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Asia Volume One

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Asia Volume One - Page Text Content

S: Places Around Asia

2: Area44,579,000 km2 (17,212,000 sq mi) Population3,879,000,000 (1st)[1] Pop. density89/km2 (226/sq mi) Demonym Asian Countries47 (List of countries) Dependencies[show]

3: Unrecognized regions[show] LanguagesList of languages Time ZonesUTC+2 to UTC+12 Internet TLD Asia Largest cities[show]

6: China Map

7: The Great Wall of China

8: President: Hu Jintao (2003) Prime Minister: Wen Jiabao (2003) Land area: 3,600,927 sq mi (9,326,411 sq km); total area: 3,705,407 sq mi (9,596,960 sq km)1 Population (2010 est.): 1,330,141,295 (growth rate: 0.5%); birth rate: 12.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 16.5/1000; life expectancy: 74.5; density per sq mi: 142 Capital (2003 est.): Beijing, 10,849,000 (metro. area), 8,689,000 (city proper) Largest cities: Shanghai, 12,665,000 (metro. area), 10,996,500 (city proper); Tianjin (Tientsin), 9,346,000 (metro. area), 4,333,900 (city proper); Wuhan, 3,959,700; Shenyang (Mukden), 3,574,100; Guangzhou, 3,473,800; Haerbin, 2,904,900; Xian, 2,642,100; Chungking (Chongquing) 2,370,100; Chengdu, 2,011,000; Hong Kong (Xianggang), 1,361,200 Monetary unit: Yuan/Renminbi

9: Temple in China

10: China Rice With Farmer

11: More Facts & Figures National name: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Languages: Standard Chinese (Mandarin/Putonghua), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages Ethnicity/race: Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1% National Holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China, October 1 Religions: Officially atheist; Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%–4%, Muslim 1%–2% (2002 EST.) Literacy rate: 90.9% (2006 EST.)

12: Christmas In China

13: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $8.8 trillion; per capita $6,600. Real growth rate: 8.7% (official data). Inflation: –0.8%. Unemployment: 4.3% official registered unemployment in urban areas; substantial unemployment and underemployment in rural areas. Arable land: 15%. Agriculture: rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish. Labor force: 798 million (2006); agriculture 45%, industry 24%, services 31% (2006 EST.). Industries: mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites.

14: Natural resources: coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest). Exports: $1.2 trillion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, plastics, optical and medical equipment, iron and steel. Imports: $921.5 billion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, oil and mineral fuels, plastics, optical and medical equipment, organic chemicals, iron and steel. Major trading partners: U.S., Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Germany, Taiwan (2004) Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 350.43 million (2005); mobile cellular: 437.48 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 369, FM 259, shortwave 45 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 3,240 (of which 209 are operated by China Central Television, 31 are provincial TV stations and nearly 3,000 are local city stations) (1997). Internet hosts: 232,780 (2006). Internet users: 123 million (2006)..

15: Beautiful China

16: Transportation: Railways: total: 71,898 (2002). Highways: total: 1,870,661 km; paved: 1,515,797 km (with at least 34,288 km of expressways) ; unpaved: 354,864 km (2004). Waterways: 123,964 km (2003). Ports and harbors: Dalian, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai. Airports: 486 (2006 EST.).

17: International disputes: in 2005, China and India initiate drafting principles to resolve all aspects of their extensive boundary and territorial disputes together with a security and foreign policy dialogue to consolidate discussions related to the boundary, regional nuclear proliferation, and other matters; recent talks and confidence-building measures have begun to defuse tensions over Kashmir, site of the world's largest and most militarized territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China (Aksai Chin), India (Jammu and Kashmir), and Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas); India does not recognize Pakistan's ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964; about 90,000 ethnic Tibetan exiles reside primarily in India as well as Nepal and Bhutan; China asserts sovereignty over the Spratly Islands together with Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, and possibly Brunei; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea"

18: has eased tensions in the Spratlys but is not the legally binding "code of conduct" sought by some parties; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord on marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; China occupies some of the Paracel Islands also claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan; China and Taiwan have become more vocal in rejecting both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea, the site of intensive hydrocarbon prospecting; certain islands in the Yalu and Tumen rivers are in an uncontested dispute with North Korea and a section of boundary around Mount Paektu is considered indefinite; China seeks to stem illegal migration of tens of thousands of North Koreans; in 2004, China and Russia divided up the islands in the Amur, Ussuri, and Argun Rivers, ending a century-old border dispute; demarcation of the China-Vietnam boundary proceeds slowly and although the maritime boundary delimitation and fisheries agreements were ratified in June 2004, implementation has been delayed; environmentalists in Burma and Thailand remain concerned about China's construction of hydroelectric dams upstream on the Nujiang/Salween River in Yunnan Province.

