FC: Communism in Russia Scrapbook | Communism is the future | By: Ashley parambil
1: Dear Nicholai, March 21, 1918 Sorry I have been astray lately and haven’t been writing back to your letters. Unfortunately, I am sure you have heard about the abolishment of the Constitute Assembly and how Lenin committed a mass murder of helpless people. However, many did not speak so much of the closure of the assembly as many already predicted its removal as many claimed it did not fully represent the peasant class and many peasants did not pledge full allegiance to the assembly, which I disagree with completely. The Constitute Assembly was not just to represent the peasants but a new way of integrating democratic political methods within our government, which is what our country needs. I was out in the public gathering in Petrograd that morning around 9 a.m. getting ready for the march to Tauride Palace when all of a sudden shots were fired into the crowd by the Red Guards. People ducked and tried to flee to avoid death by the bullet. I was confused what was going on, why are they shooting at us? Then a Red Guard standing upon a tank shouting in Russian, “Get out of the way! Lenin has abolished the Constitute Assembly and claimed it as unlawful! Leave or get shot!” Can you believe this?! Calling the assembly unlawful! The assembly was supposed to be the change for a more democratic government and to voice the people. Anyways, I must end this letter as it is getting late. Please write back. Love, Demitri
2: Trotsky's leadership Trotsky was a Menshivk that later joined the Bolsheviks and became Chairman of the St.Petersberg Soviet. He was the mastermind of the revolution and was the one who arranged for the revolution to begin the night before the Second Congress if Soviet planning to blame it on the Petrograd Soviet. He persuaded soldiers in the Petrograd garrison and the sailors at Kronstadt naval base to cause the uprising and provide artillery. He also made detailed plans for the attack operations and the capture of important building in Petrograd and Moscow. The influence of foreign intervention Foreign intervention played a major role in the start of the Russian Civil War as the Civil War was sparked by foreign attacks from the Poles including the surprise attack in 1920 in Kiev. Also Lenin by signing a foreign peace treaty with Germany was a part of the first steps for the start of the Russian Revolution. Also by foreign powers (Germany) supporting a revolution in Russia it pushed away the war effort against Germany. | Decisive | Communist propaganda This played an important role in moving the public towards favoring a Russian Revolution. Since most form of news or media was censored or banned propaganda by the communist party in the form of radio, posters or newspapers were the only outside press source given to the public. The propaganda encouraged the people to seek action to start a Civil War and to follow the Red Guards. Communist control of communications The communist control of communications in the form of media and press did play a role in the Russian Civil War. It was seen as motivation for Lenin and his Communist Party to rid all of Russia of anything that was against the Bolshevik-Communist rule. Media in the form of newspaper, posters, radio etc. were banned if it did not support the Bolsheviks. The party even went to extreme measures of instituting a secret police, CHEKA, which violently handled anyone who was seen as a threat to the Bolshevik party, including the Tsar and his family. This motivated Lenin and his party to cause an uprising for a permanent communist rule in Russia. | Important | The cruelty to the Whites The cruelty of the Whites did play in role towards a movement toward Civil War in Russia. The whites were associated with the Tsar and the landlords and thus considered unfavorable by the Russian majority. They were characterized as harsh with their treatment of people and the lands they utilized. The Whites did not have united front and many of their generals and members displayed bad behaviors of alcohol and drug promotion. Many generals and members treated each other harshly and this led them to dissolve in 1920. Removing the whites was one of the motivational aims for the people taking on the Civil War. | Quite Important | Lack of one leader of the Whites The lack of one leader of the Whites was not a significant aspect of the Civil War in Russia. It was an aspect of the downfall of the Whites as the Whites lacked unity and many generals did not trust one another but did little to affect the outcome or the occurrence of the Russian Civil War. | Not important
3: Attention Vladmir Lenin and his associates, We are the villagers from the Aldan village in the Sakha Republic and we are writing to you to inform you that we do not want a Civil War to start in Russia. Our village has already been damaged to your so called, “War Communism”, leaving several hungry and desperate to make ends meet economically. Ever since you allowed the CHEKA to come to our countryside and seize our grain or whatever ever surplus we have made there has not been enough to eat for anyone in the village and people are dying of starvation due to how little we make anyways. Many workers from the industrial city not too far from our village have complained that they too are hunger since food production levels are down and they are being paid low wages. We oppose War Communism as it is hurting the Russian majority and only helping you and the Russian army. What about the Russian people? The real Russia? We demand that you stop your War Communism and that we be allowed to sell and keep our surplus crops. We demand that more attention be paid to workers and that salaries are raised so that people can at least survive off their pay. We demand more attention in the countryside and less attention be put in the already well equipped army. Please consider our concern carefully. Sincerely, Alexi Rykov – Head of Aldan Village
