FC: The Truth of Archimedes
1: By: Stacy Salzman Period 6
3: Archimedes was a Greek mathematician, scientist, and engineer, who lived in the Greek city-state of Syracuse. At the age of twenty-two, he is believed to have helped his cousin, Heiro, determine if a goldsmith had cheated him by adding silver, or some less dense material, to a golden laurel wreath that was being given to the Gods for Heiro's good fortune.
5: He is also believed to have coined the term "Eureka!" while helping his cousin with his laurel wreath problem. This is also where Archimedes' Principle is founded. This principle states that the buoyant force of an object is equal to the weight of the displaced water, making the amount of water displaced by an object the object's volume.
7: Archimedes is also considered one of the three greatest mathematicians in history along with Isaac Newton and Carl Gauss. His greatest contributions were to the math world were in the area of Geometry. He was also an accomplished engineer and an inventor. He was believed to have been obsessed with Geometry. He is most well known as "The Great Geometer."
9: Archimedes also invented the burning mirrors, which are also referred to as "Archimedes' Death Ray", which works by reflecting electromagnetic waves of light that carry heat with them. If all of the mirrors are directed to be pointing at one spot, it is said that it will generate enough heat to catch fire to an enemy boat. This theory was also tested on a science television show to see if it was real, and the theory of the burning mirrors was disproved.
11: Archimedes also worked to improve the abilities of the catapult as another defense mechanism for Syracuse, where he was from. It is said that there is little doubt that this less distinguished weapon had the greatest impact on the protection of Syracuse. He created huge stone-throwers that could hurl five hundred pound boulders at approaching enemy ships and soldiers. These large and dangerous weapons would have been enough to demoralize the Romans, striking fear into the troops.