S: England, Ireland and Wales April 2012
BC: England | Wales | Ireland | Where we traveled.
FC: April 2012 | England, Ireland and Wales
1: Yummy? Our 1st meal on our first trip together overseas. The day after our trip a tornado hit our hometown! | DFW Airport and skyline on the way to Heathrow England. | Friday, April 13 Happy Birthday Isaac...See you later!
2: Streets of London
3: Kensington Close Saturday, April 14 | We came to England at the perfect time. Everything has been renovated in honor of the Queens silver jubilee (60 yrs) that starts in May and the Olympics that start in July.
4: Our first dining experience in England...French food! | Grocery store near our hotel.
6: Queen Victoria statue in front of place she was born...Kensington Palace.
7: Secret door | "Tornado" sculpture made of electroluminescent wire dappled with Swarovski crystals
8: David is standing behind 1830 uniform Prince Albert once wore. | It takes 6 boys to carry the train! | Queen Victoria's wedding dress. | Staff uniforms.
9: Back silk Emanuel gown a then-19-year-old Diana wore to a charity ball, her first public outing with Prince Charles in 1981. This dress was nontraditional in color (royals reserved black for times of mourning) and style (royals never wore anything strapless or low cut at the time). | Five of Princess Di's iconic dresses.
10: Piano that Queen Victoria and Prince Albert played.
11: Clock/music box.
12: Top and Bottom: Kings Gallery... It was here that the King caught the chill that led to his death on 3/8/1702. | Ceiling!
13: The Tower of London is a palace and a fortress on 18 1/2 acres.
14: The upper right picture is the ceiling to the entrance. (Center picture.) When the round circles open, boiling water would pour down on unwelcome visitors. | 22 Yrs of military experience to become a Beefeater>(right)
15: Gun weighs 5 3/4 tons.Images represent Knights of Malta's religious and humanitarian role. The gun carriage was made in 1827. It shows the arms of Malta and scenes from the islands history. The iron quoin in the shape of a Maltese dog supports the gun's breech.
16: (Top Left)Armour was made for Henry, Prince of Wales, older brother, but on his death in 1612 Charles inherited Henry's armour-and 4 yrs. later his title. Surface is covered in gold leaf with engraved and punched foliage decoration. This was normally fused to the surface of armour by the dangerous process of mercury gliding.
17: Norman toilet... (garderobe) Waste fell into ground pits or "dead" zones. | (Bottom right)Norman Fireplace. One of the earliest known wall fireplaces in England. Smoke was allowed to escape through 2 holes in the side of the bldg. through a flue built into the thickness of the wall. | This golden Ampulla and spoon (1649) was used in the coronation ceremony to anoint the monarch's head, palms and breast with holy oil. It is the only item to survive the Commonwealth.
20: Sunday, April 15 Destination: Stonehenge-Salisbury-Bath-Bristol
21: The architecture of Stonehenge has taken into account mathematical and geometrical considerations. The construction is structurally engineered to perfection. Stonehenge is replete with a henge or ditch, and a bank. This surrounds the massive stone circle. The stones of the structure are situated in such a way that they become larger in size at the center. The stones alternate between tall, thin stones and those stones with a tapering and obelisk shape. Two varieties of stone were utilized for Stonehenge’s construction. The so called bluestones weighed nearly four tons. They were transported over a distance of 240 miles. The second variety of stones included the ‘Sarsen’ stones, which weighed nearly 25 tons and stood at an impressive height of eighteen feet. It is believed that more than 30 million hours of labor were spent in the construction work. | Heel Stone measures around 20 feet long, of which 4 feet are buried. It is 8 feet wide, 7 feet thick and weighs around 35 tons. | STONEHENGE Wrexham, England Completed between 3100 BC and 1100 BC
22: Field of Canola...used to make Canola Oil | Pig house and pigs.
23: Salisbury Cathedral Close Built in 1220 by 300 men in 38 yrs.
25: Model of Castle & Cathedral of Old Sarum as they would have appeared In latter part of 12th Century
28: There is a legend that Bath was founded in 860 BC when Prince Bladud, father of King Lear, caught leprosy. He was banned from the court and was forced to look after pigs. The pigs also had a skin disease but after they wallowed in hot mud they were cured. Prince Bladud followed their example and was also cured. Later he became king and founded Bath. | Bath England
29: 56 scenes from the life of Christ.
