S: Reconstruction: There's Nothing in the Flowers by Kruse and Palmer
FC: Reconstruction: There's Nothing in the Flowers
1: An Evaluation of Reconstruction in America | The following presentation has two goals. The first is to educate the leaders of Terpakistan on the Reconstruction era in American History which took place after the American Civil War, and the second is to give effective recommendations to the leaders of Terpakistan based the successes and failures of the policies, actions, and changes, which were put into action during American Reconstruction.
2: The 10% plan | The 10% plan was the first Reconstruction proposed by the Union government. The plan, created by Abraham Lincoln, allowed the former Confederate States to be re-admitted to the Union if 10% of the 1860 vote swore an oath of allegiance to the Union, create a new state government, then the state had to formally abolish slavery forever. | The major criticism of the 10% plan was that it was very lenient on the Southern States, this was mainly due to political reasons, as president Lincoln wanted to ensure the victory of the Republican Party in the upcoming election year, and wanted to protect the emancipation proclamation that was passed. Thus wanted the southern states not to elect the democrats, who would upheave the Republicans and repeal the emancipation proclamation
4: Radical Reconstruction | Radical Reconstruction was Reconstruction which was spear-headed by the republican congress of the U.S. which virtually imposed its own will. Under the radical congress, the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments where passed. The 13th amendment slavery was outlawed in all of the states in the Union, and congress was granted powers to appropriately enforce the law accordingly. The 14th amendment gave the right of citizenship to all citizens born in the United States, and punished the South by not allowing anyone who supported an insurrection against the Union could not hold office in congress. The 15th amendment outlawed the prevention of voting based on race, color or previous condition of servitude. | During this period of Reconstruction, as the namesake suggests, some of the most radical changes took place. Former slaves, were now citizens of the United States and could now vote, and hold political office, while former southern leaders both political and military, could not hold office, It was an upheaval of southern Society, as the formally sub-human race, was now governing the superior one.
5: This is a picture of Hiram Revels, one of the first Senators of the United States of African Descent. He played a large role in the congress with Radical Republicans
6: Presidential Reconstruction | Following the assassination of president Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson initially vowed to come down hard on the Confederacy and it's former leaders. However, when elected, Johnson was much easier on the former rebels and handed out no treason trials. Johnson was also lax at attacking southerners who worked to keep down the newly free African Americans, turning a blind eye t o such things as the Black Codes. This along with his consistancy of not-enforcing reconstruction passed laws would put him at constant heat with the radical republican party. Johnson continued to show lacklusted concern for civil rights and continued to clash against radical politicians until his impeachment in 1869.
7: 17th President of the United States, Andrew Johnson
8: Military Reconstruction | Radical Republicans did not agree with Johnson's plans and in March of 1867, the Military Reconstruction Act began. The former states of the Confederacy were divided into five territories each under the watch of a union appointed General. Political organizations were established and great effort was made toward establishing and enforcing equal voting rights, (one of the Republicans primary goals in the South). By the year 1868, 6 of the former states that suceeded into the Confederacy were admitted back into the Union and the rest would come in the following few years.
