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Kelsey's Study Guide(:

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FC: Kelsey's Study Guide!(:

1: Context clues- use other words in a passage to figure out what other words mean. | As i walked on the beach, the sabulous terrain crunched between my toes. Sabulous means sandy because beach and crunched give clues to that.

2: FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE- playing with words to make a passage more interesting. | Simile, metaphor, analogies, imagery, onomatopoeia, personification, hyperbole, idiom, symbolism.

3: EXAMPLE: The ocean water is as cold as ice. This is a simile because it is comparing how cold the water is to ice. | SIMILE- comparing two unlike things using like or as.

4: EXAMPLE: The sand is the sun on a hot day, scorching under my feet. It is comparing the sand to the sun. | METAPHOR: Comparing two things saying on is the other without using like or as.

5: ANALOGY: comparison to show similarity. | EXAMPLE: Eyes:sunglasses:: Flip flop: foot. This is showing similarities with accessories.

6: IMAGERY: sensory details, used in writing to form mental images of what is happening or what something is like. | EXAMPLE: The ocean water smelled of salt. It was a deep, sea blue. You can tell what the water smells and looks like.

7: ONOMATOPOEIA: using words that imitate something. | EXAMPLE: The water whooshed as it hit the side of the ship. Whooshed is describing the sound of the water.

8: PERSONIFICATION: giving an inanimate object human characteristics. | EXAMPLE: The sun was playing hide and seek against the clouds. The sun can't really play hide and seek.

9: HYPERBOLE: A major exaggeration. | EXAMPLE: He was running faster than the speed of light. This is impossible so it is an exaggeration.

10: IDIOM: An expression that means something other than the literal term. | EXAMPLE: Cool down! This means to calm down. Not literally ''cool'' down.

11: EXAMPLE: Water in an ocean. This represents life. | SYMBOLISM: Representing something by using symbolic means.

12: TEXT STRUCTURES- Form or organizational plan of writing.

13: Sequence, problem/ solution, compare/ contrast, description, and cause/ effect.

14: EXAMPLE: The first thing you need to get for a great vacation on a cruise is suntan lotion. Next, you should get at least two swimsuits for your five day trip. Finally, take some healthy snacks for during the day. | I know that this is sequence because it happens in order and uses words such as first, next, and finally. | Sequence- when events take place in a logical pattern in a passage.

15: Problem-solution- A problem with the character or events in a story. In the end there is a resolution to the main problem. | Jane was going on a ten day cruise in the Caribbean. Once she got settled, Jane went out on the top deck to tan. She reached in her bag for sunscreen. She had forgotten it, Jane didn't want to burn so she asked someone to borrow their's. I know that this is problem/solution because there is a problem and it is solved in the end.

16: Comparison-/ Contrast- Shows the similarities and differences between two objects or situations. | EXAMPLE- Jane liked to use the 50 SPF. She felt as if it protected her ski better than the 45 SPF> The 45 SPF wasn't as strong. Plus, it irritated her skin. We can tell that this is compare- contrast because it shows the differences between the sunscreens.

17: Description-A statement or passage that describes and gives detail to something. | EXAMPLE- The ocean smelled of fish and sea creatures. I saw a bright blue fish swimming around in the dark water. This passage is giving detail to what was being seen.

18: Cause- effect- Something happening as a result of another event happening. | James forgot his sunscreen at home because he was stressed out trying to pack other items for his trip. In return he ended up getting sunburned. | We know this is cause-effect because the cause of James forgetting sunscreen was because he was stressed. Then, he got sunburned.

19: Summary- Condenses the general idea of a passage in a few sentences. | Topic- Main subject of discussion in a passage. | Main Idea- Central thought of a passage. | Supporting details- Points that help clarify what the passage is talking about and gives detail to back it up with information.

20: Goldilocks had nothing to do. Her friends were busy, so she decided to take a walk in the woods alone. She noticed a house. She knew it was a strangers house, but she still entered. There was not anyone home; therefore, she decided to eat some food and take a nap in the strangers' home. | Main idea- Goldilocks had nothing to do. | Topic- Goldilocks was went to a strangers home. | Supporting details- She took a walk in the woods. She went into a strangers home. | Summary- Goldilocks took a walk in the woods and came across a strangers house, so she went in and took food and a nap.

21: Theme- A lesson, message, or idea of a passage. | Example- You shouldn't visit strangers houses and take advantage of it.

22: Entertain, Persuade, Inform. | Author's Purpose- Author's reason for writing.