30: The bath complex in Bath was founded in 75 AD. Water temp: 46 deg. 43 Minerals in the water. Iron causes the orange staining. The water is colorless, but the green hue is from algae growth caused by its heat and by daylight.
31: Head of Minerva..gilt bronze head from the culst statue of Sulis Minerva. Found in Stall Street in 1727. | Model of the Baths and Sacred Spring at their greatest extent in the 4th century. | Inscribed Fragment. Refers to 7th consulship of the Emperor Vespasian in AD75 | Part of the front of temple. Had 4 columns. They were about 49' tall.
32: Ladder of Angels..Bishop Oliver King is said to have had a dream of ascending and descending angels which inspired the design of the facade | After the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539 by order of King Henry VIII, the Abbey lay in ruins for more than 70 years. It wasn’t until 1616, that much of the building we see today was repaired and in use as a parish church.
33: Bath Abbey | The present Abbey Church was founded in 1499-the last great medieval cathedral to have been built in England | 56 scenes from the life of Christ.
34: Ramada ....Bristol City Tomorrow...IRELAND!! | View from room.
35: Wood carving of Qn. Eliz. Possibly dated 1571. | St. Mary Redcliffe Church 1292 | This houses the tomb and armor of Admiral Sir William Penn, father of Pennsylvania's founder
36: Lectern dated 1638 | Organ and Pipes.
38: Houseboat on River Avon | John King Tugboat 1935
39: River Severn | Monday, April 16 Destination: Bristol-Cardiff, Wales-Tramore, Ireland
40: Cardiff Castle was founded by the Normans in 1081 on the site of an earlier Roman fort.
41: Cardiff, Wales The Welsh are known for their singing and wooden love spoons. | Cement wall behind the doors!
42: The Keep is set upon an artificial hill, built by Normans about 1081. | Building was never roofed, but is called a "shell keep"; the outer walls providing a shell for smaller bldgs. within. | . Original keep was wooden, but replaced by present stone | 104 Stairs! | Background is flag of Wales.
43: Scenery on our way to catch the ferry...
44: Spent about 4 hours on the ferry and then on to our hotel (our favorite) in the seaside resort of Tramore, Ireland.
45: 2 FEB 2012 | Tues. April 17 We are on our way to: Blarney Castle in Blarney Co. Cork, Ireland. Destinations::Tramore-Blarney-Killarney
46: Gatehouse Dog kennel and sentry guarded entrance
47: Guardhouse and kennel. | Built in 1446. | Dungeon.
48: Kissing Blarney stone will give you the gift of eloquence. | Kitchen | Oubliette, a 15 foot hole in the ground that could only be accessed from above...MEANING: there were trap floor pieces in the room at one point that could be used if intruders or unwanted guests entered. A guard could pull a lever when the intruder stepped on the block and they would fall into the pit with no way out.
49: Banquet Hall | Steep Stairs | Could not imagine wearing long dresses in this castle. Lots of stairs that are narrow and steep. | Window view.
50: Poison Garden | Badgers Cave | When outer doors had been battered down, assailants entering lobby below were easily dispatched from here by boiling liquids, stones etc.
52: Killarney Ireland | Killarney is the 1st part of the infamous Ring of Kerry...a panoramic 100 mile coastal drive . | Our "jaunting horseride" provided these views.
53: Killarney National Park The park totals 25,293 acres comprising the Upper, Middle & Lower Lakes surrounded by mountains and woodlands. The Park includes the peaks of Mangerton - Torc - Shehy and to the west of the park are the MacGillycuddys Reeks - the highest mountain range in Ireland.
54: Ross Castle
55: This is where we re-cooperated when we came back from the Irish Pub.
56: We had a great time at this pub. We sang, we danced, we drank........this was one of our very favorite stops.
57: Wednesday, April 18 Next stops: Killarney-Ring of Kerry-Adare-Ennis
58: Ring of Kerry Views
61: Peat Moss
64: Holy Trinity Abbey Church Adare, Co. Limerick Foundation established between 1230 and 1240
66: Bunratty Castle & Folk Park, Bunratty, Co. Clare Ireland | The most complete and authentic medieval fortress in Ireland. Built in 1425 it was restored in 1954 to its former medieval splendour and now contains mainly 15th and 16th century furnishings, tapestries, and works of art which capture the mood of those times.
67: Thatch roofs made with water reed last 50-80 years, combed wheat reed 30-40 years and straw 15-25 years The ridges (top of roof) need to be replaced about every 20 years.
