S: EGYPT - MARCH 2010
FC: March 2010
1: Patsy & Aynne's Great Egyptian Adventure TRIP ITINERAY | Day 1: Arrive in Cairo - Travel to the Four Seasons Day 2: Day 3: Day 4: Day 5: Day 6: Day 7: \ Day 8 : Cairo (The Hanging Church, Mosque of Mohammed Ali, Khan al Kalili Market, Giza Sound & Light Show)
2: The Great Sphinx of Giza
4: The beautiful Four Seasons Hotel
6: Memphis Museum | Memphis, founded around 3,100 BC, is the legendary city of Menes, the King who united Upper and Lower Egypt. The City was originally Ineb-Hedj, meaning "The White Wall".
7: The Colossus of Ramses
8: SAKKARA | Sakkara is a vast, ancient burial ground in Egypt, serving as the necropolis for the Ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis. The Pyramid of Djoser (Zoser), or step pyramid was built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his vizier Imhotep, during the 27th century BC.
10: As seen in the distance are the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid, which were constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Snofru, father of Khufu of the Old Kingdom. The unusual shape of the Bent Pyramid is unique, and represents a transitional pyramid form believed to have been the result of an engineering crisis encountered during its construction. The Red Pyramid is the world's first true smooth-sided pyramid.
12: The funerary complex built for Dojser represents an immense leap forward in Ancient Egyptian architecture, as it it was the first time that a complex of this size was built in stone.
14: Great Pyramid of Giza
15: The Great Pyramid of Giza (also called the Khufu's Pyramid, Pyramid of Khufu, and Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt, and is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that survives substantially intact. | It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian King Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
16: Pyramid of Khafre
17: The Pyramid of Khafre is the second largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the fourth-dynasty pharaoh Khafre.
19: Pompey's Pillar An approximately 82 ft red Aswan granite column with a circumference of 29.5 ft, was constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletain.
22: The Fort of Qaitbay | A 15th century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast, built upon/from the ruins of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt.
23: Monument for the Silent Solider | Statue of Alexander the Great riding Bucephalus and carrying the Angel of Peace facing the entrance to the Greek corner of Alexandria and the Ancient Kom el Dekka neighbourhood
24: Ancient Library of Alexandria | was probably the largest, and certainly the most famous, of the libraries of the ancient world. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and functioned as a major center of scholarship, at least until the time of Rome's conquest of Egypt
25: Lunch in Alexandria
26: Karnak Temple Complex
27: Karnak is the largest temple complex ever built by man, and represents the combined achievement of many generations of ancient builders. The Temple of Karnak is actually three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples located about three kilometers north of Luxor, Egypt. Karnak is actually the sites modern name. Its ancient name was Ipet-isut, meaning "The Most Select (or Sacred) of Places". This vast complex was built and enlarged over a thirteen hundred year period. The three main temples of Mut, Montu and Amun are enclosed by enormous brick walls.
28: The forecourt is now inside the entrance pylon, but would have originally been outside the main temple | Temple of Seti II
29: Colossus of Ramses II
30: Second Pylon - Entrance to the Great Hypostyle Hall
33: Great Hypostyle Hall
34: There are 134 colossal papyrus columns in the Hypostle Hall measuring 72 ft. tall and 11 ft. in diameter.
35: Passing through the Hypostle Hall, you arrive at the Court of Tuthmosis I. There are two obelisks still standing at Karnak. The obelisk erected by Queen Hatshepsut (1473-1458BC) is 97 feet tall and weighs approximately 320 tons. Nearby stands a smaller obelisk erected by Tuthmosis I (1504-1492 BC). It is 75 feet high, has sides 6 feet wide at its base, and weighs between 143 and 160 tons.
36: The small area between the Third Pylon and the Fourth Pylon, which was during the time of Tuthmosis I was the front of the the Temple of Amun at Karnak, is sometimes referred to as the Obelisk Court or the Court of Amenhotep III.
38: The Courtyard of the Cachette Each statue bears the cartouche of both Tuthmosis III and Ramses IV and wears the white crown. The statue of the left holds the ‘keys of life’.
39: The obelisks of Hatshepsut originally stood in the Wadjet hall. The southern obelisk has fallen, but its upper section is on display near the sacred lake.
41: LUXOR TEMPLE
42: Flanking the gate of the first pylon at the Temple of Luxor there are two seated colossi representing King Ramses II, seated on his throne,
43: The temple of Luxor was built by King Amenhotep III who reigned 1390-53 BC and dedicated this temple to Amon-Re, king of the gods, his consort Mut, and their son Khons. It was completed by Tutankhamun and Horemheb and added to by Ramses II. Towards the rear is a granite shrine dedicated to Alexander the Great. | Court of Ramses II
44: The Colonnade, which was built by Amenhotep III, was decorated by Tutankhamen and later, Horemheb; Seti I, Ramses II, and Seti II who all recorded their names there. The Colonnade has seven pairs of 52 foot high open-flower papyrus columns, which still support their huge architrave blocks. | The Mosque of Abu'l Haggag Located in the northeast corner of the Court of Ramses in the Temple of Luxor is the Mosque of Abu'l Haggag. The Sufi sheik spent the last fifty of his ninety years in Luxor. Though Abu'l Haggag died in 1243, the mosque is only 19th century. | The Court of Amonhotep III measures 148 feet long by 184 feet wide with double rows of papyrus columns on three sides. The northern end was originally the entrance to the temple.
