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Companion to Europe w/ Family 1999 book

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FC: The Companion Book to Europe with Family: July 1999

1: The Companion Book to Europe with Family: July 1999 by Theresa Thien

2: 1) Alfred Fuchs, son of Kathi & Ludwig; 2) Gabby, Alfred's girlfriend; 3) Madeleine, daughter of Monica & Herbert; 4) Karin Lang, wife of Hans; 5) Hans Lang; 6) Kathi Fuchs, sister of Hans & Franz; 7) Mandy, daughter of Monica & Herbert; 8) Schosh (George) Fuchs, brother of Ludwig; 9) Sabrina, daughter of Maria & Harold; 10) Ludwig Fuchs; 11) Franz Lang; 12) Dominic, son of Alfred Fuchs; 13) Floran, son of Gabby; 14) Lotte Lang, wife of Franz; 15) Monica, daughter of Kathi & Ludwig; 16) Herbert, husband of Monica; 17) Maria, daughter of Kathi & Ludwig; 18) Mary Theresa (Pruckler) Thien; 19) Edith, daughter of Karin & Hans; 20) Andre', husband of Edith; 21) Diane (Thien) Armstrong; 22) Alexander, son of Maria & Harold; 23) Albin, son of Kathi & Ludwig; 24) Harold, husband of Maria; (not pictured: Julie (Thien) Tazzia & Theresa Thien)

4: Clockwise from top left: Hans Lang; Bill Vines, son-in-law; Billy, baby; Ruth Lang Vines; Kirsten; Edith Andre', Edith's husband; Karin Lang; Karin's mother (centere)

5: The Danube is Europe's second longest river after the Volga. It is classified as an international waterway. The river originates in the Black Forest in Germany as the much smaller Brigach and Breg rivers which join at the German town of Donaueschingen. After that it is known as the Danube and flows southeastward for a distance of some 2850km (1771 miles), passing through four Central and Eastern European capitals, before emptying into the Black Sea via the Danube Delta in Romania and Ukraine. Known to history as one of the long-standing frontiers of the Roman Empire, the river flows through or acts as part of the borders of ten countries: Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Moldova, Ukraine and Romania. [] | The Danube | above: the Danube by Melk, Austria below: the Danube running between Buda & Pest, Hungary

6: Error on pg 27 - text is about Chiemsee, not Neusiedlr Neusiedlr See | Europe’s second-largest steppe lake, is the lowest point in Austria. But what it lacks in height, it makes up for in other areas. Ringed by a wetland area of reed beds, it’s an ideal breeding ground for nearly 300 bird species and its Seewinkel area is a particular favourite for bird-watching.The lake’s average depth is 1.5m, which means the water warms quickly in summer. Add to this prevailing warm winds from the northwest and you have a water enthusiast’s dream come true. Thousands of tourists flock to the lake for windsurfing and sailing during the summer months. The best swimming beaches are on the eastern side of the lake, as the western shore is thick with reed beds. The lake’s shallowness also attracts many families – the only drawback is that the water has a slightly saline quality, as there is no natural outlet. The area is also perfect for cycling; a flat cycle track winds all the way round the reed beds, the ferries crisscrossing the lake carry bikes and most hotels and pensions cater well to cyclists. It’s possible to do a full circuit of the lake but as the southern section stretches into Hungary, remember to take your passport (path open April to November). To top it all off there are acres upon acres of vineyards, producing some of Austria’s best wines. Rust, on the western shore of the lake, is a perfect place to sample wine in a Heuriger. Much of the Neusiedler See closes down from October to late March. If you’re overnighting, ask whether the place you’re staying at issues the free Neusiedler See Gstekarte (most do), which provides free admission to swimming areas and museums (including many in Sopron), the national park, free use of public transport (travel on ferries is half-price) and other perks. []

7: Ludwig II, King of Bavaria He is known by many nicknames: the Swan King, the Mad King of Bavaria, the Dream King, and Mad Ludwig. Was “Mad King Ludwig” mad? This is only one of many mysteries that surround the former Bavarian regent to this day. Ludwig II (Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm) has become one of the most legendary figures in Bavarian and German history, a history full of legendary figures.

