liz Johnson
1: How to Dry Herbs...........................................................................................................2 How to Prepare Herbal Remedies..................................................................................4 How to Mix Aromatherapy Oils.......................................................................................7 Popular Essential Oil Properties.....................................................................................9 How to Use Flower Remedies.......................................................................................15 Quick Reference Flower Essence Index.......................................................................18 Popular Flower Remedies.............................................................................................20 Materia Medica..............................................................................................................23 Medical Uses Glossary.................................................................................................33 | Contents | 1
2: How To Dry Herbs | Step 1: Harvest and Wash Most herbs can be cut and used fresh throughout the growing season. They can also be harvested, dried, and stored for use during the winter months. Many herbs, such as sage, rosemary and basil, are harvested for their leaves. These herbs should be gathered when the flowers are about to open. The oils in the leaves are at their maximum levels at this stage of growth. Remove approximately 1/3 of the current year’s growth on perennial herbs. Annual herbs can be cut back more severely. Make the cuts on annuals approximately 4 to 6 inches above the soil surface. The annuals can be cut at ground level when harvesting in the fall before the first frost. Most annual and perennial herbs can be harvested in midsummer and again in the fall. [Richard Jauron] Herbs used for their leaves are best picked before they flower (as soon as the buds arrive); this will ensure the best quality because they contain the maximum amount of volatile oils prior to blossoming. Herbs should be harvested in the early morning, after the dew has evaporated and before the sun becomes too hot. After picking your herbs shake off gently any insects there may be and rinse the herbs gently to get off any dirt (a light spray is preferable). If you have picked them somewhere there may have been chemicals make sure to take greater care to wash your herbs more vigorously, you do not want to take any risks. After washing make sure to dry your herbs gently and thoroughly (Otherwise there may be a risk of mildew problems during storage). Finally, remove any dried or wilted leaves on the plant. Now you are ready to cut and hang your herbs! | 2
3: Step 2: Cutting and Hanging After you have thoroughly cleaned and dried your herbs, you can begin the step or cutting and hanging them. First remove all the leaves from the bottom ends of the stem giving you enough room to tie bundles together with a rubber band or string. About 2 inches or so should be fine. Ideally a bunch should contain no more than about 5-10 stems. After tying your bundle find a dark, warm (not humid) ventilated place in the house where they will not be tampered with. If there isn’t a dark place you may poke some hole in a paper lunch bag and tie the bag around the ends of the stems, this also helps keep the dust off. Hang your herbs upside down (tied stems on top, leaves and flowers on bottom). | Leave the herbs to dry for 1 - 3 weeks. Check them every now and then to see how they are drying. Thicker stemmed herbs will take longer. Check to see if their consistency has become crumbly by rubbing a leaf between two fingers. If they crumble, they are ready to be taken down. Remove any leaves that show even the slightest sign of mold. | Step 3: Storing After you have your prepared, dried herbs you can store them. Any air-tight container will do such as a jar or a zip-lock bag. Make sure to label and date the container, stored herbs are only good for about one year. Store herbs in a cool dry place away from sunlight. | 3
4: How To Prepare Herbal Remedies | Decoction: Making a decoction is similar to an infusion, but is usually used for the tougher parts of the plant such as the bark or roots. Traditionally, Use 2 teaspoons of finely chopped dried or fresh herbs to every 675ml of water. Add water and plants to a saucepan and bring to a boil. Simmer until the volume has reduced by around 30% (usually around 20 minutes) then strain. Drink warm or store in a cool place. The normal dosage of a decoction is three small glasses per day. | Infused Oil: Put dried herbs in a ceramic or stainless steel bowl, then add just enough oil to cover the herb (for example olive oil, soy, almond). Cover the bowl with a lid. Heat the oil gently using the double boiler method for two hours (Boiling water in pot underneath bowl, do not boil the oil). Strain out the herb using muslin or cheesecloth to squeeze out all of the oil. Then you may store the oil in the refrigerator. | 4
5: Infusion: Making an infusion is one of the most popular and easiest ways for remedies to be prepared. Typically infusions are made the same as any other kind of hot tea. Simply put the herb(s) in a closed pot then pour hot water over them. Typically add 1 large teaspoon of dried herb or 2 large teaspoons of fresh herb per cup of water. After infusing the herbs in water for about 10 minutes strain the tea and drink warm. Infusions can be stored in a cool place for later consumption but try not to drink any infusions that are not | fresh or near fresh; An infusion will usually only keep for about 2 days in the refrigerator. Dried herbs are considered best for most infusions. A cupful is generally taken three times daily for chronic conditions and six times daily or more in acute illness. | Poultice: For a poultice take a piece of gauze and soak it in your warm freshly made infusion and wrap around desired area. You may also wrap in plastic to keep it longer, once it cools off change wrapping. Most poultices are used for infections or wounds. | 5
