BC: DEPORTED | Terrell unfortunately had another needle. This resulted in the tonoplast's military deporting us out of the cell. Our adventure in the plant cell came to an end.
FC: Terrell and Jocelyne's
1: Plant Cell | is a structural and functional unit of a plant. We are going on a "staycation" inside our beautiful house plant by shrinking into a nano bot.
2: We can't believe it!! We are finally going to into a plant cell! But, first we got to go through a plant's cell wall...
3: The cell wall is a mostly rigid layer of cellulose fiber. It is responsible for protecting, structurally supporting the cell, and acts as a filtering mechanism. This allows H2O, O2, CO2 to pass into and out of the cell.
5: Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll (green pigment) and are disc-shaped organelles. They capture light energy from the sun to produce the free energy that can be stored in ATP and NADPH through the process of photosynthesis.
7: The cell membrane is a semi-permeable lipid bilayer inside the cell wall. The cell membrane surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell and physically separates the cell's insides from the area outside of the cell. The phosphorus is hydrophilic while the lipids are hydrophobic in the lipid bilayer. It provides protection, controls movement of materials in and out of cell, acts as a barrier between cell and its environment, and maintains homeostasis. | CELL MEMBRANE
8: CYTOSOL | OH! Look at all this liquid in the cell! we will have to take the boat to finish sightseeing!
9: It's a clear gel like liquid that encases, cushions, and protects the internal organelles.
10: The "Brain" | organelle | NUCLEUS
11: It is the most obvious organelle because it takes up nearly 1/3 of the entire cell. It is where all the cell's DNA is contained with coded instructions for when and how to make proteins, is responsible for passing trait from parent to offspring, and controls all activity within the cell.
13: The nuclear envelope is a double-membrane structure. Numerous pores occur in the envelope, allowing RNA and other chemicals to pass, but the DNA not to pass. Instead it holds onto the genetic material. The outer part has ribosomes attached.
15: CHROMOSOMES | Chromosomes are DNA arranged in groups. Every organism has a specific number of chromosomes in each nucleus of each of its cells. They are elongated and interwoven. They carry information and determine traits. | "Come on! I want to see the worm like things and find out what they really are!" "NOOOOO!!!"
16: The ribosomes carry out manual labor in the form of protein synthesis for the nucleus. They bring together all the raw ingredients such as RNA (copies of the original DNA blueprints) and amino acids to assemble proteins. The proteins created are essential to cell and organism function. They can be attached to ER or free in the cytoplasm. | RIBOSOMES
18: Terrell:"I came so close...so very close" Jocelyne:"I had to stop you Terrell, from popping the cell vesicle!" | AUSTRALIA | VESICLES
19: The cell vesicle is a cell"air bubble". Vesicles are involved in metabolism, transport, buoyancy control, enzyme storage and chemical reaction chambers. | Jocelyne: "He had another one....." | POP!
21: Terrell: "Huh, it's the cytoskeleton. No wonder I kept seeing them in cytoplasm." | The cytoskeleton is made of protein and intracellular transportation and cellular division. | Cytoskeleton
22: Terrell wasn't paying attention to the boat ramp and fell overboard. So while Terrell was recovering in the hospital, I had a couple more days of exploring. Forward to the ER's! | The ER's (Smooth and Rough)
23: A rough ER( Endoplasmic Reticulum) creates membrane and to modify proteins that will be transported to other organelles of secreted. A smooth ER lacks the ribosome present in the roughER and its function is to synthesis lipids. | "I touch a ribosome.... I touched a ribosome !!!!!!!!!!!"
24: Jocelyne:" I was excited about getting in to the Golgi Apparatus tour, but all it was.... don't go their they're pack the Golgi sacs, don't touch that your interrupt the modifiers...Uhhh I hate factories!!!" | Golgi Apparatus | Terrell:"Toooooold you."
25: The Golgi apparatus performs several functions in a close partnership with the Er. Serving as a warehouse and a finishing factory, meaning that it receives then modifies substances manufactured by the ER. | Jocelyne: "Yeah yeah yeah"
26: Jocelyne: "Come on... their no such thing as bad luck." Terrell: "I just recovered from fall off a boat ramp! Plus I just saw a black cat walk in the gate to the mitochondria....I don't want any kind of jolt." Jocelyne: "Come on, what are the chances." *Pulling Terrell with her.* | Mitochondria
27: Mitochondria are organelles that carry out cell respiration in nearly nearly all eukaryotic cells. They convert the chemical energy of foods such as sugar to the chemical energy of a molecule call ATP. | Jocelyne:"See there's nothing to worry about." Terrell: "Maybe your right.." *Energy bolt hits in front of Jocelyne.* Terrell: "Is now a good time to..." Jocelyne:"Yeah" *Both Terrell and Jocelyne make a break for the gate screaming.* | Terrell: "I TOLD YOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOU!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!" (He screams on his way to the gate) Jocelyne: "YEAH YEAH...I REGRET NOTHING!!!!"
28: Jocelyne: "Oh great! Another bubble." (Looks suspiciously at Terrell then goes and pats Terrell down for needles.) | Central Vacuoles with tonoplast
29: Jocelyne:"Terrell you better not have any more needles on you or you won't make it through the the tonoplast! (Terrell looks around slyly) | The central vacuole can function as a large lysosome, but it primal function is to absorb water, so that the plant cell grows and enlarges. The tonoplast is the cytoplasmic membrane surrounding a vacuole, separating the vascular contents from the cell's cytoplasm. But, it mainly isolates materials that might be harmful or is a threat to the cell.