8: [From] King Ludwig II of Bavaria Born on 25th August 1845 in Schloss Nymphenburg King of Bavaria 1864–1886 Died on 13th June 1886 in Lake Starnberg Even before he died, the king had already become something of a legend. "I want to remain an eternal mystery to myself and others", Ludwig once told his governess, and it is this mysterious element that still fascinates people today. His palaces, which were barred to strangers, have been visited by over 50 million people since his death. They are records in stone of the ideal fantasy world which the king built as a refuge from reality. His historic, poetic and ideal interpretation of his role as king was finally his downfall. It is possible that he preferred to die rather than return to reality. Ludwig and his brother Otto were strictly brought up with an emphasis on duty. Their parents Maximilian II of Bavaria and Marie of Prussia kept themselves at a distance.

9: "Ludwig enjoyed dressing up ... took pleasure in play acting, loved pictures and the like... and liked ... making presents of his property, money and other possessions", said his mother. This was not to change. His vivid imagination, his tendency to isolate himself, and his pronounced sense of sovereignty were also already evident when Ludwig was a child. In 1864 Ludwig II acceded to the throne at the age of 18 without any experience of life or politics, but adored by women. (insert from Mad King Ludwig never married, and he wasn’t particularly interested in women. In 1866, he became betrothed to his cousin Sophie; the engagement lasted for eighteen months and came to an end because Ludwig did not love Sophie [not to mention he was gay and Sophie’s mother was nuts]. After breaking the engagement, Ludwig withdrew to Castle Berg, where he researched on Louis VI, the Sun King of France, whom he greatly admired. Looking back in 1873, he described it thus: "I became king much too early. I had not learned enough. I had made such a good beginning ... with the learning of state laws. Suddenly I was snatched away from my books and set on the throne. Well, I am still trying to learn..." In 1866 Ludwig II suffered the biggest defeat of his life: in1866, the expanding state of Prussia conquered Austria and Bavaria in the "German War". From then on, Bavaria's foreign policy was dictated by Prussia and the king was only a "vassal" of his Prussian uncle. Crown Prince Ludwig was already fascinated by the music dramas and writings of Richard Wagner. He wanted to bring the composer to Munich as soon as he became king, and realize his dream of an opera festival. In 1864 he summoned Wagner to him and thus rescued him from a serious financial crisis.

10: "... Today I was brought to him. He is unfortunately so beautiful and wise, soulful and lordly, that I fear his life must fade away like a divine dream in this base world... You cannot imagine the magic of his regard: if he remains alive it will be a great miracle!" wrote the composer after his first meeting. Ludwig II was possessed by the idea of a holy kingdom by the Grace of God. In reality he was a constitutional monarch, a head of state with rights and duties and little freedom of action. For this reason he built a fantasy world around him in which – far removed from reality – he could feel he was a real king. From 1875 on he lived at night and slept during the day. Idealized designs by scene painters for a "New Hohenschwangau Castle" high above the tranquil Hohenschwangau of Ludwig II's father, a "Byzantine Palace" and a copy of Versailles were already in existence by 1868. From the beginning, Ludwig's fantasy world embraced several different epochs. The "New Castle" (subsequently Neuschwanstein), was based on Christian kingship in the Middle Ages, and the new Versailles, built from 1878 on the Herreninsel, recalls the baroque absolutism of the Bourbon King of France. Linderhof in the Graswangtal, built from 1869, imitates a variety of styles, with the help of the latest technology. The "ideal monarchical poetic solitude" which the king chose for himself was not in the long run compatible with his duties as a head of state. The new settings he was constantly devising for himself were equally beyond the private means of a king. Ludwig failed through his desire to anchor his illusions and dreams in reality. From 1885 on foreign banks threatened to seize his property. The king's refusal to react rationally led the government to declare him insane and depose him in 1886 – a procedure not provided for in the Bavarian constitution. Ludwig II was interned in Berg Palace. The next day he died in mysterious circumstances in Lake Starnberg, together with the psychiatrist who had certified him as insane.

11: HERRENCHIEMSEE Below: Porcelain room Right: top - Hall of Mirrors middle - Council Chamber bottom - Master Bedroom

12: above: State Staircase at Herrenchiemsee Castle below: North Staircase at Herrenchiemsee Castle (one of the unfinished parts of the castle)