6: Tincture: Tinctures can be a little bit trickier and require more planning. First gather the herbs you are working with and a jar with a tight fitting lid. You may use rum but vodka works best; never use any kind of rubbing alcohol, etc. | Most tinctures can be made using 100 proof vodka (50% alcohol, 50% water). Place your herbs in a jar and pour enough alcohol in to completely cover the herbs. A good ratio for dried material is about 1 part herb to 5 parts alcohol and with fresh material 1 part herb to 3 parts alcohol. Much more alcohol is needed for tannins and gums. After ingredients have been added to the jar close the lid and leave to macerate for about 2-4 weeks (shake the jar daily). After the waiting period use a wine press to separate the herbs from the liquid. Another way to separate the liquid from the herbs is to cover the lid of the jar with cheesecloth and pour into a bowl, afterward squeeze the cloth tightly to get out all excess liquid. Then discard the herbs. Store the tincture in dark labeled bottles in the refrigerator (they stay good for 2-5 years!). Most tincture dosages are about one teaspoon in a cupful of water two or three times daily in chronic problems and every two hours for acute conditions. | 6
7: Aromatherapy | How to Mix Oils | Essential oils provide both strong psychological and physical benefits for those individuals who use them. They can be beneficial when inhaled as well as applied to the skin. It is believed that when essential oils are blended, their synergy produces a stronger product. However, blending essential oils can be rather difficult and even a bit frustrating for those who try to do so. For this reason, many people, especially beginners, give up trying, but with a little help there is really no need to so. If one takes the time to do a little research and is willing to experiment, they can learn how to blend essential oils properly. However, one first needs to get the basics down. These basics include learning that the best essential oil blends are those that come from the same group. For example, florals mix best with florals, citrus essential oils blend best with other citrus essential oils. Most essential oils fall under the following categories; woody, green, resinin, spicy, floral and citrus. For individuals just starting out or who have had some trouble mixing oils in the past, it is best to begin with florals because they are the easiest ones to mix. In fact, it is very hard to mess them up. Oils that are harder to blend include those in the spicy and citrus groups. It is important to note that the very best essential oil blends are those that bring out the best properties of each individual oil. It is ultimately about the strength of the final product. However, if you are more interested in developing a specific scent then you will want to focus on what blends smell the best when combined together. When blending your oils it is important to note that essential oils come in three different categories, top notes, middle notes and base notes. Top notes are light fragrances that help to energize and lift your mood. Common top note oils are cinnamon, peppermint, orange and lemon. Middle notes have a little more weight then top note essential oils, but not as much as base notes. They are the main components of aromatherapy blends. Melissa, lavender, rosemary, nutmeg and tee tree are examples of middle note essential oils. Base note oils last the longest and tend to be heavier and more rich than all of the other oils. Some examples include clove, jasmine, ginger and vanilla. | 77
8: When you mix oils, be sure to add oils from each category. It works best to blend them in a 3:2:1 ratio. Where you should mix 3 parts top note oils, to 2 parts middle oils to 1 part base note oil. Blending your own essential oils is a fantastic way to develop a blend that best matches your lifestyle and personal taste. It is also a fun way to experiment and play around with different scents. You may be pleasantly surprised at which oils, when mixed together, develop into a scent that you can’t live without. After thinking about which essential oils you want to use the next step is choosing a base oil (also called carrier oils). While mixing the oils, how much should one add? Not too much, maybe just enough for one or two sessions. Essential oils have a long life (about 2 years), however when you mix it with the base oils, it will normally last for about 2-3 months. So, do not mix too much oils at once! The rough guide for mixing oil is as follows : | Base Oil - 5 ml - 25 ml - 100 ml | Essential Oil - 3 - 5 drops - 7-25 drops - 20 -60 drops | 8
9: Popular Essential Oil Properties | Anger Bergamot, Jasmine, Neroli, Orange, Patchouli, Petitgrain, Roman Chamomile, Rose, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang Anxiey Bergamot, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Mandarin, Neroli, Patchouli, Roman Chamomile, Rose, Sandalwood, Vetiver Confidence Bay Laurel, Bergamot, Cypress, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Orange, Rosemary Depression Bergamot, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Helichrysum, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Mandarin, Neroli, Orange, Roman Chamomile, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang Fatigue, Exhaustion and Burnout Basil, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Clary Sage, Cypress, Frankincense, Ginger, Grapefruit, Helichrysum, Jasmine, Lemon, Patchouli, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Vetiver Fear Bergamot, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lemon, Neroli, Orange, Roman Chamomile Sandalwood, Vetiver Grief Cypress, Frankincense, Helichrysum, Neroli, Rose, Sandalwood, Vetiver Happiness and Peace Bergamot, Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Lemon, Neroli, Orange, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang Insecurity Bergamot, Cedarwood, Frankincense, Jasmine, Sandalwood, Vetiver Irritability Lavender, Mandarin, Neroli, Roman Chamomile, Sandalwood Loneliness Bergamot, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Helichrysum, Roman Chamomile, Rose Memory and Concentration Basil, Black Pepper, Cypress, Hyssop, Lemon, Peppermint, Rosemary Panic and Panic Attacks Frankincense, Helichrysum, Lavender, Neroli, Rose Stress Benzoin, Bergamot, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Mandarin, Neroli, Patchouli, Roman Chamomile, Rose, Sandalwood, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang | * Achillea oil: Anti-inflammatory and haemostatic. Against hypertension, insomnia and haemorrhoids. For gynecological diseases and neuralgia. * Angelica oil: Carminative and relaxing. For heart, respiratory and skin problems, anorexia, asthma, stomach ulcer, arthritis and psoriasis. * Aniseed oil: Emmenagogu, antispasmodic and tonic. For menstruation, menopause’s disease, dyspepsia, colitis, asthmatic bronchitis and tachycardia. * Bassilicum oil: Tonic, refreshing, memory boosting and insectifuge. For headaches, insomnia, depression and nervous tension. * Balsam (Canada) oil: Antiseptic and relaxing. For