S: Bangkok, Cambodia and Vietnam March 2012
FC: Bangkok, Cambodia and Vietnam March 2012 Photographs by Paul A Gitman
2: Bangkok, view long the river
3: Parliament | Walls outside of the Royal Palace
4: Royal Palace Compound
5: Royal Palace
8: Royal Palace
9: Grand Palace | The Grand Palace is a complex of buildings at the heart of Bangkok. The palace has been the official residence of the Kings of Siam (and later Thailand) since 1782. The king, his court and his royal government were based on the grounds of the palace until 1925.
13: Royal Palace
14: Royal Palace
19: Royal Palace
21: Royal Palace
22: Golden Buddha | The Golden Buddha, officially titled Phra Phuttha Maha Suwan Patimakon, is the world's largest solid gold statue. It is located in the temple of Wat Traimit. It is thought that the statue came from Ayutthaya and it was disguised under plaster to hide it from the Burmese, who were besieging the city. It is made in the Sukhothai Dynasty style, and is thought to have been made during the Sukhothai period in the 13th century,
25: Standing Buddha | Construction of this giant Buddha started in 1867, Construction was completied in 1927. This spanned the reigns of King Rama IV to King Rama VII. The Buddha stands 32 metres tall and is 11 metres wide.
26: Leng Buai La Shrine | The shrine is considered to be the oldest Chinese shrine in Thailand. It was built in 1658, during the Ayutthaya period.
27: Leng Buai La Shrine
28: Golden Mount | Phu Khao Thong (Golden mountain is a steep artificial hill inside the Wat Saket compound.
30: Rama I's grandson, King Rama III (1787–1851), decided to build a chedi of huge dimensions inside Wat Saket. Unfortunately, the chedi collapsed during construction because the soft soil of Bangkok could not support the weight. Over the next few decades, the abandoned mud-and-brick structure acquired the shape of a natural hill and was overgrown with weeds. During the reign of King Rama IV, construction began of a small chedi on the hill. It was completed early in the reign of his son, King Rama V (1853–1910). A relic of the Buddha was brought from India and placed in the chedi. The surrounding concrete walls were added in the 1940s to stop the hill from eroding. The modern Wat Saket was built in the early 20th century of Carrara marble.
31: Golden Mount
32: Wat Pho
33: Wat Pho is one of the largest and oldest wats in Bangkok and is home to one of the largest single Buddha images of 160 ft length: the Reclining Buddha
42: Wat Arun
43: Wat Arun | Wat Arun or the Temple of Dawn, is named after Aruna, the Indian God of Dawn. This Wat or Buddhist temple is an architectural representation of Mount Meru, the center of the world in Buddhist cosmology. In the mythology of Tibetan Buddhism, Mount Meru is a place that simultaneously represents the center of the universe and the single-pointedness of mind sought by adepts.
44: Wat Arun
47: Wat Phitchaya Yatikaram Worawiharn | Wat Phitchaya Yatikaram Worawihan, is a second class temple of the Worawihan type. It is likely from the period when Ayutthaya was the capital of Siam and Bangkok was largely a port for transshipment of goods to Ayutthaya. During the reign of King Rama III, Somdet Chao Phraya Borom Mahapichaiyat who was a high ranking official in the king's court, discovered the temple and decided to restore it as a favor to the king.
49: Wat Phitchaya Yatikaram Worawiharn
51: Chinese Gate
52: Wat Prayoon , Bangkok
53: Sunrise, Bangkok
54: Chinese Cemetery in Kwai
55: American War Cemetery, Kwai
56: War Museum detailing building of the Bridge over the River Kwai and its bombing
57: Bridge over the River Kwai
59: Prasat Muang Singh Muang Singh is said to have been built between the late 12th to the early 13th Century A.D. It must have been an important outpost of Angkor as it was mentioned in the Prasat Phra Khan inscription made during the reign of King Jayavarman VII.
63: Sunrise, Angkor Wat
64: Angkor Wat | Angkor Wat is a temple complex at Angkor, Cambodia, built by King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. it has remained a significant religious centre since its foundation – first Hindu, dedicated to the god Vishnu, then Buddhist. In 1177, approximately 27 years after the death of Suryavarman II, Angkor was sacked by the Chams, | The empire was restored by a new king, Jayavarman VII, who established a new capital and state temple (Angkor Thom and the Bayon respectively) a few kilometres to the north.
66: Angkor Wat
67: Angkor Temple sits at the top
68: Angkor Wat
69: Angkor Wat Late afternoon sun on cloudy day
70: Angkor Wat It's all about lighting
71: Angkor Thom | Victory Gate | Angkor Thom, (literally: "Great City"), was the last capital city of the Khmer empire. It was established in the late twelfth century by king Jayavarman VII. It covers an area of 9 km, within which are located several monuments from earlier eras as well as those established by Jayavarman and his successors. At the center of the city is Jayavarman's state temple, the Bayon, with the other major sites clustered around the Victory Square immediately to the north. | South Gate
72: Bayon | The Bayon is a Khmer temple built in the late 12th century or early 13th century as the official state temple of the Mahayana Buddhist King Jayavarman VII. The Bayon stands at the centre of Jayavarman's capital, Angkor Thom. Following Jayavarman's death, it was modified and augmented by later Hindu and Theravada Buddhist kings in accordance with their own religious preferences.
76: Small temples on either side of Victory Way, across from Elephant Terrace, Angkor Thom | Prasats, Angkor Thom | Souir Prat, Angkor Thom
77: Elephant Terrace, Angkor Thom
78: Sunset, Pre Rup | Pre Rup was built as the state temple of Khmer king Rajendravarman and dedicated in 961 or early 962. It is a temple mountain of combined brick, laterite and sandstone construction.
