S: WELCOME TO THE PHILIPPINeS By Anthony Rosas
BC: Also dedicated to my very loving family. <3 I love you guys!
FC: WELCOME | TO | THE | PHILIPPINES | By Anthony Rosas
1: Dedicated to my family in the Philippines.
2: HEYO! I'm Anthony. I am born a 100% proud Filipino. I have been to my parent's home country a couple of times. I have seen and done quite a lot there. I go there and see my aunts and uncle, my loving cousins, all the delicious food, our wonderful culture and religion and unfortunately people in poverty. | Kamusta! | This topic is really close to me. I am making this book to let you experience what not only I have seen but a whole bunch of other people as well. Welcome to the Philippines!
3: Some people think of the Philippines as a tropical paradise filled with colorful fish and palm trees shading the searing heat of the bright sun.. Some people think that the Philippines is a concrete jungle with dirty litter everywhere and families on the streets begging for food or money. All I can say is that these are actually things that make up my parents home country. It hurts me to say that the second one is true. So my first topic I am going to cover is the geography and eco system. | GEOGRAPHY & ENVIRONMENT | My mom and dad came from the Visiayas a province filled with islands! | Philippines is an archipelago made up of around 7,107 islands!
4: Philippines is comprised of three provinces: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. | Manila is the capital city of Philippines. | The country is pretty much surrounded with water. The Philippine sea to the east, South China sea to the west and Celebes sea to the south. | Most of the island is covered with tropical rainforest (filled mountains). | Its on the south-western part of the "ring of fire".The country experiences lots of volcanic and earthquake activity. | The Philippines is the second largest producer of geothermal energy next to the United States. | It is also the second largest in having gold next to Africa. | The republic of Philippines is located in south-east Asia.
5: The rain forest and long coast lines make it possible for a large diversity of plants and creatures. There are about 1,100 land vertebres including over 100 mammals species and around 170 bird species that are endemic. The Philippines doesn't have much large predators with an exception of varieties of snakes and birds of prey such as the national bird, the Philippine eagle. There are an estimated 13,500 plant species in the country, alot unique. | This is a tarsier. Ang cute! | This is the national flower. A sampaguita (arabian jasmine). | Bangus (milkfish) is the national fish of the country and is very deliscious! | Biodiversity
6: The Waters | Philippines territorial water area is 2.2 million square kilometres (850,000 square miles) containing unique and different marine life. Which means there are around 2,400 fish species and over 500 species of coral! | The waters can also allow domestication of seaweeds, crabs and PEARLS! | Btw. I took this photo! Nice eh? | This is me!
7: CLIMATE | Usually in the Philippines, the weather is hot, humid and tropicaly. They made three seasons instead of four like us. Tag-init, the hot and dry season lasts from March to May. Tag-ulan, which is the season when it is rainy despite the name like the others. It lasts from June to November. And finally, tag-lamig, cold but dry season extending from December to February. I won't get into temperature because who really understands that!? Just kidding! The range of temperature is usually 21 C (70 F) to 32 C (90 F) depending on the season. There are lots of baguios in the islands. Baguio is a term for typhoon in the Philippines. Let me tell you, there are alot of them over there, from July to October. This causes annual landfalls but its only a few inches each year. :) | Typhoon Megi (Juan) Hit Oct. 12 - Oct. 24 2010 | Floods like this happen alot!
8: Culture and Traditions | My parents have been carrying their traditions from their parents and it goes on and on. I try and follow their customs and culture but it is pretty hard. There are a gazillion things you have to remember! I respect it and I appreciate the traditions that have been around for years. I think the traditions are very unique and respectful in a way.. These are the the tasks and deeds, food and knowledge that have been passed down for generations! | This here is a kutyapi. A lute like instrument that has two strings. | A traditional filipino wedding.
