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China (Copy)

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S: China - the largest populated country. by Ki Seok Lee

FC: 20% of world population lives here - | CHINA

1: China? China is the people's Republic of China (PRC), is the world's most-populous country with a population of over 1.3 billion. The East Asian state covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles) in total area and is the world's second-largest country by land area,and the third- or fourth-largest in total area, depending on the definition of total area.

2: History of China | The Chinese have one of the world's oldest continuous civilizations, spanning some five thousand years. China has long been ruled by dynasties. The first Chinese dynasty was the Xia Dynasty, established around 2000 BC. In more than four thousand years, China experienced at least 28 dynasties with more than five hundred emperors. The first imperial dynasty to unify all of China was the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC). Qin Shi Huang, known as the first emperor of China, built the Great Wall to guard against invading nomadic groups, and was the emperor for whom the famous Terracotta Army was fashioned. The Han Dynasty (206 BC to AD 220) was the second unified imperial dynasty and is considered the first Golden Age of China. The Silk Road, or the trade route between western Asia and Europe, flourished during this time. The Tang Dynasty (AD 618–907) is also considered one of the most prosperous periods in China's history. The Tang emperors, one of whom (Wu Ze Tian) was a woman, appointed foreign scholars as senior officials in the royal court. Literature, the arts, science, technology, and trade all thrived during the Tang Dynasty. China's capital during this time, Chang'an (now Xi'an), was the most populous city in the world, and hosted many foreign students and merchants. Some of the Chinese dynasties were formed by native Han (such as the Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644), and others were established after nomadic tribes from the north conquered China proper (as did the Qing Dynasty, 1644–1911). Nomadic tribes were eventually absorbed into Chinese culture. A revolution inspired by Sun Yat-sen overthrew the Qing Dynasty in 1911. In 1912, with the country fragmented by opposing warlords, Sun Yat-sen established the Kuomintang (KMT) party in an effort to unify China. | one of most famous king, Qin Shi Huang

3: After Sun's death in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek took control (1927) and ousted the once-allied Communist Party. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, struggled with the KMT for control of China while both groups fought Japan in World War II. After the Japanese were defeated (1945), the civil war ended with Mao's forces in control and Chiang's army fleeing to Taiwan to regroup. They never returned, and Mao ruled from 1949 to 1976. China still considers Taiwan its 23rd province. In 2009, leaders of China and Taiwan exchanged their first direct messages in more than 60 years. While the Chinese initially welcomed communism, the Great Leap Forward (1958–61) and the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) had disastrous effects on the country. More than 40 million people starved or were killed during Mao's rule. After Mao died in 1976, Deng Xiaoping came to power and gradually moved away from Maoism. His more moderate policies led to foreign tourism, a more liberal economy, private enterprise, growth, trade, and educational exchanges with other nations. The Tiananmen Square massacre in June 1989 and a subsequent government crackdown derailed these measures for a time. By 1992, China was again focusing on economic reform, and it quickly cultivated one of the world's fastest-growing economies. However, Deng did not favor political liberalization. Since Deng's death in 1997, his successors have reiterated his policy of a socialist market economy with a strong central government. Hong Kong (a British colony) reverted to Chinese control in 1997, and China was admitted to the World Trade Organization in 2001. The nation also hosted the 2008 Olympic Games. In 2008, a powerful earthquake in Sichuan Province killed tens of thousands, and months later thousands of children were sickened in a tainted-milk scandal that resulted in a world-wide recall of products. In 2009, ethnic violence flared in the Xinjiang region. In 2010, the web company Google ended its compliance with internet censorship in China after cyber attacks on human rights activists' email accounts. Despite these setbacks, the nation continues to rank among the world's leaders in gross domestic product, exports, and receipt of foreign investment.

4: overnment policy allows Chinese to exercise religious beliefs within certain guidelines. Buddhists, Taoists, Muslims, and Christians do practice, but some groups are prohibited. Some studies estimate that as much as 30 percent of Chinese have some religious faith. Temples, mosques, and churches are open to the public, but public worship is frowned upon or even discouraged. Unauthorized or underground religious activities have led to imprisonment and other restrictions. Unique local religions can flourish in small towns, especially in the east; they may focus on one god or form of worship, and they often include elements of Taoism, Buddhism, and ancestor veneration. Taoism is the only Chinese-born religion. It is generally believed that Lao Zi (571–471 BC) was the founder of Taoism. The principles of Taoism stress peace, calm, nature, and harmony between human and universe; its symbols are yin and yang and eight trigrams (ba gua). | Religion | China | in

5: Buddhists | Gold statue of Buddhu | emblem of Taoism | Drawing of Taoist

6: Government of China | In the People's Republic of China, national policy is determined by a 20-member Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and, more importantly, its 7-member Standing Committee. The president (currently Hu Jintao) is chief of state, chosen by the 2,987 members of the National People's Congress. Hu is also the general secretary of the CCP, considered the government's most powerful position. The premier (currently Wen Jiabao) is head of government and is nominated by the president and confirmed by Congress. Members of Congress are indirectly elected at local levels. In about half of all villages, local leaders are elected rather than appointed. The voting age is 18.

