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Ben's DC Trip 2011

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1: Benjamin Blockhuys October 15 through October 20, 2011 Washington D.C. 8th Grade Trip

2: I enjoyed the Virginia Towns very much. They gave me a great glimpse of what life must have looked like back in the 1700’s. Seeing Jamestown and Williamsburg citizens dressed in their colonial clothes made me feel like we stepped back in time. Interacting with some of them was fun. I enjoyed the old buildings, the old shops, the weapons and the beautiful old ships that brought the settlers from England. Seeing where our Nation was started in Jamestown and Williamsburg was great. The Powhatan Indian village in the Jamestown settlement showed us what life was like there before the settlers arrived. The Capitol building in Williamsburg was where the House of Burgesses representatives met. They were the first assembly of elected representatives of English colonists in North America.

3: Virginia Towns

4: Williamsburg | The Capitol Building in Williamsburg is where the first assembly of elected representatives of English Colonists would meet. | Williamsburg is the second part of the historical triangle. This is where the country struggled for independence. Williamsburg used to be a royal town. The bill by Thomas Jefferson that established religious freedom was made in Williamsburg. | Interacting with a Williamsburg Citizen | The citizens of Williamsburg gave us a glimpse of the past | The Magazine building where the weapons and ammunitions where kept

5: Jamestown | Flagship that brought the first permanent English settlers to America in 1607 | Jamestown citizen demonstrating the shooting skills necessary in the colonial days | Powhatan Indian Village at Jamestown Settlement | Learning to crush corn the old fashion way, Indian style | Jamestown is the first part of the historical triangle. Settlers in Jamestown grew tobacco known as the golden weed. Jamestown was where our nation started. Jamestown was a small settlement.

6: This part of our trip was impressive because of the significance these buildings and historic places still hold. One of my favorite was Mount Vernon. It is where George Washington lived and is his and his wife's , Martha Washington, burial site. Seeing Gettysburg gave me a better insight of what the battles must have been like. The Library of Congress is gigantic. I learned that the Library of Congress holds every book that has an ISBN code. The art inside the Capitol Building was beautiful. I was awestruck at the size of some of these landmarks.

7: Historic and Government Buildings

8: At the very top of The Capitol dome there is a bronze statue of a woman. That woman stands representing Freedom. Capitol Hill is the political heart of the U.S.A. | The Capitol Building | View of the inside of the dome, also called the "Rotunda" | The Capitol Building was massive

9: The White House | North Lawn View of the White House | George Washington and his aide, Pierre l'Enfant chose the site for this most famous home.

10: "Equal Justice Under Law" | The United States Supreme Court Building | Front steps to the Supreme Court Building in Washington | The Supreme Court Building was made almost entirely out of marble.

11: The Library of Congress burned down in 1814 when the British burned our Capital. President Thomas Jefferson sold about 5,500 of his personal books to the Library of Congress to restart it. | The Library Of Congress | The Great Hall in the Thomas Jefferson Building, Library of Congress | Portico of the Jefferson Building, Library of Congress

12: Our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, was assassinated at Ford's Theater in April of 1865 while enjoying a play called "Our American Cousin". He died the next day. The President's booth was fixed by the owners of the Theater themselves. | Ford's theater | Presidential Box in Ford's Theater | Historical Ford's Theater

13: The Mount Vernon land was first owned by George Washington's great grandfather in 1674. By the time Washington was President, his land stretched 8,000 acres. It was divided into five self sufficient farms. During the war for independence, Washington did not return to Mount Vernon for 8 years. | Mount Vernon | George and Martha Washington's final Resting Place. | Washington taking the Oath of Office, | View of the Potomac River from the Mount Vernon Estate

14: Gettysburg | Gettysburg Battlefield | The Battle of Gettysburg lasted only 3 days. This was the Battle that marked the beginning of the end of the Civil War. This battle is one that has the most men ever lost in North America. The green cannons were able to accurately hit a target from a mile away. | The unknown Soldiers of Gettysburg

15: Cannons of Gettysburg | Statue of General Warren from the commanding view of Little Round Top, Gettysburg | The Soldiers' National Cemetery at Gettysburg

16: The Cemeteries and Memorials we visited in DC where my favorites during our trip. I was amazed at the size of the Lincoln Memorial and how impressive his giant sculpture looked. The Arlington Cemetery was an unbelievable and unending scene of white graves. Seeing all the grave stones gave me a new respect for all those who fought for our freedom. The waterfalls at the F.D.R. Memorial were beautiful. Going to all the Presidential Memorials gave me a new appreciation for all the presidents who served our Country. I also appreciated the different quotes displayed at many of the monuments. Overall, this part of our trip made me love our country and those who sacrificed to give it to us even more.