23: Literary devices- Author's way to add voice to their writing. | Foreshadow, Flashback, Irony.

24: Foreshadowing- Author's provide clues to the reader to predict what may happen later. This happens in movies as well. | Example: In the book, Where the Red Fern Grows, there is a dog fight in the beginning. Another dog is wounded exactly like the dog before later on. This is a sign to what happened to the other dog. | Flashback- Looking back to a previous event.

25: EXAMPLE: In the movie Titanic, Rose has a flashback from when she was younger and when she was on the Titanic. She thinks about what had happeneed. | Flashback- Looking back to a previous event.

26: Irony- Turn the tables. | Example- He was making fun of her sunburn. When he went outside he forgot to apply sunscreen so he also had one.

27: Persuasive writing- A method that a company/ person uses to persuade the consumer to agree. | Bandwagon, Statistics, Testimonials, Glittering Generalities, Emotional Appeal.

28: Bandwagon- Makes you think that you should agree or buy because everyone else is. | Example- Everyone is rushing out to buy an exclusive fishing rod. Millions of people have set out to get one. It is perfect for a day at the lake. Get one today. We know that this is bandwagon because it makes it seem like so many people are getting one and you should too.

29: Statistics- Something being proven by experiments and shows statistics with quantitative data. | Example- 80%percent of Americans agree that this life jacket is the best. We took a poll and they say you shouldn't buy any other brand. 80 percent is the statistics that proves Americans like it.

30: Testimonials- Someone famous or an athlete that presents a product or something with a statement to convince you. | Example- Hi, I'm Shelley Swimmer, and I use the Active Wear brand of swimsuits, and so should you. Thats why I'm such a great athlete.

31: Glittering Generalities- Value based words to create emotions. | Example- This is the one and only life saving miracle water. It uses words such as miracle and life saving.

32: Emotional Appeal-In writing when the author appeals to the readers' emotions. | Example- This devastating flood occurred recently, leaving innocent families starving and without shelter. Donate to help provide them today. Words like devastating and starvation appeal to your emotions and make you sad that the event happened.

33: Characters- Qualities that distinguish a person from another. Character is who you are. There are two types. | Protagonist and Antagonist.

34: Protagonist- The good main character. | Example- In Spongebob Squarepants, Mr. Krabs is the protagonist because Plankton always messes with him as he tries to keep the Krabby Patty formula safe.

35: Antagonist- Opposed character...The bad guy. | Example- Plankton from Spongebob is the Antagonist. He is always messing with the Krusty Krab and trying to steal the formula.

36: Setting- Environment and context in which a place is set. | Setting- Environment and context in which a place is set.

37: Plot- everything that happens in the story. | The Little Mermaid is a story about a girl named Ariel, who dreams of going on land. When her father, King Triton, forbids her to go on land, Ariel goes and visits Ursula. Ursula is the evil witch under the sea who King Triton had banished. Ursula wants to be in charge and steal the triton.

38: Problem- Conflict: There is a problem and conflict with the character, either with someone else, himself, or nature. | Example- WhenAriel decides to become human is man vs. man. Character vs. nature is when Erik can't visit Ariel underwater since he's human. Ariel and Ursula is Character vs. Character.

39: Rising Action- Events that lead up to the climax. | Example in The Little Mermaid- Ariel disobeys her father. She goes and visits Ursula.

40: Subplots- When a story is within a story. | Subplots- When a story is within a story.

41: Resolution- Resolving the problem. | Example in the Little Mermaid- The problem of Ariel getting into a mess with Ursula is when King Triton overcomes her evil powers.

42: Climax- The point of greatest intensity in a passage. | Example- The climax in Little Mermaid is when Ariel decides if she wants to become human or not, and her final decision with Ursula.

43: Falling action- Events after the climax. End to the problem. | Example- Falling action is when Ariel decides to become human.

44: Parallel Episodes- Repeated elements in the plot. | Example- The ugly duckling kept getting rejected by different species of families in the story.

45: Fact vs. Opinion- A fact is something that is proven, and opinion is your personal input about something. | Example- The sun can give you skin cancer. fact because it is proven. | Example- The sun is very pretty. Opinion because not everyone may think that.

46: Bias- Influencing someone's opinion with your own. | Example- The flowers that were originally chosen don't coordinate with the colors. You should pick something bright and spring like. It looks better with the decorations.

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  • Title: Kelsey's Study Guide(:
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