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Marine Project

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FC: The Aquatic Biome (Marine environment) Courtney Ford Gabi Stewart Tai-Tai White Holly Griffin

1: The marine environment is located in the ocean.

2: Temperature is 3 degrees Celsius. (37.4 degrees Fahrenheit) Annual rainfall is 25-75 cm.

3: Oceans cover 75% of the Earth! | Major animals include: blue whales, salmon, & great white sharks.

4: The climate is warmer as you get closer to the equator & colder as you get closer to the poles.

5: 3 vertebrates in the ocean are: eels, fish, & sharks

7: Fish There are many different kinds of fish in the ocean. They have scales and gills which they use to help them breathe by taking oxygen from the ocean water which goes into their bloodstreams. Fish are the oldest vertebrates. The first fish appeared about 500 million years ago!

8: Sharks have about 3 sets teeth which they use to hunt their prey. | Sharks The massive, fascinating creatures have been lurking in oceans for about 400 million years, and have not evolved much over the years.

9: Eels These animals are very similar to snakes, but they don't have any scales (although some have very small scales.) Eels are very flexible because they have many vertebrae.

10: 3 kinds of invertebrates are: sponges, jellyfish, & sea stars

11: Sponges Though they look like plants, they are the most archaic animals in the sea. They come in many different colors & shapes. Some sponges grow to be over 6 feet in diameter.

12: Jellyfish are 98% water! | Jellyfish These animals are dome-shaped at the top, & have poisonous tentacles which they use to kill their prey with. | Some jellyfish glow in the darker part of the ocean.

13: Starfish can live all around the ocean. From tropical to cold habitats. | Sea Stars Starfish have been seen in a variety of colors used for camouflage. They are most commonly seen with 5 arms, but can also have 10, 20, or 40! There's about 2,000 species of starfish.

14: 3 types of vegetation are: phytoplankton, seaweed, & kelp forests.

15: Phytoplankton These microscopic organisms are food to many larger ocean dwellers such as fish and whales. Phytoplankton grow rapidly so there are many in the ocean. Phytoplankton can influence the Earth's climate.

16: Seaweed There are many, many species of seaweed in the ocean. Most species live 8-40 m, though some live about 240 m (usually in clear waters such as the Mediterranean, Caribbean, & Brazil.

17: Seaweed usually lives in temperate to polar areas in the ocean. Seaweed is also know as "marine algae". | The green seaweed comes in about 1200 species. The brown seaweed comes in about 1750 species. The red seaweed comes in about 600 species.

18: Kelp Forests These plants are found in cold, nutrient-rich water in shallow coastal waters. The largest kelp forests live in temperatures less than 20 degrees Celsius.

20: The aquatic biome is the most important of all biomes! The medium water is a major natural resource for all living things.

21: Photo Citations caskwidge.com africadoyssey.com secret.extrarisk.com treehugger.com animals.nationalgeographic.com ready-pet-go.com virtuescience.com psp88000.org thundafunda.com hip2b2.com crasportsman.com sepressivo.com blog-my-world.com starfish.ch graphicmania.net monteryexpress.com lilithsapothecary.files.wordpress.com brynmawr.edu scubascotty.com teamtapper.com laupa.org

22: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/ICE/Channel_Islands/Images/ice_phytoplankton.jpg http://www.ultimatereef.net/uploader/2008Q1/20070722-candy-cane-sponge.jpg http://www.lpdatafiles.com/data/mso2003/SCUBA%20SPONGES.jpg

23: Info Citations www.animal.discovery.com/fish/eel www.seasky.org/reeflife/sea2a.html www.enchantedlearning.com/subje cts/invertebrates/jellyfish/Jellyfishcoloring.shtml http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/starfish.html http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Phytoplankton/

24: http://www.seaweed.ie/ http://life.bio.sunysb.edu/marinebio/kelpforest.html www.tha.sps.lane.edu/biomes www.worldbiomes.com www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/biomes www.kidzworld.com/article/biomes www.angelfire.com/marinebiome

25: Fin :)

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