asthma, bronchitis, dejection and sore throat. * Balsam (Peru) oil: Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, disinfectant. For wounds and stomach ulcer. * Balsam (Tolu) oil: Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, excretory and antitussive. * Benzoin oil: Excretory, calefacient, pulmonic and antiseptic. For acne, eczema, psoriasis, coughs and bad blood circulation. * Bergamot oil: Refreshing, tonic and calming. For stress, depression and insomnia. * Bitter Almond oil: Aromatic. Can cause eruption of the skin. * Bitter Orange oil: Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, styptic, antibacterial, fungicide, stomachic and laxative. For stomachic problems, enteric fermentation, constipation, acne, greasy skin and dyspepsia. * Cajeput oil: Antiseptic, calefacient. For respiratory infections, varicose veins and haemorrhoids. * Calendula oil: Anti-bleeding, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, styptic, cicatrizant and fungicide. For burns, wounds, eczema, greasy skin, skin inflammation and eruption and against bites of insects. * Cardamon oil: Antiseptic, diuretic emmenagogue and dilatant for blood vessels. For digestive system, bronchitis and enteric convulsion. | 9
10: * Carrot (seed) oil: Antiseptic, diuretic, dilatant for blood vessels and emmenagogue. For dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, rheumatisms, arthritis, anemia, dyspepsia, anorexia, colics, and menstruation’s problems. It refreshes mature skin and relieves menstruation’s pain. * Cedar oil: Insectifuge, antiseptic, calming, aphrodisiac, diuretic, styptic and fungicide. For acne, greasy skin, dandruff, hair loss, cough, bronchitis, cystitis, leucorrhoea, nervous tension and genitals’ itching. It helps hair regrowing and invigorates blood circulation. * Chamomile (Blue) oil: Calming, refreshing, antiseptic and emollient. For skin infections and stomach derangement. * Chamomile (Roman) oil: Calming, relaxant and antiseptic. For asthma and enteric parasites. * Clove oil: Anti-infectious, antispasmodic, insectifuge, anti-fungicide and tonic. For migraine, vertigo, stress, toothache, acne, wounds, burns, sprains, colic, sea sickness and dyspepsia. * Cinnamon oil: Antiseptic and antibacterial. For diarrhea, dyspepsia, bad blood circulation and rheumatisms. * Citronella oil: Cardiotonic, antispasmodic, calming, insectifuge and anti-louse. For rheumatisms, insomnia, stress, depression, otitis, arthritis, various colics and pelvis pain. * Cistus oil: Styptic, relaxing and calming. For elder skin and wrinkles. * Coriander oil: Calefacient, tonic and peptic. For stress and insomnia.Essential Oils * Cumin oil: Calefacient, tonic, and antiseptic. For dyspepsia, enteric convulsions and insomnia. * Cypress oil: Deodorant, styptic, diuretic, calming and refreshing. For asthma, bronchitis, cellulites, greasy skin, phlebitis, suppuration, gynecological and circulation problems. * Elecampane oil: Bactericidal, antifungal and antiparasitic. For mycosis, bronchitis and anemia. * Eucalyptus oil: Antiseptic, analgesic, pesticide. For flu, cold, sinusitis, laryngitis, cough, coxalgia, neuralgia, rheumatisms and mental lucidity. * Fennel seed oil: Alleviative, anti-parasitic, purge and against enteric fermentations. For all gynecological problems, water retention and cystitis. | 10
11: * Fir (Black) oil: Antimicrobial, ejaculatory and tonic. For rheumatisms, respiratory diseases, flu, cough and stress. * Fir (Siberian) oil: Antiseptic and refreshing. For acne and bronchitis. * Frankincense oil: Refreshing, anti-inflammatory and immunizer. For asthma and bronchitis. * Ginger oil: Calefacient and peptic. For sea sickness and various enteric diseases. * Grapefruit oil: Antioxidant and antispasmodic. For cellulites, obesity and urine retention. * Geranium oil: Circulation tonic, anti-ageing, styptic, anti-cellulite, haemostatic and insectifuge. For stress, nervousness, urine retention, cellulites, haemorrhoids, greasy skin, menopause’s and gynecological problems. * Helichrysum oil: For wounds, burns, thrombosis, cirrhosis and acne. It helps circulation and cholesterol problems. * Hypericum oil: Styptic, calming, cicatrizant and anti-inflammatory. For enteric inflammation, healing internal and external injuries, various pains (back, neck, muscle). Also for greasy hair and dandruff. * Hyssop oil: Antiseptic. For blood dialysis, tonsillitis and pneumonia. * Jasmine oil: Relaxing, calming and aphrodisiac. For headache, menstrual period, dejection and nervous fatigue. * Juniper oil: Anti-rheumatic, anti-toxic, emmenagogue and tonic. For nervous strain, stress, gynaecological diseases, arteriosclerosis, rheumatism, cellulites and obesity. * Laurel oil: Insectifuge, antiseptic, diuretic, bactericide, fungicide, tonic and refreshing. For rheumatisms, wounds and hematoma. * Lavender oil: Analgesic, diuretic, styptic, refreshing, relaxing, and calming. For rheumatisms, muscle’s pain, colics, dyspepsia, depression, headaches, hypertension, insomnia, stress and skin diseases. * Lemon oil: Refreshing, stimulating, antimicrobial, febrifuge, diuretic, antitoxic, haemostatic and antiseptic. For rheumatisms, digestive and hepatic problems, greasy skin, arthritis, varicose veins, cellulites, obesity, brittle nails, flu, fever, sniffles and dyspepsia. | 11
12: * Lemongrass oil: Analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic and insecticidal. For digestive and hepatic problems. * Mandarin oil: Calming, antispasmodic and anti-wrinkle. For acne, greasy skin, urine retention, obesity, dyspepsia, enteric problems and insomnia. * Manuka oil: Antibacterial, fungicide and relaxant. For skin diseases, mycosis and psoriasis. * Marigold oil: For mycosis, respiratory infections and enteric parasites. * Marjoram oil: Calefacient, corroborant, antispasmodic and muscle booster. For arthritis, rheumatisms, lumbago, colics, strains, constipation, cellulites, dyspnoea, migraine, nervous tension, insomnia and dizziness. * Mastic oil: Anti-inflammatory and antibiotic. For skin problems, arthritis, coxalgia, bronchitis and urethritis. * May Chang oil: Antiseptic, deodorant, disinfectant, insecticidal stomachic and calming. For acne, dermatitis, sudation, bloat, dyspepsia, heart arrhythmia, hypertension and nervous tension. * Melissa oil: Antispasmodic, refreshing and calming. For chronic cough, asthma, bronchitis, colics, menopause’s’ problems, stress, migraines, vertigo, insomnia, hysteria and erethism. * Myrrh oil: Tonic and anti-ageing. For dysentery, hemorrhoids and hyperthyroidism. * Myrtle oil: For skin invigoration, greasy skin, hormone counterbalance, hemorrhoids and ovary and thyroid problems. * Neroli oil: Refreshing, calming and nervine. For parasites, hemorrhoids, exhaustion and depression. * Niaouli oil: Antiseptic, anti-allergic against viruses. For otitis, laryngitis and hormone problems. * Nutmeg oil: Peptic, calefacient, antioxidant and analgesic. For bloat, dyspepsia, sea sickness and muscle pain. * Orange oil: Calming, antispasmodic and anti-wrinkle. For skin care, obesity, fluid retention, obesity, constipation, nervous tension and stress. * Oregano oil: Antiseptic, deodorant, aphrodisiac, tonic, febrifuge, peptic and pesticide. For massage (especially to painful articulations), rheumatisms, cough, asthma, bronchitis and cellulites. Don not use undiluted oregano essential oil to skin. | 12
