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Plant Scavenger Hunt

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S: AP Biology

BC: Special Thanks To: Krohn Conservatory Cincinnati Civic Garden Center Greenfield Plant Farm Lutheran Church of the Resurrection's Vegetable Garden Grandma and Grandpa Mom Mrs. Mulder Megan Josefczyk

FC: Plant Scavenger Hunt | By: Katie Winternitz Periods 7/8/9

1: Works Cited Barry Rice. (June 2005). The Carnivorous Plant FAQ. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from Carter, J. Stein. (29 March 2005). Coevolution and Pollination. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from Harton, Ron. (No date). Of Spines, Thorns, and Things that Poke in the Night. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Hyun, Min Woo. (21 September 2007). Fungi Isolated from Pine Wood Nematode, Its Vector Japanese Pine Sawyer, and the Nematode-Infected Japanese Black Pine Wood in Korea. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Kedzybilski, Mark. (25 November 2007). Details on Common Species. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Manhart, James. (2009). Japanese Honeysuckle. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from Pippen, Jeffrey S. (10 June 2006). North Carolina Shrubs, Wildflowers, and Trees. Retrieved October 13, 2011, from toxicodendron.htm Seiler, John R., et. al. (2010). Japanese black pine. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from

2: 1. Poisonous Plants in Ohio | Scientific Name: Toxicodendron radicans Common Name: Poison ivy Found in: North America (including Cincinnati) Conditions: Moist, not dry, areas that receive at least some sunlight. Found in forests or in the suburbs. | Brill, Steve. (No publication date). Poison Ivy and its relatives. Retrieved October 13, 2011, from Plants.Folder/Poison%20Ivy.html

3: Scientific Name: Toxicodendron diversilobum or Toxicodendron pubescens Common Name: Poison oak Found in: Toxicodendron diversilobum is found on the Pacific Coast of North America, while Toxicodendron pubescens is found on the east coast of North America. Conditions: Forests, thickets, and dry, sandy fields, usually in direct sunlight. Toxicodendron diversilobum grows up on trees like a vine. | Scientific Name: Toxicodendron vernix Common Name: Poison sumac Found in: Eastern United States and Canada Conditions: Grow in very wet or flooded soils, usually in swamps. | Pippen, Jeffrey S. (16 September 2006). North Carolina Shrubs, Wildflowers, and Trees. Retrieved October 13, 2011, from | Pippen, Jeffrey S. (10 June 2006). North Carolina Shrubs, Wildflowers, and Trees. Retrieved October 13, 2011, from

4: Scientific Name: Picea abies Common Name: Norway Spruce (The Original Christmas Tree) Found in: Europe (native to Norway) Conditions: Forests; colder climates. | 2. Gymnosperm - male gametophyte

5: Scientific Name: Pinus flexilis Common Name: Limber Pine Found in: Western North America (Rocky Mountains) Conditions: In the mountains, where there is higher elevation and cold climate. | 3. Gymnosperm - female gametophyte

6: 4. Angiosperm - perfect flower | Scientific Name: Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus Common Name: Yellow Daylily Found in: China, England, Italy, and Slovenia Conditions: Sunny areas, away from trees and shrubs that compete with daylilies for nutrients. This flower is perfect because it has both stamen (female part) and a pistil (male part).

7: Scientific Name: Rosa 'Knockout' Common Name: Knock Out Roses Found in: America (it's an American-bred species) Conditions: Full sun, light shade. Tolerant of warm and cold climates. Mostly grown in yards, not in the wild. This flower is complete because it has petals (photo 1), sepals (photo 2), stamen (photo 1), and a pistil (photo 1). | 5. Angiosperm - complete flower

8: Scientific Name: Cycad Encephalartos horrids Common Name: Eastern Cape Blue Cycad Found in: South Africa Conditions: Warm, dry temperatures. A monoecious plant has both male and female gametophytes on the same plant, while dioecious plants have either male or female gametophytes on a single plant. | 6.Dioecious plant

9: 7. Endosperm | Scientific Name: Zea mays Common Name: Corn Found: Worldwide, mostly in Europe and the Americas (on farms). Conditions: Areas of higher temperatures. Can't take too much or too little rain. | Munkvold, Gary. (3 September 1996). Start Scouting for Corn Stalk Rot. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from http://www.ipm.

10: 8. Plant that shows symbiosis with mycorrhizal fungi | Scientific Name: Pinus thunbergiana Common Name: Japanese Black Pine Found in: Japan and South Korea Conditions: Dry and sunny areas, acidic soil. | Benefits to the tree: The plant receives phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, and nutrients such as copper, sulfur and zinc. Benefits to the fungus: The Mycorrhiza receives nutrients via the roots of the tree.

11: Scientific Name: Neoregelia carolinae f. tricolor Common Name: The Blushing Bromeliad Found in: Tropical Rainforests, like those in Brazil Conditions: Sunny, hot, humid. | 9. Monocot

12: 10. Dicot with compound leaf | Scientific Name: Schefflera actinophylla Common Name: Hawaiian Umbrella Found in: Tropical Rainforests in Australia, New Guinea, and Java Conditions: Lives in areas of high heat and humidity; can withstand drought.

13: Scientific Name: Petunia inflata Common Name: Petunia Found in: South America, cultivated in the United States (hanging flower baskets, etc.) | 11. Dicot with simple leaf | Conditions: Need warm, sunny climates (which is why they bloom mostly in the spring, not so much in the fall).