10: Reconstruction and the Presidency | The reconstruction period witnessed it's fair share of political struggle in the executive branch. President Andrew Johnson was impeached in 1868 and was followed by the former Union General and Civil war hero Ulysses S. Grant. Grant's presidental reign was seen as less than perfect as he was a candidate some considor less than qualified for such a prestine political office. He would be suceeded in 1877 by the Republican canidate Rutherford B. Hayns. Rutherford election was one of the more controversal presidental selections from over the years. His Democratic opponent and himself, (opponent being Samuel Tidden), nearly tied in the eclection poles to where disagreements arose on how to decide which candidate won. Debates raged on for a short time between Republicans and Democrats, even after a 15 man party nominated by congress select Haynes to win at an 8-7 vote. The end result saw Haynes come out on top after some unexpected backing rom Southern Democrats. Coincidently, over the next few months many northern troops would withdrawn from Southern states allowing for democratic goverments to gain contrll. This little under the table arranged came to be know as the Compromise of 1877
11: Big 18, Ulysses S. Grant
12: The Battle For Civil Rights | The Civil War was over and slavery was officially outlawed in the U.S. That being said, new freed Africans were far from being treated fairly, and the battle for equality was just beginning. Right away work was being done to support civil rights. Republicans help set up freeman's bureau's around the South to work as unions dedicated to helping the new freed black establish a life for himself and to protect his rights through employment and livelihood. Equalist took their fight to the law with the civil rights act of 1866. Republicans invoked this act over the veto of President Andrew Johnson and it's aim was to protect the civil rights of free Africans. Radical Republicans continued to rally their cause for years to come. One Republican often a bit more radical than others, the Massachusetts man Charles Sumner, alongside his partner
13: Benjamin F. Butler, had the Civil Rights Act of 1875 passed. It took 5 years from the plan's proposition to be signed by President Grant, but by God in 1875 in was documented in law that no person of the U.S shall be by cause of skin color, class, etc. be denied fair & equal treatment in public accommodations. This law meant that free blacks and alike couldn't be legally denied equal service/etc. in places like inns, theaters, and other public area's. This law was eventually overturned by the supreme court in 1883 on an unconstitutional basis that states do not have the right to dictate the discrimination of individual citizens. Although some setbacks occurred during this period of time in the quest for civil rights, much progress was fade and many heroes arose. One such example of a benchmark in civil rights was the election of the Hiram Revel as the first African American to serve in the state senate.
14: Hiram Revels broke down barriers of hate and oppression when he became the first ever African American to serve on the U.S. senate | Ku Klux Klan member dressed in traditional garb in front of a burning cross. The burning cross was a powerful symbol of the KKK, used both in private gatherings & as a tool of intimidation.
15: Mean People Against Civil Rights | While some such as Charles SUmner fought tooth and nail for the rights of newly freed African Americans, some were doing everything they could to make sure the South stayed the same as it always had. Black Codes had been established early on during this time period and their purpose was to try and control the life of the Negro and limit their powers as much as possible. Radical Republicans fought vigorously against such laws during civil rights movements. Many Southerners hated being subject to so much Republican influence and despised their presence in the South. "Redemption", was the call to arms for all white Southern people to fight to restore Democratic rule in the South and return it to it's former glory. From such idea's arose the Ku Klux Klan organization. The KKK was a white Southern Democratic group who supported the old ways of the South. The KKK despised the
16: Carpetbaggers, (nickname for Northerners in the South), and felt no empathy for their fellow Southerners who supported the Republicans, (whom they called Scalawags). Incidentally, the KKK involved itself in acts of domestic terrorism & rebellion through terrorizing Republicans & Free Blacks, raiding the countryside, killing and attacking innocent people, and working to disestablish organizations and political campaigns through alternative means.
17: Economy of the Reconstruction | Following the civil war, much of the South laid in ruin and all of the destroyed infrastructure had a devastating impact on the Southern economy. The South was eventually able to bounce back to it's former agricultural glory. Farming was and remained a keystone of the and from reconstruction different forms of farming developed. For those too poor to own their, they could pay to work on a portion of someone else's land, this was know as tenant farming. Sharecropping was the process of working land and giving a portion of your crops to the owners. The latter system was used by many of the newly free African Americans and the system was often abused drastically in ways that could almost put free blacks into a position comparable to that of slavery. The greatest Economic scare of the time period came with the year of 1873.
18: A series of poor outcomes of railroad investments made by the financial giant, The Jay Coola bank, forced the corporation into bankruptcy. The following economic panic that emerged resulted in large drops in stock value, thousands of owned businesses to shut down, & for tens of thousands of Americans to become unemployed. The public was displeased with the active economic situation and widespread panic helped fuel the Democratic campaigns in congress. | A group of happy sharecroppers working in their field
19: Reconstruction: Success or Failure? | Reconstruction was a success for the United states. It ultimately succeeded in its task of rebuilding a country torn apart by a civil war. The north and the south needed to reconcile in order for it to grow and be prosperous. They former enemies needed to work together in order to get ahead. The north's initial leniency on the South, with accepting its conditional surrender and by the 10% plan, forgave the south for their treachery. The reintegration of the southern states into the U.S. became an efficient and smooth process. Much of the Southern countryside was completely devastated after the war to a point of ruin. Economically, the reconstruction period had it's fair share of ups and downs, but it ultimately restored the south to it's former capacity of self-sufficiency in terms of agricultural development.