7: examples - Article 1. The People's Republic of China is a socialist state under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. The socialist system is the basic system of the People's Republic of China. Sabotage of the socialist system by any organization or individual is prohibited. Article 2. All power in the People's Republic of China belongs to the people. The organs through which the people exercise state power are the National People's Congress and the local people's congresses at different levels. The people administer state affairs and manage economic, cultural and social affairs through various channels and in various ways in accordance with the law. Article 3. The state organs of the People's Republic of China apply the principle of democratic centralism. The National People's Congress and the local people's congresses at different levels are instituted through democratic election. They are responsible to the people and subject to their supervision. All administrative, judicial and procuratorial organs of the state are created by the people's congresses to which they are responsible and under whose supervision they operate. The division of functions and powers between the central and local state organs is guided by the principle of giving full play to the initiative and enthusiasm of the local authorities under the unified leadership of the central authorities.

8: The flag of the People's Republic of China was designed by Zeng Liansong, an economist and artist from Rui'an. The red background of the flag symbolizes the blood of the heroes who died during the revolution and the yellow color symbolizes the glorious history and culture. The larger star symbolizes the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party which is claimed as the leader of all and the four smaller yellow five-pointed stars are believed to represent the four classes of Chinese: the Workers, Peasants, Petty Bhourgeoisie and National Bourgeoisie. An interpretation under a more historical context is the four stars represent the traditional four categories of the people in the state, which are Workers (gng, ), Farmers (nóng, ), Intellectual (sh, ), and Businessmen (shng, ). | Flag

9: Emblem of China contains a representation of the Tiananmen Gate, the symbol of modern China, in a red circle. Above are the five stars found on the national flag. The design of four smaller stars surrounding a bigger one signifies the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC). The circle has a border that contains sheaves of wheat reflecting the Maoist philosophy of an agricultural revolution. At the center of the bottom portion of the border are the cogwheel and ears of grain which represent the working class and the peasantry.

10: Famous thing in China- The Great Wall | approximately over 5,500.3 mi | the white line is great wall. this is not the picture that shows all great wall. (great wall continues to right) | Picture of the great wall =>

11: The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. Several walls had already been begun to be built beginning around the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, enhanced; the majority of the existing wall was reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty. Other purposes of the Great Wall have included allowing for border control practices, such as check points allowing for the various imperial governments of China to tariff goods transported along the Silk Road, to regulate or encourage trade (for example trade between horses and silk products), as well as generally to control immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor. The Great Wall stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east, to Lop Lake in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. The most comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has concluded that all the walls measure 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi). This is made up of 6,259.6 km (3,889.5 mi) sections of actual wall, 359.7 km (223.5 mi) of trenches and 2,232.5 km (1,387.2 mi) of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivers. | Detail about The Great Wall | Photograph of the Great Wall in 1907

12: Foods in China | Traditional Food in China | Pickles and other salted foods | Fried Foods - sometimes, you will even see fried bugs | Dried Fruits

13: Seasonings unlike US, they usually use liquid seasonings. | Suger coated candy | Fried Scorpion.... OH GOD.......... | Simple joke about china's food... because China has Very various foods kind that we can't even think about, (like monkey brain) Asian sometimes says that Chinese people can eat everything but chair and desk. Ahaha-

14: Globalization - China | hospotal at 1945 | daily life at 1945 | During 1945, China had a civil war which cost lot of moneys, casualties, and experiencing the loss of hope. Their economy has fall down dramatically, and it seems to be they cannot recover their economy.

15: poster of china's factories - 1975 | 3D model of china's satellite - 1975 | but at 1975, China start the programs to recover their economies. They start to put propaganda, and launched educational, health care, and employing programs. And surprisingly, they even succeeded to launch their satellite. | China in today | And today, China is one country that has probability that can become most powerful economical country.

16: Globalization - Problems | the biggest problem... inequality of country side and urban areas.

17: Graphs of that shows problem of China's inequality of economy | there is lots of people who are live in country side, living with unfair treatments. However, the problem become worse as government does not put their full strength to it. Also, there is not enough programs that can feeds every people who live in country side

18: Human Rights in China | basically, if you are a woman and do not have a political, or economical power, that means you really do not have ANY human rights to against government or other. And this is why China has the highest number of people who killed by government, by getting death penalty.

19: example... the one famous example can the execution of business woman, Wu Ying, who just got executed at this year March. She was the one of most richest woman in China. At 2007, she borrowed 770million dollars for her company. But government saw this as a "Money Crime", which they saw as money fraud. And at 2012, government decided to give her a death penalty. Lots of people, including herself and her parents and friends from business protests about government's decision, but at March of 2012, she got executed. because she was woman, and because she had no political power to buy a "indulgence from government", she wasn't able to do anything but waiting for her death. This is one of serious problem in China, yet there is no new law or organization that can solve this problem. | letter that says this person got death penalty | Wu Ying in Magazine with topic about her execution

25: Day at the Beach

27: Lasting Memories...

28: "An open home, an open heart, here grows a bountiful harvest." - Judy Hand

31: Playing in the leaves! | The more you laugh, the longer you live.

32: These Are The Moments I Live For

35: 2011

36: Warm & Cozy

37: wonderland | Dashing Through the Snow

39: Home is where there's someone to love, and someone to love us.

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ki lee
  • By: ki l.
  • Joined: about 6 years ago
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  • Title: China (Copy)
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  • Published: about 6 years ago