13: Chiemsee is a freshwater lake in Bavaria, Germany, between Rosenheim, Germany, and Salzburg, Austria. It is often called the Bavarian Sea. The rivers Tiroler Achen and Prien flow into the lake; the river Alz, out of it. The Chiemsee is divided into the bigger, north section, in the northeast, called Weitsee, and the Inselsee, in the southwest. The region around the Chiemsee is Chiemgau and is a famous recreation area. Two of the main islands on the lake are Herrenchiemsee (biggest island) and Frauenchiemsee, also called Herreninsel (gentleman's island) and Fraueninsel (lady's island), respectively. The third main island, Krautinsel (herb island), is smaller than Frauenchiemsee and is uninhabited. Herrenchiemsee has a palace built by King Ludwig II in 1878, also called Herrenchiemsee, which was never completed but was meant to be a replica of the Palace of Versailles, in France. Many of the rooms of the castle are open to tourists; tours of the castle and its extensive grounds on the island are conducted throughout the summer. Frauenchiemsee is the smaller of the two major islands on the Chiemsee, and houses a Benedictine nunnery, built in 782, as well as a small village. The nuns make a liquor called Klosterlikr (cloister liquor) and a very good marzipan (almond paste). There are also three very small islands: the Schalch, to the west of Frauenchiemsee; and two unnamed islands, 54 and 80 meters south of the Krautinsel [] For King Ludwig II of Bavaria, the French "Sun King" Louis XIV was the embodiment of absolute monarchy. In the New Palace of Herrenchiemsee, designed by Georg Dollmann and Julius Hofmann, he fulfilled his long-cherished dream of building a "New Versailles" as a symbol of absolutism and an independent creation in the Historicist style. The main highlights of the over twenty state rooms are the Ambassador's Staircase, the Great Hall of Mirrors and the State Bedchamber. The palace park designed by Carl von Effner also features motifs from Versailles.

14: In 1873 King Ludwig II of Bavaria acquired the Herreninsel as the location for his Royal Palace of Herrenchiemsee (New Palace). Modelled on Versailles, this palace was built as a "Temple of Fame" for King Louis XIV of France, whom the Bavarian monarch fervently admired. The actual building of this "Bavarian Versailles", which was begun in 1878 from plans by Georg Dollmann, was preceded by a total of 13 planning stages. When Ludwig II died in 1886 the palace was still incomplete, and sections of it were later demolished. The highlights of the large state rooms are the State Staircase, the State Bedroom and the Great Hall of Mirrors. The king's own rooms were in the intimate Small Apartment, designed in the French rococo style. In 1876 Court Garden Director Carl von Effner completed the plans for a large garden resembling that of Versailles. When the king died, only the sections along the main axis with their famous fountains and waterworks had been completed. ( This palace was conceived as a Bavarian Versailles in honour of Louis XIV of France. Although when Ludwig II died in 1886 building was still in progress, the costs of this huge complex were already higher than those of Neuschwanstein and Linderhof put together. The State Bedroom with its 3 x 2.60-metre bed was even more luxurious than its French model. The Mirror Gallery, almost 100 meters long, was lit by over 1,800 candles. The royal apartments are more intimate by comparison with these two staterooms. The geometrically designed French gardens with their famous fountains represent only a part of what was originally planned but never completed []

15: NEUSCHWANSTEIN CASTLE | Throne Room | Bedroom | Kitchen | Dining Room

16: Seven weeks after the death of King Ludwig II in 1886, Neuschwanstein was opened to the public. The shy king had built the castle in order to withdraw from public life – now vast numbers of people came to view his private refuge. In Neuschwanstein the Middle Ages were only an illusion: behind the medieval appearance of the castle the latest technology was in operation and every comfort was ensured. The rooms of the Palas, the royal residence, were fitted with hot air central heating. Running water was available on every floor and the kitchen had both hot and cold water. The toilets had an automatic flushing system. The king used an electric bell system to summon his servants and adjutants. On the third and fourth floors there were even telephones. Meals did not have to be laboriously carried upstairs: for this purpose there was a lift. The latest technology was also used for the construction process itself. The cranes were driven by steam engines, and the Throne Room was incorporated by means of a steel construction. One of the special features of Neuschwanstein is the large window panes. Windows of this size were still unusual even in Ludwig II's day. It is the fantasy castle of childhood dreams and possibly Germany's most famous royal palace. Walt Disney was inspired on a vacation trip to Germany by its spires reaching skyward and tenuous perch on the wooded Alps mountainside to create the centerpiece of his fantasy world of Disneyland, his version of the "Sleeping Beauty Castle" to best represent his entertainment empire. Neuschwanstein Castle (Schloss Neuschwanstein) has nothing to do with that particular story, but rather the fantasy in the mind of a "mad" Bavarian king.

