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South Pacific 2009

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South Pacific 2009 - Page Text Content

S: South Pacific 2009

FC: South Pacific 2009

1: Nuku Hiva

2: Nuku Hiva - largest of Marquesas Islands in French Polynesia (127 square miles) - Herman Melville wrote "Typee" based on experiences he had in Taipivai Valley on Nuku Hiva - Tekao, the island's highest peak, rises to 4,016 feet - parts of island are covered by pine forests which resemble the Alps - Vaipo Waterfall drops 1,148 feet - population of island is about 2,660

9: Tahiti

10: Tahiti - largest island in Windward group of French Polynesia - the island has a population of about 178,000 and an area of 403 square miles - highest peak is Mont Orohena at 7,352 feet - island was formed by volcanic activity and has many high mountains, lush rain forests, streams, and black sand beaches - it is believed the island was first settled by Polynesians between 300 and 800 AD - the first white man to visit the island was probably Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, who came on 18 June 1767 - France declared Tahiti a colony in 1880 - in 1946 indigenous Tahitians were authorized to be French citizens

16: LDS Temple Papeete, Tahiti

17: Moorea

18: Moorea - Part of the Society Islands in French Polynesia - name means "yellow lizard" in Tahitian - island is about 10 miles wide and vaguely resembles a heart - population is about 16,200 - Polynesians first arrived here about 1000 years ago - first white men to visit island were Samuel Wallis and James Cook - Authur Frommer declared in Frommer's Travel Guide that he considered it the most beautiful island in the world

22: Ancient Outdoor Temple

24: Pineapple Fields

27: Bora Bora

28: Bora Bora - island in Leeward Group of Society Islands in French Polynesia - name comes from the Tahitian language and means "First Born" - island is surrounded by a lagoon and barrier reef - in the center are remnants of an extinct volcano - a major international tourist destination, famous for its aqua-centric luxury resorts - first inhabited by Polynesian settlers in about the 4th century - Jakob Roggeveen sighted the island in 1722, and James Cook landed on the island in 1770 - island depends on tourism; a few luxury hotels charge $1,000 to $20,000 a night

30: Cemeteries are frequently on family's property

31: Sand Crabs

32: Dyeing Material For Clothes | Sand Crabs

35: Raiatea

36: Raiatea - second largest of the Society Islands after Tahiti - name means "Bright Sky" - population about 12,200 - economy is mainly agricultural with exports of vanilla, pineapple, coconut - Tupaia, a Polynesian navigator born in Raiatea about 1725, sailed with James Cook

37: Outdoor Temple Area

39: Cook Islands

40: Cook Islands - a parliamentary democracy in South Pacific in free association with New Zealand - consists of 15 small islands with a total land area of 92.7 square miles - tourism is main industry but also has exports of pearls, marine products, and fruit - islands first settled in 6th century AD by Polynesian people - Spanish ships visited the islands in the 16th century - James Cook came in 1773 and 1777 to the islands which are named after him

44: American Samoa

45: American Samoa - a group of islands comprising an unincorporated territory of the United Sates located in the South Pacific Ocean - located west of the Cook Islands and north of Tonga - population about 55,600 - land area is 76.1 square miles, slightly larger than Washington D. C - European contact started in early 18th century - in March 1889 a German naval force attacked Samoa and destroyed, among other things, some U.S. property - the United States sent warships but a typhoon wrecked the German and American ships before a battle started - treaties were signed and the United States took possession of the eastern islands in 1900 - on July 17, 1911 the territory was officially renamed American Samoa

48: Tsunami Destruction | Family Cemetery

49: A Bus Tour

50: Visiting A Native Village

53: "Amsterdam" Holland America Cruise Ship

55: Fiji

56: Fiji - an island nation in Melanesia comprised of more than 332 islands - islands were formed by volcanic activity millions of years ago - first inhabited in second millennium BC - total land area is about 7,100 square miles - population about 850,000 - Dutch and British explorers came in 17th and 18th centuries - a British colony until 1970 - has one of the most developed economies in the South Pacific - income is mainly through tourism and sugar exports

59: Fiji LDS Temple

61: Vanuatu

64: Vanuatu - a South Pacific island nation close to New Guinea - area: 4,710 square miles - population: about 225,000 - first inhabited by Melanesian people - first European to visit the island was Fernandes de Queirós who arrived in 1605 - in 1880s France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country, and a joint management was worked out in 1906, with the country being called New Hebrides - after an independence movement, the Republic of Vanuatu was created in 1980 - the name means "home stand," recognizing its independence - mainstays of economy are agriculture, tourism, financial services, and cattle raising

66: Captured By Natives

68: Chief of Tribe We Visited

72: Cairns, Australia

73: Cairns - a city located in Far North Queensland - founded in 1876 to serve miners headed to Hodgkinson River gold field - named after William Wellington Cairns, then Governor of Queensland - later developed into railroad center and major port for exporting sugar cane, gold and other metals, minerals, and agricultural products from coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland - population: approximately 150,920 - located 1,056 miles from Brisbane and 1,504 miles from Sydney by road - a popular tourist destination because of its tropical climate - used as a staging base for operations in the Pacific by Allied Forces in World War II

81: Aborigine with Home-Made Boomerangs

84: Brisbane, Australia

85: Brisbane - capital of Queensland and third most populous city in Australia - the metropolitan area has a population over two million - the city and river on which it lies were named after Sir Thomas Brisbane, Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825 - first European settlement was a penal colony 17 miles north of Brisbane - during World War II, Brisbane was the South West Pacific Headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur - it has hosted many international sporting events and is a popular tourist destination

87: Lone Pine Koala Santuary

91: Sydney, Australia

92: Sydney - largest city in Australia and the state capitol of New South Wales - first British colony in Australia, established in 1788 by Arthur Phillip - population: about 4,600,000 - estimated that 4,000 - 8,000 Aboriginal people lived in Sydney area before arrival of British; many died from smallpox - James Cook arrived here in 1770 - a convict settlement was founded at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip in January 1788 - the city was named after Thomas Townshend, Lord Sydney on 7 February 1788 - Sydney is renowned for its Opera House and many cultural activities - many movies have been filmed in Sydney, including Mission Impossible II, Star Wars II and III, Superman Returns, Happy Feet, etc.

96: Louise Neil Smalley (deceased) | Dog Beach | Aborigine Carvings

97: Bondi Beach | Convicts, British Soldier, Aborigines | Aborigine Carving | Sydney Opera House

98: Blue Mountains | Three Sisters

100: Sydney Australia | LDS Temple

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  • By: Richard L.
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  • Title: South Pacific 2009
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  • Published: almost 8 years ago