69: The food was delicious. The only silverware we had was our dagger/steak knife. Mead was one of several choices of beverages. We had soup, spare ribs, chicken, fruit, new potatoes and dessert.
70: Auburn Lodge Hotel...Ennis Co. Claire Eire Ireland
71: Thursday, April 19 Dublin Ireland | Destinations: Ennis, Limerick-Dublin
72: Ha'penny Bridge Built 1816
76: Dublin Castle and city buildings.
77: Molly Malone
78: St Patrick's Cathedral 1191 - 1270 Faith: Christianity (not Catholic)! Denomination: Church of Ireland. The largest church in Ireland. Because of a major rebuilding in the 1870s prompted by the belief that the cathedral was in imminent danger of collapse, much of the current building and decoration dates from the Victorian era.
79: In Memory of those who fell in the two- world wars 1914-1918 and 1939-1945 | Order of St Patrick Bible Between 1783 and 1871, those installed as Knights of the Order of St Patrick took the oath on this Bible | Roll of Honor...10 Volumes contain names of 50,000 Irishmen who died in thee 1st World War. From time to time pages will be turned so that all names may be seen.
82: Chair used by King William 3rd to give thanks to God for his victory over King James at the Battle of the Boyne, 1690
85: Streets of Dublin
86: Views from our hotel...
87: Jury's Custom House Inn
88: Jeanie Johnston ship is an accurate replica of the original ship which sailed between Tralee in Co. Kerry and North America between 1847 and 1855. This is what millions of Irish people sailed on to America.. . 3,000 mile voyage braving gales and harsh seas. | In memory of the victims of the Great Famine and for their descendants who have done so much to build Canada
89: S | ssS S | In 1759, Arthur Guinness signed a 9,000-year lease on a 50-acre site at the St. James's Gate, in what were then Dublin's western outskirts, and he built a brewery on the site. In the 1770s, Arthur perfected a formula using roasted barley to produce a rich, black variant on porter called stout. He called it, simply, "Guinness," and a legend was born. By the middle of the 19th century, the brewery founded by Arthur Guiness had become the largest in the world. | Lease
90: Free beer in the Gravity Bar (the highest in Dublin) and 360 deg views. We had a great dinner at the storehouse.
91: Friday, April 20 Crossing the Irish Sea I have 4 hours to take pictures on the ferry.
92: Next Stop: Dublin-Llangollen, Wales-Wrexham
94: Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwll-llantysiliogogogoch on the Isle of Anglesey in Wales. | The name translates as "St Mary's Church in the hollow of the white hazel near a rapid whirlpool and the Church of St Tysilio of the red cave". | War Memorial Clock | Mailbox
107: Pontcysyllte Aqueduct built by Thomas Telford between 1795 and 1805 | A traditional Canal narrow boat, that took us through the Vale of Llangollen and across the world's biggest aqueduct at Trevor. | View from bridge.
108: Bridge towers 126 ft above river. | This inlet was made for ducks to dodge the boats.
109: We stopped here for a pint of ale before going back to our hotel.
110: Ramada Plaza Wrexham, North Wales.
111: Saturday, April 23 Destination: Wrexham-Ironbridge, England-Stratford-Upon-Avon-London | Ironbridge Gorge is known throughout the world as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.
112: The 1st iron bridge in the world, designed by the architect Thomas Pritchard (who died before it was completed) in 1776 and built by Abraham Darby III in 1777-79.
113: Ebays is where Prince William and Kay ordered meat pies for wedding reception. We tried a cold pie and it tasted okay.
114: Anne Hathaway Cottage Located in the hamlet of Shottery barely a mile from the centre of Stratford-upon-Avon At the age of 18, in November 1582, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, the daughter of a local landowner.
115: Stratford on Avon
116: Shakespeare's birthplace and home for 38 yrs.
117: We fell in love with Pasties. Our favorite was filled with roast beef, potatoes, onions and gravy. | There are male and female hats for the "bobbies:.
118: Shakespeare theater and museum.
120: Saturday, April 21 Streets of London
123: Big Ben | Westminster Abbey
124: Thames River | Buckingham Palace
125: London Eye The world’s tallest cantilevered observation wheel 483'
126: London Bridge
129: Hayes Galleria | Our last dinner in Great Britain
130: What a wonderful way to end our trip. Dinner and a ride on the Thames river to see the lights of London. | London Bridge
133: London Bridge
136: Novatel Hotel
137: Sunday April 22 Heathrow Airport | Flying back to the Land of Oz.
139: Homeward Bound