17: About an hour from Munich at the foot of the Alps along the Romantic Road in southern Bavaria, near the town of Fussen and overlooking the village of Schwangau, the Neuschwanstein Castle is a monument to the idealized fairy tale dreams of knights and fair maidens of a lost medieval and chivalric past constructed during the romantic revival of the 1800's. This magnificent architectural dream was built by King Ludwig II, ruler of Bavaria from 1864 until 1886, nicknamed “Mad Ludwig” for his whimsical palaces and his eccentricities. His masterpiece palace was a recreation of an idealized vision of an old German knight’s castle intended as a personal retreat for the reclusive king. But this palace built as a royal private home has little in common with true Teutonic knights castles and was not completed until after the Ludwig's death. he storybook castle was built on the hillside over-looking his father’s old palace Schloss Hohenschwangau where young Prince Ludvig spent much of his childhood and intended to overshadow it with a panoramic view of the Bavarian, Lechtal and Allgu Alps. A fan of Wagner, the castle’s “Singers Hall” music room was intended to remind of Wagner’s “Tannhuser” and “Lohengrin”, the “Swan Knight” who King Ludwig identified himself with as a young child, operatic odes to lofty gods and the romance of knights chivalry. Hitler as well was enthralled by the same fantasy idylls of Germany’s Teutonic ancestral heritage and held performances of Wagner’s operas here, but of course his dream had a whole new meaning.

18: Hohenschwangua as seen from Neuschwanstein Hohenschwangau Castle or Schloss Hohenschwangau (lit: High Swan County Palace) is a 19th century palace in southern Germany. It was the childhood residence of King Ludwig II of Bavaria and was built by his father, King Maximilian II of Bavaria. It is located in the German village of Hohenschwangau near the town of Füssen, part of the county of Ostallgu in southwestern Bavaria, Germany, very close to the border with Austria. Hohenschwangau Castle was built on the remains of the fortress Schwanstein, which was first mentioned in historical records dating from the 12th century. A family of knights was responsible for the construction of the medieval fortress, and it served as the seat of the local government of Schwangau. In 1523, the schloss was described as having walls which were too thin to be useful for defensive purposes. After the demise of the knights in the 16th century the fortress changed hands several times. The decay of the fortress continued until it finally fell into ruins at the beginning of the 19th century.. In April 1829 Crown Prince Maximilian (the later King Maximilian II of Bavaria) discovered the historic site during a walking tour and reacted enthusiastically to the beauty of the surrounding area.

19: He acquired the ruins - then still known as Schwanstein - in 1832. In February 1833 the reconstruction of the Castle began, continuing until 1837, with additions up to 1855. The architect in charge, Domenico Quaglio, was responsible for the neogothic style of the exterior design. He died in 1837 and the task was continued by Joseph Daniel Ohlmüller (died 1839) and Georg Friedrich Ziebland.[1] Queen Marie created an alpine garden with plants gathered from all over the alps. Hohenschwangau was the official summer and hunting residence of Maximilian, his wife Marie of Prussia and their two sons Ludwig (the later King Ludwig II of Bavaria) and Otto (the later King Otto I of Bavaria). The young princes spent many years of their adolescence here. The King and the Queen lived in the main building, the boys in the annex. King Maximilian died in 1864 and his son Ludwig succeeded to the throne, moving into his father's room in the castle. As Ludwig never married, his mother Marie was able to continue living on her floor. King Ludwig enjoyed living in Hohenschwangau, especially after 1869 when the building of his own castle, Neuschwanstein, began only a stone's throw from his parental home. After Ludwig's death in 1886 Queen Marie was the castle's only resident until she in turn died in 1889. Her brother-in-law, Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria lived on the 3rd floor of the main building. He was responsible for the electrification in 1905 and the installation of an electric elevator. Luitpold died in 1912 and the palace was opened as a museum during the following year. During World War I and World War II the castle suffered no damage. In 1923 the Bavarian Landtag recognised the right of the former royal family to reside in the castle. From 1933 to 1939 Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria and his family used the castle as their summer residence, and it continues to be a favourite residence of his successors. In May 1941, Prince Adalbert of Bavaria was purged from the military under Hitler's Prinzenerlass and withdrew to the family castle Hohenschwangau, where he lived for the rest of the war.

