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Africa Volume One

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Africa Volume One - Page Text Content

S: Africa

1: Africa is the worlds second-largest and the second most populated continent, after Asia. 30.2 million Km (11.7 Million sq mi) which includes nearby islands. Africa covers 6% of the Earth’s total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area. In 61 territories, it accounts for about 14.72% of the Worlds human population.

5: President: Abdel-Aziz Bouteflika (1999) Prime Minister: Ahmed Ouyahia (2008) Total area: 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 34,178,188 (growth rate: 1.2%); birth rate: 16.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 27.7/1000; life expectancy: 74.2; density per sq mi: 36 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Algiers, 3,917,000 (metro. area), 1,742,800 (city proper) Other large cities: Oran, 752,200; Constantine, 530,100; Batna, 278,100; Annaba, 246,700 Monetary unit: Dinar National name: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah Current government officials Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1% Religion: Islam (Sunni) 99% (state religion), Christian and Jewish 1% National Holiday: Revolution Day, November 1 Literacy rate: 69.9%

6: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $268.9 billion; per capita $8,100. Real growth rate: 4.6%. Inflation: 4.6%. Unemployment: 14.1%. Arable land: 3.17%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle. Labor force: 9.38 million; agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.). Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc. Exports: $63.3 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%. Imports: $26.08 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods. Major trading partners: France, Italy, China, Germany, Spain, U.S., Turkey (2006) Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 2.841 million (2006); mobile cellular: 21 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 25, FM 1, shortwave 8 (1999). Television broadcast stations: 46 (plus 216 repeaters) (1995). Internet hosts: 2,077 (2007). Internet users: 2.46 million (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 3,973 km (2006). Highways: total: 108,302 km ; paved: 76,028 km; unpaved: 32,274 km (2004). Ports and harbors: Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda. Airports: 150 (2007).

7: International disputes: Algeria supports the Polisario Front exiled in Algeria and who represent the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic; Algeria rejects Moroccan administration of Western Sahara; most of the approximately 90,000 Western Saharan Sahrawi refugees are sheltered in camps in Tindouf, Algeria; Algeria's border with Morocco remains an irritant to bilateral relations, each nation accusing the other of harboring militants and arms smuggling; Algeria remains concerned about armed bandits operating throughout the Sahel who sometimes destabilize southern Algerian towns; dormant disputes include Libyan claims of about 32,000 sq km still reflected on its maps of southeastern Algeria and the FLN's assertions of a claim to Chirac Pastures in southeastern Morocco.

10: President: José Eduardo dos Santos (1979) Prime Minister: Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos (2003) Total area: 481,350 sq mi (1,246,699 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 12,799,293 (growth rate: 2.0%); birth rate: 43.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 180.2/1000; life expectancy: 38.2; density per sq mi: 25 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Luanda, 2,297,200 Other large cities: Huambo, 171,000; Lubango, 136,000 Monetary unit: New Kwanza National name: Republica de Angola Current government officials Languages: Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages Ethnicity/race: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22% Religions: Indigenous 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.) Literacy rate: 67.4% (2001 est.)

11: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $80.95 billion; per capita $6,500. Real growth rate: 16.3%. Inflation: 12.5%. Unemployment: extensive unemployment and underemployment affecting more than half the population (2001 est.). Arable land: 2.65%. Agriculture: bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish. Labor force: 6.573 million; agriculture 85%, industry and services 15% (2007 est.). Industries: petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair. Natural resources: petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium. Exports: $43.23 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton. Imports: $11.41 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods. Major trading partners: U.S., China, Taiwan, France, Chile (2006) Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 98,200 (2006); mobile cellular: 2.264 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AAM 21, FM 6, shortwave 7 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 6 (2000). Internet hosts: 3,337 (2007). Internet users: 85,000 (2005). Transportation: Railways: total: 2,761 km (2006). Highways: total: 51,429 km; paved: 5,349 km; unpaved: 46,080 km (2001). Waterways: 1,300 km (2007). Ports and harbors: Cabinda, Luanda, Soyo. Airports: 232 (2007). International disputes: many Cabinda exclave secessionists have sought shelter in neighboring states

14: Republic of Benin President: Yayi Boni (2006) Land area: 42,710 sq mi (110,619 sq km); total area: 43,483 sq mi (112,620 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 8,791,832 (growth rate: 2.9%); birth rate: 39.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 64.6/1000; life expectancy: 59; density per sq km: 75 Capital (2003 est.): Porto-Novo (official), 231,600; Largest city and seat of government: Cotonou 734,600 Other large cities: Parakou 205,300; Djougou, 184,200 Monetary unit: CFA Franc National name: Republique du Benin Languages: French (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages Ethnicity/race: African 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500

15: National name: Republique du Benin Languages: French (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages Ethnicity/race: African 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500 Religions: indigenous 50%, Christian 30%, Islam 20% National Holiday: National Day, August 1 Literacy rate: 34.7% (2006) Literacy rate: 34.7% (2006) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $12.1 billion; per capita $1,500. Real growth rate: 4.2%. Inflation: 2%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 25.53%. Agriculture: cotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts; livestock. Labor force: N.A. Industries: textiles, food processing, construction materials, and cement. Natural resources: small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber. Exports: $826.9 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): cotton, crude oil, palm products, cocoa. Imports: $1.043 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum products. Major trading partners: China, India, Ghana, Niger, Indonesia, Nigeria, France, Thailand, Cte d'Ivoire (2004). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 66,500 (2003); mobile cellular: 236,200 (2003). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 4 (2000). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001). Internet hosts: 879 (2004). Internet users: 70,000 (2003). Transportation: Railways: total: 578 km (2004). Highways: total: 6,787 km; paved: 1,357 km (including 10 km of expressways); unpaved: 5,430 km (1999 est.). Waterways: 150 km (on River Niger along northern border) (2004). Ports and harbors: Cotonou. Airports: 5 (2004 est.).

