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BC: DEPARTED | South Africa | 2 FEB 2012

FC: Ngiyanemukela!

1: South Africa | ARRIVED 21 DEC 2011 | This is a picture of Johannesburg city. It is one of the most economical, cultural and political cities of the continent. It attracts immigrants from all over Africa, it is one of the richest neighborhoods. | The Seal of South Africa (to the right) | Map of South Africa

3: Fact Sheet Name of Current Leader: President Jacob Zuma Population: 49,004,031 Continent Country Located on: Africa List major rivers, deserts, mountains, etc: Maluti Mountains, Drakenberg Mountain, Orange, Vaal and Limpopo Rivers by Indian and Atlantic Oceans Predominant Religions Practiced: Christianity, Zion Children and Women’s right record: Women assigned to selling agricultural tasks, domestic work and child care Life expectancy/pandemics?: HIV/AIDs 18% of Adults 15-49 are affected, Tuberculosis, Malaria, cholera, nearly half of South Africa lacks basic sanitation Currently involved in civil war/unrest: Job discrimination, illegal immigration, unemployment rates

4: South Africa is one of the world's largest producers of platinum and gold, along with diamonds, chrome and coal.

6: RAND currency

7: The rand is a paper currency of 100 cents. There are coins of 1,2,5,10,20,50,and 100. There is 1 rand, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 rand. One rand equals about .13 US dollars

8: South Africa is the richest country in all of Africa.

9: However, there is a large gap between Whites and others when it comes to income.

10: Blue Colors= Africans | Whites and Reds=English

11: This map shows how much richer South Africa is then other countries according to GDP (gross domestic product). | More than one quarter of South Africans population receives social grants.

12: . | The National Party of South Africa started the apartheid system that separated whites, blacks mixed people and Indians.

13: The African National Congress (ANC) was first organized in 1912 and ended in 1960 for its communist and anti-apartheid systems

14: ANC leaders like Nelson Mandela (to the right) were jailed for anti-apartheid and communists ideas.

15: In 1989, Frederik Willem (F. W.) de Klerk (above) took office and began to change the government. | This is a big monument in South Africa, it is called Mandela Square (to the left). It is located in Johannesburg, and has a shopping center. Named after Nelson Mandela in 2004.

16: ''Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all.'' -Nelson Mandela Inaugural Speech in 1994

17: F.W. De Klerk freed Mandela and other ANC leaders, desegregated public facilities and gave ANC a legal status. | In 1993, Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk shared the Nobel Peace Prize.

19: “No person may unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds in terms of subsection (3). National legislation must be enacted to prevent or prohibit unfair discrimination.” - South African Bill of Rights

21: 2010 World Cup South Africa | In 2010, the FIFAWorld Cup was held in Johanesburg, South Africa. In honor of these games, the Hillbrow Tower had a soccer ball in it. The games were held from June 11th to July 11th.

23: Rhinos are very popular in South Africa's park called Pilanesberg National Park. Rhinos are being threatened by organized crime poaching. The common white Rhino will soon be wiped out if there isn't anything done about it.

24: In South Africa, AIDS/HIV is an epidemic. About 18% of adults 15 to 49 are infected. Other serious diseases that occur are Tuberculosis, cholera, and malaria.

25: Most of South Africa lacks proper sanitation and about 1/3 lacks access to useable water.

26: South African National Holidays | Freedom Day celebrates the first democratic election in 1994 | Youth Day remembers all the Youth killed in the fight against the apartheid and Bantu Education

27: Nelson Mandela Day honors Nelson Mandela's presidency | National Women's Day celebrates the improvements of Women's rights throughout the years

28: BONDI BEACH is one of Australia's most famous beaches and among the world's most well-known beaches. The beach is roughly a kilometer long and is located on the east coast of Australia and is a suburb of the city of Sydney.

29: "South Africa marks Human Rights Day 52 years after symbolic Sharpeville massacre." South Africa celebrated its 52nd Human Rights Day by remembering “these patriots and thousands of others who fell." From the battles that led to the first all-race Presidential elections that granted Nelson Mandela to power in 1994.

30: "Rebellion brews in South Africa." | The ANC Youth League is starting a rebellion against President Zuma. They want a more radical economic program.

31: "Africa: Nigeria/South Africa - Two Brothers At Daggers Drawn." | The Nigerian Government refused 84 South Africans to come into Nigeria due to the deportation of 184 Nigerians earlier from South Africa has set the stage for a fight of two African giants.