21: The Taj Mahal in India

22: President: Pratibha Patil (2007) Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh (2004) Land area: 1,147,949 sq mi (2,973,190 sq km); total area: 1,269,338 sq mi (3,287,590 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 1,166,079,217 (growth rate: 1.5%); birth rate: 21.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 30.1/1000; life expectancy: 69.8; density per sq km: 386 Capital (2003 est.): New Delhi, 15,334,000 (metro. area), 9,817,439 (city proper) Largest cities: Bombay (Mumbai), 18,336,000 (metro. area), 11,914,398 (city proper); Calcutta (Kolkata), 14,299,000 (metro. area), 4,760,800 (city proper); Bangalore, 4,461,100; Madras (Chennai), 4,382,100; Ahmadabad, 3,653,700; Hyderabad, 3,585,600; Kanpur, 2,631,800 Monetary unit: Rupee

23: Namgyal Monastery, Dharamsala, India

24: More Facts & Figures National name: Bharat National name: Bharat Principal languages: Hindi 30%, English, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all official); Hindi/Urdu; 1,600+ dialects Ethnicity/race: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000) Religions: Hindu 81%, Islam 13%, Christian 2%, Sikh 2% (2001) National Holiday: Republic Day, January 26 Literacy rate: 61% (2005 EST.)

25: Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet in India

26: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $2.989 trillion; per capita $2,700. Real growth rate: 9.2%. Inflation: 6.4%. Unemployment: 7.2%. Arable land: 49%. Agriculture: rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish. Labor force: 516.4 million; agriculture 60%, services 12%, industry 28% (2003). Industries: textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software. Natural resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromites, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land. Exports: $140.8 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures. Imports: $224.1 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): crude oil, machinery, gems, fertilizer, chemicals. Major trading partners: U.S., UAE, China, Germany, UK, Singapore (2006).

27: The Gateway of India with the Taj Mahal Hotel In India

28: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 49.75 million (2005); mobile cellular: 166.1 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 153, FM 91, shortwave 68 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 562 (of which 82 stations have 1 kW or greater power and 480 stations have less than 1 kW of power) (1997). Internet hosts: 2.306 million (2007). Internet users: 60 million (2005). Transportation: Railways: total: 63,221 km (16,693 km electrified) (2006). Highways: total: 3,383,344 km; paved: 1,603,705 km; unpaved: 1,779,639 km (2002). Waterways: 14,500 km; note: 5,200 km on major rivers and 485 km on canals suitable for mechanized vessels (2006). Ports and harbors: Chennai, Haldia, Jawaharal Nehru, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), New Mangalore, Vishakhapatnam. Airports: 346 (2007).

29: Hyderabad in India

30: International disputes: China and India launched a security and foreign policy dialogue in 2005, consolidating discussions related to the dispute over most of their rugged, militarized boundary, regional nuclear proliferation, Indian claims that China transferred missiles to Pakistan, and other matters; recent talks and confidence-building measures have begun to defuse tensions over Kashmir, site of the world's largest and most militarized territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China (Aksai Chin), India (Jammu and Kashmir), and Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas); in 2004, India and Pakistan instituted a cease fire in the Kashmir and in 2005, restored bus service across the highly militarized Line of Control; Pakistan has taken its dispute on the impact and benefits of India's building the Baglihar dam on the Chenab River in Jammu and Kashmir to the World Bank for arbitration; UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) has maintained a small group of peacekeepers since 1949;

31: India does not recognize Pakistan's ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964; disputes persist with Pakistan over Indus River water sharing; to defuse tensions and prepare for discussions on a maritime boundary, in 2004, India and Pakistan resurveyed a portion of the disputed boundary in Sir Creek estuary at the mouth of the Rann of Kutch; Pakistani maps continue to show Junagadh claim in Indian Gujarat State; discussions with Bangladesh remain stalled to delimit a small section of river boundary, to exchange 162 miniscule enclaves in both countries, to allocate divided villages, and to stop illegal cross-border trade, migration, violence, and transit of terrorists through the porous border; Bangladesh protests India's attempts to fence off high-traffic sections; dispute with Bangladesh over New Moore/South Talpatty/Purbasha Island in the Bay of Bengal deters maritime boundary delimitation;

32: India seeks cooperation from Bhutan and Burma to keep Indian Nagaland and Assam separatists from hiding in remote areas along the borders; Joint Border Committee with Nepal continues to demarcate minor disputed boundary sections; India has instituted a stricter border regime to keep out Maoist insurgents and control illegal cross-border activities from Nepal.

