S: EGYPT - MARCH 2008 VOL.1
FC: March 2008
1: TRIP ITINERAY - VOL.1 | Day 1: Cairo (Open Air Museum at Memphis, Sakkara Pyramids, Great Pyramids of Giza) Day 2: Alexandria (The Alexandria National Museum, Pompey's Pillar) Day 3: Luxor (Karnak Temple, Luxor Temple)
2: Memphis Museum | Memphis, founded around 3,100 BC, is the legendary city of Menes, the King who united Upper and Lower Egypt. The City was originally Ineb-Hedj, meaning "The White Wall".
3: The Colossus of Ramses
6: SAKKARA | Sakkara is a vast, ancient burial ground in Egypt, serving as the necropolis for the Ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis. The Pyramid of Djoser (Zoser), or step pyramid was built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his vizier Imhotep, during the 27th century BC.
8: As seen in the distance are the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid, which were constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Snofru, father of Khufu of the Old Kingdom. The unusual shape of the Bent Pyramid is unique, and represents a transitional pyramid form believed to have been the result of an engineering crisis encountered during its construction. The Red Pyramid is the world's first true smooth-sided pyramid.
10: The funerary complex built for Dojser represents an immense leap forward in Ancient Egyptian architecture, as it it was the first time that a complex of this size was built in stone.
12: Great Pyramid of Giza
13: The Great Pyramid of Giza (also called the Khufu's Pyramid, Pyramid of Khufu, and Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt, and is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that survives substantially intact. | It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian King Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
14: Pyramid of Khafre
15: The Pyramid of Khafre is the second largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the fourth-dynasty pharaoh Khafre.
16: The Great Sphinx of Giza
17: In a depression to the south of Khafre's pyramid at Giza near Cairo sits a huge creature with the head of a human and a lion's body. This monumental statue, the first truly colossal royal sculpture in Egypt, known as the Great Sphinx, is a national symbol of Egypt, both ancient and modern. The Great Sphinx is believed to be the most immense stone sculpture in the round ever made by man.
21: Nothing says I'm a tourist better than posing for the quintessential "Holding the Pyramid Up Pose".
24: Alexandria National Museum The national museum is located in a restored palace and contains about 1,800 artifacts that narrate the history of Alexandria throughout the ages, including the Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic eras.
29: Pompey's Pillar An approximately 82 ft red Aswan granite column with a circumference of 29.5 ft, was constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletain.
32: The Fort of Qaitbay | A 15th century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast, built upon/from the ruins of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt.
33: Monument for the Silent Solider | Statue of Alexander the Great riding Bucephalus and carrying the Angel of Peace facing the entrance to the Greek corner of Alexandria and the Ancient Kom el Dekka neighbourhood
34: Ancient Library of Alexandria | was probably the largest, and certainly the most famous, of the libraries of the ancient world. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and functioned as a major center of scholarship, at least until the time of Rome's conquest of Egypt
35: Lunch in Alexandria
38: Karnak Temple Complex
39: Karnak is the largest temple complex ever built by man, and represents the combined achievement of many generations of ancient builders. The Temple of Karnak is actually three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples located about three kilometers north of Luxor, Egypt. Karnak is actually the sites modern name. Its ancient name was Ipet-isut, meaning "The Most Select (or Sacred) of Places". This vast complex was built and enlarged over a thirteen hundred year period. The three main temples of Mut, Montu and Amun are enclosed by enormous brick walls.
40: The forecourt is now inside the entrance pylon, but would have originally been outside the main temple | Temple of Seti II
41: Colossus of Ramses II
42: Second Pylon - Entrance to the Great Hypostyle Hall
45: Great Hypostyle Hall
46: There are 134 colossal papyrus columns in the Hypostle Hall measuring 72 ft. tall and 11 ft. in diameter.
47: Passing through the Hypostle Hall, you arrive at the Court of Tuthmosis I. There are two obelisks still standing at Karnak. The obelisk erected by Queen Hatshepsut (1473-1458BC) is 97 feet tall and weighs approximately 320 tons. Nearby stands a smaller obelisk erected by Tuthmosis I (1504-1492 BC). It is 75 feet high, has sides 6 feet wide at its base, and weighs between 143 and 160 tons.
48: The small area between the Third Pylon and the Fourth Pylon, which was during the time of Tuthmosis I, was the front of the Temple of Amun at Karnak. It is sometimes referred to as the Obelisk Court or the Court of Amenhotep III.
50: The Courtyard of the Cachette Each statue bears the cartouche of both Tuthmosis III and Ramses IV and wears the white crown. The statue of the left holds the ‘keys of life’.
51: The obelisks of Hatshepsut originally stood in the Wadjet hall. The southern obelisk has fallen, but its upper section is on display near the sacred lake.
53: LUXOR TEMPLE
54: Flanking the gate of the first pylon at the Temple of Luxor there are two seated colossi representing King Ramses II, seated on his throne,
55: The temple of Luxor was built by King Amenhotep III who reigned 1390-53 BC and dedicated this temple to Amon-Re, king of the gods, his consort Mut, and their son Khons. It was completed by Tutankhamun and Horemheb and added to by Ramses II. Towards the rear is a granite shrine dedicated to Alexander the Great. | Court of Ramses II
56: The Colonnade, which was built by Amenhotep III, was decorated by Tutankhamen and later, Horemheb; Seti I, Ramses II, and Seti II who all recorded their names there. The Colonnade has seven pairs of 52 foot high open-flower papyrus columns, which still support their huge architrave blocks. | The Mosque of Abu'l Haggag Located in the northeast corner of the Court of Ramses in the Temple of Luxor is the Mosque of Abu'l Haggag. The Sufi sheik spent the last fifty of his ninety years in Luxor. Though Abu'l Haggag died in 1243, the mosque is only 19th century. | The Court of Amonhotep III measures 148 feet long by 184 feet wide with double rows of papyrus columns on three sides. The northern end was originally the entrance to the temple.
58: The Hypostyle Hall opens into the First Antechamber , also known as the Roman Sanctuary . This area was occupied by 8 columns which were removed when the area was converted by the Roman legion stationed at Luxor into a chapel dedicated to the imperial cult. The door to the Roman church was walled into a curved recess flanked by two granite Corinthian columns. It contained the standards of the legion, and its south doorway was blocked with an apse painted with figures Emperor Diocletian, c 284-305 BC, and his three coregents,
59: Avenue of the Sphinxes | The Thirtieth Dynasty's Avenue of Sphinxes was built by Nectanbo I and extended three miles towards Karnak temples. These human-headed sphinxes take the facial features of King Nectanbo I .
61: Sunrise on the Nile