13: * Patchouli oil: Relaxing and refreshing. For dry skin, acne, eczema. It helps nervous invigoration. * Pefitgrain oil: Antiseptic, deodorant, peptic and tonic. For acne, sudation, greasy skin and hair, dyspepsia, insomnia and nervous exhaustion. * Pennyroyal oil: Tonic, insectifuge and emmenagogue. * Pepper (Black) oil: Tonic to digestive and respiratory system, waterworks, toothache, bronchitis, rheumatisms and sexual impotence. * Pepper (Red) oil: Antiseptic. It invigorates blood circulation and helps flu healing. * Peppermint (or Mentha oil): Antiseptic, tonic and anti-inflammatory. For coxalgia, dyspepsia, sea sickness, fever, stress and migraine. * Ravensara oil: Anti-infectious, nervine and excretory. For insomnia and invigoration of chronic fatigue of the muscles. * Rose oil: Calming, relaxing, antidepressant and anti-wrinkle. For chronic bronchitis, asthma and sexual impotence. * Rosemary oil: Corroborant, emmenagogue, tonic and antiseptic. For memory, and energy boosting, muscle’s pain, rheumatisms, bad circulation. One of the best tonic massage oils. It helps hair growing. * Rosewood oil: Anti-ageing and tonic. For depression, fatigue and respiratory infections. * Sage oil. Antiseptic: For cold, fever, stomach’s and peptic problems, cellulites, obesity, herpes and menstruation’s problems. It is considered decongestant for blood circulation. * Salvia Sclarea oil: Calming and antidepressant. For mental euphoria, menstruation’s problems, hemorrhoids and nervous distress. * Sandalwood oil: Calming, anti-ageing and cardiotonic. Considered decongestant for vein and lymph. * Savory oil: Tonic, calefacient, aphrodisiac, antibiotic and anti-parasitic. Don’t apply it undiluted to skin. * Tarragon oil: Calefacient and stimulating. For peptic and equilibration of the nervous system. * Tea Tree oil: Antiseptic and local anaesthetic. For mycosis, enteric parasites and various infections. * Thuya oil: Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-bactericidal. It helps blood circulation. * Thyme oil: Antiseptic and antibiotic. For bronchitis and otitis. | 13
14: * Valerian oil: Soporific, hypotensive and calming. For insomnia, migraine, nervous dyspepsia and dandruff. * Vanilla oil: Aromatic, balsam and aphrodisiac. * Vetiver oil: Antiseptic, circulation tonic and antispasmodic. For acne, arthritis and rheumatism. * Vitex agnus castus oil: For gynecological and menopause problems, toothache and prostate. Used in hormonotherapy. * Ylang Ylang oil: Calming, antiseptic, aphrodisiac. For hypertension and skin diseases. | 14
15: Flower Remedies | How to Use Flower Remedies | Human Use: From the stock bottles you dilute four drops of each remedy that you need, or 8 drops in case you need the Rescue Remedy, into a 30 ml. dropper bottle (get it at your chemist’s shop) and top it up with mineral water. (Officially the prescription is two drops of each remedy and 4 of the Rescue Remedy, but due to the large pollution on this planet many therapists nowadays advice to take 4 drops in stead of 2, and 8 of the Rescue Remedy since that is a composite remedy). From this 30 ml. dropper bottle, take at least 4 drops 4 times a day. In case you feel you need more, simply take more. It is impossible to get an overdose. Take these drops in some water or any other liquid. If you are worried about the alcohol they contain (the remedies in the stock bottles are preserved in brandy), take your remedy in a boiling liquid, which will evaporate most of the alcohol. It is also possible to put 4 drops of the needed remedy into a glass of water and take small sips of it during the day. In case of serious skin-affections not only take the drops internally, but also put some of them in your bathing-water. Babies that are breast-fed do not have to take the remedies by themselves; their mother can take them for them and pass them on through the mother’s milk. Normally a 30 ml. dropper bottle will last for two or three weeks. If you keep it cool, preferably in the refrigerator, then the water will stay fresh during that time. But in case you do not keep the bottle cool - if you keep it in your pocket all the time, or if you live in a warm climate- then it is a good idea to add a teaspoon of brandy, or some cider vinegar, or apple vinegar (for children) to stop the water from going off. | 15
16: Animal Use: To make a combination, use 2 drops of each desired flower essence to one ounce of water; for Rescue Remedy use 4 drops per ounce of water. You can add up to 20% alcohol (usually brandy or vodka) as a preservative as desired, but some animals dislike the taste. You may use up to 6 essences in combination, with Rescue Remedy counting as one essence. In general, use the fewest essences possible. The remedy can be given by mouth, which is the most effective method. Only a few drops (4- 8) are necessary, and need not be swallowed, but only must contact the mucous membranes (gums, tongue, lips). Be careful not to contaminate the dropper by touching it to the animal (if this occurs, rinse the dropper in very hot water before returning it to the bottle). You can also add a dropper full to the water dish, or a few drops on wet food (there is no effect of dilution). You can add a dropper full to a spray bottle filled with spring water, and use it to spray a room, carrier, car, around litter boxes or plants, or other problem areas. You can even put a few drops in your hand and pat the animal on the head and around the ears with it–the head is very sensitive to energy and will absorb the flower essences in this way. In the case of chewing or excessive licking or hot spots, you might want to try applying the remedy directly to the problem spot (IF it isn’t too raw, otherwise the remedy will sting); the animal will then consume it when it next licks that area. Dosage and Timing: Just a few drops (4 - 8 ) at a time are sufficient. For serious or acute conditions the remedy can be given as often as needed, even every few minutes. For most behavioral problems , you can give 3 to 4 times a day for 2 to 4 weeks. If the response is reached by that time, you may begin to decrease the dosage gradually. You may need to add a dropper full to drinking water or give once a day long-term for some problems. | 16