9: Music and Dance | When you go to the Philippines or in a local filipino household, you will find kareoke machines or people playing guitar or something.. We also like to dance by the way so don't get surprised if someone moonwalks across you! HAHAHAHA! | Folk Dance | There are a bunch of folk dances that explain meaningful stories. Like, Tinikiling, a dance about a bird locally know as "tikling" showing grace and agility avoiding traps rice field farmers put up. The dance involves four people two bamboo poles and thats it! | The dance starts off by two of the dancers facing each other and the other two holding bamboo sticks. They start making a beat (tap tap close, tap tap close..) and the dancers start putting their feet in it and dance through! I learned how to do this when I was young. :)
10: Instruments | In the Philippines, lots of people know how to play the guitara or the guitar in english. I have seen many people really jam with their old and battered guitars. Other traditional instruments folks play are something called a, kutyapi. I have never seen one. At least thats what I remember but it is like a lute with two strings and some frets for fingers. It is usually made of wood from a source like a jackfruit tree. | Another instrument is a dabakan which is a percussion instrument that is a goblet shaped drum thing. The thing you tap the drum is with drumsticks. The instrument is carved out of wood from coconut trees and jackfruit trees, just like the kudyapi. funny to say but these to instruments come from the same tribe of people, the Maguindanao people. | These are a few of the instruments that are native to the Philippines kinda. | The instruments accompanying each other.
11: Singing | Some people can't really play any instrument, like me, so they get an excuse to start singing. I have heard some pretty horible singers and I think in my head, "DISCRACE!" but I am not that mean.. kinda. But I have to say. Most filipinos out there have made a really good reputation. Like me! Just kidding. | You might have heard of the International pop star Charice Pempengco. Well yeah she was born in the Philippines not rich, being raised by a single mom, had tons of idols. and became famous by singing in all types of contests which supported her family. She didn't always win singing competitions. She gradually got more closer to stardom everytime. She went to korea to sing her heart out and her singing was posted on youtube. Oprah saw the video and now she is an idol to millions!. | Singing competitions are very well known in the Philippines. They give money and trophies and other stuff as prizes. | I guess you could say singing is important because songs tell stories from ages ago like others. I know a very well known folk song my mom taught me when I was little called "Bahay kubo" which means home garden. Of course, when I was little I didn't know the meaning of the song. The lyrics are in the next page because I can't fit it here. :( | The magic mic selling since 2000!
12: This song is a kid song that teaches the young different types of vegetables, fruits and plants. | Bahay kubo, kahit munti. Ang halaman doon, ay sari sari. Singkamas at talong, sigarilyas at mani. Sitaw, bataw, patani! Kundol at patola, upo't kalabasa. At saka mayroon pa. Labanos, mustasa, sibuyas, kamatis, bawang at luya. Sa paligid-ligid ay puru linga!! Apparently its supposed to mean.. | Nipa hut, even though its small. The plants are varied. Turnip and eggplant, winged bean and peanut. String beans, hyacinth beans, lima beans! Wax gourd and luffa, white squash. And theres still more. Radish, mustard, onion, tomato, garlic, and ginger. Everywhere there are sesame seeds!! | "Bahay Kubo"
13: Speaking of singing.. Lets talk about the national anthem of the Philippines. Let me start off by saying that I have never learned the song personally. I don't usually sing it alot but I listen very closely for I knew this day would come.. | National Anthem "Lupang Hiniring" | The anthem is called "Lupang Hiniring" which means chosen land. | This song is sang proudly at sport games, gatherings, some churches etc. | Since I can't really fit the anthem on this page, I guess i'll let you have a break. Enjoy the picture. | The music was original composed in 1898 by a man named Juan Felipe and the lyrics were in Spanish from a poem called "Filipinas" by Jose Palma. Since then it has now been revised to its present day version in the 1960's
