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Taylor Palkovics

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BC: taylor palkovics

FC: Taylor Palkovics block 4 | Comparative | Governments

1: USA | AUSTRALIA | ARRIVED 21 DEC 2011 | China | Mexico | UK | Costa Rica

2: Constitution | Type of Government | Political Parties | Adopted March 4, 1789 | - Federal - Limited | Democrats and Republicans

3: United States of America


5: three branches of government | Executive Branch | Legislative Branch | Judicial Branch | head of government: President Obama and VP Biden cabinet: appointed by cabinet with Senate approval elections: president and VP elected by people | - bicameral Congress with Senate (100 seats elected from each state to serve 6 year terms) and House of Representatives (435 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve two- year terms) | highest court: US Supreme Court (9 justices) - Federal court system--federal court system & state court systems - President nominates with consent of Senate and appoints SC justices for life - subordinate courts: Courts of appeal

6: History | - US originated as a British colony and then they declared their independence from Britain (constitution) - after breaking away from Britain and seeing their monarchy, USwanted a different form of government – thus giving us democracy and our structure of equality.

7: Economy | type: mixed | Imports: Agricultural products, industrial supplies, capital goods (computers, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle parts, etc.), automobiles, clothing, medicines | Exports: Soybeans, fruit, corn, organic chemicals, capital goods, automobiles, medicine

8: United | Kingdom

10: constitution: | unwritten | type: | - unitary - limited

11: political parties: | history: | two and a half party system – Labour Party, Conservative Party, Liberal Democrats (not nearly as significant) | - unwritten constitution but they have one in "spirit" because of tradition (limits placed on government) – this is why the government is set up the way it is – what has been done before

12: government organization | highest court(s) – Supreme Court (implemented in 2009 to replace Appellate Committee of the House of Lords) Judge selection/term of office: judge candidates are selected by an independent committee of several judicial commissions followed by recommendation to prime minister and appointed by the Queen; justices appointed during periods of good behavior | judiciary: | Subordinate courts: England and Wales – Court of Appeal, High Court, Crown Court, County Courts and Magistrates’ Courts; Scotland – Court of Sessions, Sheriff Courts, High Court of Justiciary, tribunals; Northern Ireland – Court of Appeal in NI, High Court, county courts, magistrates’ courts, specialized tribunals

13: Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II; heir - Prince Charles Head of government: Prime minister David Cameron Cabinet: cabinet of ministers appointed by the prime minister Elections: monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually becomes the prime minster | executive branch: | legislative branch: | bicameral parliament with House of Lords (membership is not fixed) and House of Commons Elections: House of Lords: no elections (elections were held in 1999 to determine the 92 hereditary peers who would remain there; elections only held as vacancies in hereditary line appear); House of Commons: do have elections held over fixed intervals

14: type: mixed | imports: manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, foodstuffs | exports: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals, food, beverages, tobacco

15: economy

16: type: | constitution: | political parties: | history: | adopted February 5, 1917 - amended most recently in 2012 | - federal - limited | National Action Party (PAN), Party of Democratic Revolution (PRD), Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) | Mexico has maintained close diplomatic ties with the US; their government is modeled after the US containing very similar aspects

17: Mexico | legislative branch | executive branch | judiciary | - Chief of state AND Head of government: President Enrique PENA - Cabinet: appointed by president (appointment of attorney general, head of the Bank of Mexico, and senior treasury officials require consent of Senate) - Elections: president elected by popular vote for single 6-year term | - bicameral National Congress with Senate (Camara de Senadores) -- popular vote 6 year terms -- and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara de Diputados) -- some popular vote, some allocated on basis of each party's popular vote 3 years | - highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nacion) - Judge selection/term of office: judges nominated by president and approved by senate; judges serve for life - Subordinate courts: federal level includes Electoral Tribunal, circuit, collegiate, and unitary courts; state level and district level courts

18: economy

19: type: | imports: | exports: | mixed | metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, car parts for assembly, repair parts for motor vehicles, aircraft, and aircraft parts | manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee,

21: china

22: type: | history: | political parties: | constitution: | adopted December 4, 1982; last amended 2005 | - unitary - unlimited | Chinese Communist Party (CCP) led by XI Jinping - 8 nominally independent small parties ultimately controlled by the CCP | China has always been led by single rulers, previously called empires, influencing their unitary system of government.

23: legislative branch | executive branch | judiciary | - Chief of state: President XI Jinping, VP LI Yuanchao - Head of government: Premier LI Keqiang; Executive Vice Premier ZHANG Gaoli, Vice Premier LIU Yandong, Vice Premier MA Kai and Vice Premier WANG Yang - Cabinet: State Council appointed by National People’s Congress - Elections: president and VP elected by National People’s Congress for 5-year term; premier nominated by president, confirmed by National People’s Congress | Unicameral National People’s Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui – members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial People’s congresses, and People’s Liberation Army – 5 year terms Elections: held every 5 years | Highest court(s): Supreme People’s Court (over 340 judges organized into a civil committee and tribunals for civil, economic, administrative, complaint and appeal, and communication and transportation cases) Judge selection/term of office: chief justice appointed by the People’s National Congress; term limited to two consecutive 5-year terms; other justices and judges nominated by the chief justice and appointed by the Standing Committee of the People’s National Congress Subordinate courts: Higher People’s Courts; Intermediate People’s Courts; District and County People’s Courts; Autonomous Region People’s Courts; Special People’s Courts for military, maritime, transportation, and forestry issues

24: economy: | type: | imports | exports | mixed | electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels, nuclear reactor, boiler, machinery components, optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles, soybeans | electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, radio telephone handsets, textiles, integrated circuits

26: Costa Rica

28: type: | constitution: | political parties: | history: | - unitary - limited | adopted on November 7, 1949; last amended in 2005 | 11 prevalent political parties including the Citizen Action Party (led by Oliver Perez Gonzalez), Costa Rican Renovation Party (led by Gerardo Justo Orozco Alvarez) and the Libertarian Movement Party (led by Otto Guevara Guth) | The United States and Costa Rica have always had a history of close and friendly relations based on mutual respect for democratic government, human freedoms, free trade, and other shared values; thus because of their history of mutuality, their government mirrors that of the US

29: government organization | legislative: | executive: | - Unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (members elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms) - Elections: every 4 years | - Chief of state/head of government – President Laura Chinchilla Miranda; first VP Alfio Piva Mesen; second VP – Luis Liberman Ginsburg - Cabinet: cabinet selected by the president - Elections: president and vice presidents elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single four year term; every 4 years | judiciary: | - highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (22 judges organized into 3 cassation chambers consisting of 5 judges and then the Constitutional Chamber with 7 judges) - Judge selection/term of office: Supreme Court of Justice judges elected by the National Assembly for 8-year terms with renewal decided by the National Assembly - Subordinate courts: appellate courts, first instance and justice of the peace courts, Superior Electoral Tribunal

30: economy: | type: | imports: | exports: | mixed | raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum, construction materials | bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, beef, seafood, electronic components, medical equipment

32: works cited: | Ancient China. N.p., 20 July 2004. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency, 18 Feb. 2014. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . "Encyclopaedia Britannica Image Quest." Encyclopaedia Britannica. N.p.: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., 2014. N. pag. Print. "Mexico." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 30 Mar. 2014 US Department of State. N.p., 19 Nov. 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. .

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