17: Plant Use: Give Rescue Remedy after transplanting. Use Crab Apple if the plants are suffering from vermin or a disease. Use olive if the plants are weak, or after heavy weather-conditions. | 17
18: Agrimony - Mental torture behind a cheerful face. Aspen - Fear of unknown things. Beech - Intolerance. Centaury - The inability to say ‘no’. Cerato - Lack of trust in one’s own decisions. Cherry Plum - Fear of the mind giving way. Chestnut Bud - Failure to learn from mistakes. Chicory - Selfish, possessive love. Clematis - Dreaming of the future without working in the present. Crab Apple - The cleansing remedy, also for self-hatred. Elm - Overwhelmed by responsibility. Gentian - Discouragement after a setback. Gorse - Hopelessness and despair. Heather - Self-centredness and self-concern. Holly - Hatred, envy and jealousy. Honeysuckle - Living in the past. | Quick Reference Flower Essence Index | 18
19: Hornbeam - Procrastination, tiredness at the thought of doing something. Impatiens - Impatience. Larch - Lack of confidence. Mimulus - Fear of known things. Mustard - Deep gloom for no reason. Oak - The plodder who keeps going past the point of exhaustion. Olive - Exhaustion following mental or physical effort. Pine - Guilt. Red Chestnut - Over-concern for the welfare of loved ones. Rock Rose - Terror and fright. Rock Water - Self-denial, rigidity and self-repression. Scleranthus - Inability to choose between alternatives. Star of Bethlehem - Shock. Sweet Chestnut - Extreme mental anguish, when everything has been tried and there is no light left. Vervain - Over-enthusiasm. | 19
20: Vine - Dominance and inflexibility. Walnut - Protection from change and unwanted influences. Water Violet - Pride and aloofness. White Chestnut - Unwanted thoughts and mental arguments. Wild Oat - Uncertainty over one’s direction in life. Wild Rose - Drifting, resignation, apathy. Willow - Self-pity and resentment. | Popular Flower Remedies | You may always create your own combinations for the flower essences that suit you best, but below is a list of remedies others have found helpful. RESUE REMEDY: The most popular of all the remedies is Cherry Plum, Clematis, Impatiens, Rock Rose and Star of Bethlehem. Together they help deal with any emergency or stressful event. There are countless uses for Rescue Remedy. Loving Relationships: Holly and Chicory Love fully, and diminish selfishness, jealousy, envy, anger, possessiveness, and neediness. Loosen Up!: Rock Water and Crab Apple Increase the ability to ‘go with the flow,’ rather than following rigid standards. Relax. Go easy on yourself. | 20
21: Too Intense: Oak and Vervain Take it easy, relax hard-driving tendencies. Practice moderation. Relax control. Honor Yourself: Pine and Centaury Overcome guilt and servitude. Learn healthy boundaries. Forgive yourself. Conquer Fear: Gentian and Mimulus Persevering confidence. Overcome doubt and anxiety. Put your power into action. Healing Emotions: Willow and Agrimony Effortlessly deal with emotional pain. Forgive others, let go of stories, and feel the hurt underneath. For Parents: Red Chestnut and Elm Don’t worry so much about others. Relax your burdens and responsibilities. Love joyfully. Dark Night: Sweet Chestnut and Cherry Plum Find trust, faith, and hope. Present Moment, Calm Mind: White Chestnut and Clematis Let go of wandering, chattering, or worrisome mind. Focus here and now. Social Skills: Water Violet and Heather Overcome aloofness, shyness, self-absorption. Appreciate people and relationships, and be open to them. | 21
22: Energy: Olive and Hornbeam Renewed enthusiasm and vitality for life and daily tasks. Confidence: Larch and Cerato Trust yourself, and what you know. Courage to take risks. Spontaneous self-expression. Animal Remedies: Training: Clematis, Cerato and Chestnut Bud. Fear: Aspen, Elm, Larch, Mimulus and Rescue Remedy. Crying/Whining: Heather and Beech. General Irritability: Impatiens, Beech and Star Of Bethlehem. | 22
23: 23 | Materia Medica | A Materia Medica containing 10 of the most popular medicinal herbs. | ARNICA *Latin Name: Arnica Montana. *Parts Used: Primarily the flowers, but also the root and leaves. *Harvest: Harvest fully open arnica blossoms throughout the flowering season. Pick the flower heads on a sunny day after the morning dew has evaporated. *Medicinal Uses: Antiecchymotic; Antiphlogistic; Nervine; Sternutatory; Vulnerary. Arnica has a long history of herbal use, especially as an external treatment for bruises, rashes, acne, sores and sprains. *Applications: Tincture: Combine four ounces of fresh or dried arnica flowers with one pint of brandy, gin, or vodka in a glass container. The alcohol should be enough to cover the flowers. The ratio should be close to 50/50 alcohol to water. Stir and cover. Place the mixture in a dark cupboard for three to five weeks. Shake the mixture several times each day. Strain and store in a tightly capped, clearly labeled, dark glass bottle. Tinctures, properly prepared and stored, will retain medicinal potency for two years or more. Arnica tincture should not be ingested without supervision of a qualified herbalist or physician. Ointment: Simmer one ounce of dried and powdered arnica flowers with one ounce of olive oil for several hours on very low heat. Combine this medicinal oil with melted beeswax to desired consistency. Pour into dark glass jars while still warm. Seal with tightly fitting lids when cool and label appropriately. Infusion: Place two to three teaspoons of chopped, fresh arnica blossoms in a warmed glass container. Bring two cups of fresh, nonchlorinated water to the boiling point, add it to the herbs. Cover. Simmer for about 10 minutes. Strain. The prepared tea will store for about two days in the refrigerator. The infusion may be used to bathe unbroken skin surfaces and to provide relief for rheumatic pain, chillbains, bruises, and sprains. Because of the toxicity of arnica, it is best to avoid internal use without qualified medical supervision. *Warnings: Arnica is deadly in large quantities. Do not ingest the herb or the essential oil. Do not use the undiluted essential oil externally. The extremely dilute homeopathic preparation of arnica is considered safe for internal use in proper therapeutic dosages.