20: There are some who would argue that reconstruction was a failure, because of the lack of equality seized by the newly free Africans and because of all the anti-race groups and causes that emerge from the time period. Well first and foremost i say to you that such groups as the KKK would not exist were it not to deter some powerful force threatening them thereof and that the very presence of these groups is evidence of the advancement of common free black American. Were some powerful benchmark accomplishments made during reconstruction toward civil rights? yes. Did everything go perfect and were blacks assimilated to a position of equality among? No, reconstruction wasn't perfect by any means. Was reconstruction about civil right? Well that can be debated all night and day my friend.
21: methods weren't agreeable), was it not the right of the Southern people and of any population within this land of the free to vote and rally for the goverment that they see fit to be run under. Would it not be unconstitiutional for for Republicanism to be forced upon the South just because they lost the war. In conclusion: Economically; the South went from ruin to stability, destroyed urban areas reinhabitted and wasted farmland scavaged and recultivated. Civilly; countless groundbreaking acheivments were made in the advancement of equal treatment for black some of which being established in constitution itself. The fight was not concluded in this period but the seeds were laid for future generations to finish. Politically; organized goverment was reistablished within teh south and the U.S. as a whole was once again maintained. Some would say that we failed because the country was still so divided politically, but if that wasn't the case then i'd say we weren't living in America. Still more would say that reconstruction as a whole was a failure, because of all the unsucessfull half finished campeigns that werent perfect. And in some sense their right. Reconstruction wan't perfect and there were alot of things we coulda done better, but hey, everybody didn't kill each other did they?
22: Our Proposal to the Great Kingdom of Terpakistan | To you, The mighty and all powerful shah of Terpakistan, we propose the following course of action for you. | First you must execute the former leaders who headed the insurrection against you. We do not suggest going on an execution frenzy, but rather, put to death the ten or so gentlemen who sided against you. This should include, The executive branch of the Western Government, and a few of the top military commanders. You must send a message to the public that your regime and power is nothing to be challenged. And without these leaders it will be difficult for the Western Resistance to form, and thus groups such as the KKK will have difficulty forming. Once the leaders are dealt with you must then focus on the rebuilding of the agricultural part of the Western Society.
23: We suggest that with all your power, you promote agriculture in this region. We must rebuild and expand most of the farms in the region, and create collective farming societies, where the sole purpose is grow as much crops as possible. Our goal is to create a large feeling of positivity and to prepare for the reintegration of the western states. The farming communities will also provide free housing and cover the basic needs of the individual. The individuals will be paid in currency but there will be nearly nothing to buy on the collective farms and we will impose high taxes on goods they can buy. Based off of military Reconstruction of the historical period we propose that the West is divided into districts, which will be controlled by Eastern supporters. States within Terpakistan will then be readmitted to the Union of Terpakistan once they can proved that they can produce enough agriculture to sustain themselves and after a majority of the populace swears re-allegiance to Terpakistan. Since our goals is to create a feeling of positivity and love for Eastern Terpakistan, we must rid the country of all slaves. The division between masters and slaves will be unbridgeable
24: so in order to deal with it, the slaves have to go. All former slaves will be deported and sold to another country which condones slavery, or they will be deported back to their original homeland, but to the public, we just simply state that the slaves are going to their own country where they can live by themselves. To maintain the general feeling of happiness and civility of the people, we will have a secret police force monitoring the populace and important Western figures. Any radical politician, leader, or citizen will be dealt with by these forces. Anyone that poses a threat to the Union which has just been formed must be considered a threat and must be taken care of. We must not be allowed to have anyone ruin the reunited country.
25: Work Key | Pages 1-5: Alex Palmer Pages 6-18: Richard Kruse Pages 19-21: Richard Kruse & Alex Palmer Pages 22-24: Alex Palmer Page 25: Richard Kruse Front Cover Design by: Richard Kruse & Alex Palmer Back Cover Design by: Richard Kruse Special thanks to Michael Wooten for no apparent reason.