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FC: Italia 2012 | Sabrina Colella

1: Italia 2012- Maggio 8-19 Table of Content Giorno uno e due: pagina 2-3 Giorno tre e quattro: pagina 4-5 Giorno cinque e sei: pagina 6-7 Giorno sette: pagina 8-9 Giorno otto: pagina 10-11 Giorno nove: pagina 12-13 Giorno dieci:pagina 14-15 Giorno undici: pagina 16-17 Foto: pagina 18-19 Fatti e suggerimenti: pagina 20-21

2: The name Palermo comes from the Latin word “Panormus”. The ancient Phoenician community was founded between the 8th and 6th century. After the Phoenicians it became property of the Carthaginian military but was soon taken over by the Romans in 254 B.C. Palermo was also under Byzantine rule and was again taken over by Arab. It then became the capital of the kingdom of Sicily. | Giorno uno e due | 2

3: May 9 2012 : Arrive in Palermo | Southwest of Palermo marks the land of Segesta. The home of some impressive ancient civilization that is still very much with us today. Dating back to the time of The Elymians, who were the founders of the original place “Egesta.”They arrived in Sicily to settle the western regions (around 1200 BCE). The Greeks engaged in alliance with the Elymians but not with Sicilians. The Doric temple was and is still the main focal point of Segesta. Even though the temple was never finished it is still a very impressive piece of architecture. As for Selinunte (Acropolis), the city was founded in seventh century BCE but was destroyed in 409 BCE. During this time it became one of the most progressive Greek cities in Sicily. During the war of 480 BCE, the citizens of Selinus did not pick sides between the Carthaginians or the Greeks, which caused them to gain alliance between with Syracuse and Agrigento. This strategy gained Selinunte seven decades of peace. This is the time where all these marvelous temples were constructed. | Palermo | cosi bella! | 3

4: Valle di Templi is found in Agrigento, Sicily. It is the home of the most outstanding Greek art and architecture. It includes 7 extraordinary temples that are still with us today. Supposedly it was built to remember the Romans who were killed in the Second Punic War. | Taormina, is the province of Messina. As shown is the Teatro Greco, a very popular theatre that is the second largest in all of Sicily. Now it is used for many events such as concerts and shows. | 4

5: Taormina is the "pearl" of the Mediterranean. It was founded by Andromacus in 392 B.C. It was taken over by the Romans in the first Punic war. | Giorno tre e quattro | 5

6: Tropea is found in Calabria, Sicily. It is the village of prefecture of Arcadia in Greece. The Romans took over the whole Calabrian territory at the end of the Roman empire. It then became a easy target to the Byzantines and Longboards. Now it is a popular terrorist site because of its beautiful scenery. | uno tartufo rende giornata di tutti! -Sabrina Colella | 6

7: -Croissant -Arancione -Nutella -Espresso | Giorno cinque e sei | Favorito cibo italiano, Il Tartufo trovato in Tropea, Calabria. | 7 | La prima colazione giornaliera

8: Serra San Bruno | San Bruno was the founder of the Certosini Order. He came to Italy in the I century. He then became the first saint to have a Certosa built and dedicated to him. In 1783 a huge earthquake passed through and almost destroyed everything. | 8

9: Santa Maria del Bosco | Giorno sette | 9

10: Saint Francesco of Paola was the Patron saint of the Calebrese people. At the age of 13 he joined the Franciscan covenant and began his life as a Franciscan monk. After performing a miracle of walking on water, he was granted permission to build a large monastery that still rest today. | San Francesco of Paola's Sanctuary | Giorno otto | 10

11: Paestum (Poiseidonia) was founded by the Greeks in the 6th century B.C. They built three Doric temples dedicated to Hera, Neptune and Athens. The Romans then took over changing its name to ''Paestum." As the Romans invaded they built roads, forums and theaters. In the 5th century A.D, the Christians converted one of these temples into a church and constructed churches near by. | Scalea, Paestum | 11