14: Bayang magiliw, Perlas ng Silanganan Alab ng puso, Sa Dibdib mo'y buhay. Lupang Hinirang, Duyan ka ng magiting, Sa manlulupig, Di ka pasisiil. Sa dagat at bundok, Sa simoy at sa langit mong bughaw, May dilag ang tula, At awit sa paglayang minamahal. Ang kislap ng watawat mo'y Tagumpay na nagniningning, Ang bituin at araw niya, Kailan pa ma'y di magdidilim, Lupa ng araw ng luwalhati't pagsinta, Buhay ay langit sa piling mo, Aming ligaya na pag may mang-aapi, Ang mamatay ng dahil sa iyo. | Country Beloved, Pearl of the Orient, The burning [fervour] of the heart In thy chest is alive. Chosen Land, Cradle Thou [art] of the valourous. To the invaders, Thou shalt never submit. In [the] seas and [the] mountains, in [the] air, and in skies of Thine azure, There is beauty in the poem And [in the] song for freedom beloved. The sparkle of the flag of Thine Is victory that is shining. The Stars and Sun of it Forevermore shall never dim. Land of the sun, of glory, and loving, Life is Heaven in Thine embrace. 'Tis our joy, when there be oppressors, To die because of Thee. | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lupang_Hinirang
16: Legends and Folktales | Most people are superstitious and believe stories past from long ago. My mom is an example of a filipino that is superstitious. While we were in the Philippines we passed a mountain named, Mount Makiling in Laguna. I pointed to it and she told me not to talk or point. I guess the place was a sacred place and we shouldn't do anything disrespectful. Maybe thats why we are known to point with "only" our lips. :) | The story I am about to tell you is the full story of the one I just told you about. I got some help from the trustful Wikipedia and I found out the the story my mom told me is almost like the "Turning Ginger Into Gold" one. This story is also the most common version.
17: Maria Makiling | "Some people in a village knew where a wise lady named Maria lived. The people were suddenly getting ill and soon they were in extreme poverty. Maria knew what was going on.. The people were not ill due to disease but hunger. The villagers went to the wise Maria and gave the villagers some ginger. The people from the village were confused but accepted and went home. Once they got home the ginger magically turned into gold! The surprised villagers were excited and begged greedily for more. The villigers were rampaging and breaking into her garden checking if the plants really were gold. The dissapointed Maria ran to the mountains and layed down
19: You can probably tell from the last story that Filipino folk tales would probably have a lot of fantasy creatures. Fairies, dwarfs, ghosts and ghouls, vampires and monsters are just a small group of creatures in these legends. Most of these creatures are unfortunately bad. This is coming from me because my relatives have always been telling me horror stories that scar me for a LOOONG time.
20: The Filipino Flag
21: Part of the flag is made up of solid colors, royal blue and scarlet red. the other part of the flag is made up of a white triangle with a sun and three stars. The stars represent the three principal areas of the Philippines, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The sun's eight rays represent the eight provinces that resisted the Spanish Rule. | The Philippine flag was adopted on September 16, 1997. | The red part of the flag represent blood shed and gallantry. The blue of the flag represents justice. And the white part of the flag stands for purity. | The filipino flag is the only flag that is displayed upside-down!
22: CUISINE | Food in the Philippines is like no other. My opinion of the food that my auntie makes is delicious nutritious and it fills you up. Just what you need to grow up in slums like my parents did. She learned how to cook for her family when she was young. Even though some things gross me out like dinuguan (pork blood and meat), there are still plenty to eat that are appetizing especially the desserts. As I tell you about the delicious grub, get a towel to stop your mouthwater. I also warn you that some are kinda gross though. >__< | Filipino foods are described to be a unique cuisine inspired from different cultures such as American, Chinese and of course Hispanic style. There is a large diversity of food. Over in the Philippines they use local foods as main ingredients like kalamansi, coconut, rice, mango and different fish. The genres of food vary from different regions. Ranging from spicy, sweet, salty you name it! | ` | We made this today! Its called turon.
23: Yep! This is a whole fried pig. Its called lechon. I never eat this. ha! | Utensils | First of all, traditionally people eat with their hands but it is now used usually in places not in the cities (rural). No they don't mean finger foods nor liquid (soup)! | In the Philippines they don't eat with chopsticks like other asians but mostly with modern western utensils emphasizing on spoons. Probably due to stews and soups and rice a staple food of the country. On dining tables you usually see the pairing of spoon and fork not fork knife and spoon. | The art of eating with hands.jk | Balot the filipino kinder surprise! EW! | . | B.B.Q. or inihaw is a common food you can find on street corners. And yes that is chicken feet. XP