80: Pre Rup at sunset
82: Banteay Kdei | Banteay Kdei, is a Buddhist temple and was built in the mid 12th to early 13th centuries AD during the reign of Jayavarman VII. It is in the Bayon architectural style, similar in plan to Ta Prohm and Preah Khan, but less complex and smaller.
83: Banteay Kdei
84: Banteay Kdei
85: King Jayavarman VII, the founder of Angkor Thom, built Prah Khan as an interim royal residence and sanctuary pending the completion of the new city. It was built on the site of Jayavarman VII's victory over the invading Chams in 1191. The temple's wealth included gold, silver, gems, 112,300 pearls and a cow with gilded horns. The institution combined the roles of city, temple and Buddhist university: there were 97,840 attendants and servants, including 1000 dancers and 1000 teachers. | Prah Khan
86: Prah Khan
87: Prah Khan
88: Prah Khan
89: Prah Khan
90: Prah Khan | Neak Pean
91: Ta Som | Ta Som is a small temple built at the end of the 12th century for King Jayavarman VII. The King dedicated the temple to his father who was King of the Khmer Empire from 1150 to 1160. The temple consists of a single shrine located on one level and surrounded by enclosure laterite walls.
92: Ta Som
93: Ta Som
94: Ta Som
95: Ta Som
96: Ta Keo | Ta Keo was the state temple of Jayavarman V, son of Rajendravarman, who had built Pre Rup. Like Pre Rup, it has five sanctuary towers arranged in a quincunx, built on the uppermost level of five-tier pyramid consisting of overlapping terraces (a step pyramid). It is considered an example of the so-called Khleang style. It was never finished
97: Ta Keo
98: Ta Prohm | Built in the Bayon style largely in the late 12th and early 13th centuries and originally called Rajavihara (in Khmer: ). Located approximately one kilometre east of Angkor Thom and on the southern edge of the East Baray, it was founded by the Khmer King Jayavarman VII as a Mahayana Buddhist monastery and university. ayavarman VII constructed Rajavihara in honor of his family
99: Ta Prohm
100: Ta Prohm
103: Ta Prohm
104: East Mobon | The East Mebon is a 10th Century temple built during the reign of King Rajendravarman, it stands on what was an artificial island at the center of the now dry East Baray reservoir. The East Mebon was dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva and honors the parents of the king. Built in the general style of Pre Rup, the East Mebon was dedicated in 953 A.D.
105: East Mobon
106: Preah Kravan | Preah Kravan is small 10th century temple consisting of five reddish brick towers on a common terrace, south of the artificial lake or baray called Srah Srang. The temple was dedicated to Vishnu in 921 A.D., according to inscription on door jambs
107: Banteay Srei | Consecrated in April, 967 A.D., it was the only major temple at Angkor not built by a monarch; its construction is credited to a courtier named Yajnavaraha, grandson of king Haravarman, who served as a counselor to king Rjendravarman II. Originally, the temple was surrounded by a town called varapura. Yajñavarha's temple was primarily dedicated to the Hindu god Siva
108: Banteay Srei
110: Banteay Srei
111: Banteay Srei
112: Banteay Srei
113: Small village outside of Banteay Srei making palm sugar
114: Rubber Trees | A family outing, Sean Reap | Typical homes built on stilts
115: Mekong sunset, Kompong Cham Cambodia
116: Mekong sunset over bamboo bridge, Kompong Cham Cambodia
118: Temple seen while sailing the Mekong | Early morning, Kompong Cham, bamboo bridge
119: Transportation to Wat Hanchey | Wat Hanchey | The oldest part of Wat Hanchey dates from the 7th or 8th century, before the glory days of the Khmer empire. It’s a weather-worn red brick edifice but crowded all around are more recent temples, pagodas, stupas, houses and statues. The statues are weird; they depict mythical heroes and creatures, wild and domestic animals, a huge variety of fruit
120: Wat Hanchey
121: Wat Hanchey
122: Wat Hanchey
123: Wat Hanchey
124: Wat Hanchey
125: Wat Hanchey
126: Child from Village of Angkor Ban | Monk from Wat Hanchey blessing us.
127: Children from Angkor Ban
128: Buddhist Temple, Village of Angkor Ban
129: Angkor Ban | Village of Angkor Ban. Typical houses.
130: Our ship, the Jahan at sunset
131: Sunset, near Angkor Ban
133: Kampong Chhnang
134: Cashew, Kampong Chhnang
135: Kampong Chhnang Demonstration of methods of collecting material for palm sugar | Kampong Chhnang, pottery production
136: Kampong Chhnang | Outdoor Market
137: Village and temple of Kampong Tralach
140: First light, Kampong Tralach
141: Sunrise, Kampong Tralach
142: Phnom Penh
143: The Independence Monument Built in 1958 in honor of Cambodia's independence from France in 1953. | Wat Ounalom
144: Royal Palace, Phnom Penh
149: Royal Palace, Phnom Penh
150: National Museum, Phnom Penh
151: Choeung Ek Killing Fields, The Killing Fields of Choeung Ek, around 15kms outside Phnom Penh, are where most of the victims of Tuol Sleng S21 prison were slaughtered and dumped in makeshift shallow graves. | Skulls, clothes from victims
152: S-21 Genocide Prison and Museum, Phnom Penh
153: Cambodia Vietnam Friendship Monument and bird statue in Wat Botumwatdei Park | Wat Botumwatdei
154: Doun Penh Garden | Old Parliament Building
155: Early morning Cruising from Cambodia to Vietnam in the Mekong Delta