4: Interview with Communist Party member Yerik Yeltsin Are you content with the New Economic Plan (NEP)? "Of course not.! Lenin has lost his mind if he thinks that letting these dirty peasants control our Russian economy and industry will help resolve our matters. Our solution is war and supplying our army not those packrats."! What do you think about Lenin banning food rationing? "It's ludicrous! How are we going to feed our army now? These people need to get it through their mind that this food is crucial for feeding our army which is protecting their penniless bodies! By rationing the food we had a stable food supply to make sure our army can survive and protect Russia." Do you think that the new industrial plans are going to be efficient? "No. The government should have all control over all factories and no business or “private enterprise” should be allowed to keep any profit because again, that is necessary money that could be used in the army fund." . | Interview with kulak, Czar Vavilov Are you content with the New Economic Plan (NEP)? Yes, I most certainly am.! I’ve been receiving more benefits than ever since the start of the NEP. I finally feel like Lenin is trying his best to please the peasants and the lowly Russian working class. What do you think about Lenin banning food rationing? It was the smartest thing he could’ve done. For so long our people have been starving and some have been dying because we didn’t have enough food to eat as most it plus any surplus was given to the army. Now we can keep our grain, we have been able to grow enough food and now we could sell our surpluses. However, we must give a 10% tax in foodstuff for any profits, it’s better than nothing. Do you think that the new industrial plans are going to be efficient? Yes. Now the government can do its job by regulating what is necessary in big, industrial businesses and leave the small private enterprises to themselves so they may make a majority profit to support themselves. It's only fair. | Mushka International Press Written by Jov Serov
5: Mourning the Death of Thy Sir Vladmir Lenin Death Vladmir Lenin died on January 21, 1924, after suffering a series of massive strokes beginning from December 1922. His first stroke in December of 1922 led him to become paralyzed and also partially mute. Lenin’s great suffering has ended and his illness is finally cured. Vladmir Lenin – Background Lenin was born Vladmir Ulyanov in Simbirsk, Russia in 1870. Born to a school inspector and a housewife Lenin was always affected by revolutionary movements as his brother was a revolutionary and was killed while being involved in the plot to murder Alexander II. After attending university to pursue law he was expelled for his rebellious nature and eventually joined a Marxist group in 1894 and changed him named to Lenin. He was then sent to London in exile for his Marxist activities and became the editor of the party newspaper, Iskra (The Spark). Lenin wanted a small party of dedicated revolutionaries to run Russia and after the Social Democratic Party in Russia split he took his chance and led the Bolsheviks in ongoing success in Russia for quite some time. Achievements -Was claimed as the “greatest genius of mankind” and “the leader and teacher of the peoples of the whole world”. -Lenin was written over 54 volumes of his “Collected Works” detailing his political mindset and his aim for the Bolshevik party. -Initiated the greatest social and political change in Russian history.
6: Curriculum Vitae for Levin “Trotsky” Bronstein Born: 1879, Ukraine Qualifications- Education -Educated in a German school in Odessa which later became Russified (Russian dominated in teachings, culture etc.) Qualifications – Political Background -Joined a Marxist group at the age of sixteen Sided with the Mensheviks in 1903 and then left in 1905 joined the revolution -Became the Chairman of the St. Petersburg Soviet -Masterminded the revolution- detailed military operations, naval support and arranged the occurrence of the revolution Dedication for the Job -Has a strong personality and is very intelligent -Popular within the army -Played a large part in leading the Russian Civil War and the Bolshevik Revolution -Lenin’s own choice successor | Curriculum Vitae for Joseph “Stalin” Djugashvili Born: 1879, Georgia Qualifications- Education -Scholarship led education to Georgian Orthodox Tiflis Theological Seminary in Tbilisi Qualifications- Political Background -Avid interest in Karl Marx ideology -Is a member of the Bolshevik Party -Editor of the Bolshevik newspaper, Pravada -Made Commissar of Nationalities by Vladmir Lenin -Became General Secretary in 1922 Dedication for the Job -Dedicated to the party cause, in 1905-8 seized money in over 100 raids to help fund the party -Promotes, “Socialism in One Country”, having communism as a home base governmental practice for all of Russia
7: Interview written by Luka Toporov Interview of a peasant from the Kargopol village What is your name? Vladmir Shelyapin How was your village and farming methods before collectivization? Before we only had to worry about our own private plots and making enough food for ourselves. We made what we needed and we used what we needed to survive. Our farming methods we old fashioned indeed but at least we were comfortable with using them. Now we have all these crazy, modern machines which we don’t even know how to use properly. We made enough food in grain, dairy and meat and even had enough to sell for profit at some points. We also had our own animals to utilize before collectivization, two cows and a few sheep to be exact. What changes has collectivization brought? It changed everything for the worse for us peasants but the better for the government. Now, we are grouped with random families we don’t even know and we are expected to work together and share crops. We have to use the same land, machinery and animals to survive and we don’t even get paid good wages. Many have gone hungry and starving to death because the government takes our crops for such low prices that we don’t have enough money to buy decent food. How are other villagers responding to collectivization? Other villagers are the least bit happy about this. Many are ignoring the whole collectivization system and prefer to tend to their own private land plots rather than working on the kolkhoz. Many even are considering rioting and refusing to work on the kolkhoz because it threatens their survival. What about the wealthier peasants? Many of the kulaks were exiled from Russia to the east and surrounding areas of Siberia because of sheer hatred from Stalin. Stalin did not like that the peasants were getting economic control and now he is establishing control through his collectivization system.
8: Hello and this Ronald Yartsev reporting from the Russian BBC radio in Moscow. We are now reporting live of a Stalin initiated purge of his own secret police. The date is February 4, 1940, and we are witnessing the purge of Joseph Stalin’s own head of the NKD (secret police), Nikolai Yezhov. Yezhov along with several other suspected oppositionists to Stalin’s power and five other police members of NKD have been lined up in front of the national, communist government building and shot to death. Yezhov along with the others were suspected of anti-communist action and have been arrested and killed as consequence. Guards have beaten other secret police members savagely and then taken them to the front of the town square to be shot right before Stalin’s eyes. It goes to show to the Russian people that any opposition to Stalin and his reign is taken seriously and violence is to follow. Reporting live from, this is Ronald Yartsev. | BBC RADIO - MNOSCOW