20: Ettal Abbey Ettal Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in the village of Ettal close to Oberammergau and Garmisch-Partenkirchen in Bavaria, Germany. Situated in a narrow mountain valley of the Alpine Oberbayern foothills on the road from Garmish-Partenkirchen to Oberammergau one comes upon the still active monastery at the Basilica of Ettal Abbey, a magnificent example of Southern Bavarian baroque style art and architecture set against the jutting rocky tree brushed slopes of the Alps where even nuns can be tourists. Originally established in 1330 as a Bentictine Abbey by Kaiser Louis IV, Duke of Bavaria and emperor of the German nation, who was at odds with the pope in Rome and his northern Italian city-state neighbors. The castle-like church remained rather secluded until the 1700’s when pilgrims brought more economy and a school, The “Knights Academy” was established. The facades and interiors of the Basilica were reconstructed in the ornate baroque style popular in Southern Germany. The 12 sided, domed main hall is all a glitter with gold and marble, including a near all gold gilt Pulpit and 18th Century masterwork art. The Ettal Madonna with an honored place on the high altar was brought from Italy (most probably from Pisa) by the emperor and is said to be of miraculous nature and the source of the 14th Century German emperor’s claim to Holy status. The original gothic style which housed the first monks and a community of knights similar in structure to the Teutonic Knights, was constructed by artisans from a community of stone masons from the lodge at the Cathedral of Regensburg whose style can still be found in the portal and the flying buttresses which support the main dome. Ettal is about an hour plus drive south from Munich and about a half hour drive from King Ludwig's Neuschwantsein Castle in Schwanga.

21: Oberammergau is located in Southern Germany near the border with Austria. It resides within the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen in Bavaria. Oberammergau is known for its Passion Play, performed every ten years on years ending in zero. The next performance of the Passion Play will be in 2010. The passion play recounts the townspeoples pact with God that they would perform the Passion Play every ten years if the plague would bypass them. It did. Oberammergau's location makes it ideal for a winter visit. In summer it is a pleasant town known for its woodcarvers, a craft practiced here since medieval times. There are plenty of shops offering good quality woodcarvings, some tiny (read: easy to pack and rare enough to make great gifts). Many of the houses in the historic center are decorated with "Lüftlmalerei" or frescoes featuring Bavarian folktales or religious themes. Oberammergau is good for a day or two spent poking around, especially for those coming from or going to Neuschwanstein [] | Oberammergau

22: First time visitors in the Wies, with no previous knowledge about the church, may well stand in wonder and ask themselves what could have possibly given rise to the building of such an unusually magnificent church in such a secluded place. Indeed, something out of the ordinary, from many points of view, took place here. Human tears, an age-old phenomenon, were the spiritual building stones, the precious pearls from which the Wies Church, a world famous roccoco jewel, was created. In the 18th Century the Wies Church was already known throughout Europe as a place of reverence for the Scourged Saviour, and at the same time a famous gem of baroque architecture. Even today the church lives from both these wellsprings: its spiritual and artistic richness. Thus, the Wies Church continues as a pilgrimage church, a place of prayer and worship, and is simultaneously a magical drawing point for millions of visitors. Through their encounter with this joyous Baroque, full of life and hope, they sense a world which moved the writer Peter Drfler, in the first half of this century, to write: "The Wies is a bit of heaven in this suffering world." Out of the miracle of June 14, 1738, when tears were seen on the face of the Scourged Saviour, there rapidly developed a pilgrimage of unexpected proportions. In the Wies Church rococo art reached a unique perfection. This masterpiece, created by the brothers Dominikus and Johann Baptist Zimmermann | Wies Church

23: ace of the Scourged Saviour, there rapidly developed a pilgrimage of unexpected proportions. In the Wies Church rococo art reached a unique perfection. This masterpiece, created by the brothers Dominikus and Johann Baptist Zimmermann of Wessobrunn, was given international recognition a few years ago, when it was inscribed by UNESCO, the culture organization of the U.N., as a cultural site on the World Heritage List. In spite of the lightness and grace typical of rococo style, the Wies Church has in fact a deep meditative quality coming from the important theological themes which are treated there. Spiritual center of the church is the Scourged Saviour, Jesus Christ, God's Son, who, giving his life for all humankind, offers himself as a sacrifice to God the Father. Out of this sacrifice is born redemption, blessing and the glory of heaven. This theology is summed up in the prayer which comes after the Consecration of bread and wine in the Mass, in which the center of our Christian belief is expressed: "We announce your death, o Lord, we praise your Ressurection until you come in glory". One sees this theology in the figure of the Scourged Saviour (the Lamb of God), and in the main ceiling fresco (the resurrected Christ, who will come again, sitting on the rainbow; the judgement throne; and the door to Eternal Life.) People from all over the world come to the Wies. Many search for sense in their life and orientation. This church has the power, by its artistic expression and spiritual message, to give them an answer. Bringing into play all of a person's senses, it allows mind and soul to experience the "Good News of the Wies". Its architect, Dominikus Zimmermann, almost 70, could not bear to leave this church, his most beautiful and complete work. Thus, he built himself a house almost at its door, where he lived until his death. In thankfulness for the happy completion of the church, he painted a votive tablet showing the pious master architect kneeling before the Scourged Saviour. He signed it: "D.Z. Ex voto A. 1757". Every pilgrim and visitor to the Wies Church is rewarded by the magnificence and harmony of the wonderful song Zimmermann called forth in building the Wies Church. When the visitor, in encountering the resounding four-tone chord of art, theology, light and music, experiences the total beauty of the Wies,

