S: A m e r i c a n F l a t s
BC: Photos and Book Design Debbie Wolff 2011/2012
FC: A m e r i c a n F l a t s | Gold Hill, Nevada
1: Built in 1922 at a cost of 1.5 million, It was the worlds largest concrete structure, used to process local gold and silver using cyanide vat leaching. Now abandoned, it is used as a palette for graffiti artists and paint ball wars. It has since been closed for safety reasons due to the falling concrete and large holes filled with water. I was fortunate to be able to photograph the area. People still manage to get on the property. A friend of mine said her daughter had her engagement photos taken here.
2: Decorated rubble
6: Holes everywhere!
7: This book is an exploration of "Mixbook" which is one of a few of on line self-publishing tools available to the masses. The layouts are kind of crazy... but so is the subject matter. R A N D O M So the layouts can be random. I am impressed with how easy this software is to use.
8: I love typography and see faces in many obscure places. Oh yes, metal and patina... some of my favorite things.
10: The abandoned structures are very colorful against the backdrop of the natural landscape. It is very tempting to apply creative effects to the photographs due to the stark contrast of man vs. nature.... enhancing the craziness of it all.
21: I dedicate this book to Mark, he is my new love who gave me back my old love of photography. His 24-hour tech support and creativity have inspired me to pursue one of my passions!
25: Graffiti and graffito are from the Italian word graffiato ("scratched"). "Graffiti" is applied in art history to works of art produced by scratching a design into a surface. A related term is "graffito", or "sgrafitto," which involves scratching through one layer of pigment to reveal another beneath it. This technique was primarily used by potters who would glaze their wares and then scratch a design into it. In ancient times graffiti was carved on walls with a sharp object, although sometimes chalk or coal were used. The word originates from Greek — graphein — meaning "to write."
27: C O N T R A S T: Look at the graffiti type on the walls compared to the "create" type on the right. State of the ART now... state of the ART then.
29: P A N O R A M I C D R A M A
33: I recognize graffiti as an art form but on the other side I see it as a mechanism of vandalism. I own an art supply store. There is conflict within me... to sell or not sell spray paint, that is the question. | Graffiti responsibly
34: Graffiti (singular: graffito; the plural is used as a mass noun) is writing or drawings scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surface in a public place. Graffiti ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings, and has existed since ancient times, with examples dating back to Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. In modern times, paint, particularly spray paint, and marker pens have become the most commonly used graffiti materials. In most countries, marking or painting property without the property owner's consent is considered defacement and vandalism, which is a punishable crime. Graffiti may also express underlying social and political messages and a whole genre of artistic expression is based upon spray paint graffiti styles. Within hip hop culture, graffiti has evolved alongside hip hop music, b-boying, and other elements. Unrelated to hip-hop graffiti, gangs use their own form of graffiti to mark territory or to serve as an indicator of gang-related activities. Controversies that surround graffiti continue to create disagreement amongst city officials/law enforcement and writers who wish to display and appreciate work in public locations. There are many different types and styles of graffiti and it is a rapidly developing art form whose value is highly contested, reviled by many authorities while also subject to protection, sometimes within the same jurisdiction.
35: Modern graffiti Graffiti is often seen as having become intertwined with hip hop culture and the myriad international styles derived from New York City Subway graffiti. However, there are many other instances of notable graffiti this century. Graffiti has long appeared on railroad boxcars and subways. The one with the longest history, dating back to the 1920s and continuing into the present day, is Texino During World War II and for decades after, the phrase "Kilroy was here" with accompanying illustration was widespread throughout the world, due to its use by American troops and its filtering into American popular culture. Shortly after the death of Charlie Parker (nicknamed "Yardbird" or "Bird"), graffiti began appearing around New York with the words "Bird Lives". The student protests and general strike of May 1968 saw Paris bedecked in revolutionary, anarchist, and situationist slogans such as L'ennui est contre-révolutionnaire ("Boredom is counterrevolutionary") expressed in painted graffiti, poster art, and stencil art. In the U.S. at the time other political phrases (such as "Free Huey" about Black Panther Huey Newton) became briefly popular as graffiti in limited areas, only to be forgotten. A popular graffito of the 1970s was the legend "Dick Nixon Before He Dicks You", reflecting the hostility of the youth culture to that U.S. president.
36: Rock and roll graffiti is a significant sub genre. A famous graffito of the 20th century was the inscription in the London subway reading "Clapton is God". The phrase was spray-painted by an admirer on a wall in an Islington Underground station in the autumn of 1967. The graffiti was captured in a photograph, in which a dog is urinating on the wall. Graffiti also became associated with the anti-establishment punk rock movement beginning in the 1970s. Bands such as Black Flag and Crass (and their followers) widely stenciled their names and logos, while many punk night clubs, squats and hangouts are famous for their graffiti. In the late 1980s the upside down Martini glass that was the tag for punk band Missing Foundation was the most ubiquitous graffito in lower Manhattan, and copied by hard core punk fans throughout the U.S. and West Germany. Along similar lines was the legend "Frodo Lives", referring to the protagonist of The Lord of the Rings.
37: Banksy is a pseudonymous England-based graffiti artist, political activist, film director, and painter. His satirical street art and subversive epigrams combine irreverent dark humor with graffiti done in a distinctive stenciling technique. Such artistic works of political and social commentary have been featured on streets, walls, and bridges of cities throughout the world. Known for his contempt for the government in labeling graffiti as vandalism, Banksy displays his art on public surfaces such as walls and even going as far as to build physical prop pieces. Banksy does not sell photos of street graffiti directly himself; however, art auctioneers have been known to attempt to sell his street art on location and leave the problem of its removal in the hands of the winning bidder. Banksy's first film, Exit Through the Gift Shop, billed as "the world's first street art disaster movie," made its debut at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival. The film was released in the UK on 5 March 2010. In January 2011, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary for the film. | The debate lives on...
39: One of the times Mark and I went to photograph, we went to one of th largest petroglyph sites in Nevada Lagomarsino Canyon (approximately 10,000 petroglyphs) near Virgina City. Also that same day we went to American Flats also near Virginia city. Here is one of many photos I took of the ancient rock art. What a contrast with the new concrete art. Old messages and stories communicated... and now... new meanings, new language.