32: "South African Corn Stocks Drop to Lowest Level in 9 Months." | Stocks of grain decreased to 1.88 million metric tons from 2.56 tons from the year before. Yellow corn also decreased from 12.7 million tons to only 608,000 tons of corn.

33: "South Africa Protesters March Against Tolls Roads, Labor Brokering." | South Africa government established e-tolling on highways and demanded that labor brokers be outlawed. Thousands march against these decisions, they also decided to drive through tolls without paying.

34: Dear Mom, You will be happy to know that I have made it to South Africa, safe and sound! However it is really different here then the United States, way different. Unemployment rates are even higher here then in the United States. The unemployment here is 23.9% thats crazy high compared to the United State's rate of 8.3%. I feel so bad for the people that wait on days for a job. They sit on walls, in cities, hoping they will get some kind of job, even a part-time job. The men look so depressed and sad because they feel as though they should be supporting their families but can't. Many women walk long distances to work to sell crafts and crops to locals and tourists and get the minimum amount of money to get by in life. It's so hot and the walks are long to everywhere. There are barely any paved roads and there is a major lack of transportation. There is a very high morality or every 1,000 babies born, 43 of them die. It's sad. Men and women only live to be 48 and 50, which is very young compared to the United States. I will help all the people I meet as much as possible. I will hope to talk to you soon. Hope everything is well. Love, Kristen O’Connell

35: Dear Dad, I miss you, Kelly and Mom. But everything is good here. It is very different from the United States. But I’ve learned so much about the culture and the people here. They are very happy even though their situations aren’t the best. The most interesting thing I’ve learned so far is the flag of South Africa; it has the colors black, yellow, green, white, red and blue and a “Y” in the middle of it. The colors are said to represent the different people in the nation. The “Y” design is supposed to symbolize the union of groups that form South Africa. One of the countrywomen told me about this. She was weaving a blanket of the South African flag to sell. The flag was adopted it’s not even twenty years old, its so new! They use Rands, so one American dollar is about 7.5 Rand. Or one rand is $0.13 The capital of South Africa is Pretoria, which is the Northeastern part of South Africa. In 2010, in Johannesburg held the World Cup Games. Though it was a big deal for South Africa to held this, it knocked down people's homes, and there has been direst about this. I feel bad. I talk with the people about how they feel about this, but it seems there isn’t much I can do. It’s all up to the government. Talk to you soon, Kristen O’Connell

36: Dear Kelly, I hope everything is well in the United States. Everything is going good here in South Africa. I loved to play soccer with all the little kids here- it’s so much fun and they are great to be around. The kids also like to play rugby and cricket, but rugby is a bit dangerous for me to play and I don’t know how to play cricket. The school buildings here aren’t very stable and well built like in the United States. They lack lots of resources like food and books. But somehow the teachers and students manage to be highly organized and efficent. School is mandatory until the age 15 unlike in the US where it is to the age of 16. Until seven grade, they learn their native language, and after that they learn English. Usually children drop out of school so they can help support their families. Boys and men work as farmers, harvesting crops while girls and women are on road-sides selling different crops such as sweet potatoes, yams and peanuts. You would love the sweet potatoes. They are so good and yummy. The food is excellent here. I swear I have gained so much weight! I hope everything is well. Love you, Kristen

38: Works Consulted and Annotations “Africa Rhinos Threatens by Organized Crime Poaching.” Gale Student Resources in Context. 2010. Web. 27 Mar. 2012. Babatunde, Jimoh. “Africa: Nigeria/South Africa - Two Brothers At Daggers Drawn.” All Africa 11 Mar. 2012: n. pag. All Africa. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. . “Best Friends.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., June 2007. Web. 1 Mar. 2012. . Three best friends attending the Zamani pre-school in Duncan Village (a squatter camp) outside East London. Schools are usually lacking resources and shacks aren’t very stable. But the school is highly organized and efficient. CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., Feb. 2009. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. . CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. . The South African flag is black, yellow, green, blue, white and red are supposed to represent the variation of people. the Y design symbolizes the union of groups in South Africa.

