S: Western Thought II: Man and Nature by Caitlin Schrader
FC: Western Thought II: Man and Nature | Caitlin Schrader
1: Snow Leopard by Denis Martindale "The snow leopard stared intently, At all things near and far... While at times, he looked quite friendly, You know how wild cats are." | Spirit Animal
2: The Ancient World
3: The Ant and the Chrysalis | Aesop's Fables
4: An Ant nimbly running about in the sunshine in search of food came across a Chrysalis that was very near its time of change. The Chrysalis moved its tail, and thus attracted the attention of the Ant, who then saw for the first time that it was alive. "Poor, pitiable animal!" cried the Ant disdainfully. "What a sad fate is yours! While I can run hither and thither, at my pleasure, and, if I wish, ascend the tallest tree, you lie imprisoned here in your shell, with power only to move a joint or two of your scaly tail." The Chrysalis heard all this, but did not try to make any reply. | A few days later, when the Ant passed that way again, nothing but the shell remained. Wondering what had become of its contents, he felt himself suddenly shaded and fanned by the gorgeous wings of a beautiful Butterfly. "Behold in me," said the Butterfly, "your much-pitied friend! Boast now of your powers to run and climb as long as you can get me to listen." So saying, the Butterfly rose in the air, and, borne along and aloft on the summer breeze, was soon lost to the sight of the Ant forever. "Appearances are deceptive."
5: Sacred Groves in the Ancient World Statues in the Sacred Grove of Bomarzo, Italy
6: Concerning Nature - Plutarch "For all things that are conspicuous to our eyes, which are neither fortuitous nor necessary, nor have a divine original, nor acknowledge any such like cause, are called natural and enjoy their proper nature. Of this sort are earth, fire, water, air, plants, animals; to these may be added all things produced from them, such as showers, hail, thunders, hurricanes, and winds."
7: "Silvanus, and Gods all and Goddesses, Who make the fields your care, both ye who nurse the tender unsown increase, and from heaven shed on man's sowing the riches of your rain." | Virgil's Georgics: Georgic I
8: Spectacles in the Ancient World
9: "It is also commonly believed in Italy that the Eye-sight of Wolves is hurtful; so that if they look on a Man before he see them, they cause him to lose his Voice for the time. Those which are produced in Africa and Egypt are small, and without Spirit; but in colder Climates they are more Fierce and Cruel." | Pliny's Natural History
10: Celtic-Pagan Europe
11: Celtic Wheel of the Year
12: Elementals are manifestations of the four elements: Water, Fire, Earth, and Air
13: Celtic Religion: Nature Spirits | Devas (Shining Ones) | Dryads (Tree Spirits)
14: Nature Spirits | Earth | Air | Fire | Water
15: The Green Man
16: The Forest In Literature | The Erlking by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe "My father, my father, and dost thou not hear The words that the Alder King now breathes in mine ear?" "Be calm, dearest child, thy fancy deceives; the wind is sighing through withering leaves."
17: Medieval-Christian Europe
18: Sermon to the Birds -Saint Francis of Assisi | My little sisters, the birds, much bounden are ye unto God, your Creator, and always in every place ought ye to praise Him, for that He hath given you liberty to fly about everywhere, and hath also given you double and triple rainment; moreover He preserved your seed in the ark of Noah, that your race might not perish out of the world; still more are ye beholden to Him for the element of the air which He hath appointed for you; beyond all this, ye sow not, neither do you reap; and God feedeth you, and giveth you the streams and fountains for your drink; the mountains and valleys for your refuge and the high trees whereon to make your nests; and because ye know not how to spin or sow, God clotheth you, you and your children; wherefore your Creator loveth you much, seeing that He hath bestowed on you so many benefits; and therefore, my little sisters, beware of the sin of ingratitude, and study always to give praises unto God.
19: Doctrine of Signatures | Human Kidney | Kumis Kucing (Orthosiphon stamineus Benth) A plant that helps treat kidney stones. | Kidney Bean
20: Saint John's Wort- Mary's Glory | Begonia- Heart of Mary | Forget-Me-Nots- Mary's Eyes | Spiderwort- Our Lady's tears | Mary Gardens
21: Peony- Mary's Rose | Bleeding Heart- Mary's Heart | Hosta- The Assumption | Lily of the Valley- Our Lady's Tears | The Gardens of Our Lady
22: "For he was clad all in green, with a straight coat, and a mantle above; all decked and lined with fur was the cloth and the hood that was thrown back from his locks and lay on his shoulders. Hose had he of the same green, and spurs of bright gold with silken fastenings richly worked; and all his vesture was verily green." | Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
23: The Ritual of the Hunt
24: Bestiaries The Phoenix "Then the bird enters Heliopolis laden with fragrance and mounts the altar, where he ignites the fire and burns himself up." -The Physiologus
25: Renaissance Europe
26: "But doubly pitying Nature loves to show'r Soft on his wounded heart her healing power, Who plods o'er hills and vales his road forlorn, Wooing her varying charms from eve to morn." -William Wordsworth, Descriptive Sketches | "And underneath the soft caress Of hand and voice and purring sighs, The shadow of the panther lurks, The spirit of the vampire lies." -James Weldon Johnson, The White Witch | Woman as Nature
27: Representing Nature Pieter Bruegel | The Harvesters 1565 | The Hunters in the Snow 1565 | The Procession to Calvary 1564
28: Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature | The Ascent of Mount Ventoux -Petrarch | "At first, owing to the unaccustomed quality of the air and the effect of the great sweep of view spread out before me, I stood like one dazed. I beheld the clouds under our feet, and what I had read of Athos and Olympus seemed less incredible as I myself witnessed the same things from a mountain of less fame."
29: Early Modern Era- The Scientific Revolution
30: Botanical Realism
31: Vervet Monkey Colour: Olive, Grey, Brown, Black, Silver Skin Type: Fur Size (L): 46cm - 66cm (17.9in - 25.7in) Weight: 3.5kg - 5kg (7lbs - 10lbs) Top Speed: 45kph (30mph) Diet: Omnivore Prey: Leaves, Fruits, Insects Predators: Leopard, Serval, Crocodile | Studying Nature (Encyclopedias)
32: Discourse on Method -Descartes "The second test is, that although such machines might execute many things with equal or perhaps greater perfection than any of us, they would, without doubt, fail in certain others from which it could be discovered that they did not act from knowledge, but solely from the disposition of their organs." | Dominion Over Nature
33: Managing Nature -National Parks | In 1835, the English poet William Wordsworth described the Lake District as a "sort of national property, in which every man has a right and interest who has an eye to perceive and a heart to enjoy."
34: The Beauty of Nature | "Great oak trees and lovely spots in a sacred grove are sublime. Beds of flowers, low hedges and trees trimmed into shape are beautiful. The night is sublime while the day is beautiful." -Immanuel Kant, The Beautiful and The Sublime
35: Reconnecting With Nature | "Together, we and Earth conspire (breathe together) so that neither of us will expire." -Michael J. Cohen, Reconnecting with Nature: Finding Wellness Through Rebuilding Your Bond with the Earth