S: ItalY 2012
BC: DEPARTED | ROME | 17 March 2012 | Janet Rehm Catherine Harris Elizabeth Penland
FC: Italy | ARRIVED 9 March 2012 | "As a rule, men worry more about what they can't see than about what they can." Julius Caesar | BuonViaggio Italia
1: “Friendship is unnecessary, like philosophy, like art.... It has no survival value; rather it is one of those things which give value to survival.” C.S. Lewis
2: We dropped everything during our sophomore year to see what we had longed to see––the eternal city of Rome! God prepared our hearts to trust him as we boarded the plane (flying standby) and flew into an unknown country full of wonders! The Colosseum was our first major sight, and Rome's iconic symbol.
3: View from Palatine Hill
4: Ancient Rome In ancient times, this was home for the grandest buildings of a city of a million people. Today, the best of the classical sights in a line from the Colosseum to the Forum to the Pantheon
6: The Roman Forum | Hundreds of years of plunder reduced the Forum to its current desolate state. But this enormous area was once Rome's pulsating heart, filled with stately and extravagant temples, palaces, and shops, and crowded with people from all corners of the empire. Adding to today's confusion is the fact that the Forum developed over many centuries; what you see today are not the ruins from just one period but from a span of almost 900 years, from about 500 BC to AD 400. Nonetheless, the enduring romance of the place, with its lonely columns and great broken fragments of sculpted marble and stone, makes for a quintessential Roman experience.
7: The Roman forum Overlook from Palatine Hill, Constantine's Basilica, Where Julius Caesar's body was burned, Temple of Vesta, Vesta Virgin Statues
8: The Pantheon Built more than 1800 years ago, the magnificent Pantheon building still stands as a reminder of the great Roman empire.
9: Spanish Steps
11: Colosseum Tour | The Colosseum is one of the most recognizable symbols of Rome. The games took place in this oval-shaped arena, 280 feet long by 165 feet wide. The ratio of length to width is 5:3, often called the golden ratio. Since the days of the Greek mathematician Pythagoras, artists considered that proportion to be ideal, with almost mystical properties. The Colosseum architects apparently wanted their structure to embody the perfect 3-by-5 mathematical order they thought existed in nature. The arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312. Dedicated in 315, it is the latest of the existing triumphal arches in Rome, from which it differs by spolia, the extensive re-use of parts of earlier buildings.
12: Trevi Fountain, Spanish Steps | ROME
15: The Vatican City | Belvedere Torso––ugly beauty
18: St. Peter's Basilica
20: From Top left: Castel Sant' Angelo, Campo de' Fioir, Catherine with gelato, Trajan's Market, Piazza Navona, Four River's Fountain (Bernini)
21: "For us to go to Italy and to penetrate into Italy is like a most fascinating act of self-discovery " back, back down the old ways of time. Strange and wonderful chords awake in us, and vibrate again after many hundreds of years of complete forgetfulness." --D.H. Lawrence | Ponte's Angelo
23: Ostia Antica | Located at the mouth (ostium) of the Tiber, Ostia was Rome's gateway to the open seas. At the peak of the Empire, it was a Europe-wide commercial shipping hub, handling the big business of keeping more than a million Romans fed and in sandals.
26: St. Paul's Cathedral
27: Romans 1:7 To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: oGrace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
32: Florence | Michelangelo's David Piazza della Signoria
33: Brunelleschi's dome
34: Cinque Terre