33: Namgyal monks at Dharamsala, India

34: The Curriculum of Namgyal Monastery in Dharamsala, India Drawn up by His Holiness the Dalai Lama and Venerable Lobsang Nyima Rinpoche. Numbers indicate the year of study. 1. Collected topics which concern the elementary principles of debate, by Purbojok Jamba Gyatso. 2 .Collected topics which concern the elementary principles of debate, by Purbojok Jamba Gyatso. 3. The Science of Mind and Reasoning. 4. The Great Exposition and Sutra School (Skt.Vaibhashika and Sautrantika) from sections of Jang-gya's Presentation of Tenets. 5. The Mind Only School (Skt. Chittamatra) section of Jang-gya's Presentation of Tenets, and Kaydrup's Grounds and Paths of the Perfection Vehicle.

35: 6. The Middle Way School (Skt. Madhyamika) section of Jang-gya's Presentation of Tenets, and Gyaltsap's Precious Garland Summarizing the Ornament for Clear Realization. 7. The Mind Only section of Tsongkapa's Essence of True Eloquence, and Yangjen Gaway Lodro's Paths and Grounds of Tantra. 8. The Madhyamika section of Tsongkapa’s Essence of True Eloquence. 9. The Special Insight (Skt. Vipassana) section of Tsongkapa’s Middling and Great Expositions of the Stages of the Path. 10. The Three Lower Tantras section of Tsongkapa’s Great Exposition of Secret Mantra.

36: 11 .The Earth Ritual preliminary to the rite of initiation of Highest Yoga Tantra (Skt. Annjjarayoga) section of Tsongkapa’s Great Exposition of Secret Mantra and the Commentary on the Compendium of Wisdom Vajra. 12. The generation stages of the Highest Yoga Tantra section of Tsongkapa’s Great Exposition of Secret Mantra. 13. The completion stages of Highest Yoga Tantra section of Tsongkapa’s Great Exposition of Secret Mantra, and Kaydrup's Grounds and Paths of Kalachakra.

37: Namgyal monks creating a sand mandala

38: India Map

41: A Geisha in Japan

42: Emperor: Akihito (1989) Prime Minister: Yukio Hatoyama (2009) Land area: 152,411 sq mi (394,744 sq km); total area: 145,882 sq mi (377,835 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 127,078,679 (growth rate: -0.1%); birth rate: 7.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 2.8/1000; life expectancy: 82.1; density per sq km: 339 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Tokyo, 35,327,000 (metro. area), 8,483,050 (city proper) Other large cities: Yokohama, 3,494,900 (part of Tokyo metro. area); Osaka, 11,286,000 (metro. area), 2,597,000 (city proper); Nagoya, 2,189,700; Sapporo, 1,848,000; Kobe, 1,529,900 (part of Osaka metro. area); Kyoto, 1,470,600 (part of Osaka metro. area); Fukuoka, 1,368,900; Kawasaki, 1,276,200 (part of Tokyo metro. area); Hiroshima, 1,132,700 Monetary unit: Yen

43: Hoshi Royokan in Japan

44: More Facts & Figures National name: Nippon Current government officials Language: Japanese Ethnicity/race: Japanese 99%; Korean, Chinese, Brazilian, Filipino, other 1% (2004) Religions: Shinto’s and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including Christian 0.7%) National Holiday: Birthday of Emperor Akihito, December 23 Literacy rate: 99% (2002 EST.)

45: The Statue in Japan

46: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 EST.): $4.29 trillion; per capita $33,600. Real growth rate: 2.1%. Inflation: 0%. Unemployment: 4%. Arable land: 12%. Agriculture: rice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit; pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs; fish. Labor force: 66.07 million; agriculture 4.6%, industry 27.8%, services 67.7% (2004). Industries: among world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods. Natural resources: negligible mineral resources, fish. Exports: $665.7 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): transport equipment, motor vehicles, semiconductors, electrical machinery, and chemicals. Imports: $571.1billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery and equipment, fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, raw materials. Major trading partners: U.S., China, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Australia, Saudi Arabia, UAE (2006).

47: Iho Ohi in Japan

48: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 55.155 million (2006); mobile cellular: 101.7 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 215 plus 370 repeaters, FM 89 plus 485 repeaters, shortwave 21 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 211 plus 7,341 repeaters; note: in addition, U.S. Forces are served by 3 TV stations and 2 TV cable services (1999). Internet hosts: 33.333 million (2007). Internet users: 87.54 (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 23,474 km (16,519 km electrified) (2006). Highways: total: 1,183 million km; paved: 925,000 km (including 6,946 km of expressways); unpaved: 258,000 km (2003). Waterways: 1,770 km (seagoing vessels use inland seas) (2007). Ports and harbors: Chiba, Kawasaki, Kiire, Kisarazu, Kobe, Mizushima, Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo, Yokohama. Airports: 176 (2007).

49: International disputes: the sovereignty dispute over the islands of Etorofu, Kurashiki, and Shikotan, and the Habomai group, known in Japan as the "Northern Territories" and in Russia as the "Southern Kuril Islands", occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia and claimed by Japan, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending World War II hostilities; Japan and South Korea claim Liancourt Rocks (Take-shima/Tok-do), occupied by South Korea since 1954; China and Taiwan dispute both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea, the site of intensive hydrocarbon prospecting.