24: Arnica | Black Cohosh | BLACK COHOSH *Latin Name: Cimicifuga Racemosa. *Parts Used: The root, dried not fresh. *Harvest: It is harvested in the autumn as the leaves die down, then cut into pieces and dry. | *Medicinal Uses: Abortifacient; Antirheumatic; Astringent; Emmenagogue; Diuretic; Alterative; Expectorant; Sedative; most notably: Women’s Complaints. Black Cohosh is a traditional remedy of the North American Indians where it was used mainly to treat women's problems, especially painful or late periods and problems associated with the menopause. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, as a sedative and an emmenagogue. *Applications: It is typically used as a tincture, but if desired it can be made into the other remedy forms as well. *Warnings: The plant is poisonous in large doses. Large doses irritate nerve centers and often causes abortion. Do not confuse this plant for Blue Cohosh. | 24
25: ECHINACEA *Latin Name: Echinacea Angustifolia. *Parts Used: The root. *Harvest: Cut root into small pieces before drying. *Medicinal Uses: Adaptogen; Alterative; Antiseptic; Depurative; Diaphoretic; Digestive; Sialagogue; Stings. Research shows that it has the ability to raise the body's resistance to bacterial and viral infections by stimulating the immune system. It is used most often to alleviate symptoms of the common cold. It is also antibiotic and helps to relieve allergies. Plants in this genus were probably the most frequently used of all North American Indian herbal remedies. The plant has a general stimulatory effect on the immune system and is widely used in modern herbal treatments. *Applications: Decoction: put 1-2 teaspoonfuls of the root in one cup of water and bring it slowly to boil. Let it simmer for 10-15 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day. Tincture: take 1-4 ml of the tincture three times a day. *Warnings: People with tuberculosis, leukemia, diabetes, connective tissue disorders, multiple sclerosis, HIV or AIDS, any autoimmune diseases, or, possibly, liver disorders should not take echinacea. | Echinacea | 25
26: GINKGO BILOBA *Latin Name: Ginkgo Biloba. *Parts Used: Fruits, seeds, and leaves. *Harvest: The leaves are best harvested in the late summer or early autumn just before they begin to change color. They are dried for later use. *Medicinal Uses: Antiasthmatic; Antibacterial; Antifungal; Astringent; Cancer; “Cure All”; Digestive; Expectorant; Infertility; Ophthalmic; Sedative; Tonic; Vermifuge. Ginkgo has been studied extensively for its antioxidant and neuroprotective effects, as well as for treatment of cerebral insufficiency, cognitive impairment, dementia, peripheral vascular disease, premenstrual syndrome, schizophrenia, tinnitus, and vertigo. The leaves contain ginkgolides, these are compounds that are unknown in any other plant species. Ginkgolides inhibit allergic responses and so are of use in treating disorders such as asthma. Eye disorders and senility have also responded to treatment. The fruit is antibacterial, antifungal, astringent, cancer, digestive, expectorant, sedative, vermifuge. The cooked seed is antitussive, astringent and sedative. It is used in the treatment of asthma, coughs with thick phlegm and urinary incontinence. The raw seed is said to have anticancer activity and also to be antivinous. *Applications: Typically purchased as a tincture, decoction or infusion. *Warnings: The seed contains a mildly acrimonious principle that is unstable when heated. It is therefore best to cook the seed before eating it to ensure any possible toxicity is destroyed. | 26 | Ginkgo Biloba
27: 27 | HAWTHORN Latin Name: Crataegus Monogyna. *Parts Used: Whole plant. *Harvest: It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. *Medicinal Uses: Antispasmodic; Astringent; Cardiotonic; Diuretic; Hypotensive; Sedative; Tonic; Vasodilator. It is used mainly for treating disorders of the heart and circulation system, especially angina. Western herbalists consider it a 'food for the heart', it increases the blood flow to the heart muscles and restores normal heart beat. The fruit is antispasmodic, cardiac, diuretic, sedative, tonic and vasodilator. The fruits and flowers have a hypotensive effect as well as acting as a direct and mild heart tonic. They are especially indicated in the treatment of weak heart combined with high blood pressure, they are also used to treat a heart muscle weakened by age, for inflammation of the heart muscle, arteriosclerosis and for nervous heart problems. Prolonged use is necessary for the treatment to be efficacious. *Applications: It is normally used as a tincture or an infusion. *Warnings: None known. | Hawthorn
28: 28 | MARSHMALLOW ROOT *Latin Name: Althaea Officinalis. *Parts Used: Whole plant but especially the root. *Harvest: The root is best harvested in the autumn, preferably from 2 year old plants, and is dried for later use. The leaves are harvested in August when the plant is just coming into flower and can be dried for later use. *Medicinal Uses: Antitussive; Demulcent; Diuretic; Emollient; Laxative; Odontalgic. It’s soothing demulcent properties make it very effective in treating inflammations and irritations of the mucous membranes such as the alimentary canal, the urinary and the respiratory organs. The root counters excess stomach acid, peptic ulceration and gastritis. It is also applied externally to bruises, sprains, aching muscles, insect bites, skin inflammations, splinters etc. The whole plant, but especially the root, is antitussive, demulcent, diuretic, highly emollient, slightly laxative and odontalgic. *Applications: An infusion of the leaves is used to treat cystitis and frequent urination. The root can be used in an ointment for treating boils and abscesses. Decoctions of the plant, especially of the root, are very useful where the natural mucus has been abraded from the coats of the intestines, The decoction can be made by adding 5 pints of water to 1/4 lb. of dried root, boiling down to 3 pints and straining: it should not be made too thick and viscid. It is excellent in painful complaints of the urinary organs, exerting a relaxing effect upon the passages, as well as acting curatively. This decoction is also effective in curing bruises, sprains or any ache in the muscles or sinews. *Warnings: None known. | Marshmallow Root
29: 29 | MULLEIN *Latin Name: Verbascum Thapsus. *Parts Used: Leaves and flowers. *Harvest: It is in flower from June to August. The plant is harvested when in flower and is dried for later use. *Medicinal Uses: Anodyne; Antiseptic; Astringent; Demulcent; Emollient; Expectorant; Homeopathy; Narcotic; Odontalgic; Vulnerary. Great mullein is a commonly used domestic herbal remedy, valued for its efficacy in the treatment of pectoral complaints. It acts by reducing the formation of mucus and stimulating the coughing up of phlegm, and is a specific treatment for tracheitis and bronchitis. The leaves and the flowers are anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant and vulnerary. *Applications: An infusion is taken internally in the treatment of a wide range of chest complaints and also to treat diarrhea. | Externally, a poultice of the leaves is a good healer of wounds and is also applied to ulcers, tumors and piles. Any preparation made from the leaves needs to be carefully strained in order to remove the small hairs which can be an irritant. An infusion of the flowers in olive oil is used as earache drops, or as a local application in the treatment of piles and other mucous membrane inflammations. This infusion is also strongly bactericidal. Infusion: pour a cup of boiling water onto l-2 teaspoonfuls of the dried leaves or flowers and let infuse for l0-l5 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day. Tincture: take l-4ml of the tincture three times a day. *Warnings: The leaves contain rotenone and coumarin. Rotenone is used as an insecticide and coumarin can prevent the blood from clotting. Hairs on the leaves can act as an irritant. | Mullein