12: Amalfi Coast | Amalfi Cathedral | The origin of the name comes from the gorgeous nymph named Amalfi, who was loved by Hercules. Visitors would come to pay homage to her beauty.It began as a Roman refuge from the invading barbarians during the downfall of the Roman Empire. The people of Amalfi became excellent sailors which resulted in great power. It then weakened when Salerno invaded and the people of Amalfi were forced to join the domination of Southern Italy. | Fatto: Giovanni Gioia e il suo popolo ha inventato la bussola. Si diffondono l'uso della bussola attraverso il Mediterraneo. | 12

13: Pompeii laid buried under 75 feet of volcanic ash for nearly 1,700 years. It all started in 79 A.D when the people of Heraculanemus saw smoke coming from Versivus, it was then when they decided abandon their land and run. The smoke ended up killing everyone in its path. It was not until 1784 that archaeologist started to discover the famous ancient city. | Pompeii city | Giorno nove | Fact: The population did not know Versivus was a volcano, During the eruption, there was no lava instead there was heated gas, magma and ash which created a smoke in the sky. This is called a Plianian eruption, the most dangerous of all natural disasters. | 13

14: Facts: -Considered one of the holiest places -It is said that St.Peter is buried underneath the altar in the Vatican, along with several other popes. -There cannot be any basilica/church built bigger then St. Peter's Basilica -Vatican city is its own city. It is the smallest independent nation in the world | St. Peter's Basilica or also known as ‘Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano’ is the largest Christian church in the world. The basilica stands where the apostle and believed to be the first pope, St. Peter who was crucified and buried. It was in 324, when Emperor Constantine decided to construct a basilica over his tomb. The construction took over 100 years, with many popes taking over the job. It ended with Pope Paul IV in 1615. It of course has the famous works of MIchealangelo. | R O M A | Giorno dieci: St. Peter's Basilica and the Vatican | 14

15: There are many extrodanary works of art inside the basilica, such as "La Pieta" by Micheanglelo. The Baldacchin, done by Bernini, which is found over the papal's altar. There is also the four pier's and the Confessio. And several popes are buried, including Pope John XXIII and Pope Pius XI. | 15

16: The coliseum is originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, and was commissioned in 72 AD by Emperor Vespasian. It was used to entertainment and can fit up to 55,000 people. | The arch of constantine(Arco di Costantino) was built in 315 AD to mark the victory of Constantine over Maxentius . | The Pantheon is one of the most ancient buildings in Rome dating back to 125 AD. It is dedicated to all the gods and when it become a church it was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and the Martyrs. | 16 | Ricordi | Amici

17: The Trevi Fountain is located in the heart of Rome and is one of the most popular fountains in the world. It stands 6 meters high and made out of marble and rock. The legend of the coin toss is still very popular today. | At the end of the 17th century, the Spanish Steps (Piazza di Spagna) were built to unite Via del Babuino. They were built on a right angle to define the direction of St.Peter's and the Vatican. The church at the top of the Steps is called Trinita dei Monti, which was founded by the French in 1495. | 17 | Giorno undici

18: 18

19: 19

20: Tips to surviving Italy | 1. Mangiare, Mangiare, Mangiare! 2. Gelato all day, everyday. 3. Portare carta igienica. 4. Wear comfortable shoes. 5. Meet new people. 6. Provare nuovi cibi. 7. Eat everything on your plate. 8. Ottenere un sonno della buona notte. 9. Skip the Macdonald's, have some real Italian cuisine. 10. Bere molta acqua. 11. Keep your camera out at all times. 12. Acquista Nutella italiana, molto meglio di canadese. 13. Always bring a bathing cap to the pool! | 20

21: Facts about Italy | 1. The lovely creation of pizza was born in the city of Naples. 2. The famous story of Pinocchio, was originally written by an Italian. 3. Italy is the fourth most visited country in the world. 4. The ice cream cone along with the thermometer and typewriter are some Italian inventions. 5. Italy did not become a united country until 1861. 6. Before Rome became a republic and a empire, it had 7 kings. 7. The colours of the Italian flag refer to 3 virtues. hope (green), faith (white), and charity (red). 8. 955 of all Italians are Roman Catholic but only 30% attend church on a weekly basis. 9. The Roman nickname is "The Eternal City." 10. The average Italian consumes half a pound of bread a day. | L'Italia un posto cos bello! | 21

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  • Title: Italia scrapbook 2012.
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