24: In 1738, tears were seen on a dilapidated wooden figure of the Scourged Saviour. This miracle resulted in a pilgrimage rush to see the sculpture. In 1740, a small chapel was built to house the statue but it was soon realized that the building would be too small for the number of pilgrims it attracted, and so Steingaden Abbey decided to commission a separate shrine. Many who have prayed in front of the statue of Jesus on the altar, have claimed that people have been miraculously cured of their diseases, which has made this church even more of a pilgrimage site. Construction took place between 1745 and 1754, and the interior was decorated with frescoes and with stuccowork in the tradition of the Wessobrunner School. "Everything was done throughout the church to make the supernatural visible. Sculpture and murals combined to unleash the divine in visible form". There is a popular belief that the Bavarian government planned to sell or demolish the rococo masterpiece during the secularization of Bavaria at the beginning of the 19th century, and that only protests from the local farmers saved it from destruction. Available sources however document that the responsible state commission clearly advocated the continuation of Wies as a pilgrimage site, even in spite of economic objections from the abbot of Steingaden.

25: I did a lot of work on this one today, going from scrubbing in the shadows to adding color throughout. I like the muted colors, the reference photo I have is from late fall, so the colorization is very muted and quiet, with warm shadows and cool light. This little chapel sits on a hill in the village of Oberwittighausen, and is one of a couple in this area that are built in an octogon shape. The large linden tree is said to be 1000 years old, and was worshipped in olden times as a healing power for diseases. I did an extensive paper for my Abitur (to graduate from high school in Germany) about this chapel - wow, that was quite some time ago. I do remember I received an A on it ;-) | Painting of St. Sigismund done by cousin Ruth Lang Vines & her description below.

26: Bishop's Residence in Wuerzburg The former residence of the Würzburg prince-bishops is one of the most important baroque palaces in Europe and today it is on UNESCO's World Heritage list. Originally designed for Prince-Bishop Johann Philipp Franz von Schnborn by the then young and unknown architect Balthasar Neumann, it took sixty years to complete; the shell of the palace was built from 1720 to 1744 and the interior finished in 1780. Neumann's world-famous staircase, roofed by an unsupported vault, was decorated in 1752/53 by the Venetian Giovanni Battista Tiepolo with a ceiling fresco representing the four continents. The painting, measuring 18 x 30 metres, is one of the largest frescos ever created. The magnificent sequence of rooms begins with the vestibule and Garden Hall and continues via the staircase and White Hall to the Imperial Hall, also with frescos by Tiepolo. The vaulting of these rooms even withstood the devastating fire of 1945, while the ceilings and floors of the Imperial Apartments flanking the Imperial Hall were destroyed. The furnishings and wall panelling had been removed beforehand, enabling the rooms to be reconstructed. Restoration was completed in 1987 with the reopening of the Mirror Cabinet. There is a total of over 40 palace rooms to visit, with a rich array of furniture, tapestries, paintings and other 18th century treasures. The Court Chapel, entered separately from the Residenz Square, is one of the finest examples of religious art in Würzburg. The State Gallery contains Venetian art from the 17th and 18th centuries (Branch of the Bavarian State Galleries). A walk in the Würzburg Court Garden is a delight for both nature- and art-lovers. The water basin encircled by yew trees clipped into the shape of cones forms the present centre of the South Garden. In front of the magnificent east faade is a terraced garden decorated with groups of puttos by Johann Peter Wagner.

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  • Title: Companion to Europe w/ Family 1999 book
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