17: Memorials

18: Washington Monument | The Washington monument stands tall in honor of George Washington | In 30 miles per hour winds, the Washington Monument sways 0.125 inches.

19: The Jefferson memorial features a dome, similar to the one on the Pantheon in Rome. Early critics of the memorial called it the "Jefferson Cage". | Jefferson Memorial | Jefferson Memorial at night | Jefferson in front of the declaration of independence

20: The Memorial has 36 Doric columns around it representing all the states that were in union while Lincoln was alive. The Second Inaugural Address and Gettysburg Address are engraved on the walls of the Memorial. | LINCOLN MEMORIAL | The Lincoln Meomorial looked incredible all lit up | The Statue of Abraham Lincoln was designed by French sculptor Daniel Chester

21: This Memorial is not like the others with the roman columns. It is F.D.R. made out of metal and his dog by his side. Another statue of President Roosevelt was placed at the entrance to remind the public that he couldn't walk on his feet. | FDR MEMORIAL | First lady Eleanor Roosevelt | Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States of America

22: The 56 pillars around the Memorial signify the unity of nations in the time of World War II. The two 43 foot arches show the North and South ends of the plaza, these arches also signify our victory in World War II. | World War II Memorial | Each one of the Columns around the Memorial has the name of our of our states | This Monument opened to the Public in 2004 and was dedicated by George W. bush

23: Iwo Jima is a statue showing the struggle and victory in World War II. | The Iwo Jima Memorial is also known as the Marine Corps War Memorial | Iwo Jima

24: The Korean War is often called the "forgotten war". The Memorial consists of 19 statues that at night are lit to give them a ghostly feature. | Korean War Memorial Wall designed by Louis Nelson | Larger than life stainless steel statues at the Korean War Memorial | Korean War Memorial

25: Vietnam Memorial | The Memorial is a 5000ft black granite wall with 58,235 names on it. A 21 year old girl named Maya Lin designed the Memorial. | The Memorial Wall receives 3 million visitors each year | This statue is named "The Three Soldiers" and looks towards the Wall in tribute to their fallen comrades

26: The three spires in the center of the Memorial represent core values of the Air Force. | Air Force Memorial | The Air Force Memorial bronze Honor Guards stand 8 feet tall in front of the inscription wall

27: The monument is located at 1964 Independence Avenue to commemorate the year that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 became law. | Martin Luther King Memorial | The granite statue is 30 feet tall | The Statue is named "Stone of Hope"

28: Arlington National Cemetery | The white graves were everywhere, reminding us of the sacrifices made for our Freedom | These men and women made the ultimate sacrifice for our country

29: Arlington has not always been a cemetery for American Soldiers. It used to be a plantation owned by Confederate General Lee. 2,000 unknown soldiers were buried in his wife's garden. The Lee family was paid $150,000 for their estate. | Arlington National Cemetery | The laying of the wreath ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknowns was respectful and moving | Wreath laid at the Tomb of Unknowns by our school during our visit to Arlington

30: I loved all the museums we visited because they were all about American History. I really appreciated the fact that we were able to check out the different exhibits at our own pace. All of the artifacts in the museum were real and had some kind of impact on our culture. The exhibits we saw must have taken a lot of work and effort to put together. Visiting the various Museums we got to see made me appreciate history even more. I realized that without the people who built some of the things we saw in the Museums, our nation could not be as advanced as we have become over the past couple centuries. I will never forget seeing the original artifacts and documents that were so important to the start of our nation. I also found the Air and Space museum very interesting, not just because i take interest in science and space, but because it had both old and new aircrafts.

31: Museums

32: One of the skylab mission Apollo capsules | Air and Space Museum | The very first plane was called the Flyer. The museum has some of the latest aircrafts on display. The museum has an Imax theater. | Spirit of St Louis | Flown by Charles Lindbergh in 1927 on the first non-stop flight from NY to Paris | The way the aircrafts were displayed was impressive

33: American History Museum | The American History Museum is often called America's attic. It has over 3 million items that highlight America's past. The Museum had an 85 million makeover. | The Philadelphia sank in 1776 in New York during a standoff with the British | This old car was part of an exhibition called America on the move | Olympian Gold Medalist Apollo Ono wore this pair of speed skates

34: A fire at the Archives destroyed the 1890 census. | National Archives | The National Archives building displays the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Declaration of Independence

35: Notable Quotes | FDR Memorial: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself". To me, this quote means that without fear we can do anything. | Korean War Memorial: "Freedom is not Free". This quotes means that the freedom that we have cost many of our soldiers their lives and we need to remember the ultimate price they paid. | Arlington Cemetery: "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country". I take this quote to mean that we must all do our part if we want to improve our future. | FDR: "I hate war". This quote means that we understand the sacrifices a war requires and that no one likes it.

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