50: The Japanese Studies Center

51: Japan Rail Pass

52: Christmas In Japan

53: Japan

54: Japan City | Japan City | Japan City

55: Memoirs of Geisha Movie (2005)

56: Japan's Map

59: Thailand’s Beautiful Beach

60: Ruler: King Bhumibol Adulyadej (1946) Prime Minister: Abhisit Vejjajiva (2008) Land area: 197,595 sq mi (511,771 sq km); total area: 198,455 sq mi (514,000 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 65,905,410 (growth rate: 0.6%); birth rate: 13.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 17.6/1000; life expectancy: 73.1; density per sq mi: 329 Capital and largest city (2000): Bangkok, 6,320,174 (city proper) Other large cities: Nonthanburi, 304,700; Chiang Mai, 175,500 Monetary unit: baht

61: Thailand's Ocean

62: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: Thai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects Ethnicity/race: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11% Religions: Buddhist 95%, Islam 5%, Christian 1% (2000) Literacy rate: 96% (2003 EST.)

63: Thailand Beach

64: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $519.4 billion; per capita $7,900. Real growth rate: 4.8%. Inflation: 2.2%. Unemployment: 1.4%. Arable land: 28%. Agriculture: rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans. Labor force: 36.9 million; agriculture 49%, industry 14%, services 37% (2000 est.). Industries: tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer. Natural resources: tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land. Exports: $105.8 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): textiles and footwear, fishery products, rice, rubber, jewelry, automobiles, computers and electrical appliances. Imports: $107 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, China, Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan (2004).

65: Boating inThailand

66: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 5.6 million (2000); mobile cellular: 3.1 million (2002). Radio broadcast stations: AM 204, FM 334, shortwave 6 (1999). Radios: 13.96 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 5 (all in Bangkok; plus 131 repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 15.19 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 15 (2000). Internet users: 1.2 million (2001). Transportation: Railways: total: 4,071 km (2002). Highways: total: 64,600 km; paved: 62,985 km; unpaved: 1,615 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 4,000 km principal waterways; 3,701 km with navigable depths of 0.9 m or more throughout the year; numerous minor waterways navigable by shallow-draft native craft. Ports and harbors: Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Pattani, Phuket, Sattahip, Si Racha, Songkhla. Airports: 111 (2002).

67: Christmas in Thailand

68: International disputes: completion of boundary demarcation with Cambodia hampered by accusations of moving and destroying boundary markers, encroachments, initiating border incidents, and sealing off Preah Vihear temple ruins, awarded to Cambodia by ICJ decision in 1962; demarcation complete except for a 1 kilometer segment at the mouth of the Kolok River in dispute with Malaysia; demarcation with Laos complete except for certain Mekong River islets and complaints of Thai squatters; despite continuing border committee talks, significant differences remain with Burma over boundary alignment and the handling of ethnic rebels, refugees, and illegal cross-border activities.

69: Thailand At Night

70: Indonesia, Thailand

71: People Boating in Bangkok, Thailand

72: Bangkok, Thailand

73: Krabi, Thailand

74: Andaman Sea Racha, Thailand

75: Fishing in Thailand

76: The Land of Smiles In Thailand

77: Thailand Map

80: Bullet Train - Ginza District, Tokyo, Japan

81: Coordinates: 35422N 1394254E35.70056N 139.715ECoordinates: 35422N 1394254E35.70056N 139.715E Country Japan Region Kant IslandHonshu Divisions23 special wards, 26 cities, 1 district, & 4 sub prefectures Government - TypeMetropolis - Governor Shintar Ishihara - Capital Shinjuku Area(ranked 45th) - Total2,187.08 km2 (844.4 sq mi) Population (1st) - Total13,010,279 (April 1st, 2,010) - Density 5,847/km2 (15,143.7/sq mi) - 23 Wards8,653,000 | (April 1, 2010) Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9) ISO 3166-2 JP-13 FlowerSomei-Yoshino cherry blossom TreeGinkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba) BirdBlack-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) Websitemetro.tokyo.jp

82: Tokyo Tower

83: Lost In Translation

84: Tokyo Map

85: 2,001-foot-tall concrete-and-steel tower in the Sumida River region in Tokyo

86: Eitai Bridge, Tokyo, Japan

87: Imperial Palace, Tokyo, Japan

88: Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan

89: Dusk, Tokyo, Japan Dusk

90: 101 Building in Tokyo, Japan

91: Tokyo Dome

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Priscilla J. Fumero
  • By: Priscilla J.
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  • Title: Asia Volume One
  • Places Around Asia
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  • Published: over 6 years ago

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