S: Zimbabwe By:Gina Chieffallo
FC: A Travel Guide to Zimbabwe | Gina Chieffallo
1: Works Cited : Google.com Culture Grams World Book Ancient Monuments
3: Zimbabwe is located on the continent of Africa. The country's capital is Harare. The country is the land between two major African rivers, the Zambezi and the Limpopo.
4: In 1889, Great Britain's Queen Victoria sent a charter to Cecil John Rhodes to effectively colonize areas north of the Limpopo River. Zimbabwe is located in this area. The British then came to search for gold and farmland. Later, in 1923, the settlers voted to make the land the British colony of Rhodesia. | Historical Facts
5: Ian Smith led a white-minority government to declare their independence from Britain in 1965. This sparked years of civil wars. During the year of 1979, a power-sharing agreement led to multiracial elections in 1980. This made Zimbabwe an independent republic with Robert Mugabe as their prime minister. | In 1969, a new constitution was established to prevent any blacks from gaining control of the government. But in the late 1970's, Prime Minister Smith began to make plans for a new government with a majority of black leaders.
6: Famous Landmarks | Victorian Falls is a great tourist attraction. It is sometimes referred to as the eighth wonder of the world. | The Ruins of Great Zimbabwe were built by the indigenous African people between AD 1250 and AD 1450
7: The word ZIMBABWE means "stone houses". | Hwange National Park is the largest game reserve in Zimbabwe; it covers 14,600 square kilometers. Overnight campsites are also available to tourists.
8: Before work, Zimbabweans eat breakfast, and eat their main meals at the end of the day. Lunches are usually light. Most eat with their right hands. Everyone washes their hands in a wash basin before and after each meal. Depending on the food, rural families eat out of a communal dish. This excludes the children, they eat together. A paraffin stove or small fire is used to cook food by many families. Chicken is a favorite Zimbabwean food, but expensive. | Menu
9: Local vegetables include kale, spinach, and pumpkin. Also, mangoes, tangerines, bananas, melons, guavas, and papayas are available throughout the year. A cup of tea is common with meals or at the office. A stiff porridge made from white maize called sadza is eaten at every meal. A sauce of green, leafy vegetables thats cooked with onions, tomatoes, and seasonings is served with it.
10: Dating and Marriage | Cities are a more common place to find dating. Usually children meet at school or other social functions. When a couple is ready for marriage, a groom's representative visits the bride's family to negotiate gifts and a bride-price, lobola. Lobola, also called roora and bohali, are gifts given to the bride's parents, which are usually in the form of livestock or cash. Virginity in a woman is very much valued and brings a higher bride-price. Weddings can last more than a day. The weddings include lots of feasting, dancing, and drinking. After marriage, men are allowed to affairs. It is socially acceptable and proves masculinity.
12: Greetings | Strangers are greeted with a single handshake, but a longer one is used with friends. To support your extended right hand with your left is a sign of respect. Shona greetings include Mhoroi (Hello), Mangwanani (Good morning), and Maheru (good evening). When some- one asks you how you're doing in Zimbabwe, some answer "We are fine if you are fine." What the person is doing is answering and speaking for his or her family. Children's first names are used when being addressed. In some rural families, parents use their first child's name along
13: with the prefixes Mai, mother of, or Baba, father of. Elders are greatly respected and are addressed as "grandmother" or "grandfather". Elders are greeted first and must be obeyed by children.
14: Language | English is Zimbabwe's official language. Shona and Ndebele are the languages rural people speak. They are written languages taught in school, but are replaced by English when students reach secondary school. Most Zimbabweans are polyglots, they speak multiple languages.
15: Holidays | We share many holidays with Zimbabwe. For instance, New Years and religious holidays. | Zimbabwe has it's own set of holidays like Independence Day (April 18), Workers' Day (May 1), Africa Day (May 25), Heroes Day and Defense Forces Day (August 11-12), and Boxing Day (December 26). Heroes Day honors the heroes of the country . On Boxing Day, Zimbabweans give gifts to less fortunate others.
16: Transportation & Communications | Few people have cars and heavily depend on public transportation. Rural Zimbabweans usually walk on foot or ride a bicycle. Buses, taxis, and kombis (minivan taxis) are also available for longer trips. Key cities are connected by a railway. Rural people don't have easy access to Zimbabwe's extensive telecommunication system. Towns usually find news through the grape vine. The government controls the press, the country's one TV station, and it's four radio stations. Electricity doesn't run to most rural areas, but radios and televisions are battery powered.
17: Population | With a .6% annual increase, Zimbabwe has a population of 12.3 million. HIV/AIDS is causing a low population growth. 65% of Zimbabweans live in rural settings. The largest cities are Harare, the capital, and Bulawayo. Africans make up 98% while the other 2% is European and Indian.
18: Many religions make up the mixed belief structure of Zimbabwe's faith. Various forms of Christianity along with traditional practice and belief are predominant. Other religions, such as Muslim, are practiced in the country. N'angas, witch doctors, are consulted due to a strong belief in witch craft, ancestor veneration, and clan affiliation with totems. Week long parties are held for the deceased to reunite them with the living. Church is an important social event for most rural people and has high attendance.
19: Religion | Religions