14: 12. Bryophyte | Common Name: Moss Found: Worldwide Conditions: Moist, shaded areas, like forests, near sources of water (since moss is seedless and non-vascular).

15: Scientific Name: Equisetum hyemale Common Name: Horsetail Found: Worldwide Conditions: Grows near water, usually around bogs and ponds (since it is seedless). | Scientific Name: Drynaria Quercifolia Common Name: Oak-leaved fern Found in: India Conditions: Grows in the shade, somewhat near a water source (since it is seedless). | 13. Vascular Seedless Plant

16: Found in: Southeast Asia. Grown in the U.S. Conditions: Needs sunlight and warmth; can withstand wind. | 14. Edible Leaf | Scientific Name: Ocimum basilicum 'Horapha' Common Name: Thai Basil

17: Found: Worldwide (mostly North America, Europe, and Japan) Conditions: Warmth and sunshine. | 15. Edible Root | Scientific Name: Raphanus sativus Common Name: Radish

18: Scientific Name: Brassica oleracea Common Name: Cabbage | 16. Edible vegetable that is not a fruit | Found in: Originated from the Mediterranean; grown in many gardens and farms in North America. Conditions: Cooler climates, but still need lots of exposure to sunlight.

19: Scientific Name: Averrhoa carambola Common Name: Carambola Tree - Star Fruit Found in: Eastern Asia, the South Pacific, Central America Conditions: Warm, tropical regions, with lots of sun, humidity, and rain. | 17. Edible Fruit | No author. (10 February 2011). Starfruit. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from

20: 18. Fruit that is specialized for dispersal other than digestion | Scientific Name: Acer saccharinum Common Name: Helicopter (from a Soft maple tree) Found in: North America Conditions: Thrives in both warm and cold climates. Tends to grow near water, and is often found in urban and subrurban areas.

21: Scientific Name: Sarracenia purpurea Common Name: American Pitcher Plant, Purple Pitcher Plant Found in: Southeastern Coastal Plain of North Carolina Conditions: Sunny, grassy space. Acclimated to cold weather and dormancy periods. This plant is heterotrophic because it does not obtain energy through light like autotrophs do. Instead, it takes in nutrients from other organisms (in this case, insects). | 19. Heterotrophic Plant

22: 20. Parasitic Plant | Scientific Name: Phoradendron serotinum Common Name: American Mistletoe Found in: United States Conditions: Adapted to subtropical and tropical climates, but can grow almost anywhere as long as it has a host gymnosperm to feed off of. American Mistletoe is a hemi-parasitic plant, meaning that it is parasitic under natural condition. It takes water and nutrients from the host plant that it grows on, causing some damage to that host plant. However, hemi-parasites are somewhat photosynthetic. | Hamilton, Helen. (December 2009). December 2009 Wildflower of the Month. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from wildflower_of_the_month.htm

23: Scientific Name: Cactaceae Common Name: Wooly Cactus Found in: North and South Americas Conditions: Dry, hot climates. This modified leaf functions as protection against herbivores, as shade from the sun, and as a method of preventing water loss from the stem. | 21. Modified Leaf

24: Scientific Name: Lonicera japonica Common Name: Japanese Honeysuckle Found in: China, Japan, and Korea. An invasive species in the Americas. Conditions: Seen on the edges of forests, streams, and roads. Tends to twine itself around other plants The honeysuckle was introduced to the U.S. in the 1800s from Asia as an ornamental plant, and has become a big problem for many Americans. It crowds out many native plants, either strangling them or taking all their nutrients so the honeysuckle can survive, but the native plants cannot. This has caused destruction in many forests. In many states, honeysuckle has been classified as a weed, and in New Hampshire, it is banned. | 22. Invasive, alien, or non-native Ohio plant | (in bloom) Taylor, Erin. (28 July 2011). Color debate de jour: honeysuckle. Retrieved October 14, 2011, from

25: Scientific Name: Acer saccharum (NOT Acer saccharinum) Common Name: Sugar Maple Found in: North America Conditions: Colder climates. Shade tolerant. | 23. Cork of a deciduous tree

26: Scientific Name: Pyrrosia stigmosa Common Name: Felt Fern Found in: Asia Conditions: Warm, dry climates An ephiphyte is a plant that grows on another plant or object without having a parasitic relationship with that other plant or object. | 24. Epiphyte

27: Scientific Name: Aloe Vera Common Name: Burn Plant Found in: Mediterranean Region Conditions: Sunny, hot, dry climates. Can easily withstand drought. | 25. Plant with a medicinal use | Medicinal Use: Heals burns, sunburns, and rashes on the skin.

28: Scientific Name: Fuchsia orientalis Common Name: Fuchsia Found in: From Hispaniola and New Zealand, cultivated in the United States (hanging flower baskets, etc.) Conditions: Needs sunlight, but tend to live in cooler climates, with moisture in the air. and well-draining soil. | 26. Angiosperm with non-insect pollinator | Clark, Cheryl Soldati. (23 June 2011). Hooray for Hummingbirds! Retrieved October 19, 2011, from The_Dirt/post/Hooray_for_Hummingbirds!/

29: 27. Edible "wild" plant native to Ohio | Scientific Name: Allium schoenoprasum Common Name: Chives Found: Worldwide, native to Ohio Conditions: Cooler climates, grassy areas.

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Katie Winternitz
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