39: “Inaugural Speech, Pretoria [Mandela]- 5/10/94.” UPENN. N.p., 10 May 1994. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. . Map of South Africa. N.d. Lonely Planet. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. . “Mom with Baby.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., June 2007. Web. 1 Mar. 2012. . Women in South Africa carry their babies around on their hips and back. It is a secured with a towel that doesn’t need clips or fasters. It is swung around when needed for breast-feeding. Rand Currency. Wikipedia. Web. 27 Mar. 2012. . The rand is a paper currency of 100 cents. There are coins of 1,2,5,10,20,50,and 100. There is 1 rand, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 rand. One rand equals about .13 US dollars “Rebellion brews in South Africa.” The Gleaner 12 Mar. 2012: n. pag. The Jamacia Gleaner. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. . The leader, Julius Malema of the ANC is opening a rebellion against the President Jacob Zuma who was his former ally. It started when Malema overthrew the government of neighboring country Botswana. Malema has lots of support, but there will be no change if he reigns. It criticizes others for how politicians act, when he acts the same way. “Roadside.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., Mar. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. . A women sells sweet potatoes roadside to make a living. Women and children usually staff the stands, and are sold at low costs due to the competition with other farmers that are bigger then these. “Rural Roads.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. . In rural countrysides, there is a lack of transportation and most roads are unpaved. This is a young women stands off a road in Eastern Cape province.

40: “School Uniforms.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . School is mandatory until one is 15, until seven grade the children learn their native language and after that, they learn English. “Seal of South Arica.” Gale Student Resources in Context. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2012. . This is the seal of South Africa. “Slums.” CultureGrams World Edition. Sept. 2008. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . During the apartheid, townships were created as urban neighborhoods for Africans who worked in the cities. These neighborhoods were located in the outskirts of town and were neglected by the white authorities.Now people can choose where to live, but the townships are too unaffordable to live in. Some of the townships are developed but mostly the others are very poor with high crime rates with low standards of living. South Africa. Chapter 2 - Bill of Rights . South African Government Information. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. . “South Africa.” Culture Grams . N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. . South Africa marks Human Rights Day 52 years after symbolic Sharpeville massacre .” The Washington Post 21 Mar. 2012: n. pag. The Washington Post. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. . “South African Corn Stocks Drop to Lowest Level in 9 Months.” Bloomberg 26 Mar. 2012: n. pag. Bloomberg. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. .

41: “ | “South African Women .” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., Jan. 2008. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . Xhosa women walk long distances to work where they sell crafts, food to locals and visitors. They carry heavy loads on their heads and backs to avoid paying bus fare. “South Africa Protesters March Against Tolls Roads, Labor Brokering.” Voice of America 7 Mar. 2012: n. pag. Voice of America . Web. 26 Mar. 2012. . “South Africa’s National Holidays.” About. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2012. . March 21 is national Human Rights Day which celebrated its 52nd year. April 27th is Freedom Day which celebrates the first democratic election in 1994. May 1 is Workers Day, June 16 is Youth day, July 18th is Mandela Day. August 9 is National Women’s Day. September 24th is Heritage Day. December 16th is Day of Reconciliation. “South Africa was the site of the 2010 World Cup championship games.” Gale Student Resources in Context. N.p., 2012. Web. 27 Mar. 2012. . In 2010, the Fifa World Cup was held in Johanessburg, South Africa. In honor of these games, the Hillbrow Tower had a soccer ball in it. “Squatter Camp.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . After the apartheid, squatter camps have grown up outside of the cities and towns. They are also called or shantytowns.

42: “Surfing.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., Aug. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . Surfers can surf on Capetown, but they have to wear wet suits most of the year because of the cold waters. The winds help the summers be warm and cool winters but never extreme temperatures. “Train Window.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., Oct. 2008. Web. 1 Mar. 2012. . A young man is looking out a train window. South Africa has the best-developed infrastructure in Africa. Trains help carry people and freight across the country. “Waiting.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., Jan. 2008. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . A young man waits on a wall in Port of St. Johns. The high unemployment rates leave people waiting on days for a full time or even part-time jobs on farms or wealthy households. When time goes by and they are no jobs, young kids turn to crime which a dangerous thing in South Africa. “Xhosa-Zulu Wedding.” CultureGrams World Edition. N.p., July 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . During weddings, the groom gives the bride’s father a “lobola.” which is a payment. In mixed tribe ceremonies becomes a part of the groom’s tribe by changing her dress and reciting maxims.

43: “

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