30: 30 | NETTLES *Latin Name: Urtica Urens. *Parts Used: Whole plant. *Harvest: Collect in May and June, just before coming into flower, and dry in the usual manner. *Medicinal Uses: Antiasthmatic; Antidandruff; Astringent; Depurative; Diuretic; Galactogogue; Haemostatic; Homeopathy; Hypoglycaemic; Tonic. Nettles have a long history of use in the home as a herbal remedy. A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used as a tonic and blood purifier. The whole plant is antiasthmatic, antidandruff, astringent, depurative, diuretic, galactogogue, haemostatic, hypoglycaemic and a stimulating tonic. An infusion of the plant is very valuable in stemming internal bleeding; it is also used to treat anaemia, excessive menstruation, haemorrhoids, arthritis, rheumatism and skin complaints, especially eczema. Externally, the plant is used to treat arthritic pain, gout, sciatica, neuralgia, | haemorrhoids, hair problems etc. The juice of the nettle can be used as an antidote to stings from the leaves and an infusion of the fresh leaves is healing and soothing as a lotion for burns *Applications: Infusion: 1 OZ. of the herb to a pint of boiling water. *Warnings: The leaves of the plants have stinging hairs, causing irritation to the skin. This action is neutralized by heat so the cooked leaves are perfectly safe and nutritious. However, only young leaves should be used because older leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths which act as an irritant to the kidneys. | Netlles
31: 31 | VALERIAN ROOT *Latin Name: Valeriana Officinalis. *Parts Used: The root. *Harvest: Harvest in fall before the first frost. Take roots of plants at least two years old and wash them well then dry them quickly. They should be brittle when dry. *Medicinal Uses: Antispasmodic; Carminative; Diuretic; Hypnotic; Nervine; Sedative; Stimulant. It has a wide range of specific uses, but its main indications are: anxiety, nervous sleeplessness, and the bodily symptoms of tension such as muscle cramping or indigestion. It may be used safely in situations where tension and anxiety are causing problems. This may manifest in purely psychological and behavioral ways or also with body symptoms. Valerian will help in most cases. For some people it can be an effective mild pain reliever. As one of the best gentle and harmless herbal sleeping remedies, it enhances the natural body process of slipping into sleep and making the stresses of the day recede. For people who do not need as much sleep as they once did, it also eases lying awake in bed, ensuring that it becomes a restful and relaxing experience. *Applications: To be effective it has to be used in sufficiently high dosage. The tincture is the most widely used preparation and is always useful, provided that the single dose is not counted in drops, but that 2.5-5ml (l/2 - l teaspoonful ) is given, and indeed sometimes 10 ml at one time. It is almost pointless to give ten or twenty drops of valerian tincture. Over dosage is highly unlikely, even with very much larger doses. For situations of extreme stress where a sedative or muscle relaxant effect is need fast, the single dose of one teaspoonful may be repeated two or three times at short intervals. The dried herb is prepared as an infusion to ensure no loss of the volatile oils. Two teaspoons of the dried herb are used for each cup of tea prepared. With these doses expect a good relaxing, anti-spasmodic and sleep-inducing effect, and above all rapid sedation in states of excitement. A cold infusion may be used: a glass of cold water is poured over two teaspoons of valerian root and left to stand for 8-l0 hours. A night time dose is thus set up in the morning, and a dose for the mornings is prepared at night. *Warnings: Valerian Root can be addictive if used for long periods of time.
32: 32 | YARROW *Latin Name: Achillea Millefolium. *Parts Used: Whole plant. *Harvest: The herb is harvested in the summer when in flower and can be dried for later use. *Medicinal Uses: Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Carminative, Cholagogue, “Cure All”, Diaphoretic, Digestive, Emmenagogue, Odontalgic, Poultice, Stimulant, Tonic, Vasodilator, Vulnerary. Yarrow has a high reputation and is widely employed in herbal medicine, administered both internally and externally. It is used in the treatment of a very wide range of disorders but is particularly valuable for treating wounds, stopping the flow of blood, treating colds, fevers, kidney diseases, menstrual pain etc. The whole plant is used, both fresh and dried, and is best harvested when in flower. The herb combines well with Sambucus nigra flowers (Elder) and Mentha x piperita vulgaris (Peppermint) for treating colds and influenza. | *Applications: As a tincture, take about 20 drops three times a day. In an infusion drink about 8 oz. three times daily. Use a poultice of the flowers for mild eczema and to prevent infection, the | fresh leaf can be applied direct to an aching tooth in order to relieve the pain. *Warnings: Large or frequent doses taken over a long period may be potentially harmful, causing allergic rashes and making the skin more sensitive to sunlight. And, as with all herbs, do not use found/roadside Yarrow as it can be poisonous due to pesticides. | Valerian Root | Yarrow
33: 33 | Medical Uses Glossary | Abortifacient Causes an abortion. Acrid Causes heat and irritation when applied to the skin. Adaptogen Helps the body 'rise' to normal stress situations, thus preventing the many chronic degenerative diseases. Alterative Causes a gradual beneficial change in the body, usually through improved nutrition and elimination, without having any marked specific action. Anesthetic Numbs the feeling in a local or general area of the body. Analgesic Relieves pain. Anaphrodisiac Reduces sexual desire. Anodyne Relieves pain, it is milder than an analgesic. Antacid Counters excess acidity in the stomach. Anthelmintic Expels parasites from the gut. Antiaphonic Restores the voice. Antiarthritic Treats arthritis. Antiasthmatic Treats asthma. Antibacterial Kills bacteria. Antibilious Corrects the secretions of bile. | Antibiotic An agent that inhibits or destroys a living organism. It usually refers to bacteria or other micro-organisms and is probably synonymous with Antibacterial Anticholesterolemic Prevents the buildup of cholesterol. Anticoagulant Removes blood clots. Antidandruff Treats dandruff. Antidermatosic Prevents or cures skin complaints. Antidote Counters poisoning, see also Stings. Antiecchymotic Prevents or treats bruising. Antiemetic Prevents vomiting. Antifungal An agent that inhibits or destroys fungi. Used in the treatment of various fungal problems such as Candida. Antihaemorrhoidal Treats hemorrhoids (piles). This would probably be best added to another heading. Antihalitosis Treats bad breath Antihydrotic Reduces perspiration. Anti-inflammatory Reduces inflammation of joints, injuries etc. See also Antiarthritic, Antirheumatic, Antiphlogistic Antiperiodic Counteracts recurring illnesses such as malaria.