17: International disputes: two villages remain in dispute along the border with Burkina Faso; accuses Burkina Faso of moving boundary pillars; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint with Nigeria, remains undemarcated, and the states expect a ruling in 2005 from the ICJ over the disputed Niger and Mekrou River islands; a joint task force was established in 2004 that resolved disputes over and redrew the maritime and the 870-km land boundary with Nigeria, including the sovereignty over seven villages along the Okpara River; a joint boundary commission continues to resurvey the boundary with Togo to verify Benin's claim that Togo moved boundary stones.

19: President: Ian Khama (2008) Land area: 226,012 sq mi (585,371 sq km); total area: 231,803 sq mi (600,370 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 1,990,876 (growth rate: 1.9%); birth rate: 22.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 12.6/1000; life expectancy: 61.8; density per sq km: 3 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Gaborone, 195,000 Monetary unit: Pula

21: More Facts & Figures Languages: English 2% (official), Setswana 78%, Kalanga 8%, Sekgalagadi 3%, other (2001) Ethnicity/race: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other (including Kgalagadi and white) 7% National Holiday: Independence Day (Botswana Day), September 30 Religions: Christian 72%, Badimo 6%, none 21% (2001) Literacy rate: 81.2% (2006 EST.)

22: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $25.68 billion; per capita $16,400. Real growth rate: 5.4%. Inflation: 7.1%. Unemployment: 7.5%. Arable land: 1%. Agriculture: livestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts. Labor force: 288,400 formal sector employees (2004); agriculture n.a., industry n.a., services n.a.. Industries: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles. Natural resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver. Exports: $3.68 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles. Imports: $3.37 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): foodstuffs, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, metal and metal products. Major trading partners: European Free Trade Association (EFTA), Southern African Customs Union (SACU), Zimbabwe (2004).

23: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 142,400 (2002); mobile cellular: 435,000 (2002). Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 13, shortwave 4 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001). Internet hosts: 1,920 (2003). Internet users: 60,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 888 km (2004). Highways: total: 10,217 km; paved: 5,619 km; unpaved: 4,598 km (1999). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 85 (2004 est.). International disputes: commission established with Namibia has yet to resolve small residual disputes along the Caprivi Strip, including the Situngu marshlands along the Linyanti River; downstream Botswana residents protest Namibia's planned construction of the Okavango hydroelectric dam at Popavalle (Popa Falls); Botswana has built electric fences to stem the thousands of Zimbabweans who flee to find work and escape political persecution; Namibia has long supported and in 2004 Zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing their short, but not clearly delimited Botswana-Zambia boundary.

25: Republic of Burundi President: Pierre Nkurunziza (2005) Land area: 9,903 sq mi (25,649 sq km); total area: 10,745 sq mi (27,830 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 8,988,091 (growth rate: 3.2%); birth rate: 41.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 59.6/1000; life expectancy: 52.0; density per sq km: 338 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Bujumbura, 331,700 Other large city: Gitega, 45,700 National name: Republika y'u Burundi Languages: Kirundi and French (official), Swahili Ethnicity/race: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1% National Holiday: Independence Day, July 1 Religions: Roman Catholic 62%, indigenous 23%, Islam 10%, Protestant 5% Literacy rate: 59.3% (2006 EST.)

26: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $2.896 billion; per capita $400. Real growth rate: 3.6%. Inflation: 8.4%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 35%. Agriculture: coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides. Labor force: 2.99 million (2002); agriculture 93.6%, industry 2.3%, services 4.1% (2002 EST.). Industries: light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing. Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone. Exports: $52 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides. Imports: $200 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Germany, Belgium, Pakistan, U.S., Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania, France, Italy, Uganda, Japan (2004). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 23,900 (2003); mobile cellular: 64,000 (2003). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001). Internet hosts: 22 (2003). Internet users: 14,000 (2003).

27: Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 14,480 km; paved: 1,028 km; unpaved: 13,452 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: mainly on Lake Tanganyika (2004). Ports and harbors: Bujumbura. Airports: 8 (2004 EST.). International disputes: Tutsi, Hutu, other conflicting ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces continue fighting in the Great Lakes region, transcending the boundaries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda in an effort to gain control over populated and natural resource areas; government heads pledge to end conflict, but localized violence continues despite the presence of about 6,000 peacekeepers from the UN Operation in Burundi (ONUB) since 2004; although some 150,000 Burundian refugees have been repatriated, as of February 2005, Burundian refugees still reside in camps in western Tanzania as well as the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Priscilla J. Fumero
  • By: Priscilla J.
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  • Title: Africa Volume One
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  • Published: almost 8 years ago