FC: Plant Scavenger Hunt | Megan Josefczyk Period 2/3
1: #1 Poisonous plants in Ohio | Poison Ivy Toxicodendron radicans | --woody vine with compound leaves of 3 leaflets --produces small, white berries --contains a clear liquid, urushiol, that makes people itchy --can grow as a climbing or trailing vine or a shrub --partial sun, moist conditions -local to Cincinnati | Poison Sumac Toxicodendron vernix | -- 7-13 smooth leaflets per leaf stem --grows into a small, woody tree --contains urushiol --partial sun, very wet growing conditions native to eastern U.S./found only in wetlands or swamps | Poison Oak Toxicodendron diversilobum | -- 3 leaflets with jagged, smooth, or wavy edges --can grow as a bush, vine, or small plant --produces white berries --leaves turn red in the fall --contains urushiol --partial sun, damp growing conditions -local to Cincinnati
2: Missouri River Institute. (No date). Other plants. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from http://mri.usd.edu/watertrail/. | Schlick, Jennifer. (2010). Top Ten. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://winterwoman.net/?s=%22poison+sumac%22&searchbutton=go!. | Sachs, Jonathan. (2006). The Poison Sumac Page. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from http://www.poison-sumac.org/. | Cabrera, Kim A. (2008). Natural Hazards. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from http://www.bear-tracker.com/naturalhazards.html. | #1 Citations
3: #2 Gymnosperm male gametophyte | Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus | grows best in areas of partial to full sunlight and moist, well-drained soil native to eastern N. America | Ohio Department of Natural Resources. (No date). White Pine (Pinus strobus). Retrieved October 20, 2011, from http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/forestry/trees/pine_white/tabid/5412/Default.aspx.
4: #3 Gymnosperm female gametophyte | Norway Spruce Picea abies | requires partial to full sunlight and moist, well-drained soil | Ohio Department of Natural Resources. (No date). Norway Spruce (Picea abies). Retrieved October 17, 2011, from http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/forestry/trees/spruce_norway/tabid/5421/Default.aspx. | native to Northern Europe
5: #4 Angiosperm perfect flower | White Clematis Clematis 'miss bateman' | full sun and partial shade, moist soil | This flower is perfect because it has both a stamen and a pistil. | BBC. (2011). Clematis. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/gardening/plants/plant_finder/plant_pages/1948.shtml. | native to China & Japan
6: #5 Angiosperm complete flower | Bright Lilac Zonal Geranium Pelargonium hortorum | direct sunlight, moist soil native to Mediterranean region | This flower is complete because it contains all four flower parts: pistil, stamen, petal, and sepal. | Ball Horticultural Company. (2011). Designer Bright Lilac Zonal Geranium. Retrieved October 12, 2011, from http://www.ballhort.com/Landscapers/plant_info.aspx?phid=028900428002934.
7: dry growing conditions with full sun exposure during the day native to South Africa | #6 Dioecious plant Eastern Cape Blue Cycad Encephalartos horridus | Monoecious plants produce male pollen cones and female seed cones on the same plant. Dioecious plants produce male and female cones on separate plants.
8: #7 Endosperm | CU. (2011). Intoduction. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from http://www.clemson.edu/extension/rowcrops/corn/. Faucon, Philippe. (2005). Corn Plant. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Agavaceae/Dracaena_fragrans.html. | Corn Plant Dracaena fragrans | grows best in direct sunlight and rich, well-drained soil native to Mexico/Central America but is grown in many parts of the U.S.
9: #8 Plant that shows symbiosis with mycorrhizal fungi | Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora | grows best in rich, moist soil, and direct to partial sun native to the southeastern part of U.S. | Outcalt, Kenneth W. (No date). Southern Magnolia. Retrieved October 15, 2011, from http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/magnolia/grandiflora.htm. | The fungi receive nutrients (sugars) that pass down the roots of the tree. The fungus provides a secondary root system for the tree and aids in times of drought, by providing the tree with water. The fungus also prevents soil-borne pathogens from entering the roots of the magnolia. | Down Garden Services. (2011). Mycorrhizal Fungi. Retrieved October 17, 2011, from http://www.dgsgardening.btinternet.co.uk/mycorrhiza.htm.
10: #9 Monocot Daylily Hemerocallis dumortieri | grows best in long periods of direct sunlight, partial shade, and moist soil native to China, Japan, & Korea | Olallie Day Gardens. (2011). Hemerocallis species. Retrieved October 13, 2011, from: http://daylilygarden.com/hemerocallis.html.
11: #10 Dicot with compound leaf Knock Out Rose Rosa 'radrazz' | moist growing conditions with direct sunlight native to U.S. | Chicago Botanic Garden. (2011). Plant Profiles. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from http://www.chicagobotanic.org/plantinfo/pp/rose_varieties.php.
12: #11 Dicot with Simple Leaf | Garden Mum Dendranthema grandiflora | full sun and moist growing conditions native to Asia | Gilman, Edward F. (June 2007). Dendranthema x grandiflora Garden Mum, Garden Chrysanthemum. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FP/FP17100.pdf.
13: # 12 Bryophyte | Moss | grows in moist, damp areas with shade | local to Cincinnati
14: #13 Vascular seedless plant Fern moist growing conditions, partial sunlight local to Cincinnati
15: #14 Edible leaf | Sweet Basil Ocimum basilicum | Faucon, Philippe. (2005). Basil. Retrieved October 17, 2011, from http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Lamiaceae/Ocimum_basilicum.html. | full sun, moist soil | native to India
16: #15 Edible root | Ginger Zingiber officinale | fertile soil, humid conditions, and partial sunlight native to India, Malaysia, & Nigeria | Missouri Botanical Garden. (2011). Spices and Flavorings. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from http://www.mobot.org/education/tropicalfeast/spices.asp.
17: #16 Edible vegetable that is not a fruit | Cabbage Brassica oleracea | grows best in full sun, moist, well-drained soil, and in cooler temperatures native to Mediterranean region | Ombrello, Dr. T. (No date). Flowering Cabbage and Kale. Retrieved October 15, 2011, from http://faculty.ucc.edu/biology-ombrello/POW/cabbage.htm.
18: #17 Edible fruit | Ponderosa Lemon Citrus limon 'Ponderosa' | well-drained soil, warm conditions, full sun | native to Florida, Texas, & California | Citrus Trees Online. (2011). Ponderosa Lemons. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from http://www.citrustreesonline.com/ponderosa-lemons.asp.
19: #18 Fruit that is specialized for dispersal other than digestion | Dandelion Taraxacum officinale | full sun, moist conditions local to Cincinnati | University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. (2007). Common dandelion. Retrieved October 17, 2011, from http://www.neoninc.org/budburst/plants/common_dandelion_PB.pdf.
20: #19 "Heterotrophic" plant | American Pitcher Plant Sarracenia species | grows best in a moist, sunny, grassy area native to coast of North Carolina | The pitcher plant is considered heterotrophic because it eats insects in addition to the food it makes as an autotroph. | (No date). Nutrition in Plants. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from 126.96.36.199/Downloading.aspx?file=Science%207.pdf.
21: #20 Parasitic Plant | Cactus Mistletoe Tristerix aphyllus | direct sunlight, very dry conditions native to Chile | Tristerix aphyllus is a parasite to two species of cacti. After the Chilean mockingbird deposits mistletoe seeds on the cactus, they produce a reddish radicle that grows into the epidermis of the cactus.When the mistletoe reaches the cactus' phloem, it drains out nutrients and uses them to produce flowers and fruit. | Vidal, Claudio.(2010). Tristerix aphyllus. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://cvidalphoto.smugmug.com/keyword/chile/1/1110383958_eJdRR#1110383958_eJdRR. | Mauseth, James D. (1990). The Endophyte of Tristerix aphyllus. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.jstor.org/pss/2995406.
22: #21 Modified leaf | Golden Barrel Cactus Echinocactus grusonii | dry growing conditions, direct sunlight native to Mexico | The spines of the cactus protect the plant from predators. They also slow down blowing winds, helping prevent evaporative water loss in the plant. | Svendsen, Erl. (1995). Cacti ARE Succulents. Retrieved October 15, 2011, from http://gardenline.usask.ca/plants/cactus-1.html.
23: #22 Invasive, alien, or non-native Ohio plant | Amur Honeysuckle Lonicera maackii | full sun to partial shade, moist growing conditions. native to Japan, China, & Korea | Honeysuckle was introduced to the U.S. in 1846 as an ornamental plant. The problem with honeysuckle is that it shades out the native plants below it and takes sunlight and resources away from the native plants around it. It can also climb up shrubs and trees and strangle them. | Ohio Department of Natural Resources. (No date). Amur, Morrow & Tatarian Honeysuckle. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from http://www.ohiodnr.com/dnap/invasive/1amurhoneysuck/tabid/1996/Default.aspx.
24: #23 Cork of a deciduous tree | Red Maple Acer rubrum | direct sunlight, fertile soil, moist conditions native to Asia | AboutMapleTrees.com. (2011). Red Maple Tree. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.aboutmapletrees.com/red_maple_tree.shtml.
25: moist, fertile growing conditions, light but not direct sunlight Native to Australia An epiphyte is a plant that grows attached to another organism but derives no nourishment from it. | #24 Epiphyte Staghorn Fern Platycerium bifurcatum
26: #25 Plant with a medicinal use Burn Plant Aloe vera | dry growing conditions, intense periods of sunshine native to Africa, but can now be grown even as a household plant Pulp from the leaves is used to soothe and heal sunburns, cuts, and scratches. Found in lotions & skin care products. | Ombrello, T. (No date). Aloe vera. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from: http://faculty.ucc.edu/biology-ombrello/pow/aloe_vera.htm.
27: Bonus 1: Angiosperm with non-insect pollinator | Fuchsia Fuchsia regia | grows best in rather cool conditions, in partial shade (not in direct sunlight) native to Chile and Argentina | Northwest Fuchsia Society. (No date). Genus Fuchsia Species. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.nwfuchsiasociety.com/species.htm. | Discovery Communications, LLC. (2011). Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://animal.discovery.com/guides/wild-birds/i-r/ruby-throated-hummingbird.html.
28: Bonus 2: Edible "wild" plant native to Ohio | Wild Chives Allium schoenoprasum | full sun, wet/moist growing conditions local to Cincinnati | Michigan Flora Online. (2011). Allium schoenoprasum. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=42. | (the whole plant is edible, but most people trim the ends/root of the chive before eating it)