46: The Hypostyle Hall opens into the First Antechamber , also known as the Roman Sanctuary . This area was occupied by 8 columns which were removed when the area was converted by the Roman legion stationed at Luxor into a chapel dedicated to the imperial cult. The door to the Roman church was walled into a curved recess flanked by two granite Corinthian columns. It contained the standards of the legion, and its south doorway was blocked with an apse painted with figures Emperor Diocletian, c 284-305 BC, and his three coregents,
47: Avenue of the Sphinxes | The Thirtieth Dynasty's Avenue of Sphinxes was built by Nectanbo I and extended three miles towards Karnak temples. These human-headed sphinxes take the facial features of king Nectanbo I .
49: Sunrise on the Nile
50: Colossi of Memnon The Colossi of Memnon are two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. They have stood for the past 3400 years (since 1350 BC) in the Theban necropolis, across the River Nile from the modern city of Luxor. The original function of the Colossi was to stand guard at the entrance to Amenhotep's memorial temple (or mortuary temple): a massive cult centre built during the pharaoh's lifetime, where he was worshipped as a god-on-earth both before and after his departure from this world. In its day, this temple complex was the largest and most opulent in Egypt.
52: Valley of the Kings | for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom.
54: The Temple of Hatshepsut | The temple was ordered to be built by the New Kingdom Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the 15th century BC. This lovely structure is found in a steep half-circle of cliffs on the west bank of the Nile River and guarding the entrance to the great Valley of the Kings. Hatshepsut ruled for 21 years [about 1473-1458 BC] during the early part of the New Kingdom, before the vastly successful imperialism of her nephew/stepson and successor Thutmose (or Thutmosis) III.
58: CRUISING THE NILE
60: Temple Of Horus at Edfu | Dedicated to Horus, the falcon headed god, the temple was built during the reigns of six Ptolemies. It was begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III Euergetes I and was finished in 57 BC. This is not only the best preserved ancient temple in Egypt, but the second largest after Karnak. It was believed that the temple was built on the site of the great battle between Horus and Seth.
64: Galabeya Party
66: Temple of Kom Ombo | Kom Ombo Temple is the unification of two adjacent temples, each dedicated to a distinct divinity: the crocodile-headed Sobek, god of fertility and creator of the world, and Haroeris or the ancient falcon-headed Horus, the solar war god.
69: The temple at Kom Ombo was built under Ptolemy VI. Since this bend in the Nile was a favored spot for crocodiles to bask in the sun and threaten locals, it is natural that the temple would be dedicated to Sobek, the crocodile god. But it is unusual in having a double dedication: it also honors Haroeris, a form of the falcon-headed god Horus. | Our Nile River Cruise Ship
70: On Tuesday December 17 2002, President Hosni Mubarak opened Egypt's first suspension bridge across the Nile. The structure near Aswan is the 44th bridge across the river that is Egypt's lifeblood. | Aswan Suspension Brigde
71: Egyptian-Russian Friendship Monument | Located on the west bank of the River Nile, the Egyptian Russian Friendship Monument is situated close to the High Dam and is hard to miss, being built to commemorate Russia's involvement when the dam was constructed . Based upon the five petals of an actual lotus flower, this Egyptian Russian Friendship Monument towers more than 230 feet into the air.
72: Located near Aswan, the world famous High Dam was an engineering miracle when it was built in the 1960s. It contains 18 times the material used in the Great Pyramid of Cheops. The Dam is 11,811 feet long, 3215 feet thick at the base and and 364 feet tall. Today it provides irrigation and electricity for the whole of Egypt and, together with the old Aswan Dam built by the British between 1898 and 1902`, 6km down river, wonderful views for visitors. From the top of the two Mile long High Dam you can gaze across Lake Nassar, the huge reservoir created when it was built, to Kalabsha temple in the south and the huge power station to the north. | Aswan High Dam
74: Temple of Philae | Philae in Greek or Pilak in ancient Egyptian, meaning 'the end,' defined the southern most limit of Egypt. It was begun by Ptolemy II and completed by the Roman Emperors. The Temple was dedicated to the goddess Isis, the wife of Osiris and mother of Horus.
77: Philae, being accounted one of the burying-places of Osiris, was held in high reverence both by the Egyptians to the north and the Nubians to the south. It was deemed profane for any but priests to dwell there and was accordingly sequestered and denominated "the Unapproachable" (Ancient Greek: ). It was reported too that neither birds flew over it nor fish approached its shores
78: Felucca Boat Ride in Aswan
79: The Aswan Market
80: Dinner Cruise on the Nile
82: Whirling Dervish
84: Roman Ruins of Fort Babylon in Coptic Cairo
85: The Hanging Church | The Hanging Church was built in the 7th century, probably on the site of a 3rd or 4th century church for the soldiers of the bastion. It is named for its location above a gatehouse of the Roman fortress in Old Cairo; its nave is suspended over a passage.