FC: Weather Scrapbook | Bailey VonCannon
1: Sources | http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/what-are-wind-belts | http://www.tpub.com/weather2/4-23.htm | http://www.theairlinepilots.com/met/clouds.htm | http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/79/Atmospheric_circulation.svg/300px-Atmospheric_circulation.svg.png | http://freebigpictures.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/stratus.jpg | http://www.visualphotos.com/photo/2x2919235/stratocumulus_clouds_nba015.jpg | http://www.sciencephoto.com/image/94830/large/C0030596-Altostratus_Clouds-SPL.jpg | http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?id=i.4995361224328092&pid=1.9 | http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8d/Cumulus_clouds_Montenegro.jpg | http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/current/ED101fa10/jenmks/images/Cirrus_clouds2.jpg | http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f7/Cumulonimbus_Clouds.jpg
2: Wind Belts | The 5 wind belts are doldrums, trade winds, horse latitudes, prevailing westerlies, polar easterlies. | A doldrum is the area that gets the most heat from the sun and is generally between 5 degrees north and south latitude. | Polar Easterlies are winds that reach to the poles from about 60 degrees north and south latitude.
3: Trade winds is the area that goes past the doldrums to as far as 30 degrees north and south latitude. | Horse latitudes are wind belts that form at about 30 degrees north and south latitude between the trade winds and the prevailing westerlies. | Prevailing westerlies are winds that extend to about 60 degrees north and south latitude from the horse latitudes
4: The relationship of air masses and frontal systems | The primary frontal zones of the Northern Hemisphere are the arctic frontal zone and the polar frontal zone. | Air masses are related because fronts separate air masses and they both have to do with weather formations.
5: If we didn't have air masses there wouldn't be any fronts.
6: Cloud Patterns | Stratus clouds are most common near the coast and the mountains.Stratus clouds are usually followed by condensation. The weather associated with stratus clouds is drizzle or slight rain, or snow in subzero temperatures. The clouds form in sheets or layers and occur when large areas of moist air rise in a stable atmosphere to where condensation occurs.
8: Stratocumulus clouds are the most common worldwide and they are a good indicator of moisture in lower levels of the atmosphere. These types of clouds usually have a ragged appearance along its upper surface, but can have a well-defined and flat base. The color of the cloud may be white or dark grey. Stratocumulus clouds may produce light precipitation if the cloud is sufficiently thick.
10: Altostratus clouds are formed in the middle levels of the atmosphere and is always a sign on the presence of significant amounts of moisture in those layers. Altostratus clouds are usually featureless ranging from a thin, white veil to a gray matte that may block out the Sun.
12: Cirrus clouds stretch across the sky in strands. The strands indicate the presence of moisture in the atmosphere. Cirrus clouds contain millions of ice crystals. The clouds can form into isolated patches. Cirrus clouds can indicate an approaching frontal system or a sign of a decayed thunderstorm.
14: Cirrostratus clouds are an even layer of cirrus clouds that cover a wide area. It is formed when a moist air mass is lifted to a level where it cools to saturation and forms ice crystals. If the cloud gets thicker it may mean that there is a frontal system coming.
16: Cumulus clouds consist of rounded individual cloud masses. Normally cumulus clouds have a flat base and the appearance of rising dome or towers. These clouds are frequently described as having cauliflower structure.
18: Cumulonimbus clouds are known as thunderstorm clouds that form as cumulus clouds continue to grow vertically. Lightning, thunder, and violent tornadoes are associated with cumulonimbus clouds.