34: 34 | Antiphlogistic Reduces inflammation. Antipruritic Treats itching of the skin. Antipyretic Treats or prevents fevers. Antirheumatic Treats rheumatism. Antiscorbutic A plant rich in vitamin C that is used to counteract scurvy. Antiscrophulatic Counteracts scrofula. (TB, especially of the lymph glands) Antiseptic Preventing sepsis, decay or putrefaction, it destroys or arrests the growth of micro-organisms. Antispasmodic Relaxes muscular spasms and cramps, calming nervous irritation. Antitumor Preventing, or effective against, tumors, it is used in the treatment of cancer. Probably synonymous with Cytotoxic. See also Cancer, Cytostatic, Cytotoxic. Antitussive Prevents or relieves coughing. Antivinous Treats addiction to alcohol Antiviral Treats virus diseases Aperient A mild Laxative. See also Cathartic, Purgative. Aphrodisiac Increases the sexual appetite. Appetizer Improves the appetite | Aromatherapy Plants whose essential oils are used in Aromatherapy. Aromatic Having an agreeable odor and stimulant qualities. Astringent Produces contraction in living tissue, reducing the flow of secretions and discharges of blood, mucus, diarrhea etc. Bach Plants used in the Bach flower remedies. Balsamic A healing and soothing agent. Birthing aid Used in facilitating birth, but not just to cause uterine contractions. Bitter Increases the appetite and stimulates digestion by acting on the mucous membranes of the mouth. Also increases the flow of bile, stimulates repair of the gut wall lining and regulates the secretion of insulin and glucogen. Blood purifier Purifies the blood. Cancer Used in the treatment of cancer. See also Antitumor, Cytostatic, Cytotoxic. Cardiac Used in the treatment of heart problems. Cardiotonic A tonic for the heart. Carminative Reduces flatulence and expels gas from the intestines. Cathartic A strong Laxative but less violent than a Purgative. See also Aperient. Cholagogue Increases the flow of bile and its discharge from the body. Contraceptive Prevents fertilization occurring in females. Cure All Listed when a medicine is considered to have dozens of uses, too many to list; Herbs once used as a cure all.
35: 35 | Cytostatic Slows or controls the growth of tumors. See also Cancer, Cytotoxic, Antitumor. Cytotoxic Destroys body cells. Used in the treatment of diseases such as cancer, where it is targeted against the cancer cells. See also Cancer, Cytostatic, Antitumor. Decongestant Removes phlegm and mucous, especially from the respiratory system. Demulcent Soothes, lubricates and softens irritated tissues, especially the mucous membranes. Deobstruent Clears obstructions from the natural ducts of the body. Depurative Eliminates toxins and purifies the system, especially the blood. Detergent A cleansing agent, used on wounds etc. It removes dead and diseased matter. Diaphoretic Induces perspiration. Digestive Aids digestion. Disinfectant Used for cleaning wounds. Diuretic Acts on the kidneys, promoting the flow of urine. Emetic Induces vomiting. Emmenagogue Promotes or increases the menstrual flow. In early stages of pregnancy it can induce an abortion. Emollient Softens the skin, causing warmth and moisture. Enuresis Treats bed wetting. Errhine Produces sneezing. | Expectorant Clears phlegm from the chest by inducing coughing. Foot care Plants that are used in various ways to treat foot problems. Galactofuge Stops or reduces the flow of milk in a nursing mother. Galactogogue Promotes the flow of milk in a nursing mother. Hemolytic Breaks down red blood corpuscles to separate hemoglobin. Haemostatic Controls internal bleeding. Hallucinogenic Causes the mind to hallucinate. Hepatic Acts on the liver (for better or worse!). Homeopathy A plant used in homeopathic treatments. Hydrogogue A purgative that causes an abundant watery discharge. Hypnotic Induces sleep. Hypoglycemic Reduces the levels of sugar in the blood. Hypotensive Reduces blood pressure, it is used in the treatment of high blood pressure Infertility Used in treating problems of human fertility. Irritant Causes irritation or abnormal sensitivity in living tissue. Kidney Used in the treatment of kidney diseases
36: 36 | Laxative Stimulates bowel movements in a fairly gentle manner. See also Aperient, Cathartic, Purgative. Lenitive Soothing, palliative. Lithontripic Removes stones from the kidney, bladder etc. Mouthwash Treats problems such as mouth ulcers. Mydriatic Dilates the pupils of the eyes. Narcotic Relieves pain, induces drowsiness and gives a sense of well-being. Nervine Stimulates and calms the nerves. Nutritive A food for convalescents to help restore strength. Odontalgic Treats toothache (temporary measure only) and other problems of the teeth and gums. Ophthalmic Treats eye complaints. Oxytoxic Hastens parturition and stimulates uterine contractions. Parasiticide Treats external parasites such as ringworm This should perhaps be joined with Parasiticide in 'Other Uses'. Pectoral Relieves respiratory diseases, a remedy for chest diseases. Plaster Used in the treatment of broken bones. Poultice A moist, usually warm or hot, mass of plant material applied to the skin in the treatment of burns etc. | Purgative A drastic Laxative causing a cleansing or watery evacuation of the bowels, usually with a griping pain. See also Aperient, Cathartic, Purgative. Refrigerant Cools the body. Resolvent Breaks down tumors. This might be placed under antitumor. Restorative Restores consciousness or normal physiological activity. Rubefacient A counter-irritant and external stimulant, it produces inflammation and redness of the skin. Salve Soothes and heals damaged skin. Sedative Gently calms, reducing nervousness, distress and irritation. Sialagogue Stimulates the secretion of saliva. Skin Plants used in miscellaneous treatments for the skin. See also Antipruritic. Sternutatory Promotes sneezing and nasal discharges. Stimulant Excites or quickens activity of the physiological processes. Faster acting than a tonic but differing from a narcotic in that it does not give a false sense of well-being. Stings Used in the treatment of stings and insect bites. See also Antidote. Stomachic Aids and improves the action of the stomach. Styptic An astringent that stops bleeding by contracting the blood vessels. TB Plants used in the treatment of tuberculosis
37: 37 | Tonic Improves general health. Slower acting than a stimulant, it brings steady improvement. Uterine tonic A tonic for the uterus. See also Oxytoxic. Vasoconstrictor Narrows the blood vessels, thereby increasing blood pressure. Vasodilator Widens the blood vessels, thereby reducing blood pressure. VD Used in the treatment of venereal disease Vermifuge Expels and kills internal parasites. Vesicant A blistering agent. Vulnerary Promotes the healing of wounds. Warts Used in the treatment of warts, corns etc. Women’s Complaints Used in the treatment of various women’s complaints.