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The Ocelot

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S: The Ocelot

BC: Meagan Marock Molly Fields 11/20/08 3rd AP Environmental Science

FC: (Leopardus pardalis) by : Meagan Marock andMolly Fields 11/20/08 3rd AP Environmental Science

2: Averages 15-30 pounds and also averages 3 feet 9 inches There are only 100 Ocelots left in the United States They have lost most of their habitat in Texas. They Live in tropical and temperate climates in oasis wilderness. | Ocelots have gray to golden brown fur with brown spots or patches. These spots and patches have a black border and are located on their sides. Spots come in patterns such as rosettes,slashes speckles and bars. | They have 2-3 stripes on their cheeks and 4-5 horizontal stripes on their neck and chest. Ocelots have a long tail and big eyes. They range from Arizona to south Texas and all the way into Argentine. They live often in Chaparral climates.

3: lIFE CYCLE: The Ocelot mates year round and about 70-80 days later the mother gives birth to 1-3 babies. The mother leaves the babiesin the den she made at night to hunt for food but spends the day with them. | The babies stay with the mom for aas long as a year before going off on their own. The average litter size is 2 and their average life span is 8-11 years. | The ocelot is also found in savannah grasslands, pastures, thorn scrubs and tropical forests. Their main habitat is places with dense vegetation cover. | Habitat: Their coloration varies with the habitat. A rich yellow/cream color showws they live in more arid areas. A darker yellow/brown shows they live in forested areas. They live in mangrove forests, and coastal marshes.

4: Food: Their diet consists of birds, rabbits, woodrats, mice, young pigs, snakes, other reptiles, small mammals and small amphibians and fish

5: The Ocelot often hunts alone but will sometimes hunt with another Ocelot. The hunting call of the Ocelot sounds like a house cat meow. Often they catch their prey on the ground but they will sometimes get their prey in trees. Most of the hunting is done at night while during the day they lay around in trees or brush. The home range of the Ocelot is between 1 and 4 square miles.

6: Ocelots are being killed for their fur. Aslo their habitat is being taken away. They are threatened by the conversion of large areas o their natural habitat to farmland. Also their habitat is being destroyed and taken away in order to build new cities and the expansion of cities.. Ocelots are endangered in the U.S. and Mexico | Many people find the fur of the ocelot appealing and are willing to kill them to obtain it. It has been used mainly for womens clothing such as jackets.. Mar 28, 1972 eas when the Ocelot was listed as endagered. (As seen in picture)

7: dark blue= presumed extirpated red=critically imperiled light blue= possibly extirpated See graph below

8: Evidence suggests that their fundamental niche includes more medium-sized prey than their realized niche in differen sites. The ocelot mainly interacts with its prey and also other larger cats that live in habitats around them. Big cats that the Ocelot interacts with are margays, pumas, jaguarundi, jaguar, and other mammals like them.

9: A designated critical habitat is specific geographic areas tha are essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species. These areas require special management and are talked about in the Endangered Species Act. In a biological sense it is an area that needs protected to support an endangered species but also so that that type of area is not lost and does not throw off certain life cycles and ecosystems. The designated critical habitat for the Ocelot is the chapparral and dense thorny forests. Tropical rainforest are also part of the ocelot's designated critical habitat.

10: The conservation goal is to link existing breeding populations with habitat corridors on public and private land, and expand core habitat in both the US and Mexico. The plan involves direct involvement with private landowners and organizations. Currently six landowners are participating in the efforts by creating and restoring the Ocelot territory where they are known to occur. Also the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is providing funds to help with the resoration of habitat. These landowners signed contracts saying they will protect these lands for 20 years. Some incentives for farmers have been created. The farmers recieve incentives for putting bad crop land out of production. This allows for the land to become habitat for the ocelot.

11: A habitat conservation plan is a plan that minimizes and mitigates the incidental take or accidental harm of a listed threatened or endangered species. The Ocelot population has become restricted to the extreme South Texas brush country, | Even in this restricted area their habitat is becoming increasingly fragmented. The dense thorny vegetation required in their habitat is being replaced by row crop agriculture and urban development.

12: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has a recovery plan called The Listed Cats of Texas and Arizona Recovery Plan. The focus of this plan is to remove the Ocelot and Jaguarundi from the endangered species list. Theis plan of action involves detailed research in order to provide the best conditions for the ocelot to become viable again. The research involves finding population sizes and habitat sizes required for viability, the necessary spatial arrangement of habitat, and determining the impact of disease and other factors on the population.

13: They will protect at least 20,000 hectares of prime ocelot habitat in Texas and determine ocelot distribution and status in Arizona and the northern states of Mexicom in order to increase Ocelot numbers in these areas as well and imlement a plan such as that in affect in Texas.

14: The Ocelot is being protected in other parts of the world as well. Efforts to save the animal in south america inculde banning hunting in countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad, Uruguay and Venezuela. Also these countries contain protected areas, some of which could support viable life for years to come. Many do not know what would happen if the Ocelot were to go extinct, mainly because not much is known about the Ocelot. They are not seen often because of the dwindling numbers. They are loved for their beauty and fur. Also the play the role that most big cats do as predators and help with populations of certain animals such as rodents and deer. The Ocelots of course play an important role in the food web and ecosystem, as any animal does, and should be protected. Although they do not live in all parts of the world, affects of losing the Ocelot would be felt in all parts of the world.

15: Citations | "Critical Habitat for Alabama Sturgeon." 02May2000. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 24 Nov 2008. Chapman, Karen. "Binational Ocelot Recovery Project." 24Nov2008. Resources First Foundation. 24 Nov 2008 . "Habitat Conservation Plans." Dec 2005. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 24 Nov 2008 . "LISTED CATS OF TEXAS AND ARIZONA RECOVERY PLAN(With Emphasis On The Ocelot)." 1990. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 24 Nov 2008 . Caso, A., Lopez-Gonzalez, C., Payan, E., Eizirik, E., de Oliveira, T., Leite-Pitman, R., Kelly, M. & Valderrama, C. 2008. Leopardus pardalis. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Downloaded on 24 